人教新目标八年级英语上册重点知识归纳(一)

时间:2018-12-25 作者:佚名 教案来源:网络

人教新目标八年级英语上册重点知识归纳(一)


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人教新目标八年级英语上册重点知识归纳(一)

Unit 1  How often do you exercise?

一、短语

1.how often 多久一次  2.eating habits 饮食习惯 3.high school 高中  4.Animal World 动物世界 5.as for 关于;至于 6.kind of =a little =a bit =a little bit 几分 7.how many 多少 8.fall asleep入睡 9.hardly ever 几乎不 10.the results of=the results for ……的结果11.look after=care of=take care of 照顾 12.surf the Internet 网上冲浪13. once a week 一周一次  14.junk food 垃圾食品  15.on the weekend=on weekends 在周末 16.a lot of 大量;许多  17.favourite program 最喜欢的节目18.go to the movies=go to the cinema 去看电影 19. look after=take care of 照顾 20. surf the Internet 上网  21. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式 22. go skateboarding 去滑板 23. (be) in good health =(be)healthy身体健康 24. keep healthy=stay healthy=keep in good health 保持健康 25. exercise=take/do exercise=play sports=do sports锻炼,做运动 26. a lot of =lots of=many /much许多,大量的 27. the same as 与……相同 28.once a month一月一次  29. be different from 不同 30. twice a week一周两次 31.make a difference to 对什么有影响 32. help sb with sth在某方面帮助某人33. although=though虽然 34. most of the students=most students大多数学生  35. activity survey活动调查 36. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物   37. do homework做家庭作业  38. do housework做家务事  39. be good/bad for 对……有益(害)  40. on/at weekends 在周末  41. want to do sth=would like to do sth=feel like doing sth 想做某事 42. want sb to do sth= would like sb to do sth想某人做某事 43. try to do sth 尽量做某事  try doing sth.试着做某 try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事 44. come home from school放学回家  45. of course=certainly=sure当然 46. get good grades取得好成绩 47. help sb (to )do sth 帮助某人做某事

二、重要句式

1.—How often do you exercise? 你多久锻炼一次?—Twice a week.一周两次。

2.I hardly ever watch TV.我几乎不看电视。

3.As for homework, most students do homework everyday.

至于家庭作业,大部分学生每天都做作业。

4.So maybe I'm not very healthy,although I have one healthy habit.

因此尽管我有一个健康的生活习惯,但也许我并不健康。

5.How many hours do you sleep every night? 每晚你睡多少小时?

6.I try to eat a lot of  vegetables.我尽量多吃蔬菜。

三、重难点解析

1.how often “多久一次”,表动作发生的频率,可以用often、always、usually或者表频率副词+基数词+一段时间(比如:once/twice a week)回答。

 how many times “多少次”,用来询问次数,直接回答次数。

2.sometimes、some  times、sometime、some  time的区别

   (有时候)(几次)  (某时) (一段时间)

四、巩固练习:

how often 招聘“黄金搭档”的“面试题”

1.杰克多久打一次篮球?______________________  他通常在周六打球。_______________________

2.王先生多久喝一次咖啡?________________________  他从不喝咖啡。____________________

3.你多久看一次电视?________________________      每周两次。________________________

4.珍妮多久逛一次商店?________________________   每月一次。________________________

5.你多久喝一次牛奶?________________________       每天都喝。________________________

易混词语讲练,选词(组)填空。

I. how often;how many times

1. —________ do you help your mother do the housework, Danny? — Sometimes.

2. —________ have you been to Shanghai before?  —Three times.

3. —________ do you have to take this medicine a day? — Three times.

4. —________ do you do your homework at home, Li Ming? —Often.

II. hard;hardly

1. Think ________ and you’ll have a good idea.

2. I’m so tired that I can ________ walk.

3. It began to blow quite ________ just before midnight.

4. Don’t be too ________ on me.

5. I know that he leads a very ________ life.

6. At this time there was ________ any noise in the street.

根据汉语提示,完成下列句子,每空一词。

1.你多长时间看一次电影?______ ______ ______ you go to the movies?

2.我通常在周末看电视。I ______ watch TV ______ ______.

3.我父亲通常步行去上班,但有时乘公共汽车去。My father _____ walks to work, but _____ by bus.

4.老师告诉了我们运动会的结果。The teacher told us ______ ______ ______ the sports meeting.

5.大多数学生每周锻炼五、六次。Most students exercise _______ ______ ______ ______ _____ _____.

