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人教版英语必修二
Unit 5 Music 重难点
Teaching aims:
1、Sum up the main idea of each paragraph.
2、Understand the details about the passage.
3、Use the important words and expressions from warming up and reading
4、Use the attributive clause led by “prep. + which / whom ”.
5、make suggestions
6、talk about preference
7、write a letter for advice
8、talk about music: forming a band
9、make suggestions and talk about preference properly

重点词汇:break up  dream of  form  stick to  be honest  play jokes/a joke on           match  extra  pretend
重点句型:定语从句 介词+引导词
语  法:定语从句

【词组识记】
1.roll over        翻身, 打滚  
roll up     卷起    
roll down     滚下来  
2.dream of / about (doing) sth    梦见, 梦想…
3.at a concert      在音乐会上
4.be honest with sb.     对…诚实
  be honest about sth.
  be honest in doing sth.
4.form the habit of      养成…的习惯
  in the form of       以…的形式
  in form              在形式上
5.passers-by           路人(复数)
6.earn extra money          赚外快
6.give sb. a chance to do     给某人做某事的机会
7.play jokes/a joke on sb.    捉弄
  play tricks/a trick on sb.
  laugh at  / make fun of   嘲笑;取笑
8.base on       以….为基础, 基于….
be based on
9.make music        做音乐
10.break up        破裂;拆散;停止; (战争等)爆发
   break in/into    闯进
   break off        中断;停止
   break down       坏掉,发生故障; (身体)垮掉
11.hit sb. On / in the + 身体部位     击中某人的…
12.by chance/accident      偶然,意外地
13.come across             偶然遇见
14.sort out                 分类
15.be confident of/about/in  对……有信心
16.give/put on a performace = perform   演出,表演
17.go wrong               出了毛病
18.since then            从那时起
19.come up with           提出
20.stick to do=insist on doing    坚持做某事
21.above of all      首先,最重要的是     first of all     第一
22.play musical instrument     演奏乐器
23.attract one’s attention/interest     吸引某人的注意力/兴趣

