英 语 试 题
本试卷满分： 150分 考试时间：100分钟 命题人：赵艳芳
China is a land of bicycles. At least it was back in 1992 when I traveled the country. Back then everyone seemed to be riding a bicycle. Millions of them, all black. Cars were rare. Yet since my arrival in Beijing last year, I've found the opposite is true. There are millions of cars. However, people still use their bicycles to get around. For many, it's the easiest and cheapest way to travel today. Bicycles also come in different colors—silver, green, red, blue, yellow, whatever you want.
It's fun watching people biking. They rush quickly through crossroads, move skillfully through traffic, and ride even on sidewalks(人行道). Bicycles allow people the freedom to move about that cars just can't provide.
Eager to be part of this aspect of Chinese culture, I decided to buy a bicycle. Great weather accompanied(陪伴) my great buy. I immediately jumped up on my bicycle seat and started home.
My first ride home was orderly(守秩序的). To be safe, I stayed with a “pack” of bikers while cars on the streets came running swiftly out of nowhere at times. I didn't want to get hit. So I took the ride carefully. Crossing the streets was the biggest problem. It was a lot like crossing a major highway back in the United States. The streets here were wide, so crossing took time, skill and a little bit of luck.
I finally made it home. The feeling on the bicycle was amazing. The air hitting my face and going through my hair was wonderful. I was sitting on top of the world as I passed by places and people. Biking made me feel alive.
1. According to the author, why are bicycles still popular in China today?
A. Because they are traditional and safe.
B. Because they are convenient and inexpensive.
C. Because they are colorful and available.
D. Because they are fast and environment friendly.
2. The author decided to buy a bicycle because he intended _______.
A. to ride it for fun
B. to use it for transport
C. to experience local culture
D. to improve his riding skills
3.How did the author feel about his street crossing?
A. It was boring.
B. It was difficult.
C. It was lively.
D. It was wonderful.
4. Which of the following best describes the author's biking experience?
A. The author enjoyed showing off his biking skills.
B. The author was annoyed by the air while riding.
C. The author was praised by the other bikers.
D. The author took great pleasure in biking.
It was Mother’s Day morning last year and I was doing my shopping at our local supermarket with my five-year-old son, Tenyson. As we were leaving, we found that only minutes earlier an elderly woman had fallen over at the entrance and had hit her head on the concrete. Her husband was with her, but there was blood everywhere and the woman was embarrassed and clearly in shock.
Walking towards the scene, Tenyson became very upset about what had happened to the couple. He said to me, “Mum, it’s not much fun falling over in front of everyone.”
At the front of the supermarket, a charity(慈善) group had set up a stand selling cooked sausages and flowers to raise funds. Tenyson suggested that we should buy the lady a flower. “It will make her feel better,” he said. I was amazed that he’d come up with this sweet idea. So we went over to the flower seller and asked her if we could buy a flower for the lady to cheer her up. “Just take it,” she replied. “I can’t take your money for such a wonderful gesture.”
By now paramedics(急救人员) had arrived, and were attending to the injured woman. As we walked up to her, my son became intimidated by all the blood and medical equipment. He said he was just too scared to go up to her.
Instead I gave the flower to the woman’s husband and told him, “My son was very upset for your wife and wanted to give her this flower to make her feel better.”
At that, the old man started crying and said, “Thank you so much, you have a wonderful son. Happy Mother’s Day to you.”
The man then bent down and gave his wife the flower, telling her who it was from. Though badly hurt and shaken, the old lady looked up at Tenyson with love in her eyes and gave him a little smile.
5.What dose the author intend to tell us?
A. One can never be too careful.
B. Actions speak louder than words.
C. Love begins with a little smile.
D. A small act of kindness brings a great joy.
6. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The elderly woman was knocked down by Tenyson.
B. Tenyson’s idea of buying a flower gained his mother’s support.
C. Tenyson’s care for the elderly woman puzzled the flower seller.
D. The elderly woman was moved to tears by Tenyson’s gesture.
7. The underlined word “intimidated” in the fourth paragraph probably means “___________”.
8. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. Flower’s Power
B. Mother’s Day
C. An Accidental Injury
D. An Embarrassing Moment
Large,sunny office in convenient downtown location,near two bus routes,ample parking in rear. 900 sq feet divided into two private offices and comfortable reception area, small kitchen, one bathroom. Modern 10-story building with two elevators. $1,750/month. First month's rent and security deposit(押金) equal to one month's rent required to move in. To see, call City Office Rentals at 382-0838 between 8:30 and 4:30,Tues.-Sat.
