2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 2 Section Ⅳ Lesson 2 &; Lesson 3 — Language Points (有答案)

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2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 2 Section Ⅳ Lesson 2 &; Lesson 3 — Language Points (有答案)

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Section_Ⅳ Lesson_2_&_Lesson_3_—_Language_Points
记得准·写得对 记得快·记得多
1.opinion  n.  意见,看法,主张
2.struggle n.  斗争,拼搏
3.protest n.  抗议
4.march vi.& n.  游行示威;行军
5.brilliant adj.  卓越的,辉煌的
6.keen adj.  强烈的,渴望的
7.awful adj.  (口) 极度的,糟糕的
8.champion n.  冠军
9.event n.  竞赛;事件
10.athlete n.  运动员
1.revolution n.革命→revolutionary adj.革命的
2.found vt.建立,创立→foundation n.建立,创立→founder n.创立者,缔造者
3.personally adv.就自己而言→personal adj.个人的,私人的
4.equal adj.平等的→equally adv.平等地→equality n.平等
5.compete vi.比赛,竞争→competition n.竞争→competitive adj.竞争性的→competitor n.竞争者;对手
6.skil(l)ful adj.灵巧的,熟练的→skill n.技巧
7.useless adj.无用的;差劲的→use n.用途→useful adj.有用的
8.unusual adj.不平常的→usual adj.(反义词)平常的
9.violence n.暴力,暴行→violent adj.野蛮的,暴力的
10.fortunately adv.幸运地→fortunate adj.幸运的
11.amazing adj.令人惊异的→amazed adj.感到惊异的→amazement n.惊讶,惊诧 1.struggle n.斗争,拼搏
[同义] fight n.战斗,斗争
[词块] power/political/class struggle权力/政治/阶级斗争
2.brilliant adj.卓越的,辉煌的
[同义] splendid, magnificent, excellent
3.keen adj.热心的,渴望的;强烈的
[同义] eager adj.热切的,渴望的 anxious adj.渴望的
4.march vi.& n.行军;游行示威
[联想] March n.三月
[词块] go on a march游行示威
5.found vt.建立,创立
[同义] establish vt.建立,创立 set up建立,创立
[联想] find (发现)—found—found
6.compete vi.比赛,竞争
[同义] contest n.比赛,竞争
[比较] complete v.完成
7.useless adj.无用的,无效的;差劲的
[反义] useful adj.有用的
[记法] 后缀­less表示“无”。
[联想] 盘点后缀­less形容词
①homeless无家可归的  ②hopeless无望的
③careless粗心的  ④endless无止境的
⑤harmless无害的  ⑥countless数不清的
8.unusual adj.不平常的
[记法] 前缀un­表示“不”。
[联想] 前缀un­形容词集锦
①unnecessary不必要的  ②unpleasant令人不愉快的
③unfair不公平的  ④unhappy不高兴的
记牢固定短语 多积常用词块
1.fight for ...       为……而斗争/战斗/拼搏
2.come to an end  结束
3.in my opinion  在我看来
4.agree with sb.  同意某人的意见
5.begin with ...  以……开始
6.be full of  充满了 
7.spend ... (in) doing sth.  花时间做某事
8.compete against  和……竞争,与……竞赛
9.look back  回顾,记起,倒退
10.be linked with  与…有关系/关联
11.make a protest against  抗议
12.go to prison  坐牢,入狱 1.fight for the rights of black people  为黑人的权力进行斗争
2.fight against racism  与种族主义作斗争
3.make a famous speech  发表著名的演讲
4.receive a medical degree  获得医学学位
5.win the Nobel Peace Prize  赢得诺贝尔和平奖
6.travel around the world  环游世界
7.move up to third  上升到了第三位
8.at a specific time  在一个特定的时间
9.express an interest in  表现出对……的兴趣
10.make progress  取得进步
11.the road to success  成功之路
12.act in a play  参加一个戏剧表演
先背熟 再悟通 后仿用
1.Jane Goodall has spent nearly forty years studying animals in the national park of Gombe in Tanzania.
珍·古道尔已经花费了近四十年的时间研究坦桑尼亚岗贝国家公园里的动物。 spend ... (in) doing sth.“某人花费……(时间或金钱)做某事。” I spent_too_much_time_watching television yesterday.
