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- 1 -Book 5 Unit 3 Life in the future[学考语基闯关]一、核心单词1.aspect n.  方面;层面2.desert n. 沙漠;荒原3.guide n. 指导;向导;导游   vt. 指引;指导4.lack vi.&vt. 缺乏;没有n. 缺乏;短缺的东西5.switch n. 开关;转换   vt. 转换6.impression n.印象;感想;印记→impress v.使留下印象→impressive adj.给人以深刻印象的7.constant adj.时常发生的;连续不断的→constantly adv.不断地8.surroundings n.周围的事物;环境→surrounding adj.周围的→surround vt.环绕;包围9.tolerate vt.容忍;忍受→tolerance n.容忍;忍受10.adjustment n.调整;调节→adjust vt.调整;调节11.press vi.&vt.按;压;逼迫 n.按;压;印刷;新闻→pressure n.压力12.optimistic adj.乐观(主义)的→optimism n.乐观主义13.instant n.瞬间;片刻 adj.立即的;立刻的→instantly adv.立即;立刻14.uncertain adj.不确切的;无把握的→certain adj.确定的;肯定的→certainly adv. 当然;一定15.settlement n.定居;解决→settle v.定居;解决→settler n.定居者●语境运用 (用所给词的适当形式填空)1. Walking through the town, I was constantly (constant) reminded of my childhood.2.They have decided to make a few adjustments(adjust) to their traveling plan.3.It was she who guided(guide) the blind man through the street.4.Lacking (lack) confidence prevented him from achieving his goal.5.Instantly(instant) he saw me,he held out his hands.6.Can you come up with the settlement(settle) of conflicts?7 . Driving carelessness mustn't be tolerated(tolerate) no matter what - 2 -happens.8.My father suffers from high blood pressure(press) year after year.9.The city of Hangzhou is really an impressive place.Especially the famous West Lake always leaves quite an impression on the visitors.I was strongly impressed by its beauty the first time I saw it.(impress)10.I always dream of having a house surrounded by trees and flowers.If we can live in such beautiful surroundings,we must have a happy feeling everyday.The surrounding things always have an effect on our mood.(surround)二、重点短语1.take up   拿起;接受;开始;继续2.as a result 结果;因此3.suffer from 患有(疾病等);为……受苦4.be similar to 与……相似5.(a)lack of ……方面的短缺6.be back on one's feet (困境后)恢复;完全复原7.lose sight of... 看不见……8.in all directions 向四面八方9.sweep up 打扫;横扫10.slide into (快捷而悄声地)移动;溜进……●语境运用 (用上述短语的适当形式填空)1.Her ideas are similar to mine .2.He will take up his post as the head of the civil courts at the end of next month.3.Jane was sweeping up the bits of paper and broken glass.4.We must never lose sight of the fact that man must work in harmony with nature.5.York Road will be closed and delays are likely as a result.三、经典句式1.At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate.(be+adj.+to do结构)2.Hit by a lack of fresh air,my head ached.(过去分词作状语)3.Exhausted,I slid into bed and fell fast asleep.(形容词作伴随状语)4.Well,now there's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.(where引导定语从句)●语境运用 (用上述句型结构仿写下列句子)- 3 -1.就我个人而言,他随和并很容易相处。As far as I'm concerned,he is easy­going and easy to get along with.2.假如给予更多的关心和照顾,这个孩子就不会变得如此自私和淘气。Given more attention and caring,the child wouldn't have become so selfish and naughty.3.长途旅行后,他们三个回到了家,又饿又累。After the long journey,the three of them went back home,hungry and tired.4.学生应该参加社区活动,他们从中能获得成长经验。Students should involve themselves in community activities where they can gain experience for growth.[综合技能提升]一、单元语法专练(过去分词作状语和定语)用所给动词的适当形式填空1.Heated=When/If(water is)heated (heat),water changes into steam.2.United(=When/If we are united)(unite),we stand;divided(=when/if we are divided) (divide),we fall.3.He came back,utterly exhausted (exhaust).4.Last Sunday,we went on an organized(organize)trip to the forest.5.A letter posted(post)today will reach him the day after tomorrow.二、情景交际(预测)1.—TV says there will be a storm tomorrow.— .I planned to go climbing with my classmates.A.I hope so   B.I'm afraid soC.Sounds good D.Bad luck2.—Mary will pass the driving test this time.— .She has got every thing ready.A.I think so B.I don't think soC.I am not sure D.It depends【答案】 1.D 2.A三、教材语法填空根据 P17-18课文内容,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。I went into the future because I had won a prize that gave me a tour.I 1.suffered (suffer) from “time lag” when I left my own time.Wang Ping gave me some green tablets 2.which could help me feel less nervous and uncertain.His 3.parents' (parent) - 4 -company,called“Future Tours”,transported me 4.safely (safe) into the future in a time capsule.The first thing I noticed 5.was (be) the poor quality of the air,so my head ached.And I found several 6.things (thing) different:a mask to give me enough oxygen;a hovering carriage 7.driven (drive) by computer;a strange­looking house belonging to Wang Ping's parents,where the trees acted 8.as walls and provided oxygen for 9.the room;a table,some chairs and a bed rose from under the floor as if 10.by magic.四、书面表达(想象类作文)我们未来的生活将会是什么样的?每个人都有自己的设想。假设你对未来生活的设想包含以下几个方面,请据此写一篇 90词左右的短文,介绍你想象中的未来生活。 1.家中有能处理一切家务、参与各种活动的人形机器人(android);2.无人驾驶的环保型汽车成为主要的交通工具;3.月球成为我们度假的好去处。注意:可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 [参考范文]What will life in the future be like? As far as I can imagine,there will be an android in every family.Talking of the means of transportation,we will see a kind of environmentally friendly car running everywhere.This kind of car will be powered by solar energy instead of gas,and it can run by itself without any driver.In the future we will not be content to travel around the world.The moon,for example,will become one of our destinations.What an inviting life! I hope the day will come soon.

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