【核心单词用法例析】
1. list v.&n. 列表;名单,目录
He listed all the things he wanted to buy. 他把想买的东西列成一张清单。
His name was taken off the list because of his frequent absence. 他由于经常旷工而被除名。
注:a shopping list 购物单; a black list 黑名单; draw up a list 制作表格;
put one’s name on the list把某人的名字列入名单 ; make a list of ….把……列成单
2. pretend v. 假装,佯装;
后面可接不定式或从句,构成pretend to do sth或pretend that …结构。
He pretends to be ill. 他假装病了。
The students pretended to be reading when the teacher came in. 当老师走进来时,学生们假装正在看书。  We pretended that nothing had happened. 我们假装什么事也没发生。
注:pretend 还可用作形容词:pretend cakes假糕点;pretend toys假玩具
  【原句回放】do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like... (page34, line5)
  【点拨】v.假装,可接动词不定式或从句作宾语。
  1. He pretended that he was working hard. 他假装在努力工作。
  2. He pretended to be reading a book when his mother came back.
    当他妈妈回来时,他假装正在看书。
  vi.&vt. (常指孩子在游戏中)假扮,后接不定式或从句。
  Let’s pretend to be soldiers. 我们来假扮军人吧。
  【拓展】pretend to do 假装做
  pretend that 假装……
  pretend as if /though+从句 假装(好像)……
随时练
  She pretended ________ me when I passed by.
  A. and not read    B. not seeing
  C. not to see     D. not to be seeing
  【解析】当我经过的时候她假装没看见我。
  【答案】D
3. form v.&n. 组成,形成;形状,形式,表格
He formed a band with some friends from school.  他和学校里一些朋友组成了一支乐队。
A plan formed in my head.              一个计划在我的头脑中形成。
Help in the form of will be very welcome. 以钱的方式资助将会非常受欢迎。
Please fill in this form in ink.    请用墨水填写这张表格。
【原句回放】but how do people form a band?(Page34, line8)
  【点拨】vt. 形成,组成,养成 如:
  With the help of our PE teacher, we form a basketball team.
  在体育老师的帮助下我们组成了一支篮球队。
  As a result, he forms the habit of hunting on weekends.
  结果,他养成了周末去打猎的习惯。
  The band is formed of one girl and two boys. =The band is made up of one girl and two
  boys.
  这个乐队是由一个女孩和两个男孩组成的。
  n. 表格,形式,形态
  Ice, snow and steam are different forms of water 冰,雪,蒸汽是水的不同形式。
  Please fill the form. 请填表格。
  in the form of 以……形式
  in form 形式上,情况良好
  【拓展】
  form the habit of 养成……的习惯
  take the form of 采取……样的形式
随时练
  1. The children were ______ small groups, going from door to door to collect old clothes.
  A. formed from    B. formed into    C. made into    D. made from
  2. They are different ______.
  A. in the form    B. in a form    C. in form    D. in forms
  【解析】1. A项构成错误;C项意为“被制成”,D项意为“由……制成”。根据句意可知,此处表示“被组成”。
  2. 根据句意“他们在形式上是不同的”。
  【答案】1. B  2. C
4. extra 有三种词性
adj. 额外的,分外的,外加的,附加的
The perform is going to be a lot of extra work . 这次演出将有很多额外的工作。
adv. 额外,另外;特别,格外
The rate for a room is $30, but breakfast is extra. 一个房间收费30美元,早餐另付。
n. 额外的事物,额外的钱
Piano class is an optional extra at our school.  我们学校钢琴课是选修的,要另外收费。
5. lively adj. 活泼的,有生机的
He has a strange way making his classes lively and interesting. 他有一种奇怪的方法使得他的课堂生动有趣。He has a lively and enquiring mind. 他有一个思维活跃、善于探索的头脑。
注:1) 区分: living adj. 活着的,健在的,现行的;alive adj. 活着的(作表语,后置定语和补语);live adj. 活的(指动物),直播的 v. 居住,生活