2.In a recent interview, Venus spoke about the time when she  and Serena were practising tennis ...
在最近一次采访中,维纳斯说,那时,她和塞丽娜练网球时…… 句中when引导定语从句,修饰先行词the time。 I shall never forget the_happy_days_when we studied together.
3.Finally, in 1991, the sisters and their family moved to a safer area and since then they have never looked back.
终于在1991年,两姐妹及其家人搬到了一个较安全的地区,从此再也没有故地造访过。 since then“从那时起”,常与现在完成时连用。 Since_then,_he has developed another bad habit — smoking.
4.Brandi, the sisters’ mother, taught her daughters at home so that they completed their high school while developing their tennis careers.
妈妈布兰蒂则在家中教两姐妹文化知识,这样才使她们既没有间断网球生涯,又能顺利地完成高中学业。 while developing ...是时间状语从句的省略形式。 He likes doing business so that he runs his own company while_studying_in_college.

1.(教材P24)He led the 1911 revolution and founded the first republic of China.
found vt.建立,创立,创办
be founded on/upon ...=be based on/upon
①Founded in the early 20th century, the school keeps on inspiring children’s love of art.
②As we all know, a good relationship has to be founded on/upon trust.
2.(教材P25)His first victory was to win the equal rights for blacks to sit on buses.
be equal to sb./sth.  等同于……,与……相等/平等
be equal in sth.   在某方面相等/等同
be equal to (doing) sth.   胜任(做)某事
①Women are demanding equal pay for equal work.
②No one is equal to him in courage, about which every one knows.
③I even don’t know a pound is roughly equal to 500 grams, so I’m not equal to doing (do) the job.
equal sb./sth.in ...    在……方面与……匹敌
④None of us can equal her, either in beauty or as a dancer.
without equal    无人可比(的),无与伦比
⑤It is reported that he is a player without_equal.
3.(教材P24)struggle n.斗争,拼搏;努力v.挣扎;奋斗;努力

(1)struggle for         为……而斗争
struggle with/against sb./sth.   与某人/某物作斗争
struggle to do sth.   努力做某事
struggle to one’s feet   挣扎着站起来
(2)with a struggle   费劲地
①Helen Keller became deaf and blind when she was 19 months old, but she never gave up and struggled to lead an active life.
②They had to struggle for their lives against weather and wild animals.
③Her mother has been struggling against/with illness for many years.
4.(教材P25)He went to prison sixteen times for organising protests.
protest n.& v.抗议,反对
protest about/against/at ...
=make a protest against ...  对……提出抗议
without protest   心甘情愿地
under protest   不情愿地,极不乐意地
①Some consumers protested about/against/at the bad service in the shop.
=Some consumers made a protest against the bad service in the shop.
②Ben accepted his punishment without_protest.
③I only signed the document under_protest.
5.(教材P26)useless adj.无用的,无效的;差劲的

It is useless to do sth.It is no use/useless doing sth.  做某事无用
be of use=be useful   有用的
be of no use=be useless   无用的
①It’s useless only speaking without doing.
②The book is of great use, which will help you a lot.
③It’s no use/useless arguing about the question with him, for he won’t change his opinion.
=It’s useless to_argue (argue) about the question with him, for he won’t change his opinion.
6.(教材P26)He has always been very strict with his daughters, training them hard to compete against each other.
compete vi.比赛,竞争
compete in ...    参加……比赛
compete for ...   为……竞争/比赛
compete with/against ...for ...   为争取……而与……对抗/竞争
①Every four years, athletes from all over the world compete in the Olympic Games for the honor of winning.
②Runners from many countries are competing with/against each other for the first gold medal in Olympic Games.
③The two athletes will compete for the gold medal.
7.(教材P26)They have already expressed a keen interest in working in design after their tennis careers come to an end.
①He was so keen on literature that he gave up teaching and took up writing.
be keen for sth.       渴望得到某物
be keen to do sth.be keen on doing sth.   渴望做某事
②He told me that he was keen on helping/to_help those who were in trouble.
③They were quite keen for the information about their missing child.
come to an end结束
put an end to ...=bring ... to an end 使……结束;停止,终结
at the end of   在……结束时;在……的尽头/结尾
by the end of   到……末为止
in the end   最后;终于
①All good things must come to an end.
