江苏宿迁市2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试卷(附答案)

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江苏宿迁市2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试卷(附答案)

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第I卷(选择题,共85分)
第一部分  听力(共20小题;每题1分,满分20分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Where are the speakers?
A. In a candy store.     B. In a grocery store.    C. At a cafe.
2. Why does the woman want to lose weight?
A. To fit in a dress.     B. To find a husband.    C. To keep fit.
3. What is the final price of the cheapest cell phone?
A. $299.       B. $150.       C. $135.
4. What’s the relationship between the speakers?
A. Colleagues.      B. Teacher and student.    C. Mother and son.
5. What will the weather probably be like tomorrow?
A. Rainy.       B. Cloudy.      C. Sunny.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What are the speakers mainly discussing?
A. Italian history.
B. What to make for dinner.
C. A book the man purchased.
7. Who is Katie Parla?
A. The man’s wife.     B. A famous cook.     C An author
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. What does the man like to do every week?
A. Play football or basketball.
B. Read sports magazines.
C. Watch sports on TV.
9. What does the woman do three times a week?
A. She rides a bike.
B. She plays badminton.
C. She goes running with her husband.
10. Why is the man unwilling to do exercise?
A. He doesn’t find it rewarding.  B. He has no free time.    C. He is lazy.
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. According to the conversation, what does Google want to do?
A. Make trucking cheaper.
B. Promote self-driving trucks.
C. Research sleep patterns.
12. What does the woman suggest about trucks?
A. Many jobs might disappear with self-driving trucks.
B. Human drivers react quicker than machines.
C. She considers traditional trucks more dangerous.
13. How does the man feel about self-driving trucks?
A. He’s a little scared by them.
B. He is excited by their speed.
C. He thinks they are safer.
听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。
14. What might the man be?
A. A teacher.      B. A headmaster.     C. A student.
15. What is the man’s original attitude toward the woman’s suggestion?
A. Unconcerned.     B. Supportive.      C. Disapproving.
16. Why does the woman suggest buying computers?
A. To increase the students’ interest in English.
B. To record the school’s information.
C. To use in computer class.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. In which state will a store be opening soon?
A. Montana.      B. Oregon.      C. California.
18. Who is the speaker thanking?
A. The company’s owner.
B. The company’s employees.
C. The company’s customers.
19. What does the speaker want the audience mainly to do?
A. Email the company with some ideas.
B. Rethink their marketing plan.
C. Tell others about the new stores.
20. How should people find out about the new positions?
A. By looking at the company’s website.
B. By applying directly at a new location.
C. By sending the woman an email.
第二部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
请阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. Jane Austen’s most famous works, including Pride and Prejudice,        for which she is most known, are set in the late 18th century.
A. one     B. the one    C. it      D. that
22.---        we meet again and discuss the plan this week?
---Will Thursday morning do? I happen to be in town then.
A. Shall     B. May     C. Must     D. Can
23. The ruins of the ancient city        of great cultural value and should be preserved for research in the future.
A. is      B. are     C. was     D. were
24. Tom told the teacher that he        writing the essay the day before except for the conclusion.
A. almost finished         B. has almost finished
C. had almost finished        D. was almost finishing
25. As his wife was dismissed from her company last month, the news that he might also lose his job        his anxiety.
A. added to    B. appealed to    C. applied to    D. attended to
26. — Is there any need to send someone else in your place?
—No. I’ll attend to the matter       .
A. passively    B. physically    C. practically    D. personally
27. Chinese writing is believed        by a man named Cang Jie, who was inspired by the tracks of animals when he was hunting.
A. to invent          B. to be invented
C. to have invented         D. to have been invented
28. The landlord has been getting complaints from the roomer about the        noise from early morning until evening.
A. constant    B. frequent    C. active     D. unusual
29. Attending this year’s European Inventor Award are great inventors from all over the world, most of        inventions show the most creativity.
A. which     B. whom     C. their     D. whose
30. After the ash covered the people who failed to flee the city, their bodies nearly completely        and disappeared, leaving empty spaces in the ash.
A. faded away    B. broke down    C. got across    D. took over
31. — She’ll be away for a month.
—But you know what they say---        makes the heart grow fonder.
A. access     B. anxiety    C. absence    D. attempt
32.        some people think advertisements bring much convenience, others are cautious about the tricks advertisements play on them.