2)类似的以-ly结尾的形容词还有:lovely(可爱的)friendly(友好的)motherly慈母般的
daily(日常的)monthly(每月的)
6. sort n. 种类,类别;v. 整理,把……分类,把……安排妥当
--What sort of music do you like? 你喜欢哪一类音乐? --Oh, all sorts. 噢,哪一类都喜欢。
The cupboards need sorting out. 柜厨需要整理了。
If you’re going to the bus station, can you sort out the tickets for tomorrow? 你要去火车站的话,能不能把明天的车票买好?
7. afterwards adv. 以后,后来
Afterwards she was very sorry for what she did. 后来他很后悔他所做的。
Let’s buy some meat first and buy vegetables afterwards. 让我们先买点肉,然后买蔬菜。
注:后缀-wards,表示“朝……方向”,类似的单词还有:towards(朝,向),forwards(向前),backwards(向后),eastwards(向东), westwards(向西),southwards(向南),northwards(向北),upwards(向上),downwards(向下)。
8. share v.&n.v. 共用,共享,分享
I share a room with seven other students. 我和另外七位学生合住一个房间。
Seeing my little daughter share her chocolate with the other kids, I was very happy. 看到女儿和其他的小朋友一起分吃巧克力,我很高兴。
Would you like to share your experience with the rest of the group? 你愿意把你的经验与组里其余的人分享吗?
n. 一份,份额,股份
They divided the money into equal shares. 我们把钱分成等额的几份。
The shares have gone up three points since yesterday. 自从昨天以来,这些股份上升了三个点。
真题:Let Harry play with your toys as well, Clare --- you must learn to _____. (NMET 2000)
A. support        B. care        C. spare         D. share
解析:答案:D. share “共用,共享,分享”。其他答案与题意不符。
9. honour v.&n.v. “尊敬,给以荣誉,以……为荣”
The young should honour the aged. 年轻人应该尊敬长者。
He was honoured as a hero.       他被授予英雄称号。
n. “尊敬,崇敬”(不可数名词);“荣幸,光荣”(可数名词)。
The students should show their honour to their teachers. 学生应该尊敬老师。
It was a great honour to be invited here today.    今天承蒙邀请到此,深感荣幸。
注:do sb. an honour/ do sb. the honour of doing sth.
使增光,赏光,给……带来荣誉; in honour of sb. /in sb’s honour 为向……表示敬意
10. match
  【原句回放】guess which music matches which picture. (Warming up)
  【点拨】 v. (1) 与……相配(=go with)
  (2) 在……方面与……匹敌;势均力敌
  n. 比赛;火柴;相配物
  1. We must find carpets that will match the curtains.
    我们必须找到可以和这些窗帘搭配的地毯。
  2. No one can match him in singing. 在唱歌方面没有人能和他相匹敌。
  3. There is going to be a football match this Friday. 本周五将有一场足球赛。
  【拓展】match,fit与suit
  match指色调、形状、性质等相搭配。
  fit指大小合适,引申为“吻合”。
  suit指合乎需要、口味、条件、地位,以及颜色、款式等与某人的皮肤、气质、身材或身份相称。
随时练
  The color of the skirt may ______, but I am afraid it may not ______my blouse.
  A. fit; match    B. match; match    C. suit; suit    D. suit; match
  【解析】本题考察match的用法。前一个空所填词表示颜色适合某人,应用suit。后一空是说与衬衣相配。
  【答案】 D
11. extra
  【原句回放】they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay... (page 34, line 12)
  【点拨】extra adj. 额外的;外加的;特别的;另外的
  adv. 额外地,特别地,除外
  n.额外的东西;另收费的事物
  1. I don’t have any extra time. 我没有多余的时间。
  2. The box is extra heavy. 这个箱子特别重。
  3. They charge extra for wine. 他们另收酒钱。
  4. Her school fees are $ 300 a term; music and dancing are extras.
    她的学费是每学期300美元,音乐和舞蹈课另收费。
   随时练
  His regular school fees are $60 a term; music and dancing are_____.
  A. extras    B. cheap    C. good    D. expensive
  【解析】正常的要收60美元一学期,音乐和舞蹈除外。extra作名词。
  【答案】A