②They decided to bring the quarrel to an end.
=They decided to put_an_end_to the quarrel.
③At_the_end_of the class, we stood up together and applauded the professor for his wonderful speech.
④He had finished the work by_the_end_of last month.
[名师点津] come to an end是不及物动词短语,不能跟宾语,而put an end to与bring ... to an end均为及物动词短语,后须跟宾语。
8.(教材P24)In my opinion, Dr Sun Yat­sen is very important.
in one’s opinion=in the opinion of sb. 在某人看来
give/express one’s opinion on/about ...
have different opinions about ...  对……有不同的看法/意见
have a good/high opinion of sb./sth.
=think (speak) well/highly of sb./sth.  对某人/某事评价高
have a low/bad opinion of sb./sth.  对某人/某事评价低/差
①In my opinion, we can share information with each other to make a better understanding.(2014·天津高考)
②I didn’t expect to hurt you when I was expressing/giving my opinion on/about what you said.
③People have different opinions about Tom, but I admire him. After all, he is a musician.
④People all over the world have a high opinion of Shanghai World Expo.
[名师点津] “在我看来,就我而言”大荟萃:in my view, as far as I’m concerned, as for me, as far as I can see, as I see it, personally (speaking)等。
9.(教材P25)He made a famous speech there beginning with the words: “I have a dream ...”
begin with ...以……开始
start with ...          以……开始
to start/begin with=first of all   首先;最初
①A thousand journey begins with the first step.
千里之行, 始于足下。
②As far as I’m concerned, it’s vital that we should begin/start_with small things.
③To_begin_with,_we just need to take our books to a fixed place, which is very convenient for the participators.(2015·重庆高考)
10.(教材P26)The sisters’ road to success has been amazing.
amazing adj.令人惊异的
(1)amazed adj.     感到吃惊的(多修饰人)
be amazed at/by ...   对……感到吃惊
be amazed to do ...   对做……感到惊奇
(2)amazement n.   惊愕;惊诧
in amazement   吃惊地
to one’s amazement   令某人大为惊奇的是
①It was amazing that he knew nothing about the event.
②The foreigners are amazed by the amazing achievements that the Chinese have made in socialist construction.(amaze)
③Visitors are often amazed to_discover (discover) how little the town has changed.
④They reacted with sighs of disappointment and stared at Hanna in_amazement.
1.Jane Goodall has spent nearly forty years studying animals in the national park of Gombe in Tanzania.
spend ...(in) doing sth.“某人花……(时间/金钱)做某事”。
①As far as I’m concerned, it’s not wise to spend much time playing with smartphones.(2014·重庆高考写作)
spend ...on sth. 某人在某事/某物方面花费(时间/金钱)
sth. cost(s)+ sb.+ some time/money
It takes (took, will take) sb. some time to do sth.
②—The iPod cost me about 2,000 yuan.
—Well, it was crazy of you to spend so much money on it.
——这个iPod花了我大约2 000元。
③It took me many hours to_persuade (persuade) the poor boy to go to school again.
2. In a recent interview, Venus spoke about the time when she and Serena were practising tennis and they had to run and hide as bullets started flying through the air.
本句中when引导定语从句,修饰先行词the time并在从句中作状语。
(1)when在定语从句中作时间状语,可用“in/at/on/during等介词+ which”转换。一般来说,when代替的先行词是表示时间的名词,如year, month, day等。
①I am looking forward to the day when my daughter can read this book and know my feelings for her.
②We are living in an age when (=in which ) many things are done on computers.
(2)并非一看到句中有表示时间的名词如year, month, day等,就用when来引导定语从句。表示时间的名词如果在从句中作状语,用when引导;如果在句中作主语或宾语时,就用that/which。
③I will never forget the days when (=during_which) we worked on the farm.
④I shall never forget the days (that/which) we spent together by the sea.
3.Finally, in 1991, the sisters and their family moved to a safer area and since then they have never looked back.
句中since then“从那以后”,相当于from then on,是介词短语作时间状语,与现在完成时连用,常位于句首或句末。
①Since then, I have formed the habit of playing basketball with my friends regularly, which helps me to grow stronger and become more confident.(2014·重庆高考写作)

since 的用法:
②I have been there many times since the war.