Here's a link to an office rental ad I found online:www.offices.com/10-01. I think it's worth looking at even though the rent is a bit high. I know it is a good deal more than we are paying now, but look at the size. It's twice as big as our current office, and I'm sure we can use the space. And it has a kitchen, a bathroom and a reception area just like we have now. Unfortunately it is nowhere near a subway station. That is a convenience I would miss having,but it does have parking,unlike our current office. I'm sure our clients would appreciate that. It would also be good to be in a building with an elevator. I'm really tired of using the stairs. I'd like to see the space as soon as possible. Could you call and make an appointment? Try and get one for tomorrow if you can, because after that I'll be away until next Monday, as you know. Thanks.
9. How much would Marilyn and Paul have to pay before moving into the advertised office?
10. What does the advertised office have that the current office doesn't?
A. A kitchen.
B. A bathroom.
C. A parking area.
D. A reception area.
11. When does Paul want to see the office?
Stephen William Hawking(1942.1-2018.3), was a theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. Having spent his career decoding the universe and even experienced weightlessness, he was urging the continuation of space exploration — for humanity’s sake. The 76-year-old Hawking once said he did not think humans would survive another 1,000 years “without escaping beyond our fragile（脆弱的）planet.”
The scientist made the remarks before an audience of doctors, nurses and employees at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, where he toured a stem cell laboratory that’s focused on trying to slow the progression of Lou Gehrig’s disease.
Hawking was diagnosed (诊断) with the neurological disorder 55 years ago while studying at Cambridge University. He recalled how he became depressed and at first didn’t see a point in finishing his PhD. But he continued to devote himself to his studies.
“If you understand how the universe operates, you control it in a way,” he said. Famous for his work on black holes and the origins of the universe, Hawking was also well-known for bringing abstract physics concepts to the masses through his best-selling books.
Hawking survived longer than most people with Lou Gehrig’s disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. ALS attacks nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord(脊髓) that control the muscles. People gradually have more and more trouble breathing and moving as muscles weaken and waste away. There’s no cure and no way to reverse (倒转) the disease’s progression. Few people with ALS live longer than a decade.
Hawking received around-the-clock care, could only communicate by twitching his cheek, and relied on a computer mounted to his wheelchair to convey his thoughts in a unique robotic monotone.
Despite his diagnosis, Hawking remained active. In 2007, he floated like an astronaut on an aircraft that created weightlessness by making parabolic(抛物线) dives. “However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do.” he said.
12. Why did Hawking remark that humans will not survive another 1,000 years?
A. To warn the earth may not be suitable to live on.
B. To make his theory on cosmology widely accepted.
C. To show the earth is becoming more and more fragile.
D. To persuade human beings to further space exploration.
13. What must human beings do if they want to survive according to Hawking?
A. Study the universe without stop.
B. Escape possible future disasters.
C. Realize the way the universe works.
D. Protect the environment of the earth.
14. What if a person suffers from Lou Gehrig’s disease?
A. They will be unable to walk or speak to others.
B. They are likely to die within ten years generally.
C. They can recover a little bit if they are treated early.
D. They are mostly assisted by especially-designed robots
15. What do Hawking’s achievements in science lie in?
A. His interest in physics.
B. His creation of black holes. .
C. His research on the universe.
D.His strong will against disease.
Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to see the world around us. Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight, but it's easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight:
● Schedule yearly exams. 16 Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment, including eyeglasses.
● Protect against UV rays (紫外线). Long-term stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is, it's extremely important to wear sunglasses. 17 .
● Give your eyes a break. Two-thirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products. 18 . Experts recommend that people practice the 20/20/20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and look at something 20 feet away.
● 19 As part of a healthy diet, eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins (维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health.
● Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses (隐形眼镜). Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk. 20 . Otherwise, you may have problems such as red eyes, pain in the eyes, or a more serious condition.
A. Eat your greens.
B. Eye care should begin early in life.
C. They can properly protect your eyes.
D. Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins.
E. Parents usually don’t care about their own eyesight.
F. Always follow the doctor’s advice for appropriate wear.
G. This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness.
“Mum, can I invite my classmate Brett over to stay tomorrow night, please? It’s Friday, and we don’t have any 21 Can I, please?” Mum was sitting at the kitchen table. Dad was 22 next to her, resting his head on his arms. Mum could 23 that James wanted so badly to have his friend over.
“I’m so sorry, James,” she said.
“I’m never allowed to have friends come to the house? Why, Mum?” James asked sadly, almost in 24 .
“I know it’s 25 for you,” Mum said softly. “But I’m just worried other people might think we’re a little… strange. And then they would make fun of you.”
"No, they wouldn’t, Mum,” James protested. “We’re not 26 at all. We’re just ordinary people.”
Mum sighed heavily. “To tell you the truth, James, my neck has been so painful that it’s given me a heavy 27 .And your poor father—he doesn’t feel 28 . He really needs a rest.”