【词组句型用法精解】
1. hear about 听说
---Have you heard about the incident? 你听说了这件事吗?
---No, I have never heard about it. 我没有听说过。
2. dream of 梦想,幻想, + sth./ doing sth.
He dreamed of a better future. 他梦想一个更美好的未来。
When she was young, she dreamed of being a teacher. 她年轻的时候曾梦想当一名教师。
【原句回放】 Have you ever dreamt of being in front of thousands of people at a concert...(Page 34, line 2)
  【点拨】dream of doing sth. 意为“幻想;梦想;想象”。
  I dream of visiting the Mars one day. 我梦想着有一天能够参观火星。
  He never dreamed of becoming a famous football player.
  他从来都没梦想过成为一名著名的足球运动员。
  【拓展】(1) dream vt. 意为“做梦;梦见”,可以接名词,代词或宾语从句。
  May you dream a happy dream tonight! 祝你今晚做个好梦。
  I dreamt (that) I could fly. 我梦想着我能够飞。
  (2) dream n. 意为“梦”,可接同位语从句说明梦的内容。
  I have a recurrent dream that I’ve turned into an elephant.
  我经常有这样一个梦我变成了一头大象。
  My dream has come true. 我的梦想成真了。
随时练
  His dream ______ Beijing has_____.
  A. of visiting; come true    B. of visiting; been come true
  C. to visit; come true      D. to visit; been true
  【解析】dream 后常接of /about doing,而不接不定式,另外come true 意为“实现”为不及物动词用法。
  【答案】A
3. be honest with 对……说老实话,对……坦诚
Thank you for being so honest with me. 感谢你对我这么坦诚。
I shall be quite honest with you. 我将和你完全坦诚相待。
注:be honest (in) doing sth.在做某事方面诚实;to be honest =to tell you
the truth = be quite honest about it老实说(插入语)
【点拨】be honest with sb. 对……坦诚,诚恳
  be honest about sth. 如实说/做某事
  be honest in ( doing ) sth. 在某方面诚实
  如:I shall be honest with you. 我应该对你坦诚。
    He is honest in doing business. 他在做生意方面很诚实。
  【拓展】be angry with sb. 对某人生气
  be pleased with sb. 对某人满意
  be satisfied with sb. 对某人满意
随时练
  Children should always be ________with their parents and teacher.
  A. angry    B. pleased    C. honest    D. satisfied
  【解析】根据拓展A.B.D三项不合题意。
  【答案】C
4. play jokes on 跟……开玩笑
Though old, they often play jokes on each other. 尽管上了年纪,但他们还经常相互开玩笑。
He always likes to play jokes on me because we are close friends. 他总是爱拿我开玩笑,因为我们是很好的朋友。
注:play tricks on sb. = play a trick on sb.捉弄某人; laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人; make fun of sb. 取笑某人
原句回放】the musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as… (page34, line 16)
  【点拨】 play jokes/a joke on...开…… 的玩笑,戏弄……
  No one likes to be played jokes on by others. 没有人愿意被别人戏弄。
  joke vi. 开玩笑
  I was only joking. 我只是开玩笑啊。
  for / as a joke 只是为了开玩笑
  in joke 闹着玩的
  make fun of...  取笑……   laugh at 嘲笑……
  play a trick/tricks on sb. 捉弄某人
  have a joke with sb. 与某人说笑话
  make a joke about sb/ sth. 拿某人或某事开玩笑
随时练
  Daisy can’t stand that her classmates often _______ her.
  A. keep up with    B. come up with    C. look on    D. play jokes on
  【解析】黛西不能忍受的是同学们的戏弄。故选D。
  【答案】D
真题:He likes to play a trick on others, but sometimes ________
A. he plays a trick   B. he plays a trick on  C. he is played a trick   D. a trick is played on him
解析:答案D. 句意为他喜欢捉弄别人,但有时他也被别人捉弄.
5. base ….on/upon… 以……为基础, 它的被动形式是be based on/upon
What are you basing this theory on? 你这种理论的根据是什么?
His argument is based on facts. 他的论断以事实为基础。
6. or so 大约
It’ll cost $30 or so. 那件东西大概植30美元。
That man standing there is forty years old or so.  站在那儿的那个人大约四十岁。
真题:My parents will move back into town in a year or         .(05,全国卷)
A.later       B.after          C.so         D.about   解析:答案C. or so “大约”。
7. break up 结束,解散,拆散
Their marriage has broken up. 他们的婚姻结束了。
The police tried to break up the crowd. 警察尽力驱散人群。
【点拨】break up有以下意思:
  (1) 解散;散去
    The meeting broke up at eleven o’clock.
  (2) 变得衰弱; 瓦解; 崩溃
    He was breaking up under the strain.
  (3)(使某事物)结束
    Their marriage is breaking up.
    They decided to break up the partnership.
  【拓展】关于break的其他搭配:
  (1) break down (因机械、电力等故障)停止运转;崩溃;瓦解
  (2) break in 打断
  (3) break into sth. 强行进入某处;突然开始(大笑等)
  (4) break off (说话时)突然打住
  (5) break out (战争、火山等)突然发生
  (6) break through 突破;穿过
随时练
  1. To understand the grammar of the sentence, you must break it ______ into parts.
  A. down    B. up    C. off    D. out
  【解析】break down在此意为“分解”。
  【答案】1. A
真题:To understand the grammar of the sentence, you must break it      into parts.(05,湖北)
A.down      B.up           C.off        D.out
解析:答案A. 句意为“为了理解句子的语法结构,你要把它分解成几个部分。”
8. by chance = by accident 偶然,碰巧, 反义词是on purpose故意。
I met her by chance at the railway station.我在火车站偶然遇见她。
Class Six won the basketball game by chance. 六班碰巧赢得这次篮球比赛。
注:by any chance 万一; take a chance冒险试一试;
have a chance to do = have a chance of doing  有机会做……
9. stick to 坚持做某事,紧*在…一旁,对……忠实,持续不断。 to为介词。
They all agreed to stick to our plan. 他们都同意坚持我们的计划。
He never sticks to anything for long. 他什么事都坚持不了多久。
注:stick to 指坚持真理,原则,观点,决定,计划,理论等。
insist on 指坚持认为,坚持主张或坚决要求某物,后面可跟v-ing形式。
【原句回放】Then, make a special time for practicing and stick to it. (Page 40,line6)
  【点拨】stick to意为“坚持(真理等);坚持干(某事)”。
  — Would you like some wine? 你喜欢来点葡萄酒吗?
  — No, I’ll stick to beer, thanks. 不,我还是坚持喝啤酒,谢谢!
  We don’t want to hear your opinions; stick to the facts! 我不想听你的意见,坚持事实。
  The policeman sticks to his post even in bad days.
  即使在不好的天气下警察也坚持在自己的岗位上。
  【拓展】(1) stick vt. (将某物)粘牢;粘在一起
  This glue doesn’t stick very well.
  (2) insist也有“坚持要求”的意思,与stick to 是近义词。
  I insist on your being there.
  We all insist that we not rest until we finish the work.
随时练
  Once a decision has been made, all of us should ______ it.
  A. direct to    B. stick to    C. get through    D. refer to
  【解析】B。direct to 意为“指点道路;把注意力集中在……”;get through意为“通过;到达”;refer to意为“谈到……”。
  【答案】B
10. 主语 + be + 不定式作表语
His most exciting experience was to sing in a TV.他最令人兴奋的经历是曾经在电视上表演过。
What you have to do now is to wait for him.    现在你们得等他。