(2)conj.“自……以后,自……以来”,引导时间状语从句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用现在完成时。常用句型为“It is/has been +时间段+since ...”,此时若从句谓语动词是非延续性的,意为“自从……已有……了”;若从句谓语动词为延续性的,意为“自从不做……已有……了”。
③Ten years has_passed (pass) since I graduated from the university.
④It_is/has_been (be) already three years since he worked in this company, and now he still can’t find a job.
(3)conj.“因为,既然”,相当于now that,引导原因状语从句。
⑤Since you misunderstood Alice, you should say sorry to her.
4.Brandi, the  sisters’  mother, taught her daughters at home so  that they completed their high school while developing their tennis careers.
(1)while developing ...是省略结构,补充完整应为“while they were developing ...”。
①He picked up a wallet while (he was) walking home.
②When_(she_was)_very_young,_she began to learn to play the piano.
③If_(it_is)_possible,_this machine can be changed for a new one.
④No matter how frequently (they are) performed, the works of Beethoven still attract people all over the world.

1.Everyone is struggling for a better life.
2.While (she was) listening (listen) to the radio, she can’t help laughing.
3.We have to wait until the discussion between them comes to an end.
4.Dolly wants to cycle round the world and she is really keen on the idea.
5.Sunday is the only day when I can relax.
6.Germany will compete with/against Spain for the champion tonight.
7.In my (I) opinion, your new coat is not worth so much money.
8.Founded (found) in 1959, our school has been more than 50 years old.
9.It’s useless asking/to_ask (ask) her, because she doesn’t know anything.
10.It is amazing (amaze) that the child can speak five foreign languages.
After a month of training, he became equal_to_the_work.
We have been friends since_we_finished_middle_school.
The meeting will_begin_with_a_speech to welcome the guests.
He usually spends_half_an_hour_finishing his homework.
Students took to the streets to_protest_against_the_decision.
1.They found themselves competing (竞争) with foreign companies for a share of the market.
2.(2014·陕西高考单词拼写)Men and women must be treated equally (平等地) in education and employment.
3.Harvard University, founded (创办) in 1636, is the oldest university in the United States.
4.In big cities, countless young persons are struggling (奋斗,努力) for a better future.
5.All local farmers protested (抗议) against building the airport on their farmland then.
6.I had spent much time on the work but they told me it’s useless (无用的).
7.It’s amazing (令人惊异的) how quickly people can adapt to a new environment.
8.We were late getting to airport, but fortunately (幸运地) our plane was delayed.
9.The daughter is keen (渴望的) to become a musician in the future.
10.Years of practice has made the salesgirl skilful (熟练的) at dealing with the customers.
1.After arriving there, we’ll spend the whole morning visit the exhibition areas.visit→visiting_
2.This website was found by Mr. Smith, which has been popular so far.found→founded
3.Different people have different opinion about safety of food.opinion→opinions
4.This is the first time we had seen a film in the cinema together as a family.had→have
5.Film has a much shorter history, especially when comparing to such art forms as music and painting.comparing→compared
6.The day when she spent with us was never to be forgotten.去掉when或when→that/which
7.The wounded soldier struggled to his foot and kept on moving.foot→feet
8.I was amazing to hear that Chris had won the first prize.amazing→amazed
protest against, to one's amazement, be equal to, in my opinion, struggle to one's feet, be keen on, compete with, to begin with,  in the end, be founded on   
1.His theory is_founded_on facts and experiments.
2.As far as I’m concerned, she is_equal_to supporting the family on her own.
3.Bravely, Mary struggled_to_her_feet,_and fought against the wind and rain beating against her.
4.Many people gathered to protest_against killing animals for food.
5.Life is like a long race where we often compete_with others to go beyond ourselves.
6.In_my_opinion,_it’s important for students to keep the balance between study and social practice.
7.To_begin_with,_he had no money but later he became rich by playing stock in the market.
8.In_the_end,_I decided that I wouldn’t go at all.
9.She likes biology, and is_keen_on physics as well.
10.To_my_amazement,_he was able to recite the whole passage.
