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必修 4 Unit 1 Women of achievement
achieve an aim/a goal达到目标
achieve success 获得成功
He received the Nobel Prize for his scientific achievements.
Flying across the Atlantic for the first time was a great achievement. 首次飞越大西洋是一个伟大的功绩。
Without the support of the people we can .
I have achieved only half of I hope to do.
Congratulations to you (介词) such a complete victory.
答案: ① achieve nothing ②what ③ on achieving
behave oneself 使某人自己举止规矩
Behave yourself; don’t make a fool of yourself.
How is your new car behaving? 你的新车性能如何？
behaviour n. (人的)言行举止，行为；（动物）习性，自学 成才
behaviour towards/to... 对……的态度/行为
①David is quite well in school. He obeys the teachers and gets As in all his subjects.
A. Behaved B. concerned
C. Involved D. respected
The parents asked the children to in front of the guests.
She is pleased with the child’s .
解析：(1) 选A。be well behaved为固定搭配，意为“表现优秀”，联系空后的内容可知,A项最佳。
(2) ① behave well ②good behaviour
worth 只能作表语，其后接钱数、名词或及物动词的动名词的主动形式: be worth doing。
worthy可作表语，后接of+名词/动名词的被动形式/不定式的被动形式: be worthy of+n./being done / to be done； 也可作定语，表示“值得……的；有价值的”。
worthwhile可作表语或定语;a worthwhile job 一份值得做的工作。常用结构：it is worthwhile to do/doing做某事是值得的。
a worthy winner 名副其实的赢家
Buying the car at this price is not worthwhile.
Is it worthwhile making/ to make such an effort?
It was the trouble to settle the problem.
A. worth to take B. worthwhile taking
C. worth being taken D. worth taking
(2)选词填空 (worthwhile/worth/worthy) （原创）
①This vase was five hundred francs at the most.
②Everybody has roots. It is to search for his roots.
③Their efforts are of your support.
④This book is well reading and it is of being read a second time.
(2) ①worth ② worthwhile ③ worthy④ worth; worthy
pay/give one’s respect to sb. 向某人致敬/问候
have/show respect for sb. 尊敬某人
respecting = with respect to关于；就……而言
in all respects = in every respect 无论从哪方面来看；
We all should respect our parents and teachers.
Mr Smith always show respect to his children’s opinions.
In respect to the content, the article is very good,but it is not satisfactory in other aspects.
respectable adj. 值得尊敬的;正派的;高尚的
respectful adj. 有礼貌的；恭敬的
respective adj. 各自的；分别的
respectively adv. 各自地；分别地
Oneˉway fares for adults and children were ＄18 and ＄5 respectively.
Please your parents.
Our head teacher is a person, we all her.
答案:①give my respect to
②respectable; show/have respect for
argue with sb. about/over sth. 就某事和某人争辩
argue sb. into/out of doing=persuade sb. to/not to do
=persuade sb. into/out of doing 说服某人做/不做某事
argue for/against 支持/反对
argument n. 论点；争论;论据
settle an argument 解决争端
beyond argument 无可争辩
We argued that we should be paid more.
They are arguing with the officials over foreign policies.
They argued the park into lowering the price.
We are always arguing each other money.
They argued me buying a new bike.
He argued smoking, and insisted that it was argument that smoking was harmful to health.
答案: ① with; about/over ②into ③ against;beyond
His speech inspired us. 他的发言鼓舞了我们。
The beautiful scenery inspired the composer.
inspire sb. to sth. 鼓励某人某事
inspire sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事
(=encourage sb. to do sth.)
inspire sth. in sb.
(=inspire sb. with sth.) 使某人产生……；鼓励某人……
The father inspired his son with confidence.
=The father inspired confidence in his son.
inspiration n. 灵感；启发；鼓舞人的事或人
inspired adj. 受到鼓舞的；有灵感的
inspiring adj. 鼓舞人心的;激励的
The teacher’s words .
=The teacher’s words .
The students were all by the song.
答案: ① inspired him with hope; inspired hope in him ② inspired; inspiring
be intended for 专供……使用；专为……而设计
intend to do/doing 打算……
intend sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事
This kind of bicycle is intended for people who are too short.
Today, I intend to finish reading this novel.
I intend you to take over my career.
①The book, for her sister, was lost in the mail. （2010•01•江苏南京检测）
A. intended as pleasant surprise
B. intending as pleasant surprise
C. intended as a pleasant surprise
D. intending for pleasant surprise
②Miss Wang had to catch the first bus, but she did’t get up early enough.
A. Turned B. come C. intended D. promised
①解析：选C。intend sth. for sb.意为“为某人准备某物”，book与intend之间呈被动关系，因此用过去分词短语作定语；surprise在这里用单数，表示“一个惊喜”。
deliver a baby 接生小孩；生小孩
deliver sth. to...把某物送到……
The baby was delivered in a clinic.
Comrade Yang delivered the opening speech.
delivery n. 送货；交付
express delivery 快递
on delivery 送达时；货到时
Some new books have the school.
The actor his speech a soft voice.
答案: ① been delivered; to ② delivered/gave; in
She spent many year observing and recording their daily activities.
I observed them enter/entering the shop.
The boy observed what was going on between Tom and his little sister.
We should strictly observe the discipline.
observer n. 观察者
obstrvation n. 观察
答案: ① I have never observed him do morning exercises.
② We must observe the rule of road.
10. look down upon/on
She looks down on people who’ve never been to university.
