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- 1 -Book 4 Unit 2 Working the land[学考语基闯关]一、核心单词1.struggle vi.&n.  斗争;拼搏;努力2.crop n. 庄稼3.bacteria n. (bacterium的复数形式)细菌4.therefore adv. 因此;所以;因而5.occupation n. 工作;职业;占领6.regret vt. 遗憾;惋惜   n. 遗憾;懊悔7.focus n. 焦点;中心点   vt. 集中;聚焦8.reduce vt. 减少;减缩9.comment n. 评论;议论   vi.&vt. 表达意见;作出评论10.hunger n.饥饿;欲望 vt.&vi.(使)饥饿→hungry adj.饥饿的;渴望得到的11.export vt.&vi.输出;出口→import (反义词)vt.&vi.输入;进口12.discovery n.发现;发觉→discover vt.发现;发觉→discoverer n.发现者13.summary n.总结;摘要;概要→summarize vt.总结14.equip vt.&vi.配备;装备→equipment n.设备(不可数)15.confuse vt.使迷惑;使为难→confusing adj.令人迷惑的→confused adj.感到迷惑的→confusion n.迷惑●语境运用 (用所给词的适当形式填空)1.She never gave up and struggled (struggle) to lead an active life.2.He commented(comment) that he thought it was time for us to go home.3.I regretted (regret) to tell him that he had beendismissed.4 . With so many people focused(focus) their eyes on him , he felt very nervous.5.Believe it or not,the rich man should be reduced(reduce) to begging for a living.6.The two men came back home,tired and hungry(hunger).7 . He returned from Paris and found his office was under someone's occupation(occupy).- 2 -8.Our school offers good equipment and you will be well equipped with knowledge and skills for your future job.(equip)9.He was really confused by the confusing problemwhich also confused other people for a long time.(confuse)10.The discoverer of electricity was Franklin;like many discoveries,it benefits us greatly.(discover)二、重点短语1.thanks to   幸亏;由于;因为2.rid...of 使……摆脱或除去3.be satisfied with 对……感到满意4.would rather 宁愿;宁可5.build up 逐渐增强;建立;开发6.lead to 导致;造成(后果)7.focus on 集中(注意力、精力等)于8.be rich in 盛产9.keep...free from/of 使……免受(影响、伤害等); 使……不含有(有害物)10.in addition 另外●语境运用 (用上述短语的适当形式填空)1.Students who take a well­planned year out are more likely to be satisfied with,and complete,their chosen course.2 . Thanks to the advanced technology , we live in an age of bettered communication.3.Finally,we should take part in sports and outdoor activities frequently.They were really helpful to build up my body and enrich my school life.4.As a general rule,all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规) basis.5.Instead of focusing on your wounded feeling,learn to look for the love,beauty and kindness around you.三、经典句式1.If so,what did you do to grow them?(if so状语从句的省略形式)2.In 1973,he became the first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high output.(the+序数词+名词+to do sth.)3.Yuan Longping grows what is called super hybrid rice.(what is called...“所- 3 -谓的……”,what引导宾语从句)4.He would much rather keep time for his hobbies.(would rather(not)do sth.宁愿(不)做某事)●语境运用 (用上述句型结构仿写下列句子)1.这个周日你有空吗?如果有,我们去野营吧。Will you be free this Sunday?If so,let's go camping.2.她总是第一个到办公室最后一个离开,我猜这就是她那么快得到晋升的原因。She is always the first person to go to the office and the last to leave ,which I guess is why she is promoted so quickly.3.众所周知,我们生活在所谓的信息时代。As is known to us,we now live in what is called Information Age.4.现在越来越多的人宁愿不住在大城市里。Nowadays more and more people would rather not live in big cities.[综合技能提升]一、单元语法专练(动词­ing形式作主语和宾语)用动词的适当形式填空1.Raising (raise) your hat to a lady is good manners.2.Learning (learn) some new words is not difficult for me.3.He was not aware of having done (do) wrong.4.We would appreciate hearing (hear)from you.5.Being exposed (expose) to the sun will make yousunburnt.二、情景交际(说服;劝说)1.—I'm afraid I cannot get along well with my new classmates.— ,Mike.Everything will be OK.A.Go ahead    B.Forget itC.Take it easy D.Don't mention it2.—Would you mind my opening the window?— .It's so cold in the room.A.Of course not B.CertainlyC.Better not D.Absolutely【答案】 1.C 2.C三、教材语法填空根据 P10课文内容,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。- 4 -Yuan Longping,one of China's most famous scientists and the Father of Super Hybrid Rice,has made great 1.achievements (achieve) in agriculture both at home and abroad.In 1953 2.when Yuan Longping graduated from college,hunger was a 3.disturbing (disturb) problem in many parts of the countryside.To solve the problem, Yuan Longping 4.struggled (struggle) to find a new way to improve rice harvests without 5.expanding (expand) the area of the fields.Through many years of hard work,Yuan Longping developed what 6.was called (call) “super hybrid rice” in 1973.He became the first agricultural pioneer in the world 7.to grow (grow) rice that has a high output.He has also circulated his knowledge to some other countries.Thanks to his research,the UN has 8.more (many) tools in the battle to rid the world of hunger.Yuan Longping is satisfied with his life 9.but he would like to have more freedom to do his research.Although he is famous,he wants to lead 10.a simple life and has a dream to export his rice so that it can be grown around the world.四、书面表达(说明文)学校正在组织科技创新大赛,你想为日常生活中某件物品(如钢笔、书包、鞋子……)设计添加新功能来参赛。请以“My Magic ”为题写一篇英语短文,介绍你的创意。内容:1.说明设计理由;2.介绍新功能。注意:1.词数 90左右;2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。 [参考范文]My Magic ShoesTo make our life easier and the environment more beautiful.I have designed a pair of magic shoes.Compared to the traditional ones, they have three new unique functions.1.The shoes are made from specially produced recycled paper which stands high pressure and temperature but they won't tear forever.- 5 -2.You needn't wash them forever,for they wash themselves.3.The most magical part is that they can be used as a kind of transportation means.In this way our world will be greener and cleaner.

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