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- 1 -Book 5 Unit 5 First aid[学考语基闯关]一、核心单词1.pour vt.&vi.  倒;灌;注;涌2.vital adj. 至关重要的;生死攸关的3.aid n.&vt. 帮助;援助;资助4.ceremony n. 典礼;仪式;礼节5.injury n.损伤;伤害→injure v.损伤;伤害6.variety n.变化;多样(化);多变(性)→various adj. 各种各样的7.unbearable adj.难以忍受的;不能容忍的→bearable adj.可忍受的;忍受得住的→bear vt.容忍;忍受8.bravery n.勇敢;勇气→brave adj.勇敢的;有勇气的9.mild adj.轻微的;温和的;温柔的→mildly adv.轻微地;温和地10.poison n.毒药;毒害 vt. 毒害;使中毒→poisonous adj.有毒的→poisonously adv.有毒地11.tight adj.牢的;紧的;紧密的→tightly adv.紧地;牢牢地12.firm adj.(动作)稳定有力的;坚定的→firmly adv.坚固地;稳定地13.treatvt.&vi.治疗;对待;款待n.款待;招待→treatmentn.治疗;疗法;对待;待遇14.apply vt.涂;敷;搽;应用;运用 vi.申请;请求;使用;有效→application n.应用;申请→applicant n.申请人;申请者15.pressure n.压力;挤压;压迫(感)→press v.按;压;逼迫 n.新闻界;出版社●语境运用 (用所给词的适当形式填空)1.Let's go out.The smell in the room is almost unbearable (bear).2.As is known to us all,some colorful mushrooms are poisonous (poison).3.The woman shouted to the shopkeeper,who answered her mildly(mild).4 . In Africa you must be careful of snakes because some of them are poisonous(poison).5. When Susan fell off her bicycle,her only injury (injure) was her ankle.6.The policemen showed great bravery(brave)in face of danger.7. In the garden we can find a variety(various)of plants.8.The nurse applied pressure (press)to his arm to stop the bleeding.9.He treated himself to a long holiday before he received a special treatment for his nose.(treat)- 2 -10.Liu Li is a new graduate from Shandong University.She applied to a big company for a post last week.The interviewer said her application was the best among all the applicants and that she was hired.Liu Li decided to apply her major knowledge to her new job in the company.(apply)二、重点短语1.first aid  (对伤患者的)急救2.fall ill 生病3.make a difference 区别对待;有影响;起(重要)作用4.a number of 许多的5.over and over again 反复;多次6.in place 在适当的位置;适当7.prevent...from... 阻止……8.put one's hands on 找到9.take off 起飞;走红;请假;取下10.act as 担任●语境运用 (用上述短语的适当形式填空)1.There is no doubt that this scheme will make a difference to the way I do my job.2.The forest will act as a defense against desert dust.3.I didn't recognize him until he took off his sunglasses.4.Before you leave the office,everything should be put in place.5.He suddenly fell ill last week and was sent to hospital.三、经典句式1. Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.(unless引导条件状语从句)2.John was studying in his room when he heard screaming.(be doing...when...正在做……这时……)3.It was John's quick action and knowledge of first aid that saved Ms Slade's life.(It was...that...为强调句型)4.There is no doubt that John's quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade's life.(There's no doubt that...毫无疑问……)●语境运用 (用上述句型结构仿写下列句子)1.要是没有充分准备的话,户外运动有时会意味着受伤。Unless one is fully prepared,outdoor sports can- 3 -sometimes mean injuries.2.昨天下午,我和李明放学回家,这时我们看见一位老太太被一辆车撞倒了。Yesterday afternoon,Li Ming and I were going home from school when we saw an old lady knocked down by a car.3.是我的好朋友经常鼓励我克服种种困难。It is my best friend that/who often encourages me to get over all the difficulties.4.毫无疑问我们报纸的“外国文化”栏目在我们学生中很受欢迎。There is no doubt that the “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students.[综合技能提升]一、单元语法专练(省略)用省略句改写下列句子1.What can we do if we can't find the lost car?→What if we can't find the lost car?2.Max phoned his mother and Oscar phoned Max's mother too.→Max phoned his mother,so did Oscar.3.If it's convenient,you can come here at any time.→If convenient,you can come here at any time.4.Though he is tired,he still gave the students a lecture.→Though tired,he still gave the students a lecture.5.When I was walking in the street,I came across an old friend of mine.→When walking in the street,I came across an old friend of mine.二、情景交际(给出指示)1.—Remember to turn off the lights when you leave the room.— .A.OK,I will   B.No,I won'tC.It doesn't matter D.I know that2.—Don't copy other's homework any more!— ,Miss Smith.A.OK,I will B.Sorry,I won'tC.OK,I don't D.Thank you【答案】 1.A 2.B三、教材语法填空根据 P33-35课文内容,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。- 4 -First aid is the kind of help 1.given(give)to someone who falls ill or gets injured 2.before a doctor can be found.Of course,the illness or injury is not serious.Now let's talk about first aid for burns.You have three layers of skin that protect 3.yourself(you) against disease,poisons and the 4.harmful(harm) rays from the sun.Your skin also gives you your sense of touch.First aid is a very important step in the treatment of burns.People can get burned by many things,5.such as hot liquids,steam,fire,radiation,the sun,electricity or chemicals.6.There are three types of burns,which 7.are called(call) first,second or third degree burns,8.depending(depend) on which layers of the skin are burned.Different degree burns can be treated in 9.a different way.Let's keep these things 10.in mind.四、书面表达(指导性说明文)假如你校英文报正在开展主题为“急救常识”的征文活动。请你用英语写一篇短文,介绍一下自己所了解的急救知识,参加此次活动。注意:词数 90左右。 [参考范文]If you are bitten by a dog,you should give first aid by following these steps.If the bite only breaks the skin,treat it as a minor wound.Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water.Apply an antibiotic cream to prevent infection and cover the bite with a clean bandage.If you notice signs of infection,such as swelling or redness,see a doctor immediately.If the skin is badly torn and bleeding heavily,apply pressure with a clean,dry cloth to stop the bleeding and then go to a doctor as soon as possible.

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