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Unit 12 Working at the Vet’s

ID:54274

时间:2020-11-09

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Unit 12 Working at the Vet’s
一、教学内容:
Unit 12 Working at the Vet’s
 
二、教学目标
① 知识目标 熟练掌握本单元的单词、短语、句型和语法
② 能力目标 能够熟练运用老师所教的阅读技巧,高效地完成阅读任务
 
三、教学重难点
重点:宾语从句 ( 直接引语和间接引语 )
难点:阅读技能的训练
 
四、本单元重点知识:
1. 单词: 本单元中单词的音、形、意
2. 词组:
1) seem to do sth.        看起来要做某事
2) nothing serious         不严重
3) be with us             和我们在一起
4) keep trembling          始终在发抖
5) worry about           为……而担心
6) need cleaning          需要打扫
7) in a minute            很快,一分钟之内
8) fight with              和……打架
9) get a cold              感冒
10) after a shot            打针之后
11) have a good rest        好好休息
12) need a good rest         需要好好休息
13) feel better              感觉更好
14) the last summer vacation   去年暑假
15) not…anymore           不再
16) look like                 看上去像
17) have a sweet personality    性格温顺
18) give sb. the necessary shots  给……打预防针
19) an the local paper          在当地的报纸上
20) funny-looking dog          长相滑稽的狗
21) several days later           几天之后
22) warn sb. to not do sth        警告某人不要做某事
23) no matter what             无论什么
24) give sb. a good bath        给……洗澡
25) wait for                  等候……
26) at last                   最后
27) arrive at                  到达
28) rush out                  冲出去
29) hurry to do sth.             急急忙忙做某事
30) in his arm                在他怀里
31) feel relieved at …        对……感到安慰
32) stay away from            远离……
33) be afraid of                害怕……
34) look after                 照顾
35) keep a horse              养马
3. 句型:
1) What’s the matter with you ?     你怎么啦?
2) What’s wrong with you?        你怎么啦?
3) What’s the trouble with you?    你怎么啦?
4) How long has she been like this?    她这样多长时间了?
5) Nothing serious.                 没事。
6) He will be all right/ well soon.       他不久就会好的。
7) He will be better.                  他会好些的。
8) He will be fine.                   他会好的。
9) Let him have a good rest.           让他好好休息吧。
10) He will feel better soon.           他不久就会感觉好起来的。
11) Her teeth needed cleaning.         她的牙需要清洗。
12) She keeps trembling.              她在不停地发抖。
 
