2017-2018学年高一英语下学期期末试卷(附答案湖南醴陵四中)

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2017-2018学年高一英语下学期期末试卷(附答案湖南醴陵四中)

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醴陵四中2018年上学期高一年级英语期末考试试卷
(考试时间:120分钟    试卷满分:150分)
第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面五段对话。每段对话后有一小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。   
1. What does the woman order?
  A.Fish.              B. Chicken.            C. Beef.
2. How much money does the man offer the woman?
  A. $100               B. $200                C. $300
3. What will the man do this Sunday?
  A. Go sailing.          B. Go shopping.         C. Visit his sister.
4. What is the woman looking for?
  A. Pepper.             B. Milk.               C. Sugar
5. How many people are there in the man’s family?
  A. Six.               B. Five.                C. Four.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
   听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话读两遍。
听第6段材料.回答第6. 7题。
6. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
 A. The reason the man missed work  
 B. The reason the man was sick.
 C. The man was on vacation..
7. What is the man’s reason for being gone?
 A. He was sick.          B. His wife was sick.  C. He was on vacation.
听第7段材料.回答第8、9题。
8. Where is the woman going?
  A. To a hotel.           B. To a gas station.   C. To a conference center.
9. What does the man say about Trinity Way?
  A. It is a new street.      B. It is closed today.  C. It’s a one-way street.
听第8段材料,回答第I0至12题。
10. Who did the man go to visit for Christmas?
  A. His brother.          B. His uncle         C. His grandparents.
11. What did the woman think of her Christmas?
  A. Great.            B. Just-so-so.           C. terrible.
12. What will the speaker do next?
  A. Water some plants.       B. Attend a class.     C. Learn to ride horses.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. How many notebooks did the boy buy?
   A. Five.                B. Three.             C. Two.  
14. Why does the boy carry two smart phones?
    A. He’s always losing cell phones.
    B. One of them doesn’t work very well.
    C. He stays in touch with different people.
15. When is the boy’s birthday?
   A. In January.            B. In March.        C. In June.
16. How did the boy probably pay for everything?
   A. In cash.              B. By check.       C. With a credit card.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What’s the weather like today in Oregon?
   A. Clear.                B. Cloudy.          C. Windy.
18. Which city had the lowest temperature?
   A. Portland.             B. Ashland.          C. Salem.
19. What will the temperature be tomorrow?
   A. In the 90s.            B. In the 70s.         C. In the 60s.
20. When will a storm likely take place?
   A. Sunday mid-afternoon.   B. Sunday morning.  C. Saturday evening

