湖南五市十校2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试题(附答案)

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湖南五市十校2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试题(附答案)

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益阳市箴言中学2018年上学期高一期终考试
英      语
注意事项:
1. 全卷共9页,满分150分,考试时间120分钟。
2. 答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形
码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。 
3. 选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。
写在试卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
4. 非选择题的作答:用黑色签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试卷、
草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项.并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the man like to drink?
A. Tea.    B. Coffee.    C. Water.
2. What does the man usually do on Sunday afternoons?
A. He goes shopping.
B. He works in the garden.
C. He reads the newspaper.
3. When will the match begin, according to the man?
A. At 2:30.   B. At 3:00.    C. At 4:00.
4. What will the man do next?
A. Go to the movies. B. Keep on studying.  C. Check out some books.
5. Who is the girl talking to?
A. Her dentist.   B. The police.   C. A vet.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分 22.5 分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Where does the woman want to go?
A. To a school.  B. To a car factory.  C. To a bank.
7. How can the woman get there?
A. Go along the road, turn left and go straight.
B. Go along the road, turn right and go straight.
C. Turn around and go along the road.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What did the man do in Mr. Turner’s shop last week?
A. He bought a suit.B. He ordered a suit.C. He returned a suit.
9. What will the man do in the afternoon?
A. Go to the shop.  B. Call Mr. Turner.     C. Attend a meeting.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。[来源:学科网ZXXK]
10. What will Millie’s mother receive for her birthday?
A. A shirt.    B. A skirt.    C. A small cake.
11. Who will cook the special dinner?
A. Millie’s father.  B. Millie’s friend.  C. Millie.
12. Where will the speakers go this afternoon?
A. To a bakery.  B. To a grocery store. C. To a gift shop.[来源:ZxxkCom]
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What month is it now?
A. January.   B. February.   C. June.
14. Where will Lily s pend Spring Festival?
A. In the city center.
B. In her hometown.
C. In the man’s hometown.
15. What does Lily think of the festival?
A. Boring.    B. Ordinary.   C. Interesting.[来源:学|科|网]
16. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Friends.      B. Brother and sister.  C. Co-workers.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What day is it today?
A. Sunday    B. Monday.   C. Tuesday.
18. What should people be sure to do today?
A. Stay inside.B. Wear sunglasses.C. Take an umbrella.
19. How much rain will come tomorrow?
A. Only a little.  B. None at all.   C. Quite a lot.
20. What might the weather be like on Friday?
A. Sunny.     B. Cloudy.   C. Stormy.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。                     
A
Magazines can help get kids psyched about reading. The thrill of flipping through a fresh magazine can totally drive a new reader to practice words and learn about topics they might not normally be exposed to. For young readers who want to be entertained and learn something new. Here are our favorite kids magazine subscription(订阅) picks.
1. National Geographic Kids
National Geographic Kids is designed for children ages 6 to 14. The magazine is published by the National Geographic Society and has been in publication since September 1975. With each issue, young readers enjoy a wide range of regular features such as “Amazing Animals”, “Weird but True”, “Cool Inventions” and “Guinness World Records.” A one-year subscription (10 issues) is $15.
2. Muse
This magazine, launched in January 1997, features nine cartoon characters known as the Muses. The articles expose kids ages 9 and up to history, science and the arts. Regular Muse content includes fun facts, a question-and-answer page and fun themes such as extraterrestrial life (外星生命), urban legends and pirates. A one-year subscription (nine issues) is $34.
3. ChopChop
This is an award-winning, non-profit quarterly magazine for kids ages 5 to 12. ChopChop is filled with great recipes, interactive games and educational food facts and is intended to inspire and teach kids to cook real food with their families. ChopChop received the 2017 Parents Choice Gold Award and was named the James Beard 2015 Publication of the Year. A one-year subscription (four issues) is $15.
4. Highlights
Who doesn’t remember reading Highlights magazine --- whether at home or at the dentist’s office? Every 40-page issue helps children explore exciting new topics, investigate cool subjects and learn about our wonderful world. Highlights is ideal for ages 6 to 12 and features stories, puzzles, games, riddles, science experiments and craft projects. High Five, the preschool version of Highlights, is intended for little ones ages 2 to 6. A one-year subscription (12 issues) is $40.
21. How much is a two-year subscription to a magazine launched in 1975?
A.$68.          B. $34.           C. $40.            D. $30.
22. What is special about ChopChop?
A. It has a history of 42 years.          
B. It has nine cartoon characters.
C. It is helpful for kids to learn to cook.  
D. It includes a question-and-answer page.
23. What topic do Muse and Highlights have in common?
A. Science.       B. Craft projects.     C. Riddles.         D. Animals.
B
In many parts of the world, there are four seasons: spring, summer, fall and winter. In the U.S., there are only three: football, basketball and baseball. If you want to know what season it is, just have a look at what people are playing.
For many people in the U.S., sports are not just for fun. They’re almost a religion. Thousands of sports fans buy expensive tickets to watch their favourite teams and athletes play in person. Other fans watch the games at home. The most devoted sports buffs never miss a game. Many a wife becomes a “sports widow (寡妇)” during her husband’s favorite season.
America’s devotion to athletics has created a new class of wealthy people: professional athletes. Sports stars often receive million-dollar salaries. Some even make big money appearing in advertisements for soft drinks, shoes and even toiletries (化妆品).
Sports are an important part of Americans’ culture. Throughout their school life, Americans learn to play many sports. All students take physical education classes in school. Some try out for the school teams, while others join school sports leagues. Athletic events at universities attract scores of fans and benefit the whole community.
24. What does the underlined word “buffs” (in Paragraph 2 ) mean?
A. athletes    B. fansC. clubs    D. teams
25. By saying “sports widow”, the writer means .
A. some American men love sports more deeply than their wives
B. some American men often quarrel with their wives during their favourite season
C. some American men can hardly find time to be with their wives during their favourite season
D. some sports starts’ wives are left home alone during their favourite season
26. In general, professional athletes in America .
A. are well paid
B. often appear in advertisements
C. live a busy life
D. make big money by selling products such as soft drinks and shoes
27. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. Sports seasons in America    B. American sports fans
C. Americans’ sports culture    D. Sports in America
C
The sharing economy has grown in recent years to include everything from apartment sharing to car sharing to community tool sharing.
Since 2009, a new form of the sharing economy has been emerging in neighborhoods throughout the US and around the world—Little Free Libraries. The libraries are boxes put in neighborhoods from which local people can take out and put in books. Little Free Libraries come in all shapes and sizes. Some libraries also have themes, focusing on books for children, adults or tour guides.
In2009, Tod Bol built the first Little Free Library in the Mississippi River town of Hudson, Wisconsin, to honor his mother, who loved reading. When he saw the people of his community gathering around it, exchanging conversation as well as books, he knew he wanted to take his simple idea further.
“We have a natural sense of wanting to be connected, but there are so many things that push us apart, "Bol told The Atlantic.
Since then, his idea has become a movement, spreading from state to state and country to country. According to Littlefreelibrary.org, there are now 18,000 of the little boxes around the world, found in each of the 50 US states and 70 countries in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Internet has helped to spread Little Free Libraries. But an Atlantic article said that they are something different in a world of e-reader downloads.The little wooden boxes are refreshingly physical and human. When you open the door of the box, chance and your neighbors tastes determine what you'll find. You might find a graphic novel, a cookbook or a tour guidebook.
For many people, this sense of discovery is Little Free Libraries’ main appeal. "A girl walking home from school might pick up a graphic novel that gets her excited about reading; a man on his way to the bus stop might find a bookof poetry that changes his view on life,”said The Atlantic article. "Every bookis a potential source of inspiration.”
28. What can we know about Little Free Libraries?
A. When you take a book, you need to put another back.
B. Some libraries have specific themes.
C. The books in it have to be the same size.
D.Most of the books are donated by local libraries.

