八年级英语上Unit6I'mgoingtostudycomputerscience短语语法知识点汇总

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八年级英语上Unit6I'mgoingtostudycomputerscience短语语法知识点汇总

文 章来 源莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cO m

Unit 6 I'm going to study computer science

一、必背短语。

1.成长,长大

grow up

2.计算机程序员

computer programmer

3.学习计算机科学

study computer science

4.确信;对…有把握

be sure about

5.确保;查明

make sure

6.上表演课

take acting lessons

7.上音乐课

take singing lessons

8.去烹饪学校

go to a cooking school

9.搬到上海

move to Shanghai

10. 把…寄到…

send…to…

11.学习弹钢琴

learn to play the piano

12. 组建足球队

make the soccer team

13.多锻炼

get lots of exercise

14. 上吉他课

take guitar lessons

15.再学一门外语

learn another foreign language

16. 上钢琴课

take piano lessons

17.下决心;制定计划

make resolutions

18. 一种承诺

a kind of promise

19.在…开始的时候

at the beginning of

20.写下;记下

write down

21.不同种类的决心

different kinds of resolutions

22.关于;与…有关系

have to do with

23.学习做;开始做

take up

24.制订每周的计划

make a weekly plan

25.向某人保证/承诺

make promises to sb.

26.为……制定计划

make a plan for…

27.有共同点

have…in common

28.遵守/违背承诺

keep/break a promise

29.因为这个原因

for this reason

30.能够做某事

be able to do sth.

31.来年  

the coming year

32.打算做…

be going to do…

33.想要成为

want to be

34.尽某人最大努力

try one’s best

35.取得好成绩

get good grades

二、重点结构

1.be going to+动词原形   打算做某事

2. practice doing 练习做某事  

3.learn to do sth. 学会做某事

4. finish doing sth. 做完某事

5. promise to do sth. 许诺去做某事

6.help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事   

7.remember to do sth. 记住做某事   

8.agree to do sth. 同意/接受做某事  

agree with sb 同意某人的观点    

9.love to do sth. 喜爱做某事         

10.do you know +陈述语序句子

【教材内容解析】

Section A

1. cook (P. 41)

cook此处用作名词,表示“厨师”,cooker意为“厨具”。

例句:I want to be a cook when I grow up.

例句:The cook is cooking food with the new cooker.

2. What do you want to be when you grow up? (P. 41)

(1) want表示“想要”时,为及物动词,后接不定式作宾语或者用于句型“want sb. to do sth.”中,表示“想要某人做某事”。

例句:They don’t want to throw away the old furniture.

(2) when意为“当……时候”,引导时间状语从句,主句一般用将来时,从句用一般现在时表示将来。

例句:When I arrive, I ____________(call) you.

(3) grow up意为“长大、成熟”。

例句:I __________(grow) up in Beijing.

3. I’m going to practice basketball every day. (P. 41)

practice用作及物动词,表示“练习、训练”,后接名词或者动名词作宾语。

例句:The girl is practicing ___________(play) the piano in the room.

4. The Old Man and the Sea by Hemingway. (P. 42)

by此处用作介词,表示“由……创作”。

例句:I read a short story by Lu Xun.

5. Well, I’m going to keep on writing stories, of course. (P. 42)

keep on doing sth.意为“继续做某事”。

例句:Lucy kept standing in class.

【拓展】keep的用法

① keep sth. 保留某物

例句:You can keep the book until the next weekend.

② keep doing sth. 一直做某事

例句:The thief still kept ____________(steal) things after he went out of the prison.

③ keep+adj. 保持……

例句:The girl eats a little to keep slim.

④ keep sb./sth.+adj./介词短语 保持某人/某物……

例句:We should keep the window _____________(开着的) while we are asleep.

⑤ keep sb. doing sth. 保持某人做某事

例句:The mother kept the baby crying on the bed.

6. My parents want me to be a doctor, but I’m not sure about that. (P. 42)

① be sure of/about sth. 对……确信

例句:Are you sure about the news?

② be sure to do sth. 确保做某事

例句:Be sure to lock the door when you leave home.

③ be sure that....确信……

例句:I am sure that he will come soon.

④ make sure that...确保……

例句:Make sure that you can finish the job on time.

7. Well, don’t worry. (P. 42)

① worry about sb./sth. “为某人/某事而担心”

例句:You don’t need to worry about the coming exam.

② be worried about sth. “担心某人/某事”

例句:The parents are worried about their sick son.

8. Just make sure you try your best.(P. 42) 

make sure意为“确保、查明”,后接that引导的宾语从句。

例句:Make sure that you pick us up at five o’clock.

9. She’s going to take acting lessons. (P. 43) 

taking acting lessons意为“上表演课”,这里的take也可以换成have。

例句:Today we will take an English lesson.

10. I’m going to write articles and send them to magazines and newspapers. (P. 43) 

send用作及物动词,send sth. to sb.相当于send sb. sth.表示“把某物送给某人”。

Please send this letter to your uncle.