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
                                  A
China’s hot word, tuhao, may be in Oxford English Dictionary.
In Chinese, tu means rude and hao means rich. In recent years, people use this term to describe those who spend money in an unreasonable way. The word became more popular with Apple’s gold-colored iPhone, which is loved by China’s rich people. The color became known as “tuhao golden”. The word is now often used to refer to people who have money but lack taste.
There are two other Chinese hot words: dama and No Zuo No Die, which may also be taken in the dictionary. Dama, meaning middle-aged women, was first used in the Western media by the Wall Street Journal. Thousands of Chinese women were buying a large amount of gold when the gold price had gone down. Another phrase No Zuo No Die, meaning if you don’t do stupid things, they won’t come back to bite you, is also very popular. Other words, such as Maotai, Chinglish and dim sum have also been included in the dictionary.
BBC World News recently made a special program called “Tuhao, let’s be friends!” “The frequent use of Chinglish by foreign media suggests that foreign people are looking more to the lifestyle and popular culture of China,” says Zhang Yiwu, professor of Beijing University.
What does this trend suggest about the Chinese language’s influence?
Xing Hongbing, a professor from Beijing Language and Culture University (BLCU) said “These show that Chinglish is now being accepted by the rest of the world and they play important roles in daily life of Chinese. Behind these Chinglish words and phrases are the Chinese culture. They are reflections of the changes and trends in the Chinese society and they help people from other countries to understand what’s happening in China.”
21. Which of the following words is NOT a hot Chinglish word?
  A. Dama      B. Karaoke       C. Tuhao      D. Dim sum
22. The word “dama” becomes so popular because ________.
  A. they are wealthy middle-aged women
 B. they bought gold crazily when the price was down
  C. they made the gold price up
  D. they worked on the Wall Street
23. What does the frequent use of Chinglish by foreign media suggest?
  A. Foreigners want to know more about the lifestyle and culture of China.
  B. Foreign people found it funny.
  C. Chinese is one of the most important languages in the world.
  D. Chinese people are very friendly.
B
It’s all about personal peace, which means not only an imaginary space around the body, but also the space around all the senses. People feel that their space is being violated(侵犯) when they meet with an unwelcome sound, smell or look. This is probably why a man on a crowded bus shouting into his mobile phone or a woman next to you putting on strong perfume(香水) makes you feel angry.
Whether people have had a stronger wish to protect their personal space in recent times is hard to say. Yet studies of airlines show that people have a strong desire to have space to themselves. In a survey by Trip Advisor, a travel website, people said that if they had to pay more for some extra service, they would rather have larger seats than extra food.
Although people may need their personal space, some hardly realize it. For example, people on a bus who hold newspapers in front of their faces to read in fact keep a distance from strangers.
Go and watch a library table. You will notice that one of the corner seats will usually be taken first, because they are the farthest way. What if someone sits opposite to you? Maybe you will pile up books as if to make a wall.
    Preference for personal space is different from culture to culture. Scientists have found that Americans generally prefer more personal space than people from other cultures. In Latin cultures, however, people are more comfortable standing close to each other.
24. The writer mainly _________ in this article.
A. tells us how to achieve personal space
B. explains why people need personal space
C. introduces some knowledge about personal space
D. argues for the importance of keeping personal space
25. _______ might feel his personal space is safe according to the passage?
A. A person who has to sit next to a lady putting on strong perfume.
B. A person who has been watched by a stranger for a long time.
C. A person who hears strange noises when reading at home.
D. A Latin boy who is chatting with a friend sitting close to him.
26. What can we know from the survey by Trip Advisor?
A. People need a smaller personal space in recent times than before.
B. People have a strong desire for personal space in recent times.
C. There are not enough seats on the plane to meet people’s needs.
D. Food service is better provided than seats on the plane.
27. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The space around the body is more needed than that around all the senses.
B. If you hold newspapers on the bus, your personal space won’t be violated.
C. People usually choose the corner seats first in a library for personal space.
D. Different cultures share the same preferences for personal space.
C
When Johnnie Martin was in the second grade in high school, one day a psychologist of the school called him into his office.
“Johnnie, I’ve made a very careful study of you. And I feel sorry to have to tell you… Though you have worked very hard, it has not helped. You’re just not fit for it.”
The boy buried his face in his hands, “This will be hard on my parents,” he said. “Their one idea is for me to be a college man.”
The psychologist laid his hand on the boy’s shoulder and said, “People have different kinds of talents. Some day you will find what your special gift is and when you do, you will make your parents very proud of you.”
Johnnie never went back to school. Jobs were scarce in town, but he managed to keep busy mowing the lawns of the householders and puttering in their flowerbeds. Before long he discovered he had an eye for color.
One day while he was downtown, he happened to notice a stretch of unused land behind the city hall. Chance or fate or whatever you may like to call it brought one of the town’s aldermen(市政委员会委员)round the corner just at that moment. The boy said, “I can make a garden out of this dump, if you’ll let me do it.”
“The town’s got no money for it,” said the alderman.
“I don’t want any money for it,” said the boy. “I just want to do it.”
The alderman was shocked to find someone who did not want money. He took Johnnie into an office, and when the young man came out he had the authority to clean up the public eyesore. Before long the old dump became a little beautiful park.
It was also a kind of show window for Johnnie. People saw the result of his skill and knew him as a natural landscape gardener.
That was twenty-five years ago. Today Johnnie is the head of a successful business in landscape gardening. His aging parents are proud of Johnnie, for he is not only a success, but he has also made his part of the world a lovelier place to live in.
28. The psychologist called Johnnie into his office to ________.
A. persuade him to give up schooling                B. help him find out his gift 
C. give him some suggestions on study     D. encourage him to work hard
29. What did Johnnie Martin have a gift for?
A. Drawing.  B. Gardening.       C. Repairing.      D. Engineering. 
30. The underlined part “the public eyesore” refers to ________.
A. the city hall   B. the town    C. the park  D. the dump 
31. What can we infer from the passage?
A. Where there is a will, there is a way.      
B. Gardeners are born and not made.
C. Everyone has something special.     
D. Interest is the key to success. 
D
According to new research from the University of Cambridge in England, sheep are able to recognize human faces from photographs.
The farm animals, who are social and have large brains, were previously known to be able to recognize one another, as well as familiar humans. However, their ability to recognize human faces from photos alone is novel.
The recent study, the results of which were published in the journal Royal Society showed that the woolly creatures could be trained to recognize still images of human faces, including those of former President Barack Obama and actress Emma Watson.
Initially, the sheep were trained to approach certain images by being given food rewards. Later, they were able to recognize the image for which they had been rewarded. The sheep could even recognize images of faces shown at an angle, though their ability to do so declined by about 15 percent – the same rate at which a human’s ability to perform the same task declines.
“Anyone who has spent time working with sheep will know that they are intelligent, individual animals who are able to recognize their handlers,” said Professor Jenny Morton, who led the Cambridge study. “We’ve shown with our study that sheep have advanced face-recognition abilities, comparable with those of humans and monkeys.”
Recognizing faces is one of the most important social skills for human being, and some disorders of the brain, including Huntington’s disease, affect this ability.
“Sheep are long-lived and have brains that are similar in size and complexity to those of some monkeys. That means they can be useful models to help us understand disorders of the brain, such as Huntington’s disease, which develops over a long time and affects cognitive abilities. Our study gives us another way to monitor how these abilities change.” Morton said.
32. According to the new research, what’s unusual about sheep?
A. They have large brains.
B. They can recognize their owners.
C. They can recognize human faces from photograph.
D. They can tell animals from humans.
33. How did the researchers train the sheep?
A. By giving food rewards.
B. By showing photos of humans and monkeys by turns.
C. By guiding them to follow their handlers.
D. By showing photos of famous people.
34. What can be inferred from the passage?
A. Sheep have a higher face-recognition ability than monkeys.
B. The sheep’s face-recognition ability may prevent some disorders of the brain.
C. The sheep’s face-recognition ability says the same when shown photos at any angle.
D. The new discovery is beneficial to the study of cognitive ability changes.
35. What’s the best title of the passage?
A. A Wonderful Scientist.     B. How Sheep Recognize Each Other.
C. A New discovery about Sheep.   D. The Life of Sheep.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
   Do you have the experience of digging out your suitcase, deciding what to bring and being afraid that you’ve forgotten something?    36   . Hope they can transform the way you pack.
Keep a Basket Handy
Do you wait until the last minute to pack? Keep a basket in your bedroom, living room, or bath room that you can use to throw in items you need to pack as you come across them.    37   . Besides, you can just put the contents of the basket into your suitcase if you are in a hurry to leave for the airport.
Buy Wrinkle-free Clothing
You won’t need to worry about carefully packing your items of clothing if they’re made from wrinkle-free materials.   38   . They’ll still look fresh and bright when you are in them at your destination.
Keep Old Packing Lists
Chances are that you end up taking trips that require you to pack similar items. Keep old packing lists from former vacations to the beach, ski resort, and city – that way, you’ll always have a list of at least the basics.    39   . So you don’t need to waste your effort to remember where you left your hand-written packing lists.
Schedule a Packing Time
Time can slip away from you before a trip ---- you may be caught up at work, at home, or be occupied with other responsibilities of daily life.    40   . That way, you will not need to do your packing frantically(狂乱地)from the last minute to 1 o’clock on the day you leave.
A. Buy necessary stuff when you arrive.
B. That’s why I’ve distilled(提炼)the art of packing down to some essential trips.
C. Just roll them up or put them at the bottom of the suitcase.
D. Determine a night well in advance of departure to pack.
E. Rolling your clothes is the best way to save space for the suitcase.
F. The best way to do this is to save them on your computer.
G. This makes you less likely to forget the stuff.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A merchant sent his son to learn the secret of happiness from the wisest of men. The young man __41__ through the desert for forty days until he reached a beautiful castle(城堡) __42__ the sage(圣人) lived.
   When the young man entered the castle, the wise man was talking to his guests, and the young man had to wait for two hours __43__ it was time for him to meet the sage. The sage listened attentively to the reason for the young man's __44__, but told him that he did not have the time to __45__ the secret of happiness. He __46__ that the young man should take a walk around his palace and come back in two hours' time, __47__, giving the young man a teaspoon, into which he __48__ two drops of oil, telling him not to let the oil __49__.
The young man kept his eyes __50__ on the spoon when he was walking around the palace. At the end of two hours, he __51__ to the wise man. The sage was not __52__ with the young man, however, because he had not seen or learned __53__ about the wise man's palace; his only __54__ had been not to spill (洒出) the drops of oil that the wise man had given to him. Then he said to the young man, “Go back and see the __55__ of my world. You can't trust a man if you don't know his house.”
Now at __56__, the young man took the spoon and __57__ again around the palace, this time paying attention to everything. Returning to the sage, he reported __58__ all that he had seen, but the young man had spilled (洒出) the oil that wise man had given him. “Well, that is the only advice I have to give you,” said the sage. “The secret of happiness __59__ in looking at all the wonders of the world and never __60__ the two drops of oil in the spoon.”
41. A. looked     B. wandered    C. imagined      D. climbed
42. A. which         B. that             C. when           D. where
43. A. until          B. as              C. unless           D. though
44. A. belief         B. attention         C. visit            D. theory
45. A. report         B. explain          C. predict          D. announce
46. A. suggested      B. confused        C. agreed           D. repeated
47. A. otherwise      B. so              C. therefore         D. meanwhile
48. A. drank         B. got             C. poured           D. sent
49. A. fall           B. spill            C. cover            D. change
50. A. saw          B. looked          C. caught            D. fixed
51. A. carried        B. arrived          C. returned          D. headed
52. A. confused      B. puzzled          C. worried          D. satisfied
53. A. anything      B. nothing          C. more             D. something
54. A. doubt         B. concern         C. research           D. answer
55. A. jewelry        B. wonders        C. diamonds          D. roofs
56. A. ease          B. loss             C. all               D. sea
57. A. stopped       B. pretended        C. walked           D. picked
58. A. in detail       B. in reality         C. in total           D. in public
59. A. relies         B. remains          C. lays              D. lies
60. A. forgetting     B. separating         C. taking            D. drinking