You can’t look down upon a person because he is poor.
I hope you don’t look down upon/on this kind of work.
look on sb./ sth. as 把某人/某物看作……
=consider sb./ sth. as
look on 袖手旁观；观望
look into sth. 调查；观察某事物
look up 查阅(单词、资料)；向上看；好转
look (sb.) up and down 上下打量(某人)
look out for sb./sth. 警惕或留心某人/某物
look back to 回顾；回忆
look about/around 环顾四周
look after 照料 ；照看
look forward to 盼望；期待
look for 寻找
look like 看起来像
look over 检查；检阅
look through 浏览；检查
look up to 尊敬
①He was (被人看不起) because of his humble background.
②He is (被认为是) the leading authority on the subject.
③If you want to know how a word is used, it (查阅） in a dictionary.
(2)选词填空(look up/look down on/look forward to/look into)
①I’m going to your party.
②The police have received the complaint, and they are it.
③We should not manual labour.
④Please these words in your dictionary.
答案: (1) ①looked down on ②looked on as
(2) ① looking forward to ② looking into
③ look down on ④ look up
11. refer to
refer to sb./sth. as 把某人/物称作
refer sth. to 把某事提交
refer sb. to 让某人向……求助
refer to/consult/look up
look up 意为“（在词典、时刻表等中）查找……”。
We agreed never to refer to the matter again.
She thought I was referring to her daughter when we were talking.
①Although she didn’t mention any names, everyone knew who she was (谈到).
②He gave the speech (没有参阅) his notes.
③He likes to (被称为) “Doctor Khee”.
④My doctor me (向……求助) a hospital specialist.
①The professor at the meeting will give us a lecture next week. （2010•01•山东青州二中模块检测）
A. Referred B. referred to
C. Referring D. referring to
②If you are not sure of the meaning of this word, you can the dictionary. （2010•浙江萧山质量检测）
A. refer to B. look up
C. See D. make use of
③During his stay in our college, he often began his talk by this past experience as a soldier.
A. turning to B. referring to
C. sticking to D. speaking to
④Using a long stick, the teacher a place on the map and asked the children to name it. （2010•01•江苏启东检测）
A. got down to B. pointed to
C. referred to D. came to
(1) ①referring to ②without referring to ③ be referred to as ④ referred; to
(2) ① 解析：选B。句意为：在会议上被提到的那位教授下周将给我们作一次讲座。用refer to的过去分词形式作后置定语，表示被动。
② 解析：选A。refer to在句中作“查阅”讲，B项结构应为look up the word in the dictionary。
③ 解析：选B。考查词义辨析。turn to的意思是“求助于”，但其宾语是人，不可以是物；refer to的意思是“参考；查询；谈到；提到”；stick to的意思是“坚持”。
④ 解析：选B。 考查短语辨析。get down to的意思是“开始；着手”，后跟名词或动名词；point to的意思是“指着；指向”；refer to的意思是“参考；提到”；come to的意思是“达到”。
12. come across
=run across=meet by chance (偶然) 遇见；碰见
come about = happen 发生
come from 来自
come out 出现；开花；出版或发表；透露；显出
come up 升起；发生；出现
come up with sth. 找到或提出（答案﹑办法等）
come to 谈到；涉及
I came across an old school friend in Oxford Street this morning. 今天早上我在牛津大街碰见一位老校友。
She came across some old photographs in a drawer.
Mr Brown, could you tell me how the differences between American English and British English ? （2010•01•山东济南检测）
A. came about B. came to
C. came up D. came across
①I some new words while reading.
②His new book will next month.
③She a new idea for increasing sales.
④Can you tell me how the accident ?
⑤How did it that he knew where we were?
(1)解析：选A。考查词义辨析。come about意为“产生”，符合句意；come to意为“达到（某个数字）”；come across意为“偶然遇到；从……上走”；come up意为“来到”。
(2)① came across ②come out ③came up with ④came about ⑤come about
13. carry on
Let’s carry on our homework.
We must carry on until the rescue team arrived.
carry out 执行；实施
carry away 带走；冲走
carry off 夺去
We will carry out the plan as soon as it is made.
We planted many trees to stop the water from carrying away the soil. 我们种这么多树的目的是阻止土壤流失。
Do you mind if I with my work while you are getting tea ready.
carry out B. come on
C. carry on D. go over
解析：选C。carry on 在这里是“继续下去”的意思。A项有一定干扰性。 carry out 也有“进行，开展”的意思，然而carry on为不及物动词，而 carry out为及物动词。
14. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project.
Only in this way can we learn English better.
Only then did I remember that I had left my cell phone in the restaurant.到那时我才记起我把手机忘在餐馆里了。
Only when Mum is sick will she stay in bed.
①Only then how much damage had been caused. （原创）
A. she realized B. she had realized
C. had she realized D. did she realize
② by keeping down cost will Power Data hold its advantage over other companies.
Only B. Just C. Still D. Yet
15. For forty years Jane Goodall has been outspoken about making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals.
本句用的是现在完成时，即“has/have been doing”，表示从过去某个时间开始的动作或状态一直延续到现在，可能还会再进行下去。
—What have you been doing?
—I have been practising the piano.
①—Hi, Fracy, you look tired.
—I ?m tired. I the living room all day.
Painted B. had painted
C. have been painting D. have painted
②New that she is out of a job, Lucy going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet.
A. had considered B. has been considering
C. Considered D. is going to consider