6.吃得太多有害健康。(be bad for ...)  _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______

7.我将尽力把这份工作干好。(try to do sth.)  _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______

8.他也许是一位老师。(maybe) _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______

9.我有许多作业要做。(a lot of / lots of)  _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______

10.虽然他已80岁了,但他还非常健康。(although / though)

     _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______,_______ _______ _______ _______ .

Unit 2  What's the matter?

一、短语

1. have a cold =catch a cold =have got a cold 感冒  2.have a sore back/throat 背(咽喉)痛3. have a stomachache 胃痛  4. lie down and rest 躺下休息  5. see a dentist 看牙医 6. drink lots of water 多喝水 7. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶  8. a good idea 好主意. 10. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式11. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医医生  12. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和13. too much yin 阴气太盛 14. healthy/yin/yang food 健康(阴性,阳性)食品  15.at the moment = now 此刻 17.a balanced diet 一个均衡的饮食 18.not……until…… 直到……才……19. enjoy oneself = have a good time =have fun =have a wonderful time 玩得高兴,过得愉快 20. host family 寄宿家庭 21. conversation practice会话练习 22. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事;like doing sth  喜欢做某事;practice doing sth. 练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事,finish doing sth. 完成某事, give up doing sth. 放弃做某事, keep doing sth. 坚持做某事. can’t stand doing sth.忍不住做某事 have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快 即:practice, mind, finish, give up, keep, can’t stand, have fun等与enjoy用法基本相似。23.lie down 躺下 24.be stressed out 有压力的;紧张的 25.have a good rest 好好休息  26.have a fever 发烧 27.for example 比如  28.take medicine 吃药 29.have a toothache 牙疼 30.need to do sth 需要做某事 31.too much太多 much too 很,十分32.be angry with 生…的气,对某人感到生气

二、重要句式

1.What's the matter? =What's wrong?=What's the trouble? 怎么了?

2.You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息。

3.I'm not feeling well. 我感觉不舒服。

4.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你能好起来。

5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.

吃党参和黄芪草药对这个有好处。

6.But people who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang.

但那些过于紧张和疲劳的人有太多阳。

7.It's easy to have a healthy lifestyle , and it's important to eat a balanced diet.

拥有健康的生活方式是简单的,但均衡饮食也很重要。

8..I’m sorry to hear that.听到那我很(遗憾)难过。

三、身体部位疼痛的表达方式

① have a +身体部位名词接后缀 ache ②;have a sore +身体部位名词 ;③身体部位+be +sore; ④身体部位+ache /hurt; ⑤Have a pain +in+the 身体部位名词

四、巩固训练

一、根据句意及首字母,填入适当的单词。

1. What's the m______with you?  

2. We hear with our e_______and see with our e________.

3. He usually goes to school on f________.  

4. I have a t______, so I want to see a dentist.

5. I'm t________, I would like something to drink.

二、英汉互译。

1. ―你怎么了?________________________?―我头疼。________________________________.

2. 我的弟弟得了重感冒。__________________________________.

3. 你不应该来学校太晚。__________________________________.

4. 我口渴,想喝点水。__________________________________.

三、补全对话。

Doctor: What's____with you, young man?

Paul:   I don't feel____.

Doctor: I'm____to hear that. Please take____your shirt and____down on the bed.

Paul:   Yes, doctor.

Doctor: Well, there's____much wrong with you. Do your take much exercise?

Paul:   No, doctor. I never have____time for exercise.

Doctor: How do you sleep?

Paul:   Very badly, doctor. Can you give me____medicine to help me sleep?

Doctor: Yes, I can, but I'm not going to. You don't need medicine. Just take more exercise.

Paul:   You're right, doctor. It's important for me to____healthy. Thank you for your advice.

Doctor: You're welcome. I____you feel better soon.

IX. 阅读理解。

I'm Peter Penguin, Mary Penguin is my wife. Most of the time we live in the water. It is as cold as an icebox. We have many friends here. Our home is large. All we can see here is snow and ice. But our land is not all white. There is bright color, too. Sometimes the land looks green, or blue just like the color of the sky. In summer, the sun shines all the time. We have no night at all. Then winter comes. It is night all the time. We eat shellfish(贝壳类动物). We ride on big pieces of ice. We can't fly, but we can swim very fast. Every winter, we go back to the land. Mary lays two eggs. Then she must go back to the sea to find some food. I look after the eggs. After some time we have two babies. We are happy to see each other again.

