单元仿真检测三 Unit 3 Travel journal
答题栏 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
1．After months of hard work, the building was completed ahead of ________ .
A．journey B．distance C．schedule D．insurance
2．I don't ________the price, as long as the house is in good condition.
A．set down B．give away C．add up D．care about
3．As a typist, the most important aspect of the job is to be able to type quickly and________.
A．faithfully B．actually C．roughly D．accurately
4．Tom is ________ to pass the exam, so he is studying very hard these days.
A．excited B．reliable C．upset D．determined
5．Mary didn't agree with me at first, but I finally managed to ________ her.
A．suggest B．persuade C．support D．organize
6．This year Jim and his brother won't return for Christmas ________ any more because their parents died last month.
A．as usual B．in turn C．at first D．at present
7．While he was in the office, he ________ doing something to doing nothing.
A．stayed B．kept C．prevented D．preferred
8．Doctors ________ the old man not to smoke so much, but he just couldn't give it up.
A．persuaded B．promised C．accepted D．advised
9．The manager of the company told us that was their final decision and that we had to ________.
A．give in B．give off C．give back D．give away
10．The professor ________ his thoughts before giving his lecture, so that he could make himself understood well.
A．organized B．recognized C．realized D．advertised
The most unforgettable thing during my long summer holiday last year, of course was my trip__11__England. This was my first time to go abroad, so it really made me__12__.
There were quite a lot of interesting places in England，__13__Oxford. When we walked around Oxford, we saw quite a lot of ancient buildings on__14__sides of the streets. One of the most famous tourist__15__in Oxford is Christ Church, it's__16__one of the Oxford University's 39 colleges. There is a huge hall in Christ Church，__17__was used as the dining hall at Hogwarts in the Harry Potter__18__. I felt really excited when I heard this.
__19__place that impressed me__20__during my trip was a place called StratforduponAvon. It was a small town. Maybe you haven't__21__it, but I'm sure you have heard about William Shakespeare — it's the great man's__22__. In StratforduponAvon, I could__23__Shakespeare's Birthplace, Shakespeare Countryside Museum, the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, and a lot of places that are connected with__24__.
I went to Shakespeare's Birthplace. It was the house__25__Shakespeare was born and__26__his early years.__27__sitting room, hallway (走廊), bedrooms, and kitchen were furnished (布置) in 16thcentury__28__. I also went to see the Shakespeare Exhibition. It illustrated (以图解说明) Shakespeare's life and career in both Stratford and London.
I really enjoyed this nice trip to England, __29__I learnt a lot. I'm very happy that I could visit such an interesting__30__. I want to go there again in the future.
11．A.at B．for C．from D．to
12．A.excited B．appointed C．stubborn D．determined
13．A.for example B．such as C．as such D．for instance
14．A.both B．either C．neither D．each
15．A.views B．scenes C．sites D．interests
16．A.also B．too C．still D．yet
17．A.that B．which C．who D．where
18．A.novels B．records C．films D．songs
19．A.Other B．Every C．Each D．Another
20．A.deep B．deeply C．high D．highly
21．A.thought about B．heard about C．listened to D．dreamed about
22．A.hometown B．office C．play D．theatre
23．A.speak B．say C．talk D．see
24．A.Shakespeare B．Oxford C．England D．Harry Potter
25．A.who B．that C．when D．where
26．A.paid B．spent C．cost D．took
27．A.It's B．Its C．It had D．It was
28．A.style B．site C．shape D．shade
29．A.for which B．which C．from which D．in which
30．A.place B．town C．country D．summer
I am afraid of heights but two summers ago I climbed to a high place. Most of our high school had come along on a day trip to a beautiful beach village in Peru. After eating our lunches, many of us wanted to make the climb to an area around the village.
Do I turn back? “Yes！” Will I regret (后悔) it late? I really want to get to the top, but ... At last, I decided at least to have a try.
My friend Tom was in front of me. Then, suddenly, he slipped (滑倒) and was about 10 feet back! My heart was beating faster until he stopped himself. Knowing that my friend Seth would be right behind me, I began the climb. I was soon past the first challenge safely, but not feeling much better about the rest of the climb. Looking down, I saw rocks everywhere. My breathing sped up, and my heart beat even faster, growing loud in my ears.
My friends kept climbing. But they did not forget me. Someone was always behind me to help hold my feet when necessary, and someone else was always in front to offer a hand up. With friends helping me by words and actions, I slowly gained_ground.