A. Unless     B. Although    C. While     D. Where
33. In the past, people in that country lived        being attacked during the war, but now they live side by side in peace.
A. in terror of    B. in honor of    C. in defense of   D. in charge of
34. Not until my later thirties        the important discovery: giving away things makes life so much more exciting.
A. I made     B. I had made    C. did I make    D. had I made
35. —How has Matthew been handling the argument?
---Oh, just        and ignoring his feelings.
A. clearing the air         B. beating around the bush
C. crossing his fingers        D. burying his head in the sand
第二节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
With New Year approaching quickly, I was so pleased with the resolution (决心) my family had made at the beginning of this year and proud that we were actually able to keep it. For the past year we had made an effort to go   36   and, looking back, we were pretty successful.
Last year we began recycling all of our glass, paper, plastic, and aluminum cans. We   37   all light bulbs throughout our home with energy saving bulbs; we stopped purchasing   38   water. In addition, we made it a point to   39   reusable bags when grocery shopping.
Although I took pride in all the   40  , I felt that we could take it a step   41   and do more. I was especially interested in teaching my kids to become more   42   in learning how important it is to take care of the environment. I began thinking about ways I could further the   43  . It took a while for it to come to me but when it did I was   44   and excited about it.
I recognized that, in our own way, we were already   45   to Mother Earth.  46   wouldn’t it be great if we could give more to organizations that support causes which help the less   47   around the world? What I decided to do was   48   the money we earned from   49   our waste to charity.
My seven-year-old son, Brayden, would even be able to join in, as he was   50   for sorting the items and taking them to the recycling center with me. To make him more involved, I decided that he would help me   51   which charity to support. Because we sold our recyclable items every month or so, we wouldn’t have a large   52  ; but I loved the idea of teaching my son that however much you give, what   53   is that you give. The smallest donation can make a   54  .
Next year, we will continue doing our   55   to help the environment and make this world a better place.
36. A. digital    B. slow     C. green     D. blank
37. A. decorated   B. occupied    C. equipped    D. replaced
38. A. fresh    B. bottled     C. purified    D. boiled
39. A. employ    B. arrange    C. present    D. combine
40. A. effects    B. changes    C. results     D. movements
41. A. upwards   B. ahead     C. further     D. above
42. A. concentrated   B. attracted    C. concerned    D. involved
43. A. connection   B. relationship    C. boundary    D. consideration
44. A. promoted   B. inspired    C. persuaded    D. impressed
45. A. paying back   B. turning back   C. pulling back   D. giving back
46. A. Because    B. Otherwise    C. And     D. But
47. A. wealthy    B. brilliant    C. fortunate    D. intelligent
48. A. attach    B. donate     C. recommend    D. display
49. A. supplying   B. removing    C. multiplying    D. recycling
50. A. anxious    B. enthusiastic    C. responsible    D. grateful
51. A. determine   B. separate    C. analyze    D. consult
52. A. sum    B. budget     C. goal     D. case
53. A. exists    B. matters    C. occurs     D. appears
54. A. contribution   B. distinction    C. convenience   D. difference
55. A. part    B. job     C. duty     D. favor
第三部分  阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
请阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
 
Jaya, Topan, and Kasarna, the Sumatran tigers
Those tiger cubs were born on January 2, 2015, at Chester Zoo in England. There are only 300 to 400 left in the wild, which places these felines on the critically endangered list. Most of their natural jungle habitat (栖息地) has been destroyed, and they are common targets for poachers (偷猎者). Found in the forests on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, the tiger is the smallest of big cat species.
 
African painted dog pups
Pictured at three months old, these African painted puppies were born at the Port Lympne Reserve in Kent, England. Originally from South Africa, the species are natural hunters and live in packs of 20-30 members. Scientists estimate their population size around 3,000 to 5,500. They are targets of human killings, and are easily harmed by disease and habitat destruction, placing them on the endangered list.
 
Pancake, the cheetah
Pancake was born on February 28, 2015, at Wildlife Safari in Winston, Oregon. When she was six weeks old, a pup named Dayo arrived at the zoo to serve as his companion. Cheetahs are naturally shy, so zoos often pair them with dogs to help them overcome their anxiety. Cheetahs are native to eastern and southwestern Africa; fewer than 10,000 felines remain in the wild.
