八下英语导学Unit 1 What's the matter（人教版学生版）学生通过本讲学习，能够掌握本单元的重点词汇句型，并在综合能力上有一定的拓展。1. matter的用法（1）名词：事情，问题 What’s the matter? =what’s wrong (with you)? =what’s the trouble怎么啦？出什么事啦？（2）动词：有重大影响，有重要性 如：What does it matter?2. 疾病的表达法have a cold/a fever/ a toothache/ a stomachache3. take 的固定搭配take one’s temperature/ take breaks/ take risks/take some medicine/take off/ take care of/take away 4. surprise的用法1. 做名词：to one’s surprise 使。。。惊讶的，出乎。。。意料2. 做动词：surprise sb使某人吃惊3. 做形容词：surprising, surprised的用法5. get的用法get off下车/get on上车/get into陷入，参与 6. be used to sth/doing sth 习惯于做某事be used to do sth 被用作去做某事used to do sth 习惯于做某事7. out of的固定搭配look out of 向。。。外看/ get out of从。。。出来/ run out of用光1. --- Im afraid no one will agree with you. --- I dont think it .A. matters B. minds C. works D. takes2. --- Youd better hurry. Well be late for the plane.--- Dont worry. The plane will in two hours.A. take out B. take away C. take off3. --- Why not tell her the good news right now? --- Oh, no. I want to her.A. surprise B. call C. find D. help4. As soon as he the bus, the poor man realized he had left his wallet on it.A. got on B. got off C. got to D. got in5. Her mother is used to a rest after lunch.A. has B. have C. had D. having基础演练1. ---What’s wrong ______you?---I fell off the bike and hurt my leg.A. of B. with C. for D. by2. Tom and Jenny enjoyed _________playing computer games.A. himself B. herself C. ourselves D. themselves3. Sally became interested ___________science and wanted to be a scientist.A. for B. in C. through D. at4. ---I had a __________.---You’d better go to see a dentist.A. headache B. fever C. cold D. toothache5. I didn’t _________my temperature, but I knew I had a fever.A. give B. set C. take D. show6. They agreed __________to a picnic on a sunny day.A. went B. going C. to go D. go7. They are used to _________classical music and it made them feel relaxed.A. listen B. listen to C. listening D. listening to8. ---______________---I have a fever.A. How are you doing? B. Are you all right? C. What’s the matter with you? D. Do you have a fever?9. We will go camping if it _________tomorrow.A. won’t rain B. doesn’t rain C. isn’t raining D. didn’t rain10. --- I had a bad cold.---_________________.A. That sounds great B. Good idea C. Thank you D. I’m sorry to hear that11. —Oh, dear! Where is my mobile phone?—There is one in the lost and found box. Is it____________?A. you B. your C. yours D. mine12. Nelson Mandela was born ______________ South Africa_________________18th July, 1918. A. in, in B. in, on C. on, on D. on, in13. This bed is too hard. I feel very ______________in it. A. warm B. interesting C. comfortable D. uncomfortable14. We have a big house ____________ two living rooms and four bedroomsA. by B. with C. at D. without15. There are about two __________ students in the newly built school. A. thousand B. thousands C. thousand of D. thousands of巩固提高一、单项选择1. He was badly ill, but he kept on ______until 2:00 a.m.A. work B. working C. worked D. to work2. My pocket money ____________, so I wanted to find a part-time job to get more money.A. ran out B. went out C. got out D. ran away3. Do you know the man _______is talking with the teacher?A. which B. whose C. who D. whom4. If you don’t _______, your dream can come true one day.A. give away B. give up C. give out D. give off5. The problem is _______difficult that nobody can work it out.A. such B. very C. so D. pretty6. David made a ________that he was going to study abroad.A. mistake B. decision C. sentence D. advice7. There are so many people on the bus. I don’t think I can ______it.A. get out B. get away C. get on D. get together8. The doctor advised my father to _______smoking.A. get up B .stay up C .put up D. give up 9. ——What kind of person do you prefer to make friends with?——I choose my friends on their characters and how we_______.A. get in B. get up C. get on D. get off10. When your money_________, please come to me for help.A. runs out B. is run out of C. runs out of D. was run out of二、根据汉语意思翻译句子。每空一词1.昨天晚上你量体温了吗？Did you _____ _______ _________last night?2.令我们惊讶的是，他今天早上迟到了。_______ __________ __________________, she was late this morning.3.没有人想陷入困境。Nobody wants to ____________ _____________ _________________.4. 他跌倒了，伤到了膝盖。 He ______________ ________________and hurt the knee.5.由于你的帮助，我考试及格了。__________ _________ your help. I passed the exam.6.刚才我看到莉萨正在过马路。Just now I ________ Lisa__________ across the street.7.如果明天下雨，我们会呆在家里We __________ __________at home__________ it rains tomorrow.8.你最好不要冒险。You’d better not _________ ____________.9.我在一次事故中被切断了手指。