2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试卷(带答案山西平遥中学)

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2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试卷(带答案山西平遥中学)

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w.5Y k J.cO m

平遥中学2017-2018学年度第二学期高一期末考试
英 语 试 题
本试卷满分: 150分  考试时间:100分钟   命题人:赵艳芳
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分:听力(略)
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分60 分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并将答案写在答题卡上。
A
China is a land of bicycles. At least it was back in 1992 when I traveled the country. Back then everyone seemed to be riding a bicycle. Millions of them, all black. Cars were rare. Yet since my arrival in Beijing last year, I've found the opposite is true. There are millions of cars. However, people still use their bicycles to get around. For many, it's the easiest and cheapest way to travel today. Bicycles also come in different colors—silver, green, red, blue, yellow, whatever you want.
    It's fun watching people biking. They rush quickly through crossroads, move skillfully through traffic, and ride even on sidewalks(人行道). Bicycles allow people the freedom to move about that cars just can't provide.
    Eager to be part of this aspect of Chinese culture, I decided to buy a bicycle. Great weather accompanied(陪伴) my great buy. I immediately jumped up on my bicycle seat and started home.
    My first ride home was orderly(守秩序的). To be safe, I stayed with a “pack” of bikers while cars on the streets came running swiftly out of nowhere at times. I didn't want to get hit. So I took the ride carefully. Crossing the streets was the biggest problem. It was a lot like crossing a major highway back in the United States. The streets here were wide, so crossing took time, skill and a little bit of luck.
    I finally made it home. The feeling on the bicycle was amazing. The air hitting my face and going through my hair was wonderful. I was sitting on top of the world as I passed by places and people. Biking made me feel alive.
1. According to the author, why are bicycles still popular in China today?
A. Because they are traditional and safe.
B. Because they are convenient and inexpensive.
C. Because they are colorful and available.
D. Because they are fast and environment friendly.
2. The author decided to buy a bicycle because he intended _______.
A. to ride it for fun
B. to use it for transport
C. to experience local culture
D. to improve his riding skills
3.How did the author feel about his street crossing?
A. It was boring.
B. It was difficult.
C. It was lively.
D. It was wonderful.
4. Which of the following best describes the author's biking experience?
A. The author enjoyed showing off his biking skills.
B. The author was annoyed by the air while riding.
C. The author was praised by the other bikers.
D. The author took great pleasure in biking.
B
It was Mother’s Day morning last year and I was doing my shopping at our local supermarket with my five-year-old son, Tenyson. As we were leaving, we found that only minutes earlier an elderly woman had fallen over at the entrance and had hit her head on the concrete. Her husband was with her, but there was blood everywhere and the woman was embarrassed and clearly in shock.
    Walking towards the scene, Tenyson became very upset about what had happened to the couple. He said to me, “Mum, it’s not much fun falling over in front of everyone.”
    At the front of the supermarket, a charity(慈善) group had set up a stand selling cooked sausages and flowers to raise funds. Tenyson suggested that we should buy the lady a flower. “It will make her feel better,” he said. I was amazed that he’d come up with this sweet idea. So we went over to the flower seller and asked her if we could buy a flower for the lady to cheer her up. “Just take it,” she replied. “I can’t take your money for such a wonderful gesture.”
    By now paramedics(急救人员) had arrived, and were attending to the injured woman. As we walked up to her, my son became intimidated by all the blood and medical equipment. He said he was just too scared to go up to her.
    Instead I gave the flower to the woman’s husband and told him, “My son was very upset for your wife and wanted to give her this flower to make her feel better.”
    At that, the old man started crying and said, “Thank you so much, you have a wonderful son. Happy Mother’s Day to you.”
    The man then bent down and gave his wife the flower, telling her who it was from. Though badly hurt and shaken, the old lady looked up at Tenyson with love in her eyes and gave him a little smile.
5.What dose the author intend to tell us?
A. One can never be too careful.
B. Actions speak louder than words.
C. Love begins with a little smile.
D. A small act of kindness brings a great joy.
6. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The elderly woman was knocked down by Tenyson.
B. Tenyson’s idea of buying a flower gained his mother’s support.
C. Tenyson’s care for the elderly woman puzzled the flower seller.
D. The elderly woman was moved to tears by Tenyson’s gesture.
7. The underlined word “intimidated” in the fourth paragraph probably means “___________”.
A. astonished
B. struck
C. frightened
D. excited
8. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. Flower’s Power
B. Mother’s Day
C. An Accidental Injury
D. An Embarrassing Moment