1. Mary is Peter's__________.     2. Most of the time they live in the__________.

3. In summer, they have no__________at all.     4. In winter, they have no__________.

5. They're good at__________, and eat shellfish for their__________.

Unit 3  What are you doing for vacation ?

一、短语

1. spend time with friends和朋友们一起度过时光 2. a sports camp运动野营 3. how about= what about ……怎么样?4. go camping去野营;go shopping去买东西;go swimming去游泳;go boating去划船;go skating去溜冰;go walking去散步;go climbing去登山;go dancing去跳舞;go hiking 去徒步远足;go sightseeing去观光;go bike riding 骑自行车旅行;go fishing 去钓鱼 5. do some shopping 买东西;do some washing 洗衣服;do some cooking作饭;do some reading读书;do some speaking训练口语6. how long多长时间 (询问动作在时间上所延续的长度) 7. show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看;give sb. the book=give the book to sb. 给某人书;pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我;sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我;buy me a book =buy a book for me给我买书;make me a cake=make a cake for me给我做蛋糕 8. get back=come back=go back回来 9. take walks=go for walks散步 10. think about考虑 11. decide on= decide upon 决定计划12. something different 不同的事情13. a great/exciting vacation 一个愉快的(令人激动的)假期14. can’t wait to do sth. 等不及做某事15. a famous movie star 著名的影星16. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事 17. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事;forget doing sth. 忘记已做过某事 18.take a vacation 去度假 19.rent videos 租用录像带 20.a lot 非常 21.go away=go out=leave 离开;出去 22.vacation plan 假期计划23.be famous for因……而闻名(for后面的宾语通常是主语本身所固有的东西);be famous as作为……而闻名(as后面的宾语通常与主语是一类人或物)

二、重要句式

 1.What are you doing for vacation? 假期你打算干什么?

 2.How long are they staying? 他们呆了多长时间?

 3.This time I want to do something different. 这次我想做不同的事。

 4.I know there are many people there who speak French. 我知道那里有许多讲法语的人。

 5.I just finished making my last movie. 我刚刚拍完我最新的电影。

三、重要时态以及固定搭配

 现在进行时来表将来(be doing),具有此用法的动词有:arrive,come,do,get,go,leave,meet,play,return,see,spend,start,stay,work.

常见带双宾语的动词用法:

 Send/show/bring/give/sell/pass/lend sb sth.=send/show/bring/give/sell/pass/lend sth to sb

 四、巩固练习

①把下列汉语句子翻译成英语句子(使用be +ving)。

1. 新年(New Year)就要到了。____________________________________

2. 王叔叔明天将动身(leave for)去北京。________________________________________

3. 我父母要带我去上海度假。_________________________________________________________

4. 你们明天要去野营吗?____________________________________________________________

5. 赶快(Hurry up)!电影就要开演了。____________________________________________

②补全对话,每空一词。

A: What are you     1     for vacation, Lucy?

B: I am going     2   .

A: Where are you going?

B: I am going to Italy     3    my parents.

A: Do you know what the     4    is like at that time of a year?

B: It is sunny and warm.

A: It is a     5    time for sightseeing.     6    are you doing there?

B: I am     7     shopping and visiting some places of interest.

A: How wonderful! How    8    are you staying there?

B: I am staying there for about a week.

A: That    9    wonderful. Have a good     10   .

B: Thank you.

③用所给单词的适当形式完成句子。

1. My father likes French food, while my mother prefers ______ food. (Italy)

2. Kevin is ______ in stamp collection. (interest)

3. Look at these ______! I took them in Paris. (photo)

4. Are there many ______ students in your school? (India)

5. We will think about your ______ later. (suggest)

6. We had a great time with the ______in this village. (fisherman渔夫)

④根据短文,判断正误。正确的写“T”错误的写“F”

Mrs. White works in a middle school. It is Sunday. She has no classes. At ten in the morning, she goes to shop. There she buys a nice dress for herself(她自己). She puts in her bag and then buys some cakes for her children. At eleven fifteen she gets home. She wants to put on her new dress, but she can’t find her bag. She telephones the shop assistant. She says, “We find three bags here. But which one is yours?”

(    )1. Mrs. White is a teacher.

(    )2. Mrs. White buys a nice dress and some cakes for her children.

(    )3. She gets home at a quarter past eleven.

(    )4. She can’t find her bag in the shop.

(    )5. There is only one bag in the shop.

Unit 4  How do you get to school?