I had my finger ______________ _________________ in an accident.10. 我妈妈总是为我做决定。My mother always ____________ ____________ for me.一、单项选择1. Dont while the bus is moving, or you may hurt yourself and even someone outside.A. get to B. get up C. get off D. get in2. Anna the bus and found John sitting next to the driver.A. got on B. gets off C. got off D. gets on3. --- Can I take a short ? My bike is .--- Okay. Stop riding and have a rest.A. break; broke B. broke; broken C. break; broken D. broke; breaks4. The man was hurt. We must send him to the hospital right away.A. at first B. at last C. at once D. at times5. --- Whats wrong with you? --- I had fever.A. the; / B. /; the C. /; a D. a; /6. I want to see the boy in hospital.A. ill B. sick C. angry D. happy7. Mary is used to a T -shirt and jeans.A. wear B. put on C. wearing D. putting on8. My grandparents are used to early in the morning.A. get up B. getting up C. gets up D. got up9. Some people waste too much water. They dont believe that it can some day.A. keep out B. run out C. be run out D. run out of10. Dad, smoking is bad for your health. Youd better .A. give up it B. give it up C. give it back D. give back it二、适当形式填空(单句适当形式) 11. You can take a deep (breathe) when youre nervous.12. We enjoyed (our) at Marys birthday party yesterday.13. Everyone should realize the (important) of saving water.14. Her (decide) to give up English made us very surprised.15. Could you pass the (knife) to me? We need them to make pumpkin lanterns.三、翻译(根据中文提示完成句子) 16. 当你们的测试时间结束时，你们必须立刻交卷。When you your test time, you have to hand in your test papers at once.17. 妈妈刚刚从那卷布上剪下一米。Mother a metre of cloth from the roll just now.18. 刚才乘客们一个接一个地从公共汽车里出来。The passengers the bus one by one just now.19. 杰克很小的时候就喜欢冒险。Jack enjoyed when he was young.20. 那位老人现在习惯了住在城里。The old man in the city.21. 使他惊讶的是他们都同意和他一起去。, they all agreed to go with him.22. 使我们感到吃惊的是他在比赛中获得了一枚金牌。, he won a gold medal in the match.23. 我可以在下一站下车吗?Can I the bus at the next stop?24. 你怎么啦? 我胃疼。“Whats you?” “I have .”25. 当你感到发烧时，你可以测量一下你的体温。When you have a fever, you can your .__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________一、单项选择（共10小题；共10.0分）1. --- Whats wrong?--- My bike is broken. What I do?A. will B. must C. should D. may2. Youll soon get used to in the countryside.A. lived B. living C. live D. l ives3. You put on your warm clothe s when you go out. Its so cold outside.A. should B. shall C. may D. can4. Getting up late means for another hour for the bus.A. wait B. waiting C. to wait D. waited5. We cant go ahead any more, we have the gas(汽油).A. run after B. run back C. run out of D. run out6. --- Did you make the kite , kids?--- No, our uncle it for us.A. itself; is making B. yourselves; madeC. yourself; made D. themselves; makes7. You have today. You have a good rest.A. cold; may B. cool; shouldntC. a cold; should D. a cool; can8. People, especially women and children, shoul d learn to protect from all kinds of danger.A. them B. they C. their D. themselves9. She was lucky enough to the dangerous building finally.A. get out of B. get up C. get off D. get on10. --- ? --- Not bad.A. Whats it going B. Hows it goingC. Wheres it going D. How it is going二、单词拼写(根据 中文提示拼写单词)（共5小题；共5.0分）11. Her mother has a bad (胃痛). She must see a doctor soon.12. There is a(n) (生病的) cat lying at the corner of the street.13. Parents should let their children make their own (决定).14. I want to know how to (控制) the machine.15. Not everybody understood what the speaker (意思).三、翻译(根据中文提示完成句子)（共5小题；共5.0分 ）16. 令大家吃惊的是，这次谈话改变了李文的生活。, this conversation changed Li Wens life.17. 现在他习惯了在国外生活。Now he living abroad.18. 你认为富人是因为冒险才变富的吗？Do you think the rich are rich because they ?19. 这男孩太小, 不能自己穿衣服一。The boy is young to get .20. Kate现在习惯了这份枯燥的工作了。Kate the boring work.四、完形填空（共10小题；共15.0分）It was a Saturday afternoon. Mr. Green was reading a newspaper. Suddenly he heard his wife 21 in the next room. He hurried to her and asked, "What happened to you, my dear?""Oh, dear!" his wife cried out, "My head hurts! 