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w.5 Y K J.Com Section_Ⅴ Grammar
①China’s  first manned spaceship lifted off at 9 a.m. on Wednesday, October 15th, 2003 in Jiuquan, Gansu Province.
②The launch was very successful.
③During the 21­hour space flight, the Shenzhou Ⅴ circled the earth 14 times.
④He was also able to speak with his wife and 8­year­old son.
⑤At 6:23 a.m. on October 16th, Yang Liwei landed in Inner Mongolia safely.
⑥When the spaceship was lifting off, I could really feel the high gravity.
⑦While the spaceship was circling the earth for the sixth time, Yang Liwei spoke with ground control in Gansu.
⑧While he was sleeping, the spaceship circled the earth twice.
⑨The naughty boys were constantly making trouble.
⑩He said that he was coming to see me next week.
(3)例句⑨是过去进行时与always, constantly等副词连用,表示感情色彩。
构成:主语+动词过去式或be (was, were)
(1)表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常与表示过去的时间状语连用,如yesterday, last week/month ..., just now, in 2014, two years ago, a moment ago等。
He bought the computer five years ago.
The boy fell off his bike yesterday.
I had two eggs and a glass of milk for breakfast this morning.
[即时演练1]  用所给词的适当形式填空
①(2015·福建高考改编)To my delight, I was_chosen (choose) from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony.
②(2015·湖南高考改编)I wasn’t able to hide my eagerness when I asked (ask), “What do you wish me to do now?”
③(2015·重庆高考改编)—Is Peter coming?
—No, he changed (change) his mind after a phone call at the last minute.
(2)表示过去一段时间内经常发生的或习惯性的动作。常与often, usually, sometimes等表示频度的副词连用。
When I was in the countryside, I often walked by the riverside.
Her father usually did some housework at home last year.
[名师点津] 表示过去习惯性的动作,也可用used to或would, would比used to更正式,但没有“现在已无此习惯”的含义。
I was once weak at maths and used to doubt my ability to study maths.(2014·山东高考)
When he was in Hangzhou, he would take a walk after work.
[即时演练2] 完成句子
When I was in the countryside, I_often_swam_in_the_river.
He_used_to_smoke_a_lot,_but he doesn’t now.
He got up, washed his face, had his breakfast and went to school by bus.
He said he would buy some presents for me if he went there.
[即时演练3]  用所给词的适当形式填空
①The boy opened his eyes for a moment, looked (look) at the captain, and then died (die).
②Tom was late. He opened (open) the door quietly, moved in and walked (walk) carefully to his seat.
③Tom said he would come if I promised (promise) to wait for him.
④He said when she came (come) he would tell her.
构成:be (was, were)+doing
(1)表示过去某段时间内或某一时刻正在进行的动作。常和时间状语then, at that moment/
time, at this/that time yesterday, at ten ... o’clock yesterday等连用。
I was doing my homework at this time yesterday.
We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.
[即时演练4]  用所给词的适当形式填空
①(2015·湖南高考改编)He must have sensed that I was_looking (look) at him. He suddenly glanced at me and said quietly, “Why are you staring at me like that?”
②(2014·四川高考改编) She was_phoning (phone) someone, so I nodded to her and went away.
③(2013·湖南高考改编)—I don’t understand why you didn’t go to the lecture yesterday afternoon.
—I’m so sorry.But I was_doing (do) my homework.
(2)过去进行时常与always, forever, continually 等副词连用,表示满意、称赞、惊讶、厌恶等感情色彩。
She was always ringing me up when I was in London.
My grandmother was always helping others when she lived here.
(3)过去进行时态表示过去将来,常用于come, go, leave, arrive, start等表示位置移动的词。
He told me he was leaving for Shanghai tomorrow.
(1) 用所给词的适当形式填空
①(2014·重庆高考改编) James has just arrived, but I didn’t know he was_coming (come) until yesterday.
②(2013·大纲卷改编)We were_leaving (leave) very early so we packed the night before.
