Unit 1  Will people have robots?
1. fewer people 更少的人
2. less free time 更少的空闲时间    
3. in ten years  10年后
4. fall in love with… 爱上…           
5. live alone单独居住
6. feel lonely感到孤独  
7. keep/feed a pet pig
8. fly to the moon飞上月球  
9. hundreds of +复数 数百/几百
  (概数,类似还有thousands of; millions of)          
10. the same as 和……相同
11. A be different from B A与B不同
12. wake up 醒来
13. wake sb. up表示 “唤醒某人”        
14. get bored变得厌倦
15. go skating去滑冰        
16. lots of/a lot of许多
17. at the weekends=on weekends     在周末       
18. study at home on computers
19. agree with sb.同意某人(的意见)
20. agree on sth. 同意某事
21. I don’t agree. = I disagree.
22. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上
23. on vacation=for vacations度假
24. help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事
25. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼
26. live in an apartment住在公寓里


27. live on the twelfth floor
28. live at NO.332,Shanghai Street   住在上海路332号
29. as a reporter 作为一名记者
30. look smart显得精神/看起来聪明
31. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗   
32. in the future 在将来/在未来
33. no more=not …anymore不再
34. no longer=not… any longer不再
35. besides(除…之外还,包括)与except =but(除…之外,不包括)
36. be able to与can  能、会
37  be big and crowded大而且拥挤
38. be in college在上大学
39. live on a space station 
40. dress casually 穿得很随意
41. casual clothing 休闲服饰
42. win the next World Cup 
43. win award 获奖
44. come true  变成现实
45. take hundreds of years
46. be fun to watch 看起来有趣
47. over and over again  一次又一次
48. be in different shapes  形状不同
49. twenty years from now 
50.be used by sb 被某人使用
Unit 2  What should I do?
Unit 2  What should I do?
1. too loud 太大声           
2. out of style过时的   in style  流行的
3. call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb
4. enough money足够的钱
5. busy enough 够忙
6. a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票
the key to the lock/
 the key(answer)to the question不用of表示
7. talk about 谈论     on the phone 用电话
8. pay for付款
9. spend…on sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在…花钱
10. It takes sb. sometime to do sth.
11. borrow …from从….借( 借进来)
12. lend…to 把…借给(借出去)
13. You can keep the book for a week   
14. buy sth for sb为……买东西
15. tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人做某事
16. want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 
17. find out  发现;查清楚;弄明白       
18. fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格
19. fail in (doing) sth…在...上失败,变弱
20. succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功
21. write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信
22. surprise sb. 使某人吃惊
23. to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是…
24. look for a part-time job找一份兼职的工作
25. get/find a part-time job找到一份兼职的工作
26. ask sb. for… 寻求/向某人要某物   
27. have a bake sale 卖烧烤
28. argue with sb = have an argument with sb. 
29. have a fight with sb.=fight with与某人打架  
30. prepare for…=get ready for… 为…做准备     
31. after-school clubs(activities)课外俱乐部(活动)
32. be/get used to doing  习惯做某事
33. used to do过去经常/常常做某事
34. be used for doing=be used to do sth.
35. fill… up 填补;装满…be full of装满
36. return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 
37. get on /along well with与…相处很好      
38. all kinds of 各种各样
39. as much as possible=as much as you can  
40. take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会)          
41. a bit =a little  一点儿
42. a bit of =a little of  一点儿/一些
43. be angry with… 生…的气     
44. by oneself=on one’s own 某人自己/独自地
45. on the one hand一方面         
46. on the other hand 另一方面
47. I find/feel/think it difficult to do... 
48. see/hear/watch sb. doing sth.    