Section B

1. make the soccer team (P. 44)

team这里表示“队、组”,具有集合意义,在句中作主语时,谓语动词可以用单数(侧重整体)或者复数(侧重个体)。

例句:Their team has better players, but our team work hard.

2. sound interesting (P. 44)

sound此处用作系动词,表示“听起来”,后接形容词或者名词作表语,sound like表示“听起来像”。

例句:Your plan sounds fantastic.

例句:That sounds like a good idea.

3. Were you able to keep them? (P. 45)

be able to意为“能够做某事”,强调经过努力而获得某种能力,can则表示自身具备的能力。

例句:We are able to get all kinds of information on the Internet.

4. It’s a kind of promise. (P. 45)

① promise作动词,表示“承诺、允诺”,后常接不定式或者从句作宾语,也可用于“promise sb. sth.”结构中,表示“允诺某人某物”,相当于promise sth. to sb.。

例句:He promised to attend the meeting on time.

例句:The workers promised that they would repaint the house for free.

例句:His father promised him a new bike on his birthday.

=His father promised a new bike to him on his birthday.

② promise也可以用作名词,make a promise“许下诺言”;keep a promise“信守诺言”;break a promise“违背诺言”。

例句:If you make a promise, you must keep it whatever happens.

5. When we make resolutions at the beginning of the year, we hope that we are going to improve our lives. (P. 45)

at the beginning of意为“在……开始的时候”,反义词为at the end of“在……结束时”。

例句:At the beginning of the term, I found it difficult to learn Math.

6. Some people write down their resolutions and plans for the coming year. (P. 45)

write down意为“写下、记下”,相当于take down或者note down。

例句:Please write these new words down.

7. This helps them to remember their resolutions. (P. 45)

(1) help sb. with sth. 帮助某人某事;help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

例句:Can you help me with my homework?

例句:He often helps his mother clean do housework.

(2) remember to do sth.“记得要去做某事”,强调动作还没有发生;remember doing sth.“记得做过某事”,强调动作已经发生。

例句:Remember _____________(close) the door when you leave.

例句:I remembered ___________(meet) him before. but I was not sure where it is.

8. Many resolutions have to do with self-improvement. (P. 45)

have to do with表示“与……有关系”,have nothing to do with表示“与……没关系”。

例句:Most of his questions had to do with his lessons.

例句:I have nothing to do with Tom.

9. Some people might say they are going to take up a hobby like painting or taking photos, or learn to play the guitar. (P. 45)

take up意为“开始学、开始做”,还可以表示“占用(时间或者空间)”。

例句:My father _______________(开始做) the study of English at the age of forty.

例句:This sofa _______________(占据) too much room.

10. Sometimes the resolutions may be too difficult to keep. (P. 45)

too+形容词或者副词+to表示“太……而不能”,该短语表示否定含义。

例句:The boy is too young to go to school.

11. To question the idea of making resolutions. (P. 46)

question此处用作动词,表示“怀疑、质疑”。

例句:I don't question his ability to do the job.

12. To discuss the different kinds of resolutions (P. 46)

discuss用作及物动词,表示“讨论、商量”,discuss sth. with sb.“和某人商量某事”。

例句:You needn’t discuss the problem with me.

13. The first resolution is my own personal improvement. (P. 47)

own此处用作形容词,表示“自己的”,常用的短语为:of one’s own“自己的”;on one’s own“独自地”。

例句:These students have opinions of their own.

例句:He can do it on his own.

【语法讲解】

一般将来时

定义:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作,事情或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作或事情。

常见用法:

1.will/shall+动词原形 shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。will 在陈述句中用于各种人称,在征求意见时常用于第二人称。will not=won't shall not=shan't例如:

e.g. Which paragraph shall I read first? 我先读哪一段呢?

  Will you be at home at seven this evening? 今晚七点回家好吗?

2. be going to +不定式,表示将来。

a. 主语的意图,即将做某事。

e.g. What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天打算做什么呢?

b. 计划,安排要发生的事。

e.g. The play is going to be produced next month。这出戏下月开播。

c. 有迹象要发生的事。

e.g. Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.

看那乌云,快要下暴雨了。

3. 现在进行时表将来时

 下列位移动词的现在进行时表示将来时

 go、com、fly、leave、start、begin、finish、end、arrive…

 e.g. she is leaving for Wuhan tomorrow.明天她要动身去往武汉了。

句型转换

1. “be going to+动词原形”结构的一般疑问句是将be的相应形式前移到句首,即“Are/Is/Am+主语+going to+动词原形+其它?”。其否定句是在be动词的相应形式后加not.

如:他们打算今天下午踢足球。

(1)They are going to play football this afternoon.(肯定句)

(2)Are they going to play football this afternoon?(一般疑问句)

(3)They are not going to play football this afternoon. (否定句)

2. “shall/will+动词原形”结构的一般疑问句是将shall或will前移到句首,即“Shall/Will+主语+动词原形+其它?”。其否定句是在shall或will后加not.如:我们老师很快回来。

(1)Our teacher will come back very soon. (肯定句)

(2)Will our teacher come back very soon?(一般疑问句)

(3)Our teacher won’t come back very soon. (否定句)

文 章来 源莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cO m
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