③(2013·江西高考改编) I was_coming (come) to visit you later that day, but I had to phone and cancel.
Tom was_always_complaining_about his busy job.
Lei Feng was_always_doing_good_deeds for the people.
He drew a picture yesterday afternoon.
He was drawing a picture yesterday afternoon when I visited him.
1.He said he would not go if it rained (rain).
2.In 2000, I went to Zhengzhou and studied (study) there for four years, majoring in history.
3.(2013·安徽高考改编)I’m calling about the apartment you advertised (advertise) the other day. Could you tell me more about it?
4.(2013·山东高考改编)I didn’t think I’d like the movie, but actually it was (be) pretty good.
5.Unfortunately, when I went to the office, the manager was_leaving (leave) for Shanghai, so we had only time for few words.
6.—Have you finished reading Jane Eyre?
—No, I was_doing (do) my homework all day yesterday.
7.We often played (play) together when we were children.
8.When I got on the bus, I realized (realize) I had left my wallet at home.
9.He is always calming (calm) himself down whatever danger he may meet.
10.—Hey, Gary, did Linda see you come in?
—I don’t think so. She was_going (go) over her lessons then.
1.(2015·广东高考读写任务)On the first day of her work, Sally found that a class full of problems was_waiting_for_her (正在等着她).
2.(2015·四川高考满分作文)I_learned_from_your_post (从你的发帖中我了解到) that you want to improve your Mandarin.
3.(2015·浙江高考满分作文)Most_of_my_classmates_wanted_to_go_to_a_park (我们班大部分同学想去公园) while I had an idea of going to a nicer place. I_managed_to_persuade_my_classmates (我设法成功地说服我的同学) into accepting my idea.
4.(2015·广东高考读写任务)Two_boys_were_fighting (两个小男孩正在打架) in the far corner, yet the rest of the class seemed not to notice them.
5.(2015·广东高考读写任务)Finally, she_not_only_earned_their_respect (她不仅赢得了他们的尊敬), but also helped them grow to be well­behaved, confident and considerate.
6.(2014·湖北高考满分作文)I was on my way to the bookstore and was_waiting_for_the_green_light_at_a_crossing (正在十字路口等绿灯) when a girl of about ten was knocked down by a passing car.
①Venus is now eleventh in the world, and her younger sister Serena has moved up to third.
②Finally, in 1991, the sisters and their family moved to a safer area and since then they have never looked back.
③He has always been very strict with his daughters, training them hard to compete against each other.
④They have already expressed a keen interest in working in design after their tennis careers come to an end.
⑤The sisters’ road to success has been amazing.
⑥Since then, she has won Wimbledon and the US Open twice.
⑦Serena has continued to improve and make fantastic progress.
⑧Has tennis ever caused problems between the sisters?
⑨“We have played each other before and it hasn’t worried us yet!”says Venus.
否定式:have/has not+过去分词
I have already finished all the work.
I have not read this book before.
Have you finished your homework?
1.表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的某种影响或结果。常被just, already, yet, so far, never, recently/lately等副词修饰。
Have you heard from your brother recently?
We have already known each other.
[即时演练1]  用所给词的适当形式填空
①(2015·天津高考改编)Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement has_been_reached (reach) so far by the two sides.
②(2014·江苏高考改编)—How much do you know about the Youth Olympic Games to be held in Nanjing?
—Well, the media have_covered (cover) it in a variety of forms.
③(2014·大纲卷改编)The reports went missing in 2012 and nobody has_seen (see) them since.
2.表示发生在过去,从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。常带有for和since以及in the past/last few years, over the past years等表示一段时间的状语。
And I have been a broadcaster in the school’s broadcasting station for years.(2015·四川高考)
Mr. Wang has worked in the factory since he came to the city.
[即时演练2] 用所给词的适当形式填空
①(2015·北京高考改编)In the last few years, China has_made (make) great achievements in environmental protection.
②(2013·北京高考改编)Shakespeare’s play Hamlet has_been_made (make) into at least ten different films over the past years.