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5 分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Nowadays,we can find advertisements almost wherever we go. We are so used to them  61________ we often do not even realize how many we see and hear in 62___________day. An advertisement uses words and pictures 63__________(persuade) people to buy a product or service, or to believe 64__________ an idea. There are two main types of advertisements----commercial advertisements 65_____________public service advertisements (PSAs). A commercial advertisement is 66_________someone has paid for to advertise a product or service. PSAs are often run for free, and 67 ____________ (mean) to educate people about health, 68____________ (safe), or any other problem that affects public welfare. When 69_____________comes to advertisements, we must all use our 70____________(intelligent) and not be a slave to them.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
   My name is Lihua, who is Senior 3 student from Xing Guang Middle School. Every day I have to get up on 6:10 am, when much people are still sleeping. I’m busy with my studies because I have a lot of homework to do, which make me feel under great pressure. English is the subject in that I’m interested. When I feel stressing, I’ll turn to my best friend Mike for help. We have been best friend since we are very young. Whenever I’m in trouble, he will cheer him up. Now I’m trying my hard to prepare for the college entrance examination. I hope to be admitted into Zhejiang University.
 书面表达 (满分25分)
     假定你是学生会主席李华,你班班长陈丽将要去“醴陵全域旅游协会”(All-for-one Tourism Association in Liling)应聘一份当志愿者(volunteer)的暑期兼职工作,她想请你给她写一封推荐信,向“醴陵全域旅游协会”推荐她,介绍她的一些个人信息。要点如下:
1. 陈丽的个性特点以及专长。
2. 陈丽平时在校的表现(她的学业表现和获奖情况等)。
注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Chairman,
I am Li Hua, Chen Li’s classmate and also chairman of the Students’ Union. …
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
                                                 Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
 