Then we came to the worst part. The climb looked very close to vertical (垂直的). To me, the wise choice was to go back down. Melody encouraged me to go on and she made it safely first. I stopped, unsure of my footing. “You can do it, Jean! I'm right here，” Melody called. She waited patiently, not asking me to hurry. I took a few deep breaths and kept climbing.
With no more mistakes, we came to the top finally. I was dirty and tired. But it didn't matter. I was at the top! I had never felt so alive.
31．According to the text, the climb________.
A．was done by all of the high school students
B．happened on a morning two summers ago
C．was near a beautiful beach village
D．lasted for about two days
32．After passing the first challenge, Jean________.
A．felt more confident about the climb
B．didn't feel any better about the climb
C．chose to go back down
D．couldn't breathe easily
33．The underlined part “gained ground” in Paragraph 4 probably means “________”．
A．lost heart B．moved forward
C．climbed to the top D．accepted the friends
34．What do we know about the worst part of the climb?
A．Melody gave Jean words of encouragement.
B．Jean waited patiently for Seth to catch up.
C．It was dirty and dangerous.
D．Jean had the first try.
Today's children are the “result” of the modern society. Our parents have jobs that keep them busy almost all day long. They only have a free day in a week. This doesn't allow them to keep an eye on their children.
On the other hand, the modern society gives more freedom to the children than they could “handle”. As a child, you don't know how to grow up by yourself until you reach a certain age. That is why you need school and parents to be by your side all the time. If you don't have either of them you may make a lot of mistakes. The social system of the modern society is very lenient especially with the children.
Most of the children today are rebels (叛逆者). They are rude. They are given too much freedom by their families. This is their parent's mistake. They ought to know that the freedom they give to their children is misunderstood.
For example, it is a bad thing for a 17yearold child to go out in the evening on weekends. Parents are also guilty of the way their children show up in the street or at school. The same guilt belongs to the teaching system as well. Pupils shouldn't be allowed to dress like they were on a fashion presentation at school.
Another important fact we can think of regarding the freedom of children is their free will of spending money. Parents shouldn't allow their children to spend money on whatever they want.
I think children are given too much freedom not only by their parents, but also by the society. The latter is more to be blamed!
35. The writer implies that parents' busy lifestyle ________.
A．makes their children become independent
B．may lead to a tense parentchild relationship
C．is harmful to their children's health
D．is likely to create a troubled generation
36．What does the underlined word “lenient” in Paragraph 2 mean?
A．Not responsible. B．Not strict.
37．It seems that the writer agrees that students ________.
A．should stay at home on weekends
B．can wear trendy clothes at school
C．had better wear school uniform at school
D．can be allowed to go out in the evenings
38．According to the writer, which of the following takes the primary responsibility for children's problems?
A．The social environment. B．The educational system.
C．Each family. D．The school.
Do you remember what happened on SpongeBob Square Pants yesterday? The day before? If so, you may be in need of a TV timeout!
Kids today are watching more TV than they watched before, researchers say. Kids ages 6 to 11 in the United States watch more than three hours of TV each day. Ten years ago, children watched only about two hours and 40 minutes of TV each day.
Why the increase? Experts (专家)say more TV shows today are focused,_or aimed, at kids.
Some people want to limit (限制) kids' TV time. Researchers say that children who watch TV shows for more than three hours a day do not do as well in school. However, some programs can help kids learn. One example is BrainSurge. Some people say the show teaches kids facts.
How do you know whether a TV show can make you smart? Think about what you learn from watching, says Aletha Huston. She is a TV expert. But, she warns, don't spend too much time watching. “Limit the amount you watch. Get off the couch and do something else.”
This pie chart (饼状图) shows how long kids ages 6－11 use different types of TV technology each week.
39．The underlined word “focused” can be replaced by ________.
A．aimed B．unusual C．suitable D．pleasant
40．What is the main idea of the text?
A．BrainSurge helps kids learn facts.
B．Kids do not watch proper TV shows.
C．Kids today watch more TV than they did before.
D．More TV shows today are created for kids ages 6－11.
41．According to the pie chart, kids spend the least time using________.
A．Video games B．VCR C．DVD D．TV
42．How many kinds of TV technology are mentioned in the chart?
A．Three. B．Four. C．Five. D．Six.
Watching news about the environment on TV can be sad. The problems seem so big that it's difficult to imagine how one single person can do anything about them. Rebecca Hosking, however, thought differently.
Rebecca is a wildlife camerawoman and she was filming a documentary (纪录片) for the BBC in the Pacific Ocean when she saw something that made her cry — hundreds of birds that had died because they had accidentally eaten the plastic that was thrown into the sea. Beaches on Pacific islands that should have been the most beautiful places in the world were covered with plastic toys, drinks bottles, pens — every plastic thing you can think of.