29. Why did Tod Bol want to build more Little Free Libraries?
A. He wanted to honor his mother.
B. He wanted to build up a sense of community.
C. He longed to promote his idea worldwide.
D. He was inspired by the sharing economy.
30. Little Free Libraries appeal to many people mainly because_____.
A. the books are more about humans
B. they can satisfy various tastes
C. they provide chances to make surprising discoveries
D. the books are free to take out and put in
31. The purpose of writing this passage is to .
A. tell us abouta new form of the sharing economy
B. encourage us to read more books
C.introduce a famous library to us
D. give advice on how to build libraries
D
Researchers at the University of Chicago have trained an artificial intelligence(人工智能) system, to write fake(伪造的) reviews(评论) on Yelp, a website showing customers reviews on shopping or something else, and it's pretty hard to tell them apart from a human review.
Their study, which will be presented at the ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security in October, aimed to throw attention onto how easily these systems can write reviews like humans and how damaging they can become if they’re not monitored properly.
Since many small businesses rely on online reviews to help grow and keep their reputation, a future where someone—like a rival or angry customer—could crazily fill their page with negative reviews written by a machine is pretty worrying.
And, according to the research team, the threat goes far beyond a bunch of fake reviews on Yelp. “In general the threat is bigger,”Ben Y. Zhao. one of the authors of the study, said. “I think the threat towards society is large and it really misleads users and shakes our belief in what is real and what is not. I think that' s going to be even unimaginable.”
To test how believable these reviews came across, the researchers invited 40 volunteers and had AI generate five fake reviews for 40 actual restaurants. The volunteers were asked how useful they thought the review was and whether or not they thought it was fake. The AI reviews ranked as “effectively indistinguishable”from real reviews,according to the study. Further, the fake reviews were given a 3.15"usefulness"rating, compared to a 3.28 rating for human reviews.
32. What can the new artificial intelligence system do according to the passage?
A. It can help train new reviewers.
B, It can tell the real reviews from the fake ones.
C. It can write human-like reviews.
D. It can easily damage the businesses.
33. What does the underlined word"rival'' mean in the passage?
A. A person who respects you deeply.
B. A person who competes with you.
C. A person who loves to give fake reviews.
D. A person who can control you from distance.
34. What can we infer from Ben Y. Zhao's remarks?
A. Artificial intelligence can put the society in danger.
B. The artificial intelligence is only used by theresearchers
C. Ben Y. Zhao is optimistic about the further development of artificial intelligence.
D. The artificial intelligence will help people shake.
35. What is the best title for the passage?
A. Tips Suggestions on Giving Reviews.
B. How to Tell the Fake Reviews.
C. Development of AI in Review on Yelp.
D. AI is Coming to Steal Your Reviews.     