C
FOR RENT
    Large,sunny office in convenient downtown location,near two bus routes,ample parking in rear. 900 sq feet divided into two private offices and comfortable reception area, small kitchen, one bathroom. Modern 10-story building with two elevators. $1,750/month. First month's rent and security deposit(押金) equal to one month's rent required to move in. To see, call City Office Rentals at 382-0838 between 8:30 and 4:30,Tues.-Sat.
To:Marilyn Sawyer
From:Paul Lebowski
Sent:Tuesday,October 3
Subject:Office rental
Marilyn,
Here's a link to an office rental ad I found online:www.offices.com/10-01. I think it's worth looking at even though the rent is a bit high. I know it is a good deal more than we are paying now, but look at the size. It's twice as big as our current office, and I'm sure we can use the space. And it has a kitchen, a bathroom and a reception area just like we have now. Unfortunately it is nowhere near a subway station. That is a convenience I would miss having,but it does have parking,unlike our current office. I'm sure our clients would appreciate that. It would also be good to be in a building with an elevator. I'm really tired of using the stairs. I'd like to see the space as soon as possible. Could you call and make an appointment? Try and get one for tomorrow if you can, because after that I'll be away until next Monday, as you know. Thanks.
Paul

9. How much would Marilyn and Paul have to pay before moving into the advertised office?
A. $900.
B. $1,750.
C. $1,800.
D. $3,500.
10. What does the advertised office have that the current office doesn't?
A. A kitchen.
B. A bathroom.
C. A parking area.
D. A reception area.
11. When does Paul want to see the office?
A. Monday.
B. Tuesday.
C. Wednesday.
D. Thursday.
D
Stephen William Hawking(1942.1-2018.3), was a theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. Having spent his career decoding the universe and even experienced weightlessness, he was urging the continuation of space exploration — for humanity’s sake. The 76-year-old Hawking once said he did not think humans would survive another 1,000 years “without escaping beyond our fragile(脆弱的)planet.”
The scientist made the remarks before an audience of doctors, nurses and employees at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, where he toured a stem cell laboratory that’s focused on trying to slow the progression of Lou Gehrig’s disease.
     Hawking was diagnosed (诊断) with the neurological disorder 55 years ago while studying at Cambridge University. He recalled how he became depressed and at first didn’t see a point in finishing his PhD. But he continued to devote himself to his studies.
     “If you understand how the universe operates, you control it in a way,” he said. Famous for his work on black holes and the origins of the universe, Hawking was also well-known for bringing abstract physics concepts to the masses through his best-selling books.
     Hawking survived longer than most people with Lou Gehrig’s disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. ALS attacks nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord(脊髓) that control the muscles. People gradually have more and more trouble breathing and moving as muscles weaken and waste away. There’s no cure and no way to reverse (倒转) the disease’s progression. Few people with ALS live longer than a decade.
     Hawking received around-the-clock care, could only communicate by twitching his cheek, and relied on a computer mounted to his wheelchair to convey his thoughts in a unique robotic monotone.
     Despite his diagnosis, Hawking remained active. In 2007, he floated like an astronaut on an aircraft that created weightlessness by making parabolic(抛物线) dives. “However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do.” he said.
12. Why did Hawking remark that humans will not survive another 1,000 years?
A. To warn the earth may not be suitable to live on.
B. To make his theory on cosmology widely accepted.
C. To show the earth is becoming more and more fragile.
D. To persuade human beings to further space exploration.
13. What must human beings do if they want to survive according to Hawking?
A. Study the universe without stop.
B. Escape possible future disasters.
C. Realize the way the universe works.
D. Protect the environment of the earth.
14. What if a person suffers from Lou Gehrig’s disease?
A. They will be unable to walk or speak to others.
B. They are likely to die within ten years generally.
C. They can recover a little bit if they are treated early.
D. They are mostly assisted by especially-designed robots
15. What do Hawking’s achievements in science lie in?
A. His interest in physics.
B. His creation of black holes. .
C. His research on the universe.
D.His strong will against disease.
第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,共15分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项,并将答案写在答题卡上。
Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to see the world around us. Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight, but it's easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight:
● Schedule yearly exams.      16          Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment, including eyeglasses.
● Protect against UV rays (紫外线). Long-term stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is, it's extremely important to wear sunglasses.      17          .
● Give your eyes a break. Two-thirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products.      18          . Experts recommend that people practice the 20/20/20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and look at something 20 feet away.
●      19      As part of a healthy diet, eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins (维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health.
● Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses (隐形眼镜). Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk.      20          . Otherwise, you may have problems such as red eyes, pain in the eyes, or a more serious condition.
A. Eat your greens.
B. Eye care should begin early in life.
C. They can properly protect your eyes.
D. Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins.
E. Parents usually don’t care about their own eyesight.
F. Always follow the doctor’s advice for appropriate wear.
G. This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness.
第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分55 分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A.B.C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并将答案写在答题卡上。
“Mum, can I invite my classmate Brett over to stay tomorrow night, please? It’s Friday, and we don’t have any      21     Can I, please?” Mum was sitting at the kitchen table. Dad was       22      next to her, resting his head on his arms. Mum could      23     that James wanted so badly to have his friend over.
    “I’m so sorry, James,” she said.
    “I’m never allowed to have friends come to the house? Why, Mum?” James asked sadly, almost in       24     .
    “I know it’s     25      for you,” Mum said softly. “But I’m just worried other people might think we’re a little… strange. And then they would make fun of you.”
    "No, they wouldn’t, Mum,” James protested. “We’re not     26     at all. We’re just ordinary people.”
    Mum sighed heavily. “To tell you the truth, James, my neck has been so painful that it’s given me a heavy     27    .And your poor father—he doesn’t feel     28     . He really needs a rest.”
    "I can help, Mum!” James said. “    29      I can make you and Dad feel better, can Brett come over? Please?”
    "Well…” Mum began.
    “Great! Thanks, Mum!” James almost shouted. “Just sit there, don’t move.” He rushed over to the kitchen drawer and     30     what he needed—two spanners(扳手). “Hang on, Mum,” he said. “This won’t take a second.” After some     31    , James was finished. With a smile of     32      on his face he said, “There! How does that feel?” “Oh, James,” Mum said. “That’s much better! How did you do it?”
    "Easy," James said     33    .” Dad had tightened your neck bolts(螺栓) too much! I just     34      them slightly! I learned that in robotic science at school.”
    "What about you father? Can you     35      him?” asked Mum.
    “I’ll try,” James replied. He     36     up Dad’s hair at the back of his neck. and plugged the electric wire into Dad’s head. Then he turned the     37     on. Dad opened his eyes and     38     immediately. “He just let his     39      run too low, that’s all,” James said, “Shall I tell Brett to come over straight after school tomorrow?”
    "I guess so,” replied Mum. “Your friends will just have to     40      that we are a very unusual family. Thanks, son!”
21. A. chance  B. message   C. homework    D. difficulty
22. A. asleep    B. reading C. alone   D. standing
23. A. explain B. see C. agree    D. doubt
24. A. terror     B. tears C. surprise D. silence
25. A. fair  B. easy C. good D. hard
26. A. strange B. normal C. popular D. anxious
27. A. headache B. loss  C. task     D. day
28.A. ill    B. funny C. sorry D. well
29.A.As        B. If   C. Since   D. Before
30. A. kept      B. controlled C. found D. returned
31. A. requests    B. thoughts  C. repairs D. instructions
32. A. sympathy   B. satisfaction C. bitterness  D. politeness
33.A.embarrassedly B. gratefully C. impatiently D. proudly
34. A. adjusted  B. collected C. produced D. covered
35. A. greet  B. accompany C. help D. ask
36. A. lifted B. caught C. gave  D. filled
37. A. television  B. power C. light D. gas
38. A. grew up B. lay down C. broke down  D. sat up
39. A. food B. temperature C. battery D. blood
40. A. prove B. expect C. suspect D. accept
第Ⅱ卷
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Two weeks before Christmas, two little girls were walking down the street      41     hey saw old Harry, who was on his knees pulling weeds from around a tree. He wore a pair of worn gloves.His fingers were sticking out      42     the ends, blue from the cold. They stopped to talk to him.
      Harry told them he   43  (get) the yard in shape as a Christmas gift for his mother,      44   had died several years before. “My mother was all I had. She loved her yard and trees, so I do this for her every Christmas."
     His words touched the girls and soon they  45  (join) him, pulling weeds. When they finished, Harry pressed a coin into each of their hands. “I wish I could pay you more,but that's all rve got right now,”he said.
     The girls had often passed his house, and they remembered that it had always been      46  poor condition. No decorations to add cheeriness were anywhere in sight.
     As they walked on, the coin in one little girl's hand seemed to burn a hole of  47  (guilty).The next day she called her friends. And they agreed to put their coins in a jar marked“Harry's Christmas Gift".Then they began to seek out small jobs to earn more.Every coin they earned went into the jar.
     Finally, they had enough  48  (buy) new gloves. Christmas Eve found them on Harry's doorstep singing carols. They presented him with the gloves. With   49  (tremble) hands, he held the gloves to his face and wept. No doubt he once again felt   50  love of others as the girls reached out to him.
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
          2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip,I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是张华,你的美国朋友Harley说他将在六月初来中国。请你根据提供的信息给他写一封电子邮件,为他推荐以下两个旅游景点。
注意:1. 词数100左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数)。
      2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
      3. 书写工整。
地点 特色 报价
山东青岛
  

