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- 1 -Book 5 Unit 1 Great scientists[学考语基闯关]一、核心单词1.scientific adj.  科学的2.defeat vt. 打败;战胜;使受挫   n. 失败3.attend vt. 照顾;护理;出席;参加4.cure n. 治愈;痊愈   vt. 治愈;治疗5.challenge n. 挑战   vt. 向……挑战6.suspect vt. 认为;怀疑   n. 被怀疑者;嫌疑犯7.blame vt. 责备;谴责   n. 过失;责备8.absorb vt. 吸收;吸引;使专心9.conclude vt.&vi.结束;推断出→conclusion n.结论;结束10.expose vi.暴露;揭露;使曝光→exposed adj.无遮蔽的;无保护的;风险高的11.pollute vt.污染;弄脏→pollution n.污染12.announce vt.宣布;通告→announcement n.通知;宣告→announcer n.播音员;广播员13.construct vt.建设;修建→construction n.建设;建筑物14.contribute vt.&vi.捐献;贡献;捐助→contributionn. 捐献;贡献;捐助15.reject vt.拒绝;不接受;抛弃→rejection n.拒绝;抛弃●语境运用 (用所给词的适当形式填空)1.She was praised for having attended(attend) her sick mother­in­law for thirty years.2.She blamed(blame) her husband for her failure of their marriage.3.The woman physician cured(cure) him of his illness.4.When he came back three hours later,they were still sitting on the sofa,absorbed (absorb)in conversation.5.Because of the severe pollution (pollute),the water in the river is too dirty to drink.- 2 -6.Finding a solution to this problem is one of the greatest challenges(challenge) faced by scientists today.7.Children,when exposed(expose) to an English­speaking atmosphere,will pick up the language much more easily.8.It was concluded that he didn't tell us the truth.I came to the conclusion that he was lying.(conclude)9.The workers are constructing the bridge damaged by the flood,and the bridge under construction connects the road with the town.(construct)10.The old man has contributed a lot of money to the school and has made a great contribution to the building of the school.(contribute)二、重点短语1.put forward    提出2.draw a conclusion 得出结论3.expose...to 使显露;暴露4.link...to ... 将……和……联系或连接起来5.apart from 除……之外;此外6.make sense 讲得通;有意义7.(be)strict with ... 对……严格的8.be to blame 应受谴责9.look into 调查10.lead to 导致●语境运用 (用上述短语的适当形式填空)1.She put forward several good ideas.2.I drew a conclusion that he was lying.3.She was in no way to blame.4.His disappearance is being looked into by the police.5.Apart from the injuries to his face and hands,he broke both legs.三、经典句式1.Neither its cause nor its cure was understood.(neither...nor...既不……也不……)2 . So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.(every time引导时间状语从句)3.Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense.(only+状语从句位于句首时主句须倒装)- 3 -4.To prevent this from happening again,John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies be examined.(suggest后跟从句用虚拟语气)●语境运用 (用上述句型结构仿写下列句子)1.我们和动物一样离不开水,农业和工业也离不开水。We,as well as animals,cannot live without water and neither agriculture nor industry can go without it.2.每当我听到这首歌,它就使我想起与祖母在一起的幸福时光。Every time I hear the song,it makes me think of the happy days when I was with Granny.3.只有当你找到内心的安宁的时候,你才会与他人保持良好的关系。Only when you can find peace in your heart will you keep good relationships with others.4.一些同学建议我们去附近的名胜古迹。Some classmates suggest we should go to places of interest nearby.[综合技能提升]一、单元语法专练(过去分词作定语和表语)完成句子1.地上有许多落叶。There are many fallen leaves on the ground.2.这是一本农民写的书。This is a book written by a peasant.3.听了这个消息我很高兴。I was pleased at the news.4.门仍然锁着。The door remained locked.5.刚才汤姆把玻璃杯打碎了。The glass was broken by Tom just now.二、情景交际(描述人物)1.—What's your father like?— .A.He likes swimming B.He's thin and shortC.He's fine D.He's ill2.—Who's the man over there?— .- 4 -A.He is my brother B.He is a workerC.He is right D.He is tall【答案】 1.B 2.A三、教材语法填空根据 P2—3课文内容,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。John Snow,a well­known doctor in London,became 1.inspired (inspire) when he thought about helping ordinary people who 2.were exposed(expose) to cholera,a 3.deadly (dead) disease of his day.Many thousands of people died every time there was an outbreak 4.because no one knew the cause of it.John wanted to help solve 5.the problem.He got interested in two theories 6.explaining (explain) how cholera killed people.He believed in the second theory that suggested that people 7.absorbed(absorb) the disease with their meals.In 1854,8.when another outbreak hit London,he was ready to test the two theories.With the help of the map he made,he got a valuable clue about the cause of the disease and was able to announce that the water was 9.to blame(blame).The water companies were instructed not to expose people to polluted water any more.Finally“King Cholera”10.was defeated(defeat).四、书面表达(说服类书信)学校图书馆需要购置一批新书, 现向学生征求意见。假如你是李越,你认为学校图书馆最需要购置科普类图书(popular science books)和文学类图书(literary books)。请你用英语给图书馆王老师写一封 90词左右的书信,推荐这两类书,并分别说明推荐理由。 注意:信的升头与落款已给出(不计入词数)。 Dear Mr.Wang, - 5 -               Yours sincerely, Li Yue[参考范文]Dear Mr.Wang,Knowing that our library is going to buy books , I'd like to give some suggestions.What we need most are popular science books.They help us understand science subjects better.In addition to reading for knowledge,we read for fun and inspiration.That is why I recommend another category of books:literary books.Classic works,written by masters.They not only offer us joy and excitement,but also encourage us to think critically.I'll be glad if you can consider my recommendation.              Yours sincerely, Li Yue

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