22 a doctor. Hurry up!" Their two children were both 23 at that moment and something was wrong with the telephone. Mr. Green 24 go to a hospital himself. Bad luck! All the hospi tals in the town were 25 that day. Mr. Green didnt know 26 . Just then his friend, Mr. Brown, saw him and asked. "What is 27 ?"Mr. Green told him everything. The man said. "Why not turn to 28 ? He can help you."Mr. Green remembered his friend, Mr. Black was a good doctor. He hurried to Mr. Blacks.When he got there, Mr. and Mrs. Black were having their 29 meal. The doctor asked Mr. Green to drink with him. He was happy and sat 30 . After that they began to chat. And when Mrs. Black asked, "How is you wife?" "She is fine, thanks…" Mr. Green stopped at once—he remembered his wife was waiting for a doctor at home.21. A. crying B. laughing C. whispering D. singing22. A. Look for B. Wait for C. Send for D. Ask for23. A. in B. out C. up D. down24. A. should B. could C. had to D. was able lo25. A. expensive B. open C. free D. closed26. A. when to go B. how to doC. where to go D. what to deal with27. A. the matter B. the wrong C. trouble D. problem28. A. Mr. Brown B. Mr. Black C. Mr. Green D. Mrs. Green29. A. lunch B. supper C. morning D. evening30. A. in bed B. on floor C. at the table D. at home五、阅读理解（共8小题；共16.0分）ADana Cummings was in his thirties before he first went surfing. But, even more interesting is that Dana Cummings chose to learn the sport after losing a leg in a car accident. Now, nine years later, he helps other disabled(伤残的) people learn how to ride the waves in AmpSurf.On th e coast of Maine, he is working with 27-year-old Matthew Fish, who is partly blind. Cummings takes hold of Fish and leads him into the ocean. The surfboard floats next to them. Fish lies on the surfboard. He tries to stand up on it. After a few attempts(尝试) he is up and riding all the way back to land. "That was exciting," Fish says.A car accident in 2002 took Dana Cummings leg. He says the crash changed him more than just physically. "Losing my leg made me realize how precious(珍贵的) life is. Get off the couch and start living. I do more things now than I ever did before. Next week I am going to compete in a contest in Hawaii," Dana says.One year later Dana Cummings formed AmpSurf. AmpSurf is a group where volunteers hold surfing classes and events for people with all kinds of disabilities. Recently, AmpSurf took its training programs to the East Coast. Eleven students attended the class in Maine. They came from all over the northeastern United States.Dana Cummings thinks AmpSurf can change the way a disabled person thinks. "Most people with disabilities consider himself or herself unlucky and useless, but we want them to see what they can do. Who cares you lose your leg or you are blind, whatever? Have fun. Just enjoy life. Take the most advantage of it you can," Dana says.31. Matthew Fish thinks learning to ride the waves is .A. boring B. easy C. interest ing D. difficult32. When did Dana Cummin gs set up AmpSurf according to the text?A. In 2002. B. In 2003. C. In 2008. D. In 2011.33. According to Dana Cummings, AmpSurf can .A. ease the physical pain of the disabledB. help the disabled learn to get used to their lifeC. change the attitude of the disabled towards lifeD. make the disabled pay more attention to their disabilitiesBA Road AccidentIt was raining heavily as I was walking up the hill towards the station at six oclock on a Saturday morning. At this early hour there wasnt much traffic and there werent many peopl e in sight (看得见). Just as I was crossing the road near the top of the hill, a car came r ound the corner. It was travelling very fast and the driver was having difficulty in controlling it. It hit a lamp post and turned over.At once I ran to the car to help the driver, but he was unconscious(失去知觉的) and there was a lot of blood on his face. A young woman hurried into the station and phoned for an ambulance while I took care of the driver. A number of other people gathered(聚集) round the car, but there wasnt a great deal we could do. A policeman arrived a few minutes later and asked me a lot of questions about the accident. Shortly afterwards the man came round, and he was groaning(呻吟) when the ambulance arrived at high speed and took him away to hospital.On Monday morni ng I went to the hospital to ask about the man. They told me that his injuries were not serious after all and that he was quickly getting over the effects(影响) of the accident.34. Where did the accident happen?A. On the top of the hill. B. Near the top of the hill.C. Towards the school. D. Near the hospital.35. What happened to the driver?A. He couldnt control the car. B. His car hit a lamp post.C. His car turned over. D. A, B and C.36. Who hurried to the station to ask for an ambulance?A. The writer. B. A policeman.C. Some people. D. A young woman.37. What did the policeman do?A. He took the driver away.B. He sent the driver to the hospital.C. He asked a lot of questions.D. He phoned for an ambulance.38. The driver wasnt dead, was he?A. Yes, he wasnt. B. No, he was.C. Yes, he was. D. No, he wasnt.