 
Asmara, the Sumatran orangutan
Asmara was born on November 22, 2014, at the Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo in Indiana. These monkeys are endangered in the wild, with fewer than 14,000 left. Agricultural development has ruined their natural forest home. They are hunted, mainly to be kept in homes as status symbols. They live in the trees, almost never touching the ground.
56. Which animal’s protection work should be put high on the list?
A. The Sumatran tigers.        B. The African painted dogs.
C. The African cheetahs.        D. The Sumatran orangutans.
57. According to the passage, these animals are similar in that       .
A. they were born in the same year      B. they are under threat from hunters
C. they are living in African forests     D. they are preserved at zoos or reserves
B
Businesses are finding more uses for Virtual Reality (VR) as the technology develops. VR is no longer only for gaming or enjoyment. An American company called Blue Goji is using VR to improve one’s health by making exercise more fun.
Blue Goji has offices in Austin, the capital of Texas. The company showed its cardiovascular (心血管的) workout machine, called the Infinity treadmill (跑步机), at the recent South by Southwest festival, an event held every year in Austin.
A person using the treadmill wears a virtual reality headset when exercising. Before starting, the user tightens a belt to prevent falls. Then, the user plays a VR game while running on the machine. The game can transport the user into the virtual world, where he or she can be racing against virtual people.
Recently, Leonardo Mattiazzi tested the Infinity treadmill. Mattiazzi said he had a strong feeling to actually get running and do something that pushed his limits. He said the experience was more interesting than running inside the gym without actually going anywhere.
Constam said the active use of virtual reality helps solve a common problem while wearing a VR headset. She noted that a lot of VR experiences cause motion sickness because people are in motion during the game, but not moving in real life. But when the user is moving on the treadmill and in the game, the chances of motion sickness are reduced.
However, users who tested the treadmill while wearing the VR headset each had a different experience. Constam said there generally is a learning curve for VR. The first time users feel lost, but “the more you do it, the more you get used to it,” she said. Mark Sackler was a first time user. He said he felt a little sick at one point during the game. But he thought the experience was surprisingly realistic.
After carefully studying the users’ experiences, Blue Goji plans to make the treadmill available to the public in 2019.
58. A VR user’s security is ensured by connecting one to       .
A. the headset    B. the belt    C. the treadmill   D. the machine
59. What is the uniqueness of the virtual reality treadmill?
A. It helps improve people’s health.     B. It makes exercise far more interesting.
C. It cures people of motion sickness.     D. It transports users into the virtual world.
60. What is Mark Sackler’s attitude towards marketing the Infinity treadmill?
A. Supportive.    B. Doubtful.    C. Unconcerned.   D. Objective.
C
Skateboarding is an action sport which includes riding and performing tricks using a skateboard, as well as an activity for fun, an art form, an entertainment industry job, and a method of transportation. In 2016, it was announced that skateboarding will be represented at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan.
There are various theories about the origins of Skateboarding, but it is generally held that the sport began in the 1940s on the west coast of the USA when metal wheels were attached to a narrow wooden board. In the 1950s,plastic replaced metal as the material of choice for the wheels, and the first “Roller Surfboard” become commercially available, which in turn developed into the skateboard that we know today. The sport was a big hit with the younger generation and grew in global popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. Since the late 1990s, skateboarding has become an important part of street culture.
However, skateboarding has raised heated discussions in areas where the activity, although legal (合法的), has damaged stone works, steps, benches, and parks. Certain cities oppose the building of skate parks in their neighborhoods, for fear of increased crime (犯罪) and drugs in the area. The disagreement between the old image of skateboarding and a newer one is quite obvious: magazines such as Thrasher describe skateboarding as dirty, and still firmly tied to punk (朋克), while other publications, Transworld Skateboarding as an example, paint a more different and controlled picture of skateboarding. As more professional skaters use hip hop, or hard rock music in their videos, many urban youths, hip-hop fans and hard rock fans are also drawn to skateboarding, weakening the sport’s punk image. Besides, group spirit influences the members of this community. In presentations of skateboarding, the evidence of crime is absent, and no attempt is made to tie extreme sports to any kind of illegal activity.
The good news is that efforts have been made to improve recognition of the cultural heritage as well as positive effects of skateboarding in cities. By raising £ 790,000, the Long Live Southbank initiative managed to stop the destruction of a forty years old spot in London due to urban planning, a rescuing operation whose effect extends beyond skateboarding. The presence of skateboarders on this public space keeps the area under nearly constant watch and drives homeless people away, increasing the feeling of safety in the area. The activity attracts artists such as photographers and film makers, as well as a significant number of tourists, which in turn drives economic activity in the neighborhood.
