1．calm adj. 镇静的，沉着的；
2．character n. 人物；性格
3．spaceship n. 太空船
4．province n. 省
5．astronaut n. 宇航员
6．gravity n. 地心引力
7．rocket n. 火箭
8．atmosphere n. 大气；气氛
9．million num. 百万
10．wave vi. 挥手示意，致意
1．generous adj.慷慨的，大方的→generosity n．慷慨，大方
2．violent adj.猛烈的，暴力的→violence n．暴力
3．peacefully adv.和平地，平静地→peaceful adj.和平的，平静的→peace n．和平，平静
4．flight n．飞行；航班→fly v．飞行
5．explore vt.探测；勘探→exploration n．勘探；探险→explorer n．探险家
6．reporter n．记者，通讯员→report n．& v．报道 1.character n．性格
[同义] personality n．性格，个性
①street街道 ②town城镇 ③county县
[词块] ①academic atmosphere 学术氛围
②festival atmosphere 节日氛围
①hundred百 ②thousand千 ③billion十亿
[反义] mean adj.吝啬的
[同义] journalist n．记者
1.hear of 听说
2．be related to 与……有关
3．lift off (飞机或太空飞行器 )
4．choose from 从……中挑选；
5．separate from 与……分离
6．because of 因为；由于
7．let out 发出；放出
8．millions of 数百万
9．make up 编造；组成；化妆
10．in space 在太空中
11．be famous for 因……而出名
12．be ready to_do sth. 愿意做某事；
13．wave to/at sb. 向某人招手 1.manned spaceship 载人宇宙飞船
2．in the army 在部队
3．soar into the sky 急速升入空中
4．circle the earth 环球飞行
5．ground control 地面控制中心
6．express the wishes of the Chinese people
7．all over China 全中国
8．climb out of the spaceship 爬出宇宙飞船
9．wave to the crowds 向人群挥手致意
10．do research and collect information
11．call an ambulance 打电话叫救护车
12．run out of the house 跑出房子
13．ask as many questions as possible
先背熟 再悟通 后仿用
1.The spaceship, called Shenzhou Ⅴ， was carrying China’s first astronaut, Yang Liwei.
这艘名为“神舟五号”的宇宙飞船载着中国第一位宇航员杨利伟飞向太空。 called Shenzhou Ⅴ为过去分词短语作定语。 The bridge built_in_2015 was designed by a local company.
2.Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations, expressing the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully.
杨利伟在飞船上展示了中国国旗和联合国国旗，表达了中国人民和平开发、利用太空资源的意愿。 expressing the wishes ...为现在分词短语作状语，表示伴随状况。 Many graduates are busy traveling，hoping_to_find_a_satisfactory_job.
3.Millions of people all over China were watching TV when the spaceship landed safely.
飞船安全着陆时，全中国数百万人在观看电视直播。 “be doing ... when正在做……这时……”，when相当于at this/that time。 Last Monday, I was_walking in the street when I suddenly saw an old man fall off his bicycle.
4.Pat was in the bathroom with a hairdryer in her hand when she heard a crash.
帕特正在浴室里手持吹风机，这时她听到了撞击声。 with a hairdryer in her hand为with复合结构，在句中作状语，表示伴随状况。 She came back with_a_letter_in_her_hand.
remain/stay/keep calm 保持镇静
calm (sb./oneself) down (使某人/自己)平静/安静下来
①It is very important to keep calm when an earthquake breaks out.
②It was difficult to calm_her/herself_down,_as she was too excited.
③The nurses tried their best to calm the anxious patient down.
[辨析比较] calm, quiet, silent, still
calm 平静的；沉着的。 指风平浪静或人的情绪平静、镇静
Everything was so ④quiet except that the heavy rain struck the window. Then the mudslide happened, but the frightened people stood there ⑤still,_not knowing what to do. He remained ⑥calm in the face of the danger, and led all the people to a safe place. Later he kept ⑦silent over his heroic deeds.
be generous with sth. 在……方面大方，不吝啬……
be generous in doing sth. 慷慨地/乐于做某事
be generous to sb. 对某人宽容/大方
It’s generous of sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说很慷慨
①I’d like to thank Mary, who’s been very generous with her time.
②Although he was poor, he was quite generous to his needy friends.
③It is generous of you to_lend (lend) your portable computer to me.
[名师点津] generous常与of连用构成不定式的复合结构：It is generous of sb. to do sth.，可用于这一句型的表示人的品质的形容词还有：friendly, silly, clever, foolish, kind, wise等。
3．(教材P21)Scar is a cruel and dangerous character in Lion King.
character n. [C]人物，角色；汉字，字符；[U，C]性格；特性
①I find all the characters in his new play very real.人物
②Hiking by oneself can be fun and good for health. It may also be good for character building.性格
③That kind of characters looks like pictures.汉字
④The whole character of the school has changed.特性
(1)in character 符合……的个性
out of character 不符合……的个性
(2)characteristic n. 特征，特点，品质
⑤Her behaviour last night was completely out_of_character.
⑥Are there any different characteristics between American English and British English?
4．(教材P22)When the spaceship separated from the rocket, I suddenly got a feeling of soaring into the sky because of the zero gravity.
①Taiwan, separated from the mainland by the Taiwan Strait, is not a separate country but part of China.
②The fence separates the garden from the sidewalk.