第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Chopsticks
1. When chopsticks were invented?
In fact, before the invention of chopsticks, Chinese ancestors actually used hands to eat, but how did they eat soupand porridge?   36.  Chinese started to use chopsticks about 3,000 years ago in Shang Dynasty.
2. Who invented chopsticks?
The records of using chopsticks have been found in many written books but lackphysical evidence. However many stories are about the invention of chopsticks. One says that Jiang Ziya, an ancient wise man, created chopsticks.  37.  But there is no exact history record about the invention. We can only say that smart ancient Chinese invented chopsticks.
3. How to use Chinese chopsticks.
Using two slim sticks to pick up food is actually not difficult. You can do it if you practice it for some time, even if you are a foreigner. The key to managing chopsticks is keeping one chopstick in position while moving the other to pick up food.   38.   
4. Chopsticks Manners
Chopsticks are usually held in the right hand, and left-handed chopstick use is considered as improper in China. Playing with chopsticks is thought to be impolite.   39.  
5. The philosophy of Chinese chopsticks
Chinese philosopher Confucius advised people to use chopsticks instead of knives because the metal knives remind people of cold weapons, which mean killing and violence.
6. A chopsticks-themed museum can be found in Shanghai
If you are truly interested in chopsticks, you can pay a visit to the Shanghai Chopsticks Museum. The museum gathered more than 1,200 pairs of chopsticks from China, Korea, Japan and Thailand.   40.  
A. Chopsticks were introduced to many other neighbor countries due to its lightness and convenience.
B. It is considered to be polite and thoughtful to pick up food for the elderly and children.
C. Bamboo chopsticks are most frequently used in Chinese daily life.
D. The oldest one was from the Tang Dynasty.
E. There also go around some other stories.
F. Remember to practice with patience.
G. They had to use sticks to eat them.

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45分)
第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Jason, our son, was born with cerebral palsy(脑瘫). My wife and I often comforted him as he faced many 41._______ in his early years.
It was 42._______ to see him regularly chosen last for baseball, but his most 43._______ time came when he began high school. One afternoon, Jason returned home in 44._______ and shouted: “I’m never going to school again!” He was 45._______ with food that other kids had 46._______ him on the school bus on the way home. Jason later told us what had 47._______. A few days earlier, Jason had 48._______ up for the school running team. That day, a few older students made 49._______ of his performance on the track and made him the target of their one-sided food fight. I called the headmaster about the 50.________, and it never happened again.
One day, as the other kids exercised in the gym, they 51.________ one lonely runner-Jason jogging around the snow-covered track.Jason once said to me,“Dad, I was ready for the 52.________.”He added that each month, each student 53._______ an “athlete of the month” and voted for the 54.________. Jason’s name had never been55.________. But that day, one student said: “Sir, I would like to nominate(提名) Jason for the athlete of the month.”The coach looked 56.________. “He works harder than any of us, Sir,” the student continued. Tears 57.________ in Jason’s eyes as everyone in the class put their hands up. We, also in tears, looked on as he 58.________showed his certificate.
Whenever I despair, I think of this story. I 59.________ myself that challenges are not overcome by 60.________, but by patience, determination, and faith.
41.A. challenges B. choices C. changes D. chances
42.A. hopeful B. considerate C. convenient D. heartbreaking
43.A. special B. comfortable C. separate D. difficult
44.A. ruins B. tears C. shock D. surprise
45.A. covered B. followed C. attached D. filled
46.A. rolled down B. pushed against C. thrown at D. dropped out
47.A. recorded B. deserved C. happened D. promised
48.A. stayed B. signed C. pulled D. hung
49.A. comments B. use C. mistakes D. fun
50.A. process B. operation C. situation D.movement
51.A. admired B. watched C. noticed D. realized
52.A. best B. worst C. most D. least
53.A. hoped B. agreed C. meant D. chose
54.A. winner B. ruler C. advisor D. fighter
55.A. accepted B. listed C. attended D. organized
56.A. surprised B. delighted C. moved D. frightened
57.A. divided B. exploded C. changed D. formed
58.A. warmly B. proudly C. kindly D. seriously
59.A. blame B. warn C. remind D. inform
60.A. force B. construction C. discussion D. appearance