61. Which statement about skateboarding is TRUE?
A. It is a newly-added Olympic sport.     B. It has its origins in Europe.
C. It requires a good sense of balance.     D. It has a history of 80 years.
62. The wheels of the first “Roller Surfboard” were made of       .
A. wood     B. metal     C. plastic     D. stone
63. What does the author argue for in paragraph 3?
A. Skateboarding should be banned in public places.
B. Skateboarding is associated with crime and drugs.
C. Skateboarding shouldn’t be tied to illegal activities.
D. Skateboarding has a negative effect on people’s life.
64. How could skateboarding benefit cities according to the last paragraph?
A. Taking care of homeless people.     B. Raising money for urban planning.
C. Keeping track of illegal activities.     D. Promoting economic development.
D
I sit on the stoop (门廊) in front of my friend’s house at the top of a steep hill. And now my friend is late, and I’m stuck here waiting.
I see a man approaching.
“Por favor. Call 911,” the man says. “Finger. Cut.” With his left hand, he is pressing the handkerchief around his right little finger.
“No. Have. Phone,” I say, as if English is also my second language.
“Have phone,” he says, and dips his chin toward his front pants pocket. There, I find a phone, and call 911.
The operator answers, and I say “I’m with this guy, and he cut his finger.”
“Did he cut it off?”
“Did you cut it off?”
“Si.” He sighs.
“Yes. He cut it off.”
“Where is it?” the operator asks.
“Where is it?”
“Upstairs,” he says, pointing with his elbow to the house next door.
“Go get it,” she instructs me.
I follow the man toward the house. Inside, I see a table saw (锯), and the blood spreading across the ceiling, but I don’t see the finger. I lift up each foot and look underneath to be sure I’ve not stepped on it. I’m getting that jumpy, tight-shouldered feeling like when you’ve lost sight of a spider that was on your ceiling a moment ago.
“Do you see it?” I ask him.
He points at his own finger beside the table saw. I grab a paper towel, pinching it carefully, the way you might pick up a harmless but frightening insect.
“We have secured the finger,” I tell the operator.
“Hang tight. The ambulance is on its way.”
We sit on the stoop waiting for the ambulance.
“You’re going to be OK,” I say, putting my free hand on his sawdust-covered back.
“Gracias,” he says.
“De nada. Esta no problem,” I reply in broken Spanish.
It feels good to be able to comfort someone, anyone. For months now, the second my hands would go idle (闲散的), a familiar depression would climb on my back. I have been trying to put on a good face for my kid, but I feel as if I’ve been failing. Could I save myself? I wouldn’t know how. But I am determined to save this man.
Finally the ambulance arrives, picks him up, and they’re off.
Throughout the evening, I can’t stop worrying about the man. I decide to call the hospital.
“Hi! I helped a guy who cut off his finger, and I don’t even know his name, but I’m wondering whether he came to your hospital.”
The nurse says, “His name is Jose Ramos, and he’s waiting for surgery. Would you like to leave a message?”
“No. I don’t want to bother him. I just wanted to be sure he was OK.”
The next morning, I call the hospital again. This time, I’m put through to Jose’s room. “How was the surgery?”
“No surgery,” he says. “No enough blood.”
“Oh, I’m sorry,” I say.
Later that day, I remember that old proverb about how if you save someone’s life, you are responsible for them for the rest of their life, which never made sense to me before. Shouldn’t the person who got saved owe a debt, and not the other way around? But today, I get it. It’s a great honor to help someone in need.
I start keeping a lookout for other people in need of assistance. I help push a stalled car out of the road. I aid a disoriented cyclist when her bike gets clipped by a car. I adopt a dog. Then one day, a month or two after the finger incident, I realize I have completely forgotten to be depressed. I’ve been so busy playing the role of local hero that I have ignored to drag my feet and stare into space and imagine the world without me.
Now, more than a decade has passed since Jose’s accident. Occasionally I search for “Jose” plus “Ramos” plus “finger.” I wish I could see him again, to see how he’s getting on. But more important, to thank him, because when he lost his finger, he saved my life.