2018年上学期高一年级英语期末考试
答案

听力:1--5  BCACA  6---10 AACAC   11---15 ABBCC  16---20  CABAC

阅读理解:21—23 BBA   24---27 CDBC  28---31 ABDC  32---35 CADC

七选五 36 – 40 BGCFD

完型填空
41 – 45 BDACB 46 – 50 ADCBD  51 – 55 CDABB 56 – 60 ACADA

短文填空
61.that       62. a    63. to persuade     64. in       65. and
66.what    67. are meant      68. safety    69. it   70. intelligence

改错:
第一句 is后加a    
第二句on 改为at;    much 改为many
第三句 make改为makes
第四句 that改为which  
第五句stressing 改为stressed 
第六句friend 改为friends ;  are改为were    
第七句him改为me    
第八句 hard改为hardest

写作:
Dear Chairman,
I am Li Hua, Chen Li’s classmate and also Chairman of the Students’ Union in our school. I would like to recommend Chen Li to be a volunteer in your All-for-one Tourism Association in Liling.
In my eyes, Chen Li is a friendly and outgoing girl. She often takes an active part in various school activities to enrich her life. Besides, as the monitor in our class, Chen Li has gained rich experience in dealing with people and different situations. What’s more, in terms of academic performance, she is a straight A student. More importantly, she is a native in Liling and very familiar with the history and culture of the scenic spots here.
   With rich social practice experience as well as good communicating abilities, Chen Li is able to work as a volunteer in your association. Therefore, I strongly recommend her to you as I think she is the right person for this position.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

 

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