第二节  语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Every four years, millions of people gather in summer 61.______(watch) soccer games and cheer for their favorite teams and players.This year, the World Cup kicked off on June 14 in Russia.
Leading up to the most exciting sporting event of summer, Live It Up, the official World Cup song, was released on May 25. 62.______ (perform) by US artist Nicky Jam, US actor and singer Will Smith, and Albanian singer Era Istref,
the song has a line that goes, "One life, live it up, 'cause
 we got one life."
With a great melody and catchy lyrics, the song
stands for "the 63.______ (excite), the celebration and
the unity 64.______ people all over the world will
share during the 2018 World Cup", Philippe Le Floc'h,
 chief commercial officer of FIFAtold FIFA.com.
In fact, ever since the first official World Cup
song came out in 1966 for the England World Cup,
the relationship between soccer and music 65.________
(grow) stronger and stronger. As The Wall Street Journal
 put it, "Listening to motivational music 66._______(encourage) people to take more risks."
One of the world's greatest soccer 67._______(coach), Giovanni Trapattoni, even believes that listening to music can teach players great lessons. "You learn a lot about intervals, speed, rhythm. 68.______ learn the logical skills you need to read a game," he told FIFA.com.
Indeed, the right music can make all the difference. As Colombian musician Juanes told FIFA.com, soccer and music have a lot 69.______ common. "You throw yourself into it, and it moves something within people. You need your feet for soccer and you need words for music, but they arouse one and 70.______ same thing--- passion," he said.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ^ ),并在其下面写出该加的同。
删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该同下面写出修改后的同。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
The Moments(朋友圈) section of WeChat has become the popular part of the social
networking platform. We can share everything about their life on it with our friend. Many teenagers, however, chose to keep their parents out their Moments. They argue that if their parents get involved, and they will feel upset. As far as I am concerning, I feel happily when my parents comment on my posts in my Moments. It shows their love and care for me. What's more, shut them off may make the generation gap bigger and bigger, when inviting them in would help us communicate better and feel closer to each other than before.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
中国日报(China Daily)将专门为外国人举办2018 “最美中国”(Amazing China)手机摄影大赛。假设你是高一学生李华,请写信建议你的美国朋友George 参加。信的内容包括:
      1. 作品内容要求;
      2. 提交截止时间(deadline)和方式;
      3. 表示愿意提供帮助。
      注意:1. 词数不少于100;
            2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
 Dear George,
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                         Yours,
Li Hua

 

益阳市箴言中学2018年上学期高一期终考试英语试题答案
第一部分 听力(每小题1.5分,满分30分)
1—5 CBCAA 6—10 ABBCB 11—15 CBACC 16—20 ABBAC
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
21--23 DCA     24—27BCAD28--31 BBCA    32--35 CBAD
36.--40  GEFBD
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41--45 ADDBA    46--50 CCBDC51--55 CBDAB     56--60 ADBCA
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61. to watch  62. Performed   63. excitement  64. that/which   65. has grown
66. encourages   67. coaches    68. You    69. in     70. the
第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
The Moments(朋友圈) section of WeChat has become the popularpart of the social
                        a
networking platform. We can share everything abouttheir life on it with our friend. Many
                                              our                friends  
teenagers, however, chose to keeptheir parents out their Moments. They argue that if their
                choose                  of
parents getinvolved, and they will feel upset. As far as I am concerning, I feel happily
                                                      concerned       happy
when my parents comment on my posts in my Moments. It shows theirlove and care for

me. What's more, shut them off may make thegeneration gap bigger and bigger, when
shutting                                                  while
inviting them in would help uscommunicate better and feel closer to each other than before.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
Dear George,
How is everything going? I have some exciting news for you! China Daily will hold a mobile photo contest named “Amazing China”, only open to foreigners. I know you love photography, so why not give it a try?
The contest welcomes submissions about natural scenery, famous places or historical sites, local customs of China and so forth. And every photo should be accompanied with an explanation: time, place, name of the work, and stories behind. Photos edited with Photoshop or any other software will not be accepted. Each participant can turn in three photos at most to Liuying@chinadaily.com. Deadline for entries is Oct.15, 2018. For more information, you can refer to China Daily’s official website.
Well, I have to go now, for I have tons of homework to do. If you are interested, I’m more than happy to be your photography companion.
Yours,
Li Hua


 

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