Venus and Serena are both tennis champions. They were born in an area ①which was full of drugs and ②violence (violent). In 1991, the sisters and their family moved to a safer area and ③since then they have never looked back.Richard, their father, was strict with them and trained them hard to compete ④against each other. Both sisters ⑤are_studying (study) design at college now . They have already expressed ⑥a keen interest in working in design after their tennis careers ended. The sisters’ road to success has been ⑦amazing (amaze). ⑧It was in 1996 that Venus played in a big event for the first time. Since then, she ⑨has_won (win) Wimbledon and the US Open twice. Has tennis ever caused problems between the sisters? ⑩Fortunately (fortunate), no.
以前我们学校没有足球队。因此许多喜爱(be keen on)足球的学生提出了抗议(protest)。在他们看来(in their opinion),足球队应该尽快被建立(found)。上学期足球终于成立了。从那以后(since then),足球队的成员们一直努力(struggle to)训练他们的技巧以便与其他学校足球队竞争(compete against)。他们一直如此努力(so ... that)的训练以至于他们已经在几个大型比赛中取得了惊人(amazing)的成绩。
One of the best­loved American writers was William Sydney Porter, or O. Henry. From 1893 he lived with his family in a house in Austin, Texas, which is now a museum. Visitors to Austin can see the house. It was saved from destruction (破坏) and turned into a museum in 1934. The museum is a good way to learn about the interesting life of the American writer.
William Porter rented this house in Austin and lived there with his wife Athol and daughter Margaret for about two years. Many objects in the museum came from the Porters. Others did not. An important piece in the room is the original photo over here. It was taken there in the house about 1895. The piano there dates back to the 1860s. His wife took lessons on it when she first moved to Austin.
Porter wasn’t a successful writer in the beginning. He worked on a farm, in a land office and bank. He also loved words and writing. The museum has a special proof (证明) of Porter’s love of language — his dictionary. It is said that he had read every word in that dictionary.
Later William Porter was forced to leave Austin because he was charged (指控) with wrongdoing at the bank and lost his job. Because he was afraid of a trial (审判), he left the country secretly. But he returned because his wife was dying. After her death, he faced the trial and served three and a half years in a prison in Ohio.
William Porter would keep his time in prison a secret. But there was one good thing about it. It provided him with time to write. By the time he was freed, he had published 14 stories and became well­known as O. Henry. Porter later moved to New York City and found great success there. He published over 180 stories in the last eight years of his life.
1.O. Henry’s house in Austin has been well kept so that ________.
A.Americans can study its history
B.more visitors will be attracted to Austin
C.visitors can learn about O. Henry’s life
D.it can show the way of life in the 1860s
解析:选C 细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句“The museum is a good way to learn about the interesting life of the American writer.”可知,欧·亨利的房子被很好地保存下来是为了使游客更好地了解他的生活。
2.Visitors can know that Porter was fond of language by ________.
A.a dictionary he used
B.the records the museum keeps
C.the books he wrote
D.the photo the museum shows
解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第三段的内容可知,欧·亨利喜欢语言,可以从那本存放在博物馆里的词典看出来,据说他读过那本词典中的每个词。
3.From the last paragraph we know that ________.
A.Porter suffered a lot in prison
B.Porter became famous suddenly
C.Porter spent his time in prison writing
D.life in prison provided what Porter could write
解析:选C 推理判断题。到他被释放的时候他已经发表了14篇小说,由此可知他把在监狱中的时间用于写作,故C项正确。
4.What’s the passage mainly about?
A.Great works of O. Henry
B.The life of O. Henry
C.Austin, a place of interest
D.A museum in honor of O. Henry
解析:选B 主旨大意题。本文主要介绍了欧·亨利的一生,故B项正确。
I have never visited Africa, but I __1__ (travel) to South America several times. The last time I __2__ (go) to South America, I visited Brazil and Peru.
In the last hundred years, traveling has become much __3__ (easy) and very comfortable. In the 19th century, it took two or three months __4__ (cross) North America by a covered wagon. The trip was very rough and often __5__ (danger). Things have changed __6__ great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. Now you can fly from New York __7__ Los Angeles in a few hours.
Great changes have taken place in our company. __8__ we first started working here three years ago, the company only had six __9__ (employ). Since then, we __10__ (expand)  our company to more than 2,000 full­time workers.
答案:1.have traveled 2.went 3.easier 4.to cross
5.dangerous 6.a 7.to 8.When 9.employees
10.have expanded

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