Rebecca decided she had to do something. Back at home she thought about what she could do to help solve the problem of plastic. In her hometown of Modbury, she asked local shopkeepers to stop using plastic bags in their shops.
Plastic bags are used everywhere in Britain — every supermarket, every shop. The numbers are amazing. Britain uses nearly 17 billion plastic bags each year. And the bags can take hundreds of years to break down because they are chemical rather than natural so each year the sea and the environment become more and more polluted.
To Rebecca's surprise, the shopkeepers agreed and Modbury became the first plastic bag free town in Britain. Instead, shops offered cotton bags.
Other towns followed Modbury's example and towns around Britain and around the world are becoming plastic bag free. It won't solve all of the world's environmental problems, but it shows that people are becoming active and starting to think about how the little things in their daily lives can have a big influence. It also shows us that there is something we can do and that one person can make a big change with a strong enough belief.
43．What do we know about Rebecca?
A．She owns a shop. B．She works as a reporter.
C．She makes videos of wildlife. D．She organized an environmental group.
44．At first, Rebecca thought to persuade the shopkeepers to stop using plastic bags would be ________.
A．a piece of cake B．hard C．impossible D．a waste of time
45．We can learn from the text that________.
A．small actions may have great importance
B．some shops in Modbury are still offering plastic bags
C．plastic bags may take thousands of years to break down
D．some birds in the Pacific Ocean are fond of eating plastic
46．Which of the following can be the best title of the text?
A．The Plastic Pollution B．The Shopkeepers' Contributions
C．The Bag Lady D．Life of Sea Animals
The Gen90s are coming!
Wearing earphones, using complicated Net language and constantly textmessaging friends, the Gen90s following the Gen80s begin to make their world debut(亮相)．
Each generation or age group has its own symbols and lifestyle. Read on and judge yourselves if you fit the Gen90s profile.
These little devices seem to grow on the heads of the Gen90s. They might give these young people a pluggedin, cool and perhaps selfindulgent look. Of course, life is not always music to the ears.
They have created their own codelike online language. It's a mixture of English, Japanese and Chinese that perhaps only Martians can understand.
This is an imaginative generation, though they need to be careful to keep it out of their term papers.
Saying “cheese” to their own digital cameras is common for this generation. A little bit of narcissism(自恋)never hurts anyone. It helps them reflect a little on their own lives. But be aware of the risks of posting private photos online.
They can type as fast as they can speak. This is a generation that respects efficiency. Nevertheless, oral communication is important and will never go out of style.
47．Who are the intended readers of the passage?
A．Teens. B．Educators. C．Socialists. D．Parents.
48．According to the passage, if you belong to the Gen90s, you will________.
A．just appreciate yourself and ignore others' strengths
B．have your own symbols and lifestyle
C．have the same symbols and lifestyle of the Gen80s
D．like music and dance very much
49．The main idea of the passage is about________.
A．the Gen90s' happy life
B．the differences between the Gen80s and the Gen90s
C．the Gen90s' unique lifestyle and some practical warnings
D．the similarities between the Gen80s and the Gen90s
50．According to this passage, which is FALSE?
A．Not all teens are cautious about posting photos.
B．They can type as fast as they speak.
C．The Gen90s have a preference for some music players, and even regard them as a necessary part of life.
D．They don't use the cool and complex online language in formal writing.
