译林版八年级英语下册Unit5 知识点归纳整理

时间:2018-05-05 作者:佚名 教案来源:网络

译林版八年级英语下册Unit5 知识点归纳整理

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源 莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cOM
译林版八年级英语下册Unit5 知识点归纳整理
 
 
Unit5 Good manners
A. Comic strip &Welcome to the unit
1.短语及固定搭配
1.drop litter everywhere 乱扔垃圾
2.leave the tap running  不关水龙头
3.obey traffic rules  遵守交通规则
4.queue for your turn 排队等候
5.cut in on sb/sth 打断(说话);插嘴
6.push in<</span>英>=cut in<</span>美>插队,加塞
2.句子
1.You’re old enough to learn about manners now 你现在足够大了,可以学习礼仪了。
2.You’re never too old to learn活到老学到老
 
B.  Reading
1.短语及固定搭配
1.the proper way 正确的方式;符合习俗的方式
2.meet you for the first time 第一次见你
3.greet people with 以……的方式打招呼
4.behave politely 表现友好
5.invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事
6.shake sb’s hand与某人握手
7.avoid sth 避免某事
8.avoid doing sth 避免做某事
2.句子
When in Rome,do as the Romans do 入乡随俗
 
 
C . Grammar
a                                         enough to的用法
我们可以用该结构来描述一个人的品质和能力
1.形容词结构: to be+ adjective + enough+ to do sth
 
e.g. He is tall enough to reach the basket 他个子高,可以够到篮筐
2.副词结构
e.g. He spoke slowly enough for everyone to understand 他说得足够慢,每个人都能听懂
3.名词结构
e.g. I have enough  cakes  to eat 我有足够多的蛋糕吃
 
b                                         too…to的用法
我们可以用该结构表达一种否定的结果
1.基本结构: to be +too+ adjective + to  do sth
e.g. I’m too weak to go any further 我太虚弱了,走不动了
2.可以再不定时前+介词for 引出逻辑主语
e.g. The box is too heavy for the little boy to carry 盒子太重了,这个小男孩搬不动
3.当too…to 结构含有否定词时,表示肯定意义
e.g. One is never too old to learn 活到老,学到老
当too后面加表示感情的时,表示肯定意义
e.g. He is too sad to hear the bad news 听到这个不幸的消息,他很悲伤。
*C                      enough to,too…to 与so… that句型的转换
1.enough to与so…that 的转换
【注意】so…that从句表示意思的否肯要与enough…一致
 
e.g. He is strong enough to carry the heavy box
=He is so strong that he can carry the heavy box
2.enough to 与too …to 的转换
【注意】1.enough to 要表示否定意义
             2. enough to 转换为too…to 时,adj变成反义词
e.g. The little girl is not old enough to go to school=The little girl is too young to go to school
3.too…to 与so…that 的转换
【注意】so…that从句表示意思的否肯要与too…to一致
e.g. She is too young to do the work=She is so young that she can’t do the work
 
D. Integrated skills
1.短语及固定搭配
1.be used to do sth 被用;来事
2.explain sth to sb 向某人解释某物
3.warn sb not to do sth 警告某人不要做某事
 
E. Study skills
使用英语谚语
谚语(saying)是人们生活中常用的现成的话,形式差不懂都是一两个断句,谚语可以增加语言的鲜明性和生动性。
下面列出几句书本和同步练习上给出的英语谚语
1.the early bird catches the worm 早起的鸟儿有虫吃
2.it never rains but it pours 祸不单行/不雨则已,一雨倾盆
3.many hands make light work 人多力量大/众人拾柴火焰高/人多活轻
4.every dog has its day 人有得意日/人人皆有得意时
5.put all your eggs in one basket 孤注一掷
6.the grass is always greener on the other side 邻家芳草绿/风景在别处
7.actions speak louder than words 行动胜过语言
8.no pain,no gain 一分耕耘,一分收获
9.a friend in need is a friend indeed 患难见真情
10.practice makes perfect 熟能生巧
11.burn the candle at both ends 蜡烛两头烧/过度劳累
12.One is never too old to learn 活到老,学到老
13.when in Rome , do as the Romans do 入乡随俗
14.all work and no play, makes Jack a dull boy 只用功,不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻
15. a bad thing never dies 坏事传千里/遗臭万年
16.accidents will happen 天有不测风云
17.all is well that ends well 结果美满的,都是好的
18.all things are difficult before they are easy 凡事总是先难后易/万事开头难
19.a man without a smiling  face must not open a shop 人无笑脸,不要开店
20.don’t speak all you know ,but know all you speak 不要尽言所知,而要尽知所言
21.he who has lost his good name is a dead man among the living 丧失好名声,犹如活死人
22.he who plays with fire gets burned 玩火者自焚
23.Jack of all trades and master of none 什么都会,样样不精/门门精通,样样稀松
 
F. Task
1.短语及固定搭配
1.make too much noise 发出太多噪声
2.hold a talk on good table manners 举行一个好的餐桌礼仪的讨论
3.take place 举行
4.talk with food in you mouth 满嘴食物讲话
5.make sure 确保
6.sit at the table 坐在餐桌边
7.above all 首要的是
2.句子
1.Do not reach over someone’s plate for something 别越过别人的盘子取东西
2.The purpose of the talk is to teach students rules for eating
这次讨论的目的是教学生用餐的规矩文章来
源 莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cOM
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