中国最美丽的海滨城市之一,避暑胜地,气候宜人  

1000元,5天
四川岷山(Mount Min)
  

环境优雅,风景秀丽,山上名寺甚多,历史悠久。 

800元,4天
Dear Harley,
I'm so glad to hear that you are coming to China at the beginning of June.           
                                                                          
                                                                          
                                                                          
Yours sincerely, 
                                                                                                                                       Zhang Hua

英语参考答案与评分标准
阅读理解(共20小题;每小题3分,满分60分)
1—4 BCBD  5—8 DBCA  9—11 DCC  12—15 DCBC  16—20 BCGAF
完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
21—25 CABBD    26—30 AADBC    31—35 CBDAC    36—40 ABDCD
语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
41. when    42. of   43. was getting\would get    44. who   45. joined      46. in      47. guilt     48. to buy     49. trembling     50. the   
短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
During my last winter holiday, I went to  countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I   a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and   animals. Last winter when I went  again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of  . They also had a small pond   they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by   the fish. I felt   that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years,  he agreed.
书面表达(满分25分)
评分总则:
1、本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。
2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定是否达到及格线(15分),然后确定其所属的具体档次,以该档次的要求来衡量,最后给分。其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。
3、词数少于80和多于120的,从总分中减去2分。
4、评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的连贯性。
5、若缺少要点,分数降一档处理。
6、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。
7、书写较差以至于影响交际,将其分数降低一个档次。
评分细则:
优秀(22--25):紧扣主题,覆盖所有要点,内容充实;语法结构多样,词汇丰富,行文流畅,显示出较强的语言运用能力,允许有个别语言错误,但不影响意思表达。
良好(18--21):紧扣主题,覆盖所有要点,内容较充实,行文较流畅,语言有少量错误,但基本不影响意思表达。
一般(15--17):紧扣主题,基本覆盖所有要点,语言错误已影响了部分意思的表达,但多数句子基本正确;基本达到预期写作目的。
较差(11--14):要点不全,内容不完整,行文不够连贯;语言错误较多,半数句子基本正确。
差(6--10):内容混乱,或主要内容偏离主题,尚能够写出少数与内容相关的可读句。
极差(0--5):只能写出与内容相关的词语,没有有效信息;抄写其他文章,或只写出与作文无关的内容。
One possible version
Dear Harley,
I'm so glad to hear that you are coming to China at the beginning of June. I'd like to recommend Qingdao and Mount Min as sights to see while you are here.
Qingdao is one of the most beautiful coastal cities in China and a wonderful place to spend summer. The climate there is very mild and can make you feel very relaxed and comfortable. Tens of thousands of people from all around the world visit this city every summer.
The other is Mount Min. It is famous for its beautiful scenery and long history. There are many old famous temples there. If you are interested in climbing mountains and visiting temples, it is definitely worth seeing.
As for the cost, a five-day tour around Qingdao may cost you 1000 yuan, while a four-day tour of Mount Min could cost around 800 yuan. Both of these places are well worth visiting and I highly recommend them. I hope you have a good trip!
Yours sincerely,
Zhang Hua

 

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