③(2013·湖南高考改编)—Have you heard about the recent election?
—Sure, it has_been (be) the only thing on the news for the last three days.
3.表示说话前发生过一次或多次的动作,现在成为一种经验,一般译为“……过”,常带有twice, ever, never, once, before, three times等时间状语。
I have been to Beijing twice.
I have seen the film many times.
[名师点津] have/has been (to)和have/has gone (to)的区别:
have/has been (to)表示“曾经到过某地”,侧重指经历。have/has gone (to)表示某人“已经去某地了”,说话时此人可能在路上或已到那里。
Tom has been to Japan; I have also been there.
Tom has gone to Beijing and he will come back next week.
(1)This/That/It is the first (second, third ...) time that ...“这是第一(二、三……)次……”,that从句用现在完成时。
This is the first time that I have watched stars through a telescope.
(2)“This/That/It is the+最高级+名词+that从句”中,从句用现在完成时。
This is the best film (that) I’ve ever seen.
(3)在“It+has been+一段时间+since ...”句型中,主句常用现在完成时(也可以用一般现在时)。
It is/has been six years since I came here.
[名师点津] 现在完成时的时间状语
(1)现在完成时属于现在时范围,故不能和过去的时间状语连用,如yesterday, last
Sunday, in 1990, three years ago等。
(2)come, arrive, buy等终止性动词不能与since或for等表示“一段时间”的状语连用。若用,必须改为be, have等延续性动词来表述。
The film has been on for ten minutes.
The price of it has gone down, but I wonder if it’ll remain so.
The price of it went down for a long time last year.
现在完成时常与already, yet, just, ever, never, before等副词以及“for+时间段”、 “since+过去时间/从句”等时间状语连用;而一般过去时则常与just now, the other day, in 2011等表示过去时间的状语连用。
She has lived here since two years ago.
She lived here two years ago.
[即时演练3] 用所给词的适当形式填空
①When I was at college, I spoke (speak) three foreign languages, but I have_forgotten (forget) all except a few words of each.
②—I remember you were a talented pianist at college. Can you play the piano for me?
—Sorry, I haven’t_played (not play) the piano for years.
③Tom wrote (write) a letter to his parents last night.
1.(2015·重庆高考改编)In my hometown, there is always a harvest supper for the farmers after all the wheat has_been_cut (cut).
2.His first novel has_received (receive) good reviews since it came (come) out last month.
3.According to the report, the number of people out of work has_increased (increase)  by 10% in the past two years.
4.We haven’t_seen (not see) each other ever since we graduated from high school in 1990.
5.With the help of high technology, more and more new substances (物质) have_been_discovered (discover) in the past years.
6.For many years,  people have_dreamed (dream) of electric cars. However, making them has been more difficult than predicted.
7.It is the second time that I have_made (make) the mistake.
8.(2014·福建高考改编)—Haven’t seen you for ages! Where have you been?
—I went to Ningxia and stayed (stay) there for one year, teaching as a volunteer.
1.(2015·全国卷Ⅱ改编)So my_classmates_and_I_have_decided_to_organize (我和同学们已决定组织) some wonderful singing and dancing performances for them, which will last about 3 hours.
2.(2015·陕西高考改编)I_have_just_learned_from_the_advertisement (我刚刚从广告上获悉) that 20 student volunteers are wanted for the English Culture Festival.
3.(2015·天津高考改编)Our_school_has_decided_to_donate_some_books (我们学校已决定捐赠一些图书) to your Chinese class to enhance the friendship between our two schools.
4.(2015·四川高考改编)I_have_taught_some_foreigners (我教过一些外国人) Mandarin, which makes me have much experience in teaching.
5.(2014·天津高考改编)In the past few years, our_city_has_changed_a_lot (我们的城市发生了很大的变化).
6.(2014·四川高考改编)In the past few months, I’ve_made_good_preparations (我已经做好了充分的准备) and felt pretty confident.
 文章来 源
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