49. not…until 直到…才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词)    
50.  radio advice program  电台提建议的节目
51  be original 新颖的
52. leave something somewhere把某物忘在某处
53. sports clothes运动服
54. the same age as=as old as 和--- 年龄一样
55. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子
56. complain about (doing sth)抱怨、、、
57.take their children from activity to activity  
58.try to do sth,  尽量干某事 
59..be under too much pressure  压力太大
60.a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈
61.take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部
62.competition starts from a very young age  
63.compare…with  和---比较
64.organized activities 有组织的活动    

Unit 3  What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
1. in front of  在……的前面(外部)
2. in the front of
3. in the library 在图书馆
4. get out of/get into
5. sleep late睡懒觉 
6. sleep well睡得好
go to sleep=fall asleep 睡着
7. walk down/along沿……走
8. take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽)
9. on Sunday evening
10. in the tree在树上 
11. on the tree在树上
12. take photos=take pictures照相
13. at the train station在火车站
14. run away跑开,逃跑
15. as+adj原形 as 和…一样…
16. buy/draw/make sth. for sb.
17. walk home走回家
18. in history在历史上
19. for example=such as 例如
20. in the city of 在……市
21. on the playground在操场上
22. ten minutes ago 十分钟前
23. take place发生(强调必然性)
24. happen to sth./sb.
 What has happened to you?
    What’s the matter with you?
    What’s wrong with you?
25. of course=sure=certainly当然  
26. all over the world=around the world 遍及全世界


27. outside/inside the station 
28. next to 相邻,紧贴
29. close to 接近于;在附近
30. be ill in hospital/bed
31. hear about/of 听说(间接听到)
32. in silence沉默不语   
33. keep silent 保持沉默
34. an unusual experience 
35. have fun doing sth 干某事有乐趣     
36. have difficult time doing sth
37. have meaning to 对... 有意义  
38. become the first Chinese astronaut in space
39. a national hero 一个民族英雄    
40. be famous all over the world
41. for the first time  第一次
42. at the doctor’s    在诊所
43. cut hair 理发
44. take turn 依次轮流
45. in the barber’s chair
46. be scared of sthsb
be scared to do sth 害怕做某事
47. begin a sentence with
48. run with…跟着。。。跑
49. say(said) to sb 对某人说
50. be helpful for sb 对某人事有益的

Unit4 He said I was hard-working
1. watch soap opera 观看连续剧
2. have a surprise party for sb
3. go to swh to do sth 去某地做某事
4. drinks and snacks饮料和零食
5. speak three languages说三种语言
6. a hard-working student
7. work on sth 从事某事
8.every Saturday 每周六
9.first of all首先
11.neither….nor 两者都不
12.most of…绝大多数
13.an exciting week令人兴奋的一周
14.agree on something
15.agree to do sth.答应/同意做…
16.pass on (to)传递
17.be supposed to do sth
被期望或被要求做... ...
18.be mad at ……对……疯狂/生气
19.do better in=be better at
20.be in good health 身体健康
21.report card  成绩单
22.sound /feel /smell /taste /look
23.sound like听起来像…
feel like   感觉像
smell like  闻起来像
taste like  尝起来像
look like   看起来像…
24.get… over  克服;恢复;原谅
25.open up打开/展开/开发/揭露
26.care for照料;照顾;意愿;计较 

27.end-of-yearexam=final exam      期末考试
29.do a home project  做作业
30.be surprisedhappyexcited to do sth
31.be get nervous 感到紧张
32.have a very hard time with..
33.an disappointing result
34.take leave a message
35.have a big fight with sb 
36.It is a good idea for sb. to do sth对某人来说做...是个好主意
37.to teach in China’s rural area
38.feel lucky 感到幸运
39.people who need help
40.something we can do for them  我们能为他们做的事
41.There is no difference between… and …
42. the Hope Project 希望工程
Unit 5  If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!
