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新目标英语八年级上册第二单元知识点:Whats the matter?

Unit 2 Whats the matter?
一. 身体部位的表达
1.head 头
2.neck 脖子/颈
3.shoulder肩膀
4.arm 胳膊
5.hand 手
6.finger 手指
7.stomach 胃
8.back 背
9.leg 腿
10. knee 膝盖
11. foot 脚
12. face 脸
13. eye 眼睛
14. ear 耳朵
15. nose 鼻子
16. mouth 嘴巴
17. tooth 牙齿
18. throat喉咙

二.病情的表达
1.have a cold 患感冒
2.have a fever 发烧
3.have a headache 头痛
4.have a stomachache 胃痛
5.have a toothache 牙痛
6.have a sore throat 喉咙痛
7.have a sore back 背酸痛
8.have a sore neck 脖子痛
三.如何给建议
1.see a doctor 看医生
2.drink lots of hot water 多喝热水
3.drink hot tea with honey 喝加蜂蜜的热茶
4.see a dentist 看牙医
5.take some medicine 吃药
6.shouldnt eat anything 不该吃任何东西
7.lie down and (have a ) rest 躺下休息
8.go to bed early 早点睡觉
9.listen to music 听音乐
10. shouldnt eat any more … 不该再吃…
四.看病的表达
1.Whats matter? 怎么了?
2.Im not feeling well. I have a … 我感觉身体不适, 我得了…
3.When did it start? 什么时候开始的?
4.It started … ago. …前开始的.
5.Thats too bad. You should / shouldn’t … 那太糟糕了. 你应该/不该…
6.Yes, I think so. / That’s a good idea. 是的, 我也这样认为. / 好主意.
7.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你早点好起来.
五. 重点短语
1.lie down 躺下
2.hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
3.feel better 感觉好点
4.get tired / angry / stressed out 变得疲惫/生气/紧张,有压力
5.traditional Chinese doctors 传统中医
6.a balance of… ……的平衡
7.for example 例如
8.too much 太多
9.Chinese medicine 中药
10.western countries 西方国家
11.eat a balanced diet (吃)一个均衡的饮食
12.a few 一些 / 少许
13.stay / keep healthy 保持健康
14.need to do sth. 需要做某事
15.at the moment 现在/此刻
16. host family 寄宿家庭
六.重点句型
1.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.
吃党参和黄芪也对这方面有益.V-ing 放句首当主语
Eating too much junk food is bad for our health.
吃太多的垃圾食物对我们的健康有害.
Watching TV for a long time is bad for our eyes.
长时间看电视对我们的眼睛有害.
Reading English newspapers is good for our English studying.
读英语报纸对我们学习英语有益.
2.People (who are too stressed out and angry) may have too much yang.
(压力太大易生气的)人可能是阳气过盛.
(who are too stressed out and angry) 为who 引导的定语从句
当先行词为人时, 定语从句必须用关系词who引导
Those (who study hard) can always get good grades.
那些(学习刻苦的)人总能取得好成绩.
The students (who are playing basketball) are all my classmates.
那些(正在打篮球的)学生是我的同班同学.
3.Its easy to have a healthy lifestyle. 拥有一个健康的生活方式(很)容易.
4.Its important to eat a balanced diet. 保持饮食的均衡是重要的.
5.I believe it’s important to sleep eight hours a night.
我相信一个晚上睡八个小时(很)重要.
Its + adj + ( for sb. ) + to do sth. 做某事对某人来说…
Its easy for us to find out the answer. 找出答案对我们来说是容易的.
Its bad for you to read in the sun. 在阳光下看书对(眼睛)不好.
6.I have a toothache. I need to see a dentist. 我牙痛, 我需要去看牙医.
need to do sth. 需要做某事.
We need to keep our classroom clean. 我们需要保持教室的干净.
7.Im not feeling well at the moment. 我现在感觉身体不适.
at the moment = now 现在/ 此时
常用现在进行时
8.I sometimes stay late until 2 am. 我有时学习到很晚, 直到凌晨两点.
9.I dont think Im improving. 我认为我没有(在)进步.
10.Im sorry to hear that… 听到……我很抱歉/遗憾/感到难过
【重要词组概览】
  ◆ have a cold      患感冒
  ◆ stressed out      紧张的,有压力的
  ◆ bean sprout      豆芽
  ◆ get tired       感觉疲惫
  ◆ stay healthy      保持健康
  ◆ at the moment     此刻,现在
  ◆ on the other hand   另一方面
  ◆ get a cold       患感冒
  ◆ see a dentist     看牙医
  ◆ go to the party    去参加聚会
  ◆ make sb sick      使某人不舒服(患锁病)
  ◆ have a sore throat   嗓子痛
  ◆ have a fever      发烧,发热
  ◆ have a toothache    牙痛
  ◆ have a backache    背痛
  ◆ have a headache    头痛