一、短语、词组

1.get to school = arrive at school= reach school 到校 2.a train/ subway station火车(地铁站)站, a bus station客运站, a TV station 电视台3.take the subway 乘地铁 4.ride a bike 骑自行车 5.take the/a bus乘公共汽车 6.want to do sth.想做某事7.take a taxi乘坐出租车 8.walk to school 步行上学9.go in one’s car 坐(某人的)车 10. in North America 在北美11.by bike/ bus/ subway/ car/ train乘坐……车12. in other parts of the world在世界的其他地区13.have a quick breakfast迅速吃早饭 14.depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定15. the early bus 早班车 16. leave for 起程(动身)前往……17.take sb. to sp.带某人到某处 18. a number of=many 许多19. the number of ….的数量20.Doing sth. takes sb. some time/ money. =It takes sb. some time/money to do sth..=sb. spends some time/money (on sth.). =sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth..=sth. costs sb. some time/money. =sb. pay some money for sth..某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事 21.worry about( sth./sb.)=be worried about(sb/sth.) 为(某人/事)着急/担心22.around the world= all over the world 世界各地,全世界 23.be different from 与……不同 24.how far 多远25.from……to……从……到……26.ride a bike 骑自行车 27.think of 认为;想起28.walk to some place步行去某地 29.how long 多长时间 30.on the school bus 乘校车 31.get up 起床 32.by boat 乘木船33.leave for school 去学校 34.not all students 并非所有学生 35.take sb to some place 把某人带到某地36.a lot more fun 有趣得多 37.the bus ride搭乘公汽(旅行)38.a small number of……数目不多的……

二、重要句式

 1.How do you get to school? 你怎样去上学?

 2.It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus.

  步行大约花25分钟,乘公共汽车10分钟。

 3.How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学校有多远?

 4.How long does it take you to get from home to school? 从你家到学校花费多长时间?

 5.In China,it depends on where you are. 在中国,取决于你居住的地方。

 6.A small number of students take the subway. 一小部分学生坐地铁。

 7.The three most popular ways of getting to school are bus,train and bike.

    三种最受欢迎的到达学校方式是乘公车,坐火车和骑自行车。

 8.If you have a problem,you can ask me.如果你有问题,你能问我。

三、重难点解析

交通方式的表达有以下五种:

① take+ 限定词+交通工具名词

② by+交通工具名词(句末)

③ in/on +限定词+交通工具名词(句末)

④ by+交通路线位置(句末)

⑤ 用某些动词来表示  (比如:ride to /drive to/walk to 等)

表达“花费”的有以下几种:

It takes sb some time/some money to do sth 做某事花费某人多少时间/钱

sb spend some time/some money (in )doing sth 某人花费多少时间/钱做某事

sb spend some time/some money on sth 某人花费多少时间/钱在某物上

sb pay some money for sth 某人为某物支付多少钱

sth cost sb some money 某物花费某人多少钱

四、巩固练习

练习使用“交通工具”

1. Sometimes I go to school by bus. (1) Sometimes I go to school ___ __ bus.

(2) Sometimes I ____ ____ ___ ___ school.

2. He often goes to work by car. He often ____ ____ ____ to work.

3. He will go to Beijing by plane tomorrow. He will go to Beijing ____ ____ tomorrow.

4. They usually go there on a train. They usually _____ a train _____ _____ there.

5. I usually ride a bike to school. I usually _____ to school ____ ____.

选用ill 或sick填空。

1. She was ________ four times last month.

2. My little sister has been ________ for three days.

3. The ________ baby has already been cured.

4. This is a piece of ________ news.

根据汉语提示,完成下列句子,每空一词。

1. 我每天锻炼1小时。______ ______ ______ an hour to exercise every day.

2. 他昨天离开去英国了。He _____ _____ England yesterday.

3. 从山东到吉林有多远?______ ______ is it _____ Shandong _____ Jilin?

4. 请不要依赖你的父母。Please don’t ______ ______ your parents.

5. 我想要你想要的东西。I want what _______ _______.

6. 并不是每个学生都能回答这个问题。_______ ______ student can answer the question.

4. 只有少数学生喜欢数学,因为数学太难了。

Only _______ ______ ______ ______ students like math, because it’s too difficult.

填入适当的句子,补全对话。

A: Can you go swimming with me this weekend?          B: __________________________

A: What a pity! What are you doing this weekend?      B: __________________________

A: How often do you visit your grandparents?          B: Once a week. 

A: __________________________        B: I usually take the subway.

A: __________________________        B: It is ten kilometers.

A: __________________________       B: It takes me about half an hour to get there.

Unit 5  Can you come to my party?