【课文长句难点剖析】
1. Have you ever dreamed of being in front of thousands of people at a concert, with everyone clapping and enjoying your singing?
译文:你曾经梦想过在音乐会上面对成千上万的观众,他们一边欣赏你的歌,一边为你鼓掌?
剖析:前面是句子的主干,后面是with的复合结构在句中作状语。
The professor came in with a lot of students following.  教授走进教室,后面跟着许多学生。
With the problem solved, we all feel very happy.    问题被解决了,我们都感到非常高兴。
With Lily to help us, we can finish the work in an hour. 有李丽的帮助,我们能在一小时内完成这项工作。
He likes to sleep with the door open. 睡觉时,他喜欢让门开着。
With her son away from home, she felt very lonely. 儿子离开家了,她感到非常寂寞。
With a bag on her back, the girl went home happily. 这个小女孩背着书包,高高兴兴地回家了。
2. The musicians of whom the band was formed played jokes on each other as well as played music.
剖析:本句中of whom the band was formed 是定语从句,还可以写成the band of whom
was formed。as well as 用来连接played jokes on each other和played music.
译文:组成乐队的音乐人除了演奏音乐曲目,还经常彼此打趣逗笑。

【语法知识归纳】
“介词 + 关系代词”引导的定语从句
介词加关系代词引导的定语从句要注意以下几点:
1.“介词 +关系代词”引导的定语从句时,介词的宾语只能用which(指物)和whom(指人),即:介词+which/whom。不能用that 和who。
This is the teacher from whom we’ve learned a lot. 这就是从他那里我们学了很多东西的老师。
Great changes have taken place in the city in which we live.我们所居住的城市发生巨大的变化。
2.有时介词也可放在从句的末尾,这时关系代词可用which/that(指物),who/whom/that(指人),也可以省略。
The situation (which/that ) we had got into was very dangerous. 我们当时的处境很危险。
The man (whom/who/that) you were talking to just now is my English teacher. 你刚刚和他谈话的那个人是我的英语老师。
3. 当定语从句中的谓语动词短语是固定搭配,不可分割时,那动词短语中的介词不能前置。
This is the pen which I’m looking for. 这是我正在找的那支钢笔。
不能写成:This is the pen for which I’m looking.
4. 定语从句也可由“名词/代词/数词+介词+which/whom”引出。
That old man has two sons, one of whom is a doctor. 那个老人有两个儿子,其中一个是医生。
The house, the windows of which ( = whose windows = of which the windows) were damaged, has now been repaired. 窗子遭破坏的那栋房子现在已经修好了。
5. 引导定语从句的关系副词(when, where, why) 可以用“介词+关系代词”代替。
I’ll never forget the day when I joined the party. (when= on which).我永远不会忘记入党的日子。
The factory where my father works is in the east of the city. (where = in which). 父亲工作的那家工厂在城东。
None of us know the reason why Tom was absent from the meeting. (why = for which). 我们都不知道汤姆缺席会议的原因。
6. “复合介词短语+which”引导的定语从句,常与先行词用逗号隔开,而且定语从句常用倒装语序。
He lived in a big house, in front of which stood a big tall tree. 他住在一幢大房子里,房前有一棵大树。
  【原句回放】The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as played music, most
of which...(Page 34, line 16)
  【点拨】在此定语从句中,关系代词是介词的宾语,介词可以提前。可以紧跟介词作介词的宾语的关系代词只有which和whom两个,that不能放在介词的后面。介词后的关系代词不能省略。
  He is a new comer, about whom I know little. 他是新来的,我对他知道的很少。
  This is the pool in that he keeps fish. (×)
  This is the pool in which he keeps fish. (√)
  【拓展】(1) 关系代词前的介词必须从属于从句中的动词或者从句的谓语,如果是一个不可分割的短语,介词不能放到前面,只能和动词在一起。如look for, look after, deal with等短语中介词不能拆开。
  He is the boy for whom I am looking. (×)
  He is the boy who (whom; that) I am looking for. (√)
  (2) 某些在从句中充当时间、地点或原因状语的“介词+关系词”结构一般可以同关系副词when,where 和why互换。
  This is the house in which I lived two years ago.
  = This is the house where I lived two years ago.
  Do you remember the day on which you joined our club?
  = Do you remember the day when you joined our club?
随时练
  The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the jobs______ they are being trained.
  A. in that    B. for that    C. in which    D. for which
  【解析】答案D。从句中含有be trained for“为了……被培训”,所以选择for which

 