"I can help, Mum!” James said. “ 29 I can make you and Dad feel better, can Brett come over? Please?”
"Well…” Mum began.
“Great! Thanks, Mum!” James almost shouted. “Just sit there, don’t move.” He rushed over to the kitchen drawer and 30 what he needed—two spanners(扳手). “Hang on, Mum,” he said. “This won’t take a second.” After some 31 , James was finished. With a smile of 32 on his face he said, “There! How does that feel?” “Oh, James,” Mum said. “That’s much better! How did you do it?”
"Easy," James said 33 .” Dad had tightened your neck bolts(螺栓) too much! I just 34 them slightly! I learned that in robotic science at school.”
"What about you father? Can you 35 him?” asked Mum.
“I’ll try,” James replied. He 36 up Dad’s hair at the back of his neck. and plugged the electric wire into Dad’s head. Then he turned the 37 on. Dad opened his eyes and 38 immediately. “He just let his 39 run too low, that’s all,” James said, “Shall I tell Brett to come over straight after school tomorrow?”
"I guess so,” replied Mum. “Your friends will just have to 40 that we are a very unusual family. Thanks, son!”
21. A. chance B. message C. homework D. difficulty
22. A. asleep B. reading C. alone D. standing
23. A. explain B. see C. agree D. doubt
24. A. terror B. tears C. surprise D. silence
25. A. fair B. easy C. good D. hard
26. A. strange B. normal C. popular D. anxious
27. A. headache B. loss C. task D. day
28.A. ill B. funny C. sorry D. well
29.A.As B. If C. Since D. Before
30. A. kept B. controlled C. found D. returned
31. A. requests B. thoughts C. repairs D. instructions
32. A. sympathy B. satisfaction C. bitterness D. politeness
33.A.embarrassedly B. gratefully C. impatiently D. proudly
34. A. adjusted B. collected C. produced D. covered
35. A. greet B. accompany C. help D. ask
36. A. lifted B. caught C. gave D. filled
37. A. television B. power C. light D. gas
38. A. grew up B. lay down C. broke down D. sat up
39. A. food B. temperature C. battery D. blood
40. A. prove B. expect C. suspect D. accept
Two weeks before Christmas, two little girls were walking down the street 41 hey saw old Harry, who was on his knees pulling weeds from around a tree. He wore a pair of worn gloves.His fingers were sticking out 42 the ends, blue from the cold. They stopped to talk to him.
Harry told them he 43 (get) the yard in shape as a Christmas gift for his mother, 44 had died several years before. “My mother was all I had. She loved her yard and trees, so I do this for her every Christmas."
His words touched the girls and soon they 45 (join) him, pulling weeds. When they finished, Harry pressed a coin into each of their hands. “I wish I could pay you more,but that's all rve got right now,”he said.
The girls had often passed his house, and they remembered that it had always been 46 poor condition. No decorations to add cheeriness were anywhere in sight.
As they walked on, the coin in one little girl's hand seemed to burn a hole of 47 (guilty).The next day she called her friends. And they agreed to put their coins in a jar marked“Harry's Christmas Gift".Then they began to seek out small jobs to earn more.Every coin they earned went into the jar.
Finally, they had enough 48 (buy) new gloves. Christmas Eve found them on Harry's doorstep singing carols. They presented him with the gloves. With 49 (tremble) hands, he held the gloves to his face and wept. No doubt he once again felt 50 love of others as the girls reached out to him.
During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip，I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed.
地点 特色 报价
I'm so glad to hear that you are coming to China at the beginning of June.
1—4 BCBD 5—8 DBCA 9—11 DCC 12—15 DCBC 16—20 BCGAF
21—25 CABBD 26—30 AADBC 31—35 CBDAC 36—40 ABDCD
41. when 42. of 43. was getting\would get 44. who 45. joined 46. in 47. guilt 48. to buy 49. trembling 50. the
During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and animals. Last winter when I went again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of . They also had a small pond they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by the fish. I felt that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, he agreed.
One possible version
I'm so glad to hear that you are coming to China at the beginning of June. I'd like to recommend Qingdao and Mount Min as sights to see while you are here.
Qingdao is one of the most beautiful coastal cities in China and a wonderful place to spend summer. The climate there is very mild and can make you feel very relaxed and comfortable. Tens of thousands of people from all around the world visit this city every summer.
The other is Mount Min. It is famous for its beautiful scenery and long history. There are many old famous temples there. If you are interested in climbing mountains and visiting temples, it is definitely worth seeing.
As for the cost, a five-day tour around Qingdao may cost you 1000 yuan, while a four-day tour of Mount Min could cost around 800 yuan. Both of these places are well worth visiting and I highly recommend them. I hope you have a good trip!
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