五、本单元重点知识讲解:
1. Kelly likes dogs very much. During the last summer vacation, she volunteered at the vet’s and she saw a lot of dogs. Huhu was one of them. The following is what Kelly told Lin Li.
凯利很喜欢小狗。去年暑假她到兽医站做义务服务者,因此遇到过各种各样的小狗,虎虎是其中的一只,下面是凯利给林莉讲的关于这只小狗的事。
1)last summer vacation   去年暑假
知识链接:
last winter vacation
last year
last summer
last winter
last autumn
last spring
2)volunteer v./ n. 当志愿者,当义务者,例如:
We want some volunteers to help paint the house.
We all volunteered to paint the house
Many people want to volunteer for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.
3) at the vet’s   在兽医诊所
知识链接
at the clinic
at a chemists shop
at the chemist’s
at the doctors office
at the doctor’s
at the drugstore
2. Huhu was by far the funniest-look dog I’d ever seen. Thin curly hair barely covered her sausage-shaped body. Her bugged-out eyes always seemed surprised, and her tail looked like a rat’s tail.
虎虎是我见过的长得最有特点的狗了。细细的卷毛覆盖住它香肠式的身体,突出的眼球总是惊奇地看着周围的一切,尾巴长得像老鼠的尾巴。
a. by far  迄今为止,到目前
She is by far the best English teacher I have ever met.她是目前我遇到的最好的英语老师。
She is by far the best executive in the company.  她目前是公司中最为优秀的决策人。
It attracts by far the largest class of reader.      迄今为止,它吸引了最大的读者阶层。
b. (修饰比较级、最高级,强调数量、程度等)……得多;最……;显然
This book is by far the best.             这本书显然是最好的。
She is the best by far /She is by far the best. 她显然是最好的。
It is quicker by far to go by train.         乘火车要快得多。
3. She was brought to the vet to be put to sleep because her owner didn’t want her anymore. I thought Huhu had a sweet personality, though. “No one should judge her by her looks,” I thought. So the vet washed her and gave her the necessary shots. Finally, I advertised Huhu in the local paper: “Funny-looking dog, well-behaved, needs a loving family.”
主人把它送来安乐死是因为不想要它了,但我感觉虎虎性格很温柔,“不要以貌取人。”我想。兽医给它洗干净又打了预防针。最后,为了给虎虎找一个新家,我在当地的报纸上登了广告:“小狗一只,长相滑稽有趣,性格温顺,寻找有爱心的家庭。”
1) her owner didn’t want her anymore  
not … anymore   不再   例如:
We don’t want to buy this kind of books.  
Don’t be late for class anymore.
Don’t make so much noise, your father is sleep in bed.
I don’t want to see you here anymore.
2) have a sweet personality
3) judge her by her looks
4) give her the necessary shots
5) advertise v. 登……的广告,登广告征求或推销商品,通告; 宣布, 宣扬; 大肆宣传
发出广告, 自吹自擂
advertisement  n. 例如:
Advertisement helps to sell products.
There are many advertisements on television or radio.
You had better watch the newspaper for the advertisement.
She was attracted by the new advertisement.
4. Several days later, a boy called me. I warned him that Huhu was strange-looking. The boy on the phone told me that his grandfather felt sad because his sixteen-year-old dog had just died. They wanted Huhu no matter what she looked like. I gave Huhu a good bath, and then we waited for them to arrive.
几天后,一个男孩打来电话,我告诉他小狗长得滑稽可爱。他说家里的小狗16岁了,刚刚去世,为此祖父非常难过。他们想再要一只,不论小狗长什么样。于是,我把虎虎洗得干干净净等着新主人的到来。
1) several days later   几天后
同义词: a few day later/ some days later
warn v. 警告,注意, 通知,发出警告, 发出预告
warn sb. to do sth.
He warned her to mind the step.   他警告她当心台阶。
She warn him to mind his head.   她警告他小心他的头。
It is my duty to warn you.        我有责任向你提出警告。
She warned me that there were pickpockets in the crowd. 她提醒我,人群中有扒手。
warn sb. not to do sth.
My teacher often warns me not to be late for class. 我的老师经常警告我上课不要迟到。
I always warn my father not to smoke.          我总提醒我爸爸不要抽烟。
5. At last, an old car drove up in front of the vet’s. Two kids raced to the door. They scooped Huhu into their arms and rushed her out to their grandfather, who was waiting in the car. I hurried behind them to see how he liked Huhu.
最后,一辆老式汽车在兽医站前停住,两名孩子跑了过来,抱起虎虎就直奔汽车而去。老人在车里等着呢。我也紧跟过去,想知道老人是否喜欢虎虎。
at last 最后
同义词:finally/ in the end
hurry to do sth. 匆匆忙忙做某事  例如:
This morning I got up late, so I hurried to school without breakfast.
After the accident happened, I hurried to call 110.
同义词:go to do sth. in a hurry
This morning I got up late, so I went to school in a hurry without breakfast.
I went behind them to see how he liked Huhu in a hurry.
知识链接:
hurry off  匆匆忙忙离去
in no hurry  不忙, 有充分的时间; 不急于
hurry up快点, 赶紧做 催促(快点)
6. Inside the car, the grandfather took Huhu in his arms and stroked her soft hair. She licked his face. Her rattail wagged around so quickly that it looked like it might fly off her body. It was a love-at-first-sight lick.
老人坐在车里,把虎虎搂在怀里,摸着它的小软毛。虎虎则温顺地舔着老人的脸,尾巴高兴地快速摆来摆去,好像要从身体上飞出去。这真是一舔钟情。
7. “She’s perfect!” the old man exclaimed. “它太可爱了!”老人高兴地说。
exclaim   惊叫;呼喊, 大叫, 大声叫   例如:
He can not help exclaiming at how tall his son have grown.
他的儿子已长那么高了,他不禁惊叫起来。
She exclaimed in astonishment at the size of the bill.
她看到账单上的数目吓得叫起来。
“What? Are you leaving without me?” she exclaimed.
8. I felt relieved at this. I was thankful that Huhu finally found her good home.
看到这些,我终于放心了,虎虎总算找到了一个好的归宿。
feel relieved at this   
 