一、短语

1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午3. study for a test复习准备考试 4. go to the doctor=see a doctor 去看医生 5. have(take) a piano(guitar) lesson 上一堂钢琴(吉他)课6. much too 太,过于 7. too much 太多 8. a birthday party 生日聚9. soccer practice 足球训练 10. look for 寻找 11. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明12. be (go) on vacation 度假  13. join sb.加入某人(的行列) 14. a football match足球比赛15. keep quiet 保持安静, keep+形容词表示“保持某种状态”keep+(sb.)+doing 表示“(使某人)不停地做某事” keep(feed) sth.保存某物,饲养某物 16. a culture club 文化俱乐部17. “给某人打电话”的几种说法:call sb.( up);phone sb.;telephone sb.;ring sb.(up);give sb. a ring;give sb. a phone;give sb. a call;make a telephone (call) to sb.18. have to 不得不,必须 19. the day after tomorrow 后天;the day before yesterday 前天20. a science report 科学报告21.so much 太多 24.go to the concert 去听音乐会 25.be able to 能够做某事 26.come over 顺便来访;come over to+(地点) 顺便到……来 27.next time下次 28.have a lesson 上课 29. school team  校队30.have tennis training 进行网球培训 31.the whole day=all the day整一天

二、重要句式

1.Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?  Sure,I'd love to.

  星期六下午你能参加我的聚会?好的,我非常乐意。

2.Maybe another time. 也许下一次吧。

3.Please call me after the vacation. 请在假期后打电话给我。

4.And I have to study for my chemistry test on Thursday.

  我不得不在星期四为我的化学而学习。

5.What's today? It's Monday, the 14th. 今天星期几,几号?星期一,14号。

三、妙辨异同

another,other,others ,the other 与the others 区别

1)another除了作形容词外,还可作代词,常用于三个以上或不确定数量中的任意一个人或物。

比如:I don't like this one.Please show me another.

2)other 表泛指,可作形容词或代词,做形容词时,意为“别的;其他的”,

如:Do you have any other question(s)?

3)others是other 的复数形式,泛指“另外几个;其余的”,在句末可作主语、宾语。通常以some连用,即:some…others… 一些……另一些……

如:Some of us like singing and dancing ,others go in for sports.

4)the other表特指两个人或物中的“另一个”,此时的other 是代词,

如:He has two daughters.One is a nurse,the other is a worker.

5)the others 意为“其他的,其余的”,特指某一范围内的“其他人或物”是the other的复数形式。

如:Two boys will go to the zoo,and the others will stay at home.

四、巩固练习

课本知识精练

1. —Can you play basketball with me?  —Sure, ________. (I’d love to / I’d love)

2. I played the guitar ________ Sunday morning. (in / on)

3. —Can you come to my party tomorrow?—________, I have to visit my grandparents. (Sure / Sorry)

4. 到山里徒步旅行怎么样? ________________________________  

5. It is Tuesday today. (对划线部分提问) ________ ________ is it today?

6. It is Monday the 17th. (对划线部分提问)________ ________ today?

7. All the city is busy cleaning the streets. (改为同义句)   ________ ________ city is busy cleaning the streets.

8. ________ (thank) for helping me.

9. Thank you for your ________ (invite).

10. He ________ (real) likes the book.

11. Can you ________ (come) over to Shanghai next week?

have to用法同步练

1. She has to go there by bus. (改为一般疑问句)________ ________ ________ to go there by bus?

2. You have to clean the classroom right now. (改为否定句)

You ________ ________ ________ clean the classroom right now.

3. They had to walk home yesterday afternoon. (完成反意疑问句)

They had to walk home yesterday afternoon, ________ ________?

4. 我不得不帮我妈妈打扫房间。________________________________

5. 他每天不得不步行去上学吗? ________________________________

易混词语讲后练

 class; lesson

1. ________ begins at eight.     

2. The pupils are reading the text of ________ Five.

3. There are four ________ in our grade.      

4. This textbook has twelve ________.

5. He takes piano ________ from Miss Green.  

6. We often play basketball after ________.

whole;   all

1. The baby cried ________ the morning.     

2. ________ his picture books are here.

3. ________ my close friends are girls.       

4. The ________ family are listening to music now.

5. Can you tell me why ________ of them are so interested in watching it?

6. When the driver told me the ________ story, I felt very happy about the ending.

Unit 6   I'm more outgoing than my sister.