  【语法知识聚焦】
  看病需要和医生交流,这是英语口语中必不可少的内容。从医生询问病情,病人诉说病情,到医生检
查、诊断和医嘱,这些环节最常用的语句,同学们必须掌握。
  一、医生询问病情的常用语句:
  1. Whats wrong/the matter (with you)? 你怎么了?
    Whats your trouble, young man?    年轻人, 你哪里不舒服?
    When did it start?          从何时开始生病的?
  2. How are you (feeling) now?      你现在觉得怎么样?
    Are you feeling better today?     你今天好些了吗?
  3. Have you got a headache/a cough?   你头痛/咳嗽吗?
  4. When did you feel unwell?       你什么时候觉得不舒服的?
  5. When did the pain start?       疼痛何时开始的?
  6. Did you sleep well?          你睡得好吗?
    Do you feel tired?          你觉得疲劳吗?
  7. How long have you been like this?  你像这样有多久了?
  8. Did you eat anything for breakfast? 你早饭吃了什么没有?

  二、病人诉说病情的常用语句:
  1. I dont feel very well. / Im not feeling well.我感到不舒服。
  2. I have (got) a headache.  我头痛。
    I have a sore throat.    我嗓子痛。
    I have a backache. / I have a pain in my back. 我后背痛。
    Theres something wrong with my leg.  我的腿有毛病了。
  3. I feel terrible.  我感到很难受。
    I feel even worse. 我感到情况更糟了.
  4. I dont feel like eating anything.  我什么都不想吃.
  5. I dream too much.   我的梦特别多.
    I cant fall / be asleep in the evening. 晚上我睡不着.
  6. It began two days ago.   两天前开始的.
  7. I dont feel any better now. 我感觉没有什么好转.
  8. I had noodles for lunch today. 今天午饭我吃的是面条.