六、语法项目:
直接引语和间接引语:
直接引语就是直接引用或复述别人所讲的话。直接引语一般放在引号之内。用自己的语言转述别人的话叫间接引语。间接引语一般用宾语从句或带动词不定式的复合宾语表达。下面我们主要介绍如何将直接引语转换为间接引语:
(1)间接引语的时态往往受引述动词的影响,如果动词是过去时,间接引语的时态通常也是过去的某种时态,同时将人称根据上下文进行调整,当引述词是过去式时,间接引语的时态变化如下表:
  在直接引语中 在间接引语中
动词时态 一般现在时do/does/am/are
现在进行时 be( am/is/are)doing
现在完成时 have/ has done
一般过去时 did/was/ were
过去完成时 had done
一般将来时 will do; am/is/are going to do 一般过去时 did/was/ were
过去进行时be( was/were)doing
过去完成时 had done
过去完成时 had done
过去完成时 had done
过去将来时 would do; was/were going to do
例如:
Mr Green answered, “I work for a computer company.”
格林先生回答说:“我为一家电脑公司工作。”
Mr. Green answered that he worked for a computer company.
格林先生说他为一家电脑公司工作。
Mom said to me, “We’ll have a visitor this Sunday.”妈妈对我说:“我们周日会有客人来。”
Mom told me that we would have a visitor this Sunday. 妈妈告诉我这周日我们家会来客人。
(2)如果被引述的句子是关于客观真理时,时态可以不变。例如:
Dad said, “The earth goes around the sun.” 爸爸说:“地球围绕着太阳转。”
Dad told me that the earth goes around the sun爸爸告诉我地球围绕着太阳转。
(3)如果直接引语是陈述句,在变为间接引语时,由连词that引导(that 可以省略)。主句中如果有say to somebody, 通常变为tell somebody。例如:
Grace said to Alex, “I will go shopping and buy some presents for my parents.”
格蕾丝告诉亚历克斯:“我要去购物,给我父母买些礼物。”
Grace told Alex that she would go shopping and buy some presents for her parents.
格蕾丝告诉亚历克斯她要去购物并给她父母买些礼物。
如果直接引语是两个并列的陈述句,变为间接引语时,第一个宾语从句前的that 有时可以省略,但第二个宾语从句前的that 不可省略。
“That is a very big duckling,” she said, “None of the others look like that.”
“那是只挺大的小鸭子,”她说,“没有哪只看起来像它那样。”
She said( that ) that was a very big duckling and that none of the others looked like that.
 
【典型例题】
将所给直接引语变为间接引语,每空一词:
1. “I never eat meat.” he said.
He said that ______ never ______ meat.
2. “I’ve found my wallet.” he said to me.
He ______ me that he ______ ______ ______ wallet.
3. “I took it home with me.” she said.
She said that ______ ______ _______ it home with her.
4. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.”
The teacher said that the sun ______ in the east and ______ down in the west.
5. “I met her yesterday.” he said to me.
He ______ me that he ______ met her the day ______.
6. “You must come here before five.” he said.
He said that I ______ to go ______ before five.
7. “I bought the house 10 years ago.” he said.
He said that he _______ bought the house 10 years _______.
8. “Did you see her last week?” he said.
He ______ ______ I had seen her the week _______.
9. He said, “You can sit here, Jim.”
He ______ Jim that he ______ sit there
10. He asked, “How did you find it, mother?”
He asked his mother ______ ______ ______ found it.
11. “Where have you been these days?” he asked.
He asked me _______ _______ _______been _______ days.
12. “Do you know where she lives?” he asked.
He asked ______ ______ knew where she ______.
13. “Stop making so much noise, children.” he said.
He ______ the children ______ ______ making so much noise.
14. “Don’t tell him the news.” she said.
She told me _______ ______ ______ him the news.
15. “Are you interested in this?” he said.
He ______ ______ I was interested in ______.
 

 

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