一、短语

1. talk about 谈论  2. in some ways 在某些方面 3. more than 超过,多于 4. in common共有,公共 5. be good at =do well in 擅长于 6. (not) as…as…(不)如……一样…… 7. in school 在校求学;在学校 8. make sb. do sth.让某人做某事 9. look the same看起来一样 10. talk to/with 和……谈话 11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 12. stop to do sth停下来做某事 13. begin / start with 以……开始14. end with以……结束15. in the middle of在……中间16. a swimming poor游泳池 17. on the other hand =on the opposite 另一方面(边) 18. be good with=get on well with 和……相处得好19.use… to do… 用……来做……

20.around China=all over China 全中国21. after that 自那以后22.less than 低于……23.look difference 看起来不同24.primary school小学25.be different from 和……不同26.be good at sports/athletic 擅长运动27.look the same 看起来一样 28.as you can see 正如你看到的

二、重要句式

1.I'm more outgoing than my sister.我比我姐姐开朗。

2.I don't think differences are important in a friendship.

   我不认为在友谊中有不同之处是重要的。

3.I like to have friends who are like me. 我喜欢像我一样的朋友。

4.Here are photos of me and my twin sister Liu Ying.

  那儿有我和我双胞胎姐姐刘英的照片。

5.So who do you think should get the job.你认为谁应该获得这份工作。

6.Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.刘英的体育不如她妹妹的好。

7.There are some differences ,though. 不过,我们也有不同之处。

三、重点分析

主语+谓语+(表程度的词,如:a little、a bit、much、a lot、a few、even)+形容词比较级+than+比较的对象  as +adj.+as =the same +adj +as 和……一样

both指的是'两者都",是指两个事物或人;而all 表示“全部都”,是指三者或三者以上的人或物。

四、巩固练习

I.用所给单词的适当形式填空。

1. Tom is ________ (thin) than Bob.

2. More than twenty boys ________ (be) in the classroom.

3. She is as ________ (tall) as her sister.

4. This problem is ________ (difficult) than that one.

5. The bag is a little ________ (small).

6. Jim is ________ (athletic) than Sam.

7. My little sister is much ________ (outgoing) than me.

8. Tony is ________ (funny) than Paul.

9. It’s hot today,  and the radio says it will be even ________ (hot) tomorrow.

10. Which is ________ (expensive) way to get there, by ship, by train or by plane?

II.写出下列句子的同义句,每空词数不限。

11. He is shorter than his father.   His father ________ him.

12. He is good at English.  He ________ English.

Ⅲ.根据汉语提示,完成下列句子,每空词数不限。

13. 这位老板经常使他的工人工作12 小时。The boss often________ his workers ________12 hours.

14. 这就是我们做的。This is ________.

15. 我认识正在唱歌的那个女孩。I know the girl  ________.

16. 她很漂亮,她长得很像她妈妈。She is beautiful. She ________ her mother very much.

17. 他和我在同一所学校上班。He works in ________ school ________  I do.

18. 我的意见和你的不同。My opinion ________ yours.

Ⅳ.单项选择

19. This boy is ________ than that one.  

    A. tall    B. very tall   C. taller  D. much tall

20. Which one do you like ____, the green one or the red one?

    A. much       B. better        C. good  D. well

21. Of the two American students, Tony is _____ one. I think you can find him easily.

     A. taller      B. the taller  C. tallest   D. the tallest

22. We can do it better with ______ money and _____ people.

     A. less, fewer     B. fewer, less    C. less, less      D. fewer, fewer

23. Which is _____, the sun, the moon or the earth? 

    A. small  B. smaller C. the smaller D. the smallest

Ⅴ.易混词语讲练

smile; laugh

24. We all ______ loudly when she made a joke.

25. A _____ policeman told him the way to the station.

26. The teacher came into the classroom with a ______ on her face.

27. Don’t ______ at him when he is in trouble.

beat; win

28. She ______ her brother at ping-pong.     

29. He is sure to ______.

30. Which team ______ the basketball match? 

31. We ______ them 3:0 in the football match.

Ⅵ.口语会话,每空一词

A: Hi, Lucy. What kind of friends do you like?

B: I like to have friends who are   32   me.

A: Who is your best friend?

B: Maria. We   33   like singing, and she is good   34   sports.

A: Do you like   35  , too?

B:   36  , I do. But Maria is   37   athletic than me. She always beats me at table tennis.

A: Are there any   38   between you?

B: Yes, she is smarter   39   me, and she is funnier.   40   about you?

A: My best friend is Jill.

B: Why do you like her?

A: Because she is funnier   41   wilder than me, and she is a good listener.


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