1. at the party 在晚会上
2. ask sb. to do sth. 请某人做某事
3. stay at home 呆在家
4. half the class/students 一半学生
5. get injured受伤
6. have a great time =have a wonderfulgood time  玩得高兴
7. take …away运走取走 put away 收起来放好
8. all the time=always 一直,始终
9. make a living (by doing sth)谋生
10. in order to do sth… 为了做某事
11. have a party 举行聚会
12. go to college上大学
13. be famous for… 因……而著称
14. be famous as… 作为…而出名
15. make money =earn money挣钱
16. in fact 事实上
17. laugh at… 嘲笑
18. too much太多(修饰不可数名词)
too many太多(修饰可数名词复数)
 much too+形容词/副词 太…
19. get exercise  锻炼 注意(exercise当“锻炼”是不可数名词;而当“操”“练习”是可数名词)
20. travel around the world周游世界
21. work hard 努力工作
22. wear jeans穿牛仔裤
23. let ... in 允许……进入,嵌入 
24. keep…out  不允许。。进入
25. get an education 获得教育
26. take… away拿开,拿走
27. study for the test准备考试
28. make some food 准备食物 
make dumplings 做水饺  
make the bed 整理床铺
29. half the class 一半的学生
30. the rules for school parties 学校派对的规则
31. children’s hospital儿童医院
32. join the Lions 加入狮队
33. give money to schools and charities    
34. become a professional soccer player   
35. organize the games for the class party  
36. play sports for a living 靠体育运动为生                 
Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?
1. raise money for筹钱        
2. collect stamps集邮       
3. run out of…用尽          
4. by the way顺便说一下
5. on the way to..在…的路上
6. be interested in 对…感兴趣         
7. more than=over 超过
8. fly kites放风筝
9. start class 开始上课
10. starta snow globe collector’s club          
11. The most common(unusual,interesting)hobby         最普通的爱好
12. listen to music videos 听音乐碟片
13. organize a talent show to raise money for charity 为慈善机构捐钱而举办的才艺展示
14. extraEnglishlessons  额外的英语课
15. haveproblemswiththe language语言方面有问题
16. thecapitalofHeilongjiang Province 黑龙江的省会
17. an interesting city with a colorful history        一个有着丰富多彩历史文化的有趣的城市
18. three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半
19. a pair of skates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeans 一双滑冰鞋/一双鞋/一副眼镜/一条裤子/牛仔裤
   How much is a pair of skates/ shoes/glasses?
   How much does pair of skates/jeans cost?
   How much are shoes/trousers/socks?
   How much do jeans/socks/pants cost?
Unit 7  Would you mind turning down the music?
1. turn… down/turn… up 小声/调大声音(电器)
2. turn… on/ turn …off 打开/关闭(电器)
3. move the bike移动自行车
4. in a minute/right away/in no time 立刻,马上  
5. be late for school/class=arrive late for school  上学/上课迟到
6. wait in line=stand in line 排队等候
7. cut in line=jump a queue 插队                 
8. get mad/annoyed 变得生气
9. happen to sb 发生在…身上      
10. half an hour半小时
11. at first首先
12. at last=in the end=finally  最后
13. allow sb. to do /not to do sth.     允许某人做/不做某事
14. be allowed to do /not to do sth.    某人不被允许某人做/不做某事
15. in public  当众地;公开地;公然地
16. in public places在公共场所 
17. break the rule 不遵守规则        
18. pick… up 捡起
19. put …out熄灭                   
20. drop litter扔垃圾
21. keep the voice down控制声音
22. do the dishes洗碗碟
23. put on another pair of jeans穿上另一条牛仔服
24. be at a meeting在开会
25. help me in the kitchen在厨房帮我忙
26. make some posters设计了一些海报
27. clothing store服装店
28. follow…around跟着...转
29. want to be polite想要有礼貌
30. stand in the subway door站在地铁门口
31. cut in line插队
32. stand close to ..靠近..站着
33. have different ideas about对于..有不同的想法
34. feel uncomfortable感到不舒服
35. in all situations在各种情况下
36. in public places在公众场合
Unit8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?