65. The man might have been when he had his finger cut off.
A. cleaning and decorating the ceiling     B. cutting vegetable with a table saw
C. cutting the wooden table into pieces     D. making or repairing wooden objects
66. The underlined sentence shows the author felt        at that moment.
A. shocked    B. anxious    C. confused    D. excited
67. What do you know about Jose Ramos?
A. His house is in poor condition.      B. He intends to save the author s life.
C. He owes the author a great deal.     D. His mother tongue might be Spanish.
68. What’s the problem with the author?
A. She finds it hard to be a good mum.     B. She fails to keep in touch with Jose.
C. She suffers from serious depression.     D. She is out of work and under pressure.
69. What helps the author get rid of her problem?
A. Her keeping occupied reaching out to others.
B. Her stopping feeling blue and fighting actively.
C. Jose’s bravery in the face of the failed surgery.
D. Jose’s misfortune to lose his finger by accident.
70. What is the best title for the passage?
A. A helping hand saves a lost finger     B. His finger lost, my life saved
C. Helping others is helping ourselves     D. Roses given, fragrance in hand
第II卷(非选择题,共35分)
第四部分  任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
请阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。
Social media is all about connecting with others. But a new study suggests that too much social media leads to disconnection and loneliness—basically the opposite of what we are led to believe.
The study, Social Media Use and Perceived Social Isolation Among Young Adults in the U.S, which was published on March 6, 2017 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, found that heavy use of platforms such as Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram was associated with feelings of social isolation (孤独) among young adults.
Study co-author Brian Primack and his team from the Center for Research on Media, Technology and Health at the University of Pittsburgh surveyed 1,787 U.S. adults aged 19 to 32 and asked them about their usage of 11 social media platforms (outside of work). They also asked participants questions related to social isolation, such as how often they felt left out. The participants who reported spending the most time on social media---over two hours a day---had twice the possibility of social isolation than those who said they spent a half-hour per day or less on the same sites. Additionally, people who visited social media platforms most frequently (58 visits per week or more) had more than three times the possibility of perceived social isolation than those who visited them fewer than nine times per week.
According to Tom Kersting, psychotherapist and author of Disconnected, the key to understanding these results lies in our understanding of “connections.” “Humans are social-emotional beings, meaning that it is in our DNA to be connected, face-to-face, with other humans,” he told Reader’s Digest. “Although people think being on social media all the time makes them ‘connected’ to others, they are actually ‘disconnected,’ because the more time one spends behind a screen, the less time one spends face-to-face.”
“Part of the issue of loneliness is that the majority of people who use social media aren’t just posting, they are also viewing,” Kersting continued. “They are spending a lot of time looking at everyone else,s posts, where they are, where they are going and what they are doing. Then everyone else’s ‘perfect’ life experiences cause them to have feelings of being left out, of being lonely.”
So what’s the answer? It’s simple, says Kersting—although it does involve a significant amount of will power. “To solve this, what you should do is resist the temptation (诱惑) to look at everyone else’s life. Just focus on your own life, where you’re going, what you are grateful for, and what you want to accomplish in this world. Then go out and do it and stop wasting so much time comparing.” 
How social media use can (71) loneliness
(72)       of the study Contrary to popular belief, heavy users of social media may feel (73)       and lonely.
♦ People who spent over two hours are twice more (74)       to feel socially isolated than those spending a half-hour per day.
♦ People who visited social media platforms most (75)       tend to feel left out in comparison with those who visited them fewer than nine times per week.
Reasons behind the problem ♦ Lost in social media, people (76)       to afford enough time to communicate face-to-face.
♦ People who view others’ posts can be (77)       by others’ seemingly perfect life experiences.
(78)       ♦ It requires a strong (79)       to resist the temptation of social media.
♦ Focus on your own life and stop (80)       your life with others’.
第五部分:书面表达(满分25分)
下图体现了人工智能时代人们的生活方式,请根据你对图片的理解用英语写一篇短文。
 
优点 1.帮助摆脱枯燥无味的工作;
 2.推动科研领域发展;
 3. ……
弊端 1.导致失业;
 2.纵容懒惰;
 3. ……
【写作内容】
(1) 简要描述图片所反映的一种趋势;
(2) 根据上述表格简要分析人工智能的优点和弊端;
(3) 举例说明如何运用人工智能帮助我们学习。
【写作要求】
(1) 作文词数150左右;
(2) 作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。
参考词汇:
人工智能:artificial intelligence (AI)    时代:era
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来源 莲山 课件 w w
w.5 Y k J.cOM
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