高一 英语模块2 Unit5测试
Ⅰ.单项填空:从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(10%)
1. I didn’t like the way       he looked at me.
A. in which     B. that      C. 不填    D. all the above
2. There is no doubt       he will succeed.
A. whether   B. which   C. that   D. if
3. We want to find a house, one which is modern, comfortable and _____ quiet in the neighbourhood.
  A. after all      B. in all      C. above all      D. all in all
4. English is as a matter of fact very easy because a sentence can be _____ into clauses.
  A. broken out      B. broken up      C. broken away      D. broken from
5. You’d better solve this difficult problem _____ it is too late.
  A. before     B. after     C. when     D. unless
6. The man _____ this house belongs is a friend of Wang Lin’s.
  A. whom     B. to whom     C. for whom     D. with whom
7. She had three daughters altogether, two _____ are nurses.
  A. of these     B. of whom     C. of whose     D. of them
8. -----Are they about to have dinner?
  ----Yes, it _____ in the dining room.
  A. is being served     B. is served     C. is serving     D. serves
9. She won’t mind your being late.       , it’s hardly your fault.
A. Thus   B. Otherwise  C. However  D. Besides
10. She pretended       me when I passed.
A. not to see  B. not seeing  C. to not see  D. having not seen
Ⅱ. 完形填空:阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。(15%)
Michel is a young girl who works for the police as a handwriting expert.(专家). She has helped   11   many criminals(罪犯) by using her special talents(天才)。
When she was 14, Michel was already   12   interested in the differences in her friends’  13   that she would spend hours studying them. After  14   college she went to France for a   15   two-year class in handwriting at the School of Police Science.
Michel says that it is impossible for people to hide their handwriting. She can discover   16    of what she needs to know simply   17    looking at the writing with her own eyes,     18    she also has machines. That helps her make out different kinds of paper and ink. This knowledge is often   19    great help to the police.
Michel believes that handwriting is a good   20   of what kind of person the    21  is. “I wouldn’t go out with a fellow   22   I didn’t like his handwriting,” she says. But she  23     she fell in love with her future husband, a young policeman    24    she studied his handwriting. It is later proved to be   25   , however.
  11. A. search  B. follow   C. catch   D. judge
  12. A. so      B. too     C . quite    D. extra
  13. A. books    B. letter   C. tongues   D. handwriting
  14. A. attending   B. finishing   C. starting   D. stepping into
  15. A. powerful   B. natural   C. special   D. common
  16. A. most      B. nothing     C. little     D. sight
  17. A. with      B. by       C. of       D. about
  18. A. so        B. for      C. thus      D. but
  19. A. of       B. to       C. with     D. for
  20. A. test       B. sign      C. means      D. habit
  21. A. thief      B. criminal     C. writer     D. policeman
  22. A. whether     B. unless      C. if        D. after
  23. A. adds       B. tells      C. repeats     D. cries
  24. A. before      B. after      C. shyly       D. and
  25. A. necessary       B. all right      C. important      D. quite easy
III、阅读理解:(36%)
  A
Leonardo da Vinci(达芬奇)began painting the Mona Lisa in 1503.He was working on a special painting for a church at the time, but the church painting was not going well. An Italian businessman asked da Vinci to paint a picture of the businessman’s second  wife. This is the woman who can be seen in the Mona Lisa.
All in all, the Mona Lisa is a very good example of da Vinci’s work. Da Vinci uses darkness and light in a clever way in the painting.
Da Vinci loved science and maths. Right away a person can see that there is a lot of geometry in the Mona Lisa. The face of the Mona Lisa is made of many circles and round shapes like balls. Even her smile can be seen as a small part of a large circle.
The woman in the painting is sitting on a balcony, and mountains can be seen behind her. Da Vinci loved to study rocks and mountains, so these can be seen over and over in his other paintings.
The woman is sitting with her knees to the side. Her head is turned to look out of the painting. Her hands are held together in front of her. This way of sitting is now used by many artists when they are painting a picture of a man or woman today.
26.Who painted the Mona Lisa??
A. A businessman.      B. His second wife.
C. Leonardo da Vinci.     D. The businessman’s wife.
27.The woman in the painting is______.
A. an Italian businesswoman    B. Leonardo da Vinci’s wife
C. the wife of a businessman    D .a woman from the church
28.Where is the woman in the painting?
A. On a balcony.      B. On a knee.
C. On a mountain.      D. On a rock.
29.What can a person see in the painting?
A.A lot of geometry.     B. Clever use of light and darkness.
C. Mountains.       D. All of the above.
30.Leonardo da Vinci enjoyed studying______.
A. maths        B. rocks
C. science       D. all of the above
                                 B
Scientists are trying to make the deserts(沙漠) into good land again. They want to bring water to the deserts, so people can live and grow food. They are learning a lot about the deserts.      
But more and more of the earth is becoming desert all the time. Scientists may not be able to change the desert in time.
     Why is more and more land becoming deserts?Scientists think that people make deserts. People are doing bad things to the earth.
     Some places on the earth don’t get much rain. But they still don’t become deserts. This is because some green plants are growing there. Small green plants and grass are very important for dry places. Plants don’t let the sun make the earth even drier. Plants do not let the wind blow the dirt away. When a bit of rain falls, the plants hold the water. Without plants, the land can become deserts more easily.