1. fall asleep 入睡 
2. give… away 赠送;分发 
3. rather than  宁愿…而不是,胜于
4. would do…rather than do宁愿…不愿做
5. hear of…  听说
6. make friends with 和……交友
7. photo album 像册
8. too personal 太私人化
9. not interestingspecial creative enough     
10. make a special meal  做一顿特别的饭
11. an 8-year-old child  一个六岁的孩子
12. these days=recently   最近
13. not…at all 根本不
14. different kinds of  不同种类
15. make her happy 使她高兴
16. someone else 别人(else总是后置)
17. improve English  提高英语
18. in different ways 以不同的方式
19. encourage sb to do鼓励某人做
20. make(great) progress 取得进步
21. take an interest in/be interested in       对……感兴趣
22. on my twelfthtwentieth birthday
       在我12/20 岁的生日
23. a goldfish—two goldfish一/两条金鱼
24. a pig namedcalled Connie一个叫Connie的猪
25. from across China
26. enter a test by singing popular English songs
27. come from all age groups
28. the winner of the women’s competition
29. win the prize
30. try to speak English more
31. a spokesperson from the Olympic Committee
32. hear of
33. many other fun ways to learn English
34. make friends with a native speaker of English
35. find a good way to learn to learn English
Unit 9  Have you ever been to an amusement park?
1. take a ride  兜风
2. take the subway乘地铁
3. have been to, have gone to去过/去了
4. on the one hand, on the other hand
5. a good place to practice your English
6. outside of China中国之外
7. end up结束
8. take a holiday/vacation度假
9. all year round 全年
10. such as 例如 
11. a zoo called/named… 一个叫做……的动物园
12. during the daytime 在白天
13. wake up     醒来
14. wake somebody up  唤醒/叫醒某人
15. have a great/nice/wonderful/great time玩得高兴
16. a wonderful place to take a holiday/to visit  一个度假/游览的好地方
17. an English-speaking country     一个讲英语的国家
18. be asleep=fall asleep睡着
19. go on a DISNEY cruise去迪斯尼度假
20. travel to another province of China
21. the reasons for learning English学英语的理由
22. an exchange student一名交换生
23. improve my listening skills提高我的英语技能
24. one….,the other..一个...另一个
25. Three quarters of the population are Chinese.
26. What’s the population of China?    中国的人口是多少?(不用how much提问)
27. the population of China is 1.3 billion   
Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?
1. feel like doing=want to do sth. 想做某事
2. like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
3. would like to do=want to do 想要做某事
4. like sb. to do 想要某人做某事
5. feel like sth.觉得像….
6. have a hard/difficult time doing sth    费了很大劲做某事
7. have problem doing sth做某事有困难
8. have fun doing sth乐于做某事
9. need to do sth.需要做某事(主语是人)
10. need doing=need to be done
 例如:I need to do my homework  
       The bike needs mending/reparing
11. a thank-you note for.. 感谢信
12. look through 浏览
13. get along/ on well with相处得好
14. at least  至少   
15. at most最多
16. be careful =look out  当心,小心
17. be careful to do/not to do sth. 小心做/不做某事
18. cross a street =go across a street
19. go through  穿过(空间/房间/森林等)
20. go past经过/路过
21. come along   跟着来
22. say in a low/loud voice小声地/大声地说
23. something cost+钱= something is worth+钱           某物值多少钱
24. a high/low temperature高/低温
25. the price is high/low 价格高/低
26. do/try one’s best to do sth. 努力/尽力做某事
27. by noon到中午时
28. look through books in a bookstore
29. a boy you’ve never seen before.
1. It looks like rain, doesn’t it?
      Yes, it does./No, it doesn’t                                             
2. He’s really good, isn’t he?      
3. You are new here, aren’t you?    
4. You have never been to Beijing, have you?  ( never表达否定含义,后面用肯定)
5. She has few friends, does she?     (few表达否定含义,后面用肯定)
6. Tom had little work to do, did he?    (little表达否定含义,后面用肯定)
7. You can hardly do the work, can you?   (hardly表达否定含义,后面用肯定)
8. Let’s go home, shall we?
9. Don’t be late again/Let us go home, will you?(祈使句用will you;但Let’s开头的用shall we)
10. This is great weather, isn’t it? It sure is. But it’s a
11. The line is slow, isn’t it?
12. Their prices are really low, aren’t they?
1.在进行时态中。如: 1.He is watching TV in the room.    
