2016小学英语一般现在时(一)知识点及练习题

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2016小学英语一般现在时(一)知识点及练习题

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来源莲山
课件 w ww.5 y kj.Co m 英语学科课时学习专题
学习时间:   月  日    学生姓名:             效果评价:        
一、 本次知识点归纳:
表达经常性或习惯性的动作、状态、表示真理或客观事实。
二、重要知识点提示:
一般现在时需要表示经常性的时间状语
例如:always、usually、often、sometimes、everyday、in the morning/afternoon/evening
、on Sundays等。
be动词的一般现在时有三种形式,即:am, is, are(翻译为“是”)
1. 如果主语是第一人称I(我)时,be动词用am。如:I am a student.
I am 还可缩写成I'm     am 与 not 不能缩写。
2. 如果主语是you (你,你们), they (他们,它们,她们)或名词复数 (两个以上的人或物)时,be动词必须用are
如:Are you twelve? 
are与主语还可缩写。如: We're, They're, You're。
而are与 not可缩写成aren't
3. 如果主语是单数名词、不可数名词或第三人称单数代词(he, she, it)时,be动词用is。
如:My mother is a teacher.
is也可与主语缩写,如: He's, My mother is = My mother's等。但是This is不可缩写。而is与not可缩写成 isn't
4. 句中含有be动词的陈述句变一般疑问句。
把be动词提到句首,be动词要变大写。注意第一人称变第二人称。回答时用yes或no表示,结构:Yes, 主语+be动词,No,主语+be动词+not。
5. 句中含有be动词的肯定陈述句变否定句。
先找肯定陈述句中的be动词,在be动词后加not.
根据以上叙述我们可以把动词的用法以口诀的形式表述出来:
我用am,你用are, is跟着他(he),她(she),它(it);    
单数名词用is,复数名词全用are。变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃。变否定,更容易, be后not莫忘记。
疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑。
三、There be句型
1、There be 的固定句型:There be + 某物/某人 + 介词 + 某地
表示:在某地有某物(或人)
2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ;
主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最靠近be 动词的那个名词决定。
3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。
4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:
there be 表示在某地有某物(或人)have(has) 表示某人拥有某物 
 
三、经典题训练过关:
 
基础练习
一. 选择正确的be动词填空
1. I ____ a student.              2. We ____ friends.
3. He ____ a good boy.           4. She ____ my sister.
5. They ____ my parents.         6. You ____ 11 years old.
7. I      a doctor.              8. My father      a policeman.
9. We      having breakfast.     10. Tom      from Canada.
11. Her sister      a nurse.       12. They      my good friends.
13. He      my brother.         14. She      ten.
15. His mother      an actress.
二、句型转换
1、The cat is beautiful.
→否定句:                                   
→一般疑问句:                               
→肯定/否定回答:                            
2、Her sisters are students.
→否定句:                                       
→一般疑问句:                                    
→肯定/否定回答:                                 
三、用“have,has”or “there is , there are” 填空
1. I________a good father and a good mother.
2. ____________a telescope on the desk.
3. He_________a tape-recorder.
4. _____________a basketball in the playground.
5. She__________some dresses. 
6. They___________a nice garden.
7. What do you___________?
8. ______________a reading-room in the building?
9. What does Mike___________?
10. ______________any books in the bookcase?
11. My father_________a story-book.
12. _______________a story-book on the table.
13. _______________any flowers in the vase?
14. How many students____________in the classroom?
15. My parents___________some nice pictures.
16. _____________some maps on the wall. 
17. ______________a map of the world on the wall.
18. David__________a telescope.
19. David’s friends___________some tents.
20. ______________many children on the hill.
巩固练习
一、用be的适当形式填空  
1.---How____ you? ---I____ fine. 
2.I___ David,and my family name___ Green.
3.---What color ___ your clock? ---It___ white.
4.---What___ this in English?---It___ an apple. 
5.Toy___my brother.David____my brother,too.They ___ my brothers. 
6.Look!These____apple trees. 
7.We____ good students and you____ good teacher.
8.My sister and my brother_____ students.
9._____there many eggs in the kitchen?
10.____your card number 5578?
11.Where_____ your pencils? 
12.These sweaters ______ fifty dollars.
13.How much ____ his jacket? 
14.My brother’s birthday____ December 11th.
15.When _____ Kate’s birthday? 
16、There_____a boy and two girls beside the gate. 
17、Five and three ____ eight.
二、将下面的句子变成一般疑问句并作出回答
1. That is my football.
                                      
2. Those are his books.
                                      
3. Jim and Tom are good friends.
                                      
4. My birthday is November 1st.
                                       
5. His son is twelve years old.
                                       
三、将下面的句子变成否定句 
1. His card is on the table.                            
2. These are my parents.                               
3. Bob and Tony are our friends.                       
4. These things are five dollars.                        
5. The girl is his sister.                              
四、改写句子
1. I am a teacher. 
否定句:                       
一般疑问句:                       
肯定回答:                        否定回答:                       
2. They are new students.
否定句:                       
一般疑问句:                       
肯定回答:                        否定回答:                           
3. He is a good boy at home.
否定句:                       
一般疑问句:                       
肯定回答:                        否定回答:                  4. We are having an English class. 
否定句:                       
一般疑问句:                       
肯定回答:                        否定回答:                  5. Bob is in Class One, Grade Six.
否定句:                       
一般疑问句:                       
肯定回答:                        否定回答:                  6. She is form Jinan.
否定句:                       
一般疑问句:                       
肯定回答:                        否定回答:                  7. I am a good student at school.
否定句:                       
一般疑问句:                       
肯定回答:                        否定回答:                 
  文 章
来源莲山
课件 w ww.5 y kj.Co m
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