31. Deserts ________ .
   A. never have any plants or animals in them
   B. can all be turned into good land before long (不久以后)
   C. are becoming smaller and smaller
   D. get very little rain
32. Small green plants are very important for dry places because ________ .
   A. they don’t let the sun make the earth even drier
   B. they don’t let the wind blow the soil away
   C. they hold water
   D. All of the above.
33. Land is becoming deserts little by little because ______.
   A. plants can’t grow there
   B. there is not enough rain
   C. people haven’t done right things that scientists wish them to do
   D. scientists know little about the deserts
34. Which is the main idea of the first paragraph?
   A. Scientists know how to change desert into good land.
   B. Land is becoming deserts faster than scientists can change them into good land.
   C. If scientists can bring water to desert, people can grow food there.
D. More and more places are becoming deserts all the time.
                             C
 One evening in October, Dr Berlin was having dinner when the phone rang. He went to answer it. It was Mrs. Green.
“Please, Dr Berlin, come to my house. I had a necklace on my desk and now it is gone.”
Dr Berlin hurried to the Green’s house. He arrived at eight o’clock. First he asked Mrs. Green. “When did you see the necklace last?”
“At seven o’clock, I took the necklace from my pocket and put it on the desk in my living room. Then I went to wash my hair. I came back at seven thirty and the necklace was gone.”
“I see,” Dr Berlin said, “Were you alone in the house?”
“No, my sister’s daughter, Nancy, is here, too. She’s a student at the university. Her parents live far away, so she lives here with me.”
“Let’s talk to Miss Nancy,” said Dr Berlin. Then he and Mrs. Green went to Nancy’s room.
“Please sit down.” Nancy said. Dr Berlin sat on the only chair in the room. The chair was cold. Mrs. Green and Nancy sat on the bed. Dr Berlin saw some books on the floor near his feet.
“What have you been doing this evening?” Dr Berlin asked.
“I came home at six thirty, and went right to my room. I’ve been studying because I have an exam tomorrow. I’ve been sitting in that chair and reading all evening. I never got up and never left the room. But at seven fifteen I heard a sound, like somebody shutting the door. I didn’t go out to look for I was too busy. Maybe somebody came into the house and took my aunt’s necklace.”
After hearing that, Dr Berlin was clear. Then he told Mrs. Green, “Well, you won’t have to be worried, and you’ll find the necklace in this room.”
35. According to the passage, perhaps Dr Berlin is most _________.
A. a friend of Mrs. Green’s          B. Green’s husband
C. Nancy’s father D. a private detective (私人侦探)
36. Dr Berlin went to have a talk with Nancy in order to _________.
A. see whether she had stolen the necklace
B. make sure she had stolen the necklace
C. see whether Mrs. Green had told a lie
D. find out some clue(线索) of the case
37. Nancy said: “I came here at six thirty, and went right to my room.” Here, the word “right” shows that Nancy wanted to lead Dr Berlin to believe _________.
A. what she said was right
B. she hadn’t been to the living room that evening
C. she went to her room at exactly six thirty
D. she told the truth
38. Nancy used the tense “I have been studying…” to show _________.
A. she did nothing but study that evening 
B. she was a hard-working student
C. she was busy preparing for the exam
D. she was afraid of the exam very much
D
   Today, roller skating is easy and fun. But many years ago, it wasn’t easy at all. Before 1750, people never tried skating on wheels. That changed because of a man named Joseph Merlin. Merlin’s work was making instruments. In his free time he liked to play the violin. Merlin was a man with many ideas and many dreams. People called him a dreamer.
  One day Merlin received an invitation to go to an important party. He was very pleased and a little excited. As the day of the party came near, Merlin began to think. He wanted to find a way to make a wonderful entrance at the party. Merlin had an idea. He thought that he would attract a lot of attention if he could skate into the room.
  Merlin tried different ways to make himself roll. Finally, he decided to put two wheels under each shoe. These were the first roller skate shoes. Merlin was very proud of them. He dreamed of arriving at the party and skating into the room while playing the violin. He was sure that everyone would be very surprised.
  On the night of the party Merlin rolled into the room, playing his violin. Everyone was really surprised to see him. There was just one problem. Merlin had no way to stop his roller skating. He rolled on, playing the violin. Then, with all eyes on him, Merlin hit into a huge mirror on the wall. The mirror broke into many pieces with a very loud noise.
  Nobody forgot Merlin’s wonderful entrance after that.
39. The story tells us that people began to enjoy roller-skating _______.           .
   A. before the year 1750      B. before the invitation
 C. because of Joseph Merlin    D. because it was dangerous
40. People called Merlin a dreamer because ___________.         .
 A. he slept and dreamed a lot    
 B. he was full of different ideas
 C. he invented the first roller skates  
 D. he always made people’s dreams come true
41. ___________ made Merlin think of skating on wheels.
 A. Merlin’s work       B. Merlin’s violin  
 C.A huge mirror    D. An important party
42. What was Merlin’s problem after he rolled into the room?
   A. He couldn’t stop his roller-skating.  
 B. He couldn’t attract a lot of attention.
 C. Everyone was surprised at him.   
 D. He couldn’t play the violin while rolling.
43. What’s the best title for the passage?
   A. Joseph Merlin’s Story     B. How Roller Skating Was Invented
   C. A Surprising Entrance to the Party    D. Roller Skating

