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- 1 -Book 4 Unit 4 Body language[学考语基闯关]一、核心单词1.represent vt.   代表;象征2.approach vt.&vi. 接近;靠近;走近   n. 接近;方法;途径3.adult n. 成人;成年人   adj. 成人的;成熟的4.dormitory n. 宿舍5.ease n. 安逸;舒适   vt. 减轻(痛苦、忧虑)6.false adj. 错误的;假的7.rank n. 等级;军衔8.greet vi.&vt.迎接;问候→greeting n.问候;招呼9.facial adj.面部的→face n.脸;面孔 v.面对;面向10.curious adj.好奇的→curiously adv.好奇地→curiosity n.好奇;好奇心11.defend vt.保护;保卫→defence n.防御;保卫12.major adj.主要的→majority n.大多数;大部分13.misunderstand vt.误解;误会→misunderstanding n.误解;误会14.spoken adj.口语的→unspoken adj.(反义词)未说出口的;非口语的15.truly adv.真实地;真诚地;真正地→true adj.真实的→truth n.真实;真理●语境运用 (用所给词的适当形式填空)1.He represents(represent) himself as a friend of thePresident.2.When I approached(approach),they grew silent.3.The majority(major) of the British people are really friendly and I have made some friends.4.As a matter of fact,most of the students of this college live in dormitories (dormitory).5.She greeted(greet) us with a big smile.6.He wrote a letter for fear that she misunderstood(misunderstand) him.7. I regretted missing such a good chance of practising my spoken(speak) English.8.The curious boy looked at the box curiously and then he opened it out of - 2 -curiosity.(curious)9.In time of war,lots of money will be spent on defence and many measures will be taken to defend a country from being attacked.(defend)10.To tell you the truth,I'm truly grateful for your helping me make my dream come true.(true)二、重点短语1.defend...against  防御;保卫……以免受2.on the contrary 相反地3.at ease 舒适;快活;自由自在4.turn one's back to 背对5.get close to 靠近;接近6.be likely to 很可能……;有希望……7.in general 总的来说;通常8.lose face 丢脸9.as if 好像10.put up 举起;升起;搭建;留宿●语境运用 (用上述短语的适当形式填空)1.Brown said he was by no means annoyed;on the contrary,he was glad to be able to make himself clearly understood.2.They were afraid of risking failure because they didn't want to lose face.3.Everyone is buying more clothes but in general we are not spending more money on them.4.After the doctor's visit,the patient felt more at ease.5.A few months later,while eating,she would even turn her back to me.三、经典句式1.The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia,closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain.(the+序数词+n.+to do sth.)2.Not all cultures greet each other the same way,nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance between people.(not与 all连用表示部分否定)3.Making a fist and shaking it almost always means that someone is angry and threatening another person.(v.­ing作主语)●语境运用 (用上述句型结构仿写下列句子)1.王亚平已成为第二个在太空工作的中国女宇航员。Wang Yaping has become the second Chinese woman astronaut to work in space.- 3 -2.并不是所有人都愿意做这样的工作,因为它对于有些人来说太难了。Not all are willing to do such work,for it is quite hard for some of them.3.众所周知,早睡早起是个好习惯。As we all know,going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.[综合技能提升]一、单元语法专练(动词的­ing形式作定语和状语)用 v.­ing形式改写下列句子1.The man who is speaking to the teacher is his father.→The man speaking to the teacher is his father.2.In the years that followed,he worked even harder.→In the following years,he worked even harder.3.While he was waiting for the bus,he read a copy of China Daily.→While waiting for the bus,he read a copy of China Daily.4.Her mother died in 1990,and left her with her younger brother.→Her mother died in 1990,leaving her with her younger brother.5.If you use your head,you will find a way.→Using your head,you will find a way.二、情景交际(禁止和警告)1.— ,or we'll be late for the meeting.—It's only half past one by my watch.We have enough time left.A.Hurry up   B.Don't worryC.Never mind D.Be quiet2.—Mum,I don't have anybody to play with.Can I have a pet?— Our apartment is too small.A.Why not? B.I hope so.C.Anything else? D.I'm afraid not.【答案】 1.A 2.D三、教材语法填空根据 P26课文内容,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。Yesterday,another student and I,1.representing (represent) our university's student association,went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year's international students to Beijing University.2.After half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive,I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around 3.curiously(curious).- 4 -The first 4.to arrive (arrive) was Tony Garcia from Colombia,and Julia from Britain.Tony approached Julia,touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek!She stepped back as if in 5.defence (defend).I guessed there was probably a major 6.misunderstanding (understand).With more students arriving,I saw more different ways to greet each other.7. As I get to know more international friends, I've learned that people communicate with 8.spoken (speak)language and they also express their feelings using unspoken“language”.9.In general,studying international customs can certainly help avoid difficulties in today's world of 10.cultural(culture) crossroads!四、书面表达(开放式作文)在班级活动中,当你的想法与大多数同学不一致时,你是坚持自己的观点并说服别人,还是尊重大多数同学的意见?请你以“When I have a Different Opinion”为题,用英语写一篇 90词左右的短文。要求如下:1.从以上两种做法中选择一种;2.以具体事例阐述你选择的理由。注意:短文中,不得以任何形式透露地区、学校、同学姓名等真实信息。否则,按考试作弊行为认定。 [参考范文]When I Have a Different OpinionWe may have different opinions in organizing class activities.When I have a different opinion, I may choose to give it up and respect the opinion of the majority.The main reason for my choice is that being brought up in a culture emphasizing collectivism,I tend to sacrifice my own interest for the group benefit.Once we were left to decide whether to have a picnic in a park or go to a museum.I would love to go to a museum, but most of my classmates wanted to go for a picnic.Without hesitation,I decided to follow them and we did have lots of fun that day.Sometimes giving up a little can mean getting more.

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