 2.They were dancing at nine oclock last night.
2在there be结构中。
     如:There is a boy swimming in the river.
3在have fun/problems结构中。
     如:We have fun learning English this term.
     They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me.  
    Are you good at playing basketball?
 What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样?  I am interested in playing football.
1. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事;  
2. finish doing sth; 完成做某事;  
3. feel like doing sth 想要做某事;
4. stop doing sth  停止做某事(原来的事)
5. forget doing sth    忘记做过某事; 
6. go on doing sth    继续做某事(原来的事);
7. remember doing sth 记得做过某事; 
8. like doing sth    喜欢做某事;  
9. find /see/hear/watch sb doing
10. try doing sth    试图做某事; 
11. need doing sth      需要做某事;
12. prefer doing sth   宁愿做某事;
13. mind doing sth   介意做某事;  
14. miss doing sth   错过做某事;  
15. practice doing sth  练习做某事;
16. be busy doing sth  忙于做某事;  
17. cant help doing sth 禁不住做某事;
18. waste time/money doing 浪费时间/金钱做…
19. keep sb.doing让…始终/一直做…
20. stop sb.(from)doing 阻止某人做某事
21. prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A
22. “do some +doing”短语
     do some shopping   do some washing
     do some reading     do some practicing
     do some cleaning    do some speaking
23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)
     go shopping        go fishing
     go swimming       go hiking
     go skating          go camping
     go skiing(滑雪)    go boating
     go hunting (打猎)
   I feel(am/was) excited/ surprised/ amazed /interested /tired/pleased/worried/lost
 Keep…closed/ a boy called/named Tom
★希望做某事hope to do sth. 
★决定做某事decide to do sth.   
★同意做某事agree to do sth.     
★需要某人做某事need to do sth.   
★使用某物做某事use sth to do sth
★迫不及待做某事can’t wait to do
★准备做某事get/be ready to do    
★尽力/努力做某事try to do sth   
★计划做某事plan to do sth.     
★不得不have to do    
★轮流做某事take one’s turns to do sth.   
★拒绝做某事refuse to do sth.
★告诉某人做某事tell sb. to do sth.    
★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.
★希望某人做某事wish sb. to do sth.   
★想要某人做某事want /would like sb. to do sth.
★同意某人做某事agree sb. to do sth.   
★教某人做某事teach sb. to do sth.
★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth.  
★帮助某人做某事help sb. to do sth/help sb.do
★鼓励某人做encourage sb to do
★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事        例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard.
★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了   例句:It’s time for me to go home.
★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是……(当adj.是表示性格、品德的形容词时用of)
 例句: It is easy for me to learn it well.  
        It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so.              
★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth.
 例句:1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.    2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night.
3.It will take her two weeks to finish the work.
★too+adj./adv. to do sth.  太…..而不能    例: He was to angry to say a word.
★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是…
 例: I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well.   
★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:
   Who is the first to get there?
   I didnt know/forgot what to do.
★ 离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯 
 例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room
★ be+adj+to do sth    
    例句:I am very sorry to hear that.
     I am ready to help others.   
     I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you.
顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补宾和状;样样成分都能干,只有谓语它不敢;大家千万要小心,有时它把句型改;作主语时用it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官三使役,宾补要把to甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定式,不定式前加for sb.;to前not是否定,各种用法区别开。
★ let sb. do sth让某人做某事    
★ make do sth使得某人做某事  
★  hear do sth do sth听见某人做某事  
★see do sth do sth看见某人做某事
★ why not 或why don’t you +动词原形?为什么不….?(表示建议)
    例:Why not/Why don’t you take a walk?
★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事
★ 情态动词can/may /must /should+ 动词原形(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形)
★ 助动词do/does/did/will/would在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即don’t  /doesn’t /didn’t  /will not  /would not+ 动词原形
★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事)






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