 

 

高一 英语模块2 Unit5测试答卷纸
       班级___________ 姓名__________
第一部分(共61分,期中1-25题,每题1分,26-43题,每题2分)
1. [A][B][C][D]
2. [A][B][C][D]
3. [A][B][C][D]
4. [A][B][C][D]
5. [A][B][C][D] 6. [A][B][C][D]
7. [A][B][C][D]
8. [A][B][C][D]
9. [A][B][C][D]
10. [A][B][C][D] 11. [A][B][C][D]
12. [A][B][C][D]
13. [A][B][C][D]
14. [A][B][C][D]
15. [A][B][C][D] 16. [A][B][C][D]
17. [A][B][C][D]
18. [A][B][C][D]
19. [A][B][C][D]
20. [A][B][C][D]
21. [A][B][C][D]
22. [A][B][C][D]
23. [A][B][C][D]
24. [A][B][C][D]
25. [A][B][C][D] 26. [A][B][C][D]
27. [A][B][C][D]
28. [A][B][C][D]
29. [A][B][C][D]
30. [A][B][C][D] 31. [A][B][C][D]
32. [A][B][C][D]
33. [A][B][C][D]
34. [A][B][C][D]
35. [A][B][C][D] 36. [A][B][C][D]
37. [A][B][C][D]
38. [A][B][C][D]
39. [A][B][C][D]
40. [A][B][C][D]
41. [A][B][C][D]
42. [A][B][C][D]
43. [A][B][C][D]
   
IV. 语法专练:用介词+关系代词填空(10%)
1. This is the house _____ _____ I was born.
2. She is the girl _____ _____ you lent your bike.
3. Those are the books _____ _____ we are talking just now.
4. He is just the student _____ _____ you want to make friends.
5. The library _____ _____ I borrowed a magazine is not very big.
6. This is the pen _____ _____ I wrote the letter.
7. We love the village _____ _____ we worked for 2 years.
8. He is the student _____ _____ I borrowed this dictionary.
9. This is the shop _____ _____ I bought the bike.
10. The reason _____ _____ he was angry was clear.
V.选词填空(8%)
 

 

1. The poor old man who was knocked down on the road could not stand up but no ________ would go to give him a band.
2. This man can use various kinds of musical ________ to produce beautiful music.
3. He is always _______ about going abroad and no one can persuade him.
4. It is said that the Great _______ Mozart’s music is beneficial for pregnant women.
5. The boy was so _________ that he told the neighbor it was he who had broken the glass.
6. Since wind can be used to _______ electricity, we can save more energy.
7. The goods for sale are at such _________ prices that many customers go to this shop.
8. There are so many _________ about the products on TV that we can not distinguish which one is better.
VI.单词拼写(10%)
1. If you are happy, you should c_______ your hands.
2. The Super Girl Li Yuchun has many f_______ all over the country.
3. Though the effect of this medicine has been very efficient, the side-effects are yet u______ to scientists.
4. His recent research f_______ the basis of his new book.
5. As the old s_______ goes, more haste, less speed.
6. They took full _______(利用) of the hotel‘s facilities.
7. He always does good to the children, to the disabled, to the poor, which won him great _____(名誉)。
8. The English novel was so ________ (粗糙地)translated that few of the readers could understand it。
9. She won a gold medal for her fine _______ (表现)in the contest。
10. If you do not _______(坚持)to what you are doing, you will fail in the end。
VII.单句翻译(11%)
1. 如果我们都说实话,我们大多数人都梦想过变得赫赫有名。(be honest with, dream of)

2. 他经常拿我开玩笑,因为我们是很要好的朋友。(play jokes on)

3. 我们都同意坚持我们的计划。(stick to)

4. 我们是偶然赢得了第一名。(by chance)

5. 然而,这个乐队在1970年解散,但是在二十世纪八十年代又重新组合。(break up,reunite)


答案:
单项选择:1-5 DCCBA 6-10 BBADA
完形填空:11-15CADBC 16-20 ABDAB 21-25 CCAAB
阅读理解:
26-30 CCADD,  31-34 DDCB,   35-38 DDBA     39-42CBDAB
语法专练
1. in which 2.to whom 3. about which 4.with whom 5.from which
6. with which 7.inat which 8.from whom 9.inat which 10.for which
选词填空
1. passers-by 2.instruments 3.dreaming 4.musician 5.honest 6.produce 7.attractive 8.advertisement
单词拼写
1. clap 2.fans 3.unknown 4.formed 5.saying 6.advantage 7.reputation 8.loosely 9.performance 10.stick
单句翻译
1. If we are honest with ourselves, most of us have dreamed of being famous.
2. He often plays jokes on me because we are close friends.
3. We all agree to stick to our plan.
4. We won first place by chance.
5. However, the band broke up in 1970,but reunited in the 1980s.


 

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