  三、医生检查、诊断和治疗的常用语句:
  1. Open your mouth and say  "Ah---. 张嘴说 "啊---- ".
  2. Let me take your temperature. 让我给你量量体温.
  3. Theres nothing much wrong / serious with you.  你没什么大问题.
  4. You have got a bad cold.   你患了重感冒.
  5. You have to be in hospital. 你得住院.
  6. Youd better stay in bed for a few days. 你最好卧床几天.
    Youd better not eat too much sugar.  你最好别吃太多的糖.
    Eat less food and take more exercise. If you do that, youll feel much healthier.
    少吃些,多锻炼,不久你的身体就会健康得多.
    Drink more water.         多喝水.
    You should drink a lot of water. 你应该多喝水。
    Have a good rest.         好好休息.
  7. Take one of these pills twice a day.  这些药每次服一片,每天两次.
    Take the medicine after meals.     饭后服药.
  8. Youll soon be all right.        你很快就会康复的.
    I hope you feel better soon.      我希望你很快就会好起来。
    Try to relax before you go to sleep.  睡觉前尽量放松一下。
新目标英语八年级上册第二单元知识讲解及练习
【能力训练】
  一、补全对话
  小明生病了,他流鼻涕,还不停的咳嗽。
  现在他正在看医生,请阅读并补全他们的对话。
  A: Im not feeling well, doctor.
  B: Whats the  1  ?
  A: Well, I have a runny nose and I  2   stop coughing.
  B: You have  3   a cold.
    Take some medicine and  4   a good sleep.
    Youll  5   better soon.
  A: Thank you doctor.
  二、连词成句
  1. should, he, bed, to, go, early
   _______________________________________.
  2. have, you, do, throat, sore, a
   ________________________________________?
  3. should, to, healthy, you, exercise, stay
   ____________________________________________.
  4. shouldnt, she, tired, when, study, she, is
   _____________________________________________.
  5. Sonja, shouldnt, party, tonight, to, go, the, certainly
   _____________________________________________.
  三、语法填空
  1. What is she doing now?
    She _______  _______ (play) the kite now.
  2. Where did he go on vacation?
    He ___________ (stay) at home.
  3. I am tired now. I _________(study) late last night.
  4. My mom________(like) the color of blue, but my grandparents
    ________(like) the color of yellow.
  5. A: I ______ _________ ________ (feel) well now.
    B: You should go to the doctor.
  6. He believes that I should __________(have) a good habit.
  四、翻译句子
  1. 牛奶能帮助你保持健康的身体。
    Milk can _______ you ________have a healthy body.
  2. 我爸爸让我好好学习英语。
    My father _________ me ________ study English well.
  3. 我妈妈说我应该晚饭尽量少吃肉。
    My mom said that I should __________ _________ eat less meat for dinner.
  4. 不要太疲劳,不然会使你生病的。
    Don’t ______ too tired. Or it will _________ you sick.
  5. 我相信每天晚上8个小时的睡眠很重要。
    I believe that it’s ___________ _________ sleep 8 hours each night.
  五、作文
  Tom每天都不能按时上交老师留的作业,请你至少给他写5条建议,建议要合情合理。
  Tom can’t finish the homework on time. I think he should take the advice like:
  He should ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________   ______________________________________________________________________________
  【参考答案点拨】
  一.
  答案:1. matter/trouble  2. cant  3. caught/had/got  4. have  5. feel/be/get
  解析:
  1. Whats the matter? 和Whats the trouble? 是医生向病人询问病情时的常用语句,答案为
matter/trouble。
  2.本句中前部分用了动词have, 因此而推断本题为一般现在时,又从语言背景中得知:他不停的咳嗽,因
此答案为cant。
  3.此句为现在完成时态,主动词have+动词的过去分词。have a cold, catch a cold, get a cold 都表示
患了感冒,因此答案为caught/had/got
  5. Youll 是 You will 的缩写形式,其后应该接动词原形,better是形容词,必须与连系动词连用,因此
答案为feel/be/get。
  二、  1. He should go to bed early.
   2. Do you have a sore throat?
   3. You should exercise to stay healthy.
   4. She shouldnt study when she is tired
   5. Sonja certainly shouldnt go to the party tonight.
  三、
  答案:
  1.is playing 2. stayed 3. studied 4. likes, likes 5. am not feeling 6. have
解析:
  1. 根据问句得出,动词play 应该用现在进行时,所以答案为is playing.
  2. 根据问句得出,动词stay应该用一般过去时,所以答案为stayed.
  3. 由于本句的时间状语为last night, 所以动词study应该用一般过去时,所以答案为studied.
  4. 根椐句意,某人喜欢某种颜色属于个人的习惯与爱好,应该用一般现在时表示,两处主语都是第三人称
单数,所以答案为likes, likes.
  5. 根据You should go to the doctor. 推断出答案应该是:am not feeling。
  6.should 为情态动词,其后应该加动词原形,因此答案为have.
  四、
  答案:
  1. help, to  2. tells, to  3. try to  4. be, make  5. important to
  解析:
  1. 本题考查动词短语help sb. to do sth. (帮助某人做某事)的用法,答案为help, to.
  2. "好好学习" 我们理解为是父母经常对我们的嘱咐,应该用一般现在时,tell sb. to do sth. 意为让某人做某事,答案为tells, to。
  3. 本题考查动词短语try to do sth. 意为: 尽量/努力/试图做某事, 所以答案为try to.
  4. 表示疲劳要用系表结构be tired. will 为助动词, 其后应该加动词原形,表示某事物使得某种情况发生, 其中的"使得" 应该用动词make 来表示,因此答案为be, make.
  5. 本题考查固定句型Its...to do sth. 例如: Its good to help others.
    Its bad for your eyes to read in bed. 等。因此本题答案为important to.
  五、
  He should finish homework on time every day. He shouldnt watch TV every night. He shouldnt
play computer games until midnight. He should watch TV after he finishes homework. And he
should play computer games once a week only on Saturday evening. I think he can become a good
boy.
  【知识拓展天地】
  下列对话中,后面划有横线的一行均有一处错误,请找出错误,并把正确的答案写在横线上。
  A: Whats the wrong with you, young man?       1. ____
  B: Im not feel well and Im very weak.       2. ____
    I cant do some work, doctor.           3. ____
  A: Do you have headache?               4. ____
  B: No, I dont.
  A: Do you sleep well in night?            5. ____
  B: Yes, I sleep very well.
  A: Did you eat breakfast every morning?        6. ____
  B: No, I dont. And I eat only a little foods    7. ____    
    of lunch and supper because I want to 8. ____
    keep thin.                     
  A: Oh, I see. Theres much nothing wrong with you.  9. ____
    You need eat more food and have three meals    10. ____
    a day. And do some exercises every day.      11. ____
    Then youll turn better soon.           12. ____
  【答案及解析】
  1. wrong改成matter 或去掉the.
  2. feel改为feeling.
  3. some改为any. 此句是否定句。
  4. headache 前加a。have a headache 是习惯用法,表示“头痛”。
  5. in 改为at。 at night是习惯用法,表示“在夜间”。
  6. Did 改为Do。 有时间状语every morning, 应该用一般现在时。
  7. foods 改为food. food 作食物讲时是不可数名词。
  8. of 改为for。 这是习惯搭配。
  9. much nothing 改为nothing much。nothing是不定代词,修饰语形容词应该放在其后。
  10. need 后加to。在肯定句中,need 一般用作实义动词,故后跟动词时要加to.
  11. exercises 改为exercise。exercise与do 搭配表示“进行体育锻炼”时,为不可数名词。
  12. turn 改为get。 表示“身体健康状况变好”时,常用动词get, 不用turn.

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新目标英语八年级上册第二单元知识点:Whats the matter? Unit 2 Whats the matter?一. 身体部位的表达1.head 头2.neck 脖子/颈3.shoulder肩膀4.arm 胳膊5.hand 手6.finger 手指7.stomach 胃8.back 背9.leg 腿10. knee 膝盖11. foot 脚12. face 脸13. eye 眼睛14. ear 耳朵15. nose 鼻子16. mouth 嘴巴17. tooth 牙齿18. throat喉咙 二.病情的表达1.have a cold

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