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人教版高二英语下册第3单元知识点:The water planet

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人教版高二英语下册第3单元知识点:The water planet


【The water planet知识点】

1. Practise making suggestions and expressing opinions. 练习提出建议并发表观点。(p. 17 Goals 2)

practise vt. 练习

practise后面的动词一般要用-ing形式。类似practise这种接动词-ing形式作宾语的动词还有:finish, enjoy, mind, give up, cant help, suggest, keep等。如:① I practise playing the piano every day. 我每天练习弹钢琴。② She had finished writing the letter when I went in. 我进去时她已写完信了。③He enjoys skating very much. 他非常喜欢溜冰。④ Do you mind closing the window? 请你把窗

户关上好吗? ⑤ Mary couldnt help laughing at Toms joke. 对于Tom的玩笑,Mary忍不住笑了。

拓展:practice n. in practice实际上put sth. into practice将...付诸实施

2. Fill one glass with fresh water and another glass with salt water. 在一个玻璃杯里装满淡水另一个玻璃杯里装满盐水。( p.17 Warming up No.4)

fill的用法 (1) 使满;填满 He filled the bath with water. 他把浴缸装满水。(2) 占有(地位),任(职位) The position of the principal is not yet filled. 校长的职位还空着。(3) 供应(需求) ① His answer did not fill our need. 他的回答无法满足我们的要求。② Fill in your telephone number. 请填写你的电话号码。③ The room was filled with laughter. 房间里充满了笑声。④ I have filled up the bottle. 我把瓶子装满了。

拓展:fill in填写(事项,表格等) fill...with...把......装满 be filled with = be full of充满 fill up 装满;填写(= fill in)

3. What can we do to protect the water on our planet? 我们能做些什么来保护我们这个星球上的水呢?(p.17 倒数第1行)

protect保护,防御 常与介词against (from)连用,译为"保护......免遭"。① He is wearing sunglasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight. 他戴着太阳镜以挡强烈的阳光。② The heavy rain kept us from going out. 大雨使我们无法出去。

注意:stop (prevent)...from doing中from可省去;keep...from doing中from不可省。

拓展:keep...from...阻止(妨碍)...做...= stop... (from)... = prevent ... from ...

4. Who tells the story in the poem?谁讲了这首诗里的故事? ( p.18 Part 1 No. 1)

tell的重要句型归纳

(1) tell + n.(人) + n. = tell + n. + to + n. (人) Did you tell your parents the news? =Did you tell the news to your parents? 你把这消息告诉你父母了吗?

(2) tell + n. (人) + (that)/wh... ① He told me(that)he would be back in an hour. 他告诉我,一个小时内他就回来。② He told her what had happened. 他告诉她发生了什么事。

(3) tell + n. (人) + of (about) He told me of (about) his worries.他告诉我他的烦恼。

拓展:

tell + n. + from + n. 辨别......和...... all told总共

Dont tell me! 不至于吧! I (can) tell you. 的确,真的

There is no telling. 不得而知;很难说。

to tell the truth 老实说

① Its sometimes hard to tell one twin from the other. 双胞胎有时很难分辨。② All told, there were 350 people killed in the plane crash. 那次坠机事件中总共有350人丧生。③Dont tell me you are going back to your hometown.你不至于要回到你的故乡吧。④Its a wonderful invention, I (can) tell you. 那的确是个了不起的发明。⑤ There is no telling where he is. 无法知道他到底在哪里。

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