51．Mike has dreamed about taking a bike trip for a long time, so he ____________________
______________ this afternoon.(buy)
52．____________________________， mother will wait him to have dinner together.(come)
53．When the term is coming to an end, many students _______________________________
54．________________________ sounds right to Helen. That's why she has made up her mind to leave the matter to him.(whatever)
55．Try the medicine for a week and see if you find ____________________ get to sleep.(easy)
56．______________________， he always sets aside some time for physical exercise.(busy)
57．Bob, it's never too early to start thinking about your career, especially ______________
________________________ and look for a job in this city.(graduate)
58．After ________________________， we finally got the chance to take a bike trip.(graduate)
59．I'm very excited now because I ________________ college tomorrow morning.(leave)
60．He insisted that he wasn't tired and that ______________________ , and I finally had to give in to him.(cycle)
Dear Mr Martin，
Ⅰ.1.选C 根据After months of hard work 可知，大楼“提前(ahead of schedule)”竣工了。journey“旅行”；distance“距离”；insurance“保险”。
2．选D 根据as long as the house is in good condition可知，“我”不“在乎(care about)”价格。set down “记下”；give away“赠送；泄露”；add up“合计”。
4．选D 根据so he is studying very hard可知，汤姆下定决心要通过考试。determined意为“坚决的；有决心的”，符合题意。excited“激动的；兴奋的”；reliable“可靠的”；upset“心烦意乱的；不安的”。
6．选A 句意：今年吉姆和他的弟弟不再“照常(as usual)”回去过圣诞节，因为他们的父母上个月去世了。in turn“轮流”；at first“首先”；at present“目前”，均不符合语境。
7．选D 考查动词辨析。句意：当在办公室时，他喜欢做点事，而不喜欢无所事事。prefer(sth./doing sth.) to (sth./doing sth.)“喜欢……而不喜欢……，宁愿……而不愿……”。
8．选D 句意：医生们建议老人家不要再抽那么多烟了，但他就是戒不掉。advise sb. not to do sth.“建议某人不要做某事”；persuade强调说服，不合语境。
9．选A 句意：公司的经理告诉我们那是他们的最终决定，我们只好放弃。give in“放弃”，符合句意。give off“发出；散发出”；give back“归还”；give away“赠送；分发”。
10．选A 考查动词辨析。句意：教授在演讲之前组织他的思想，以便于别人能很好地理解他的意思。organize“组织”，其宾语常常是“会议、活动”等；当以one's idea, one's thoughts, oneself作宾语时，其意思是“使思想条理化、打腹稿”。recognize“辨认；辨别”；realize“实现”；advertise“做广告”。
13．选B such as 强调“列举”，for example即for instance，强调“举例说明”。
15．选C tourist site指“游览地”。
16．选A 强调Christ Church “也是……”，故用also。
21．选B hear about表示 “听说”。
27．选B 形容词性物主代词its作定语，修饰sitting room, hallway (走廊), bedrooms, and kitchen。
28．选A 以16世纪的“风格”来装饰，用in 16thcentury style。
29．选C learn from表示“向……学习”。
31．选C 细节理解题。根据第一段的“a day trip to a beautiful beach village in Peru”和“make the climb to an area around the village”可知，作者他们是在村庄附近爬的山。
32．选B 细节理解题。根据第三段的 “I was soon past the first challenge safely, but not feeling much better about the rest of the climb.”可知。
33．选B 词义猜测题。根据本段中的“必要时，在我身后的朋友托住我的脚，在我前面的朋友搭把手拉我”以及“friends helping me by words and actions”可知，作者开始慢慢有所进展，向着山顶前进。
34．选A 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段的“Melody encouraged me to go on”和“‘You can do it, Jean! I'm right here，’Melody called”可知。
40．选C 主旨大意题。第一段引出话题，第二段首句是本文的主题句“Kids today are watching more TV than they watched before”，故选C项。
41．选B 图表理解题。孩子们所花时间的顺序为：TV＞DVD＞Video games＞DVR＞VCR。
43．选C 细节理解题。根据第二段的“Rebecca is a wildlife camerawoman and she was filming a documentary (纪录片) for the BBC in the Pacific Ocean”可知，她的职业是一名野生生物摄影师。
44．选B 推理判断题。根据第五段的“To Rebecca's surprise, the shopkeeper agreed”可以推断，Rebecca本以为说服店主们很难，没想到，店主们很爽快地答应了。
45．选 A 推理判断题。根据最后一段内容可知，Rebecca发起的不用塑料袋的活动带动了其他很多城市。可见，小举动也可能产生大作用。
47．选A 推理判断题。由“Read on and judge yourselves if you fit the Gen90s profile.”中的you可知这一篇文章是写给青少年的。
48．选B 细节判断题。由“Each generation or age group has its own symbols and lifestyle.”可知B项正确。其他三项与文章内容不符。
50．选D 细节理解题。由“...though they need to be careful to keep it out of their term papers.”可知，有些孩子把这种网络语言用在了考试中，故D项与文章内容不符。
Ⅳ.51.is buying a new bicycle 52.No matter how late he comes back 53.can't wait for their vacation 54.Whatever David says 55.it (is) easier to 56.However busy he is 57.when you are going to graduate 58.graduating from the university 59.am leaving for 60.we should cycle to work
Dear Mr Martin，
I am a Chinese student in University of London. I have a group of 20 Chinese students who want to take a fiveday trip to Scotland during the summer vacation. I'd like you to organise a trip for us.
We would like to travel by coach to get close to nature. We also need a local guide who speaks standard English and knows Scotland well. I would be very grateful if you can work out an itinerary as soon as possible and tell me about our meals, hotels as well as costs. If you have any information, please either email me at email@example.com or call me at 02074018865.
Looking forward to your early reply.