[辨析比较] divide (...) into, separate (...) from
divide (...) into 表示“分割开”，常指把某个整体划分为若干部分
separate (...) from 表示“分隔开”，指把原来连在一起或靠近的分隔开来
As is known to all, the UK is ③divided_into four parts, and England is ④separated_from France by the English Channel.
5．(教材P23)When Shenzhou Ⅴ let out its parachute, I felt the ship was shaking.
let out 放出；发出(叫喊等)；泄露；放宽，放大(衣服等)
let alone 更不用说；更谈不上
let sb./sth.alone 对某人/某事放任不管
let sb. down 使某人失望
let in 允许进入；容许；许可
①On seeing the wonderful sculpture, everyone present let out a cry of surprise.
②I can tell you the truth, but you must promise not to let out the secret.
③The glass doors have taken the place of the wooden ones at the entrance, letting in the natural light during the day.
④We don’t know their names; let alone make a phone call to them.
⑤Don’t let me down！I’m depending on you to support me.
6．(教材P23) Millions of people all over China were watching TV when the spaceship landed safely.
millions of 数百万
(1)当hundred, thousand, million以及 dozen, score等以复数形式存在时，表示泛指的数量，其后要加of，但前面不能用表示具体数量的词修饰。
①Millions of people in the world are sending information by email every day.
②In the early 1920s, thousands_of people went to Australia to seek their fortune.
(2)当hundred, thousand, million 以及dozen, score等以单数形式存在时，其前常用表示具体数量的词或several, some, many, a few等修饰。
③The three hundred workers on strike were surprised to see that thousands of people were on the street to support them.
④It is reported that several_million people are starving in the world because of the shortage of food.
⑤I bought a few dozen eggs today.
7．(教材P23) Make up an interview and ask as many questions as possible.
①My aunt spent two hours making herself up before attending the ball.化妆，打扮
②They quarreled the other day but they made up soon.和解，和好
③Don’t make up any excuse for your being late again.编造，虚构
④Peasants make up over 80 percent of the population in that developing country.组成，构成
⑤How can we make up for what you have lost？弥补，补偿
make out 辨认出；看出；(勉强)听出
make it 取得成功；准时到达；做到了
make up for 补偿；弥补；补救
be made up of 由……组成
make up one’s mind 下定决心
⑥Caroline doesn’t have a gift for music, but she makes up for it with hard work.(2014·大纲卷)
⑦The medical team made up of two doctors and five nurses has arrived.
1．The spaceship, called Shenzhou Ⅴ，was carrying China’s first astronaut, Yang Liwei.
句中called Shenzhou Ⅴ是过去分词短语作后置定语，修饰spaceship, 相当于定语从句which was called Shenzhou Ⅴ，call与the spaceship之间是动宾关系。
①They finally accepted the proposal put forward (＝which/that was put forward) at the meeting.
②Most of the Artists invited (＝who were invited) to the party were from South America.
③When he looked up, he saw a risen moon (＝a moon that/which had risen) hanging in the sky.
④He didn’t turn up at the meeting held (＝which/that was held) yesterday afternoon.
2．When the spaceship was doing its seventh circle，Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations, expressing the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully.
句中expressing the wishes of the Chinese people ...是现在分词短语在句中作伴随状语。现在分词作状语时，可以表示伴随、原因、结果、时间、条件、让步等，相当于一个状语从句或并列句(表结果或伴随时)。
①My granny sat in the armchair, reading the newspaper.
＝My granny sat in the armchair and read the newspaper.
②Not knowing her address, I can’t write to her.
＝As/Because I don’t know her address, I can’t write to her.
③Seeing_the_old_photos,_I remembered my childhood.
＝When I saw the old photos, I remembered my childhood.
④Working hard, you’ll pass the examination.
＝If you work hard, you’ll pass the examination.
⑤Her husband died, leaving (leave) her three children to look after.
＝Her husband died and left her three children to look after.
⑥Having failed many times, he didn’t lose heart.
＝Although he had failed many times，he didn’t lose heart.
3．Pat was in the bathroom with a hairdryer in her hand when she heard a crash.
with a hairdryer in her hand为with复合结构，其构成为：with＋宾语＋宾补。此结构在句中可作定语，也可作状语，表示伴随、方式、条件、原因等。
①The teacher came in, with a book in his hand.
②In summer, she usually sleeps with_the_windows_open.
③Alice was lying on the bed with her shoes on.
④He lay on the grass with his eyes looking at the sky.
⑤With my homework finished (finish), I gladly accepted her invitation.
⑥With a great many articles to_write (write), he won’t have time to go shopping this morning.
1．She came into the house, carrying (carry) a lot of books.
2．The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog following (follow) them.
3．The workers injured (injure) in the accident are now being taken good care of in the hospital.
4．I have a lot of work to make up since I have been ill for quite a few days.
5．On seeing the sun rising above the surface of the sea, we let out a scream of joy.
6．They are such good friends that they can hardly separate from each other.
7．It’s very generous of you to_offer (offer) to pay for us both.
8．My grandmother sat down and took a few deep breaths to calm down.
1．He called your names, and this_is_out_of_character (这不符合他的个性)．
2．She lit a cigarette to calm_herself/her_down (使自己平静下来)．
3．It_was_generous_of_him_to_lend_me_the_money (他借给我钱真是太大方了) when I was in trouble.
4．With_a_lot_of_work_to_do (由于有很多工作要做), I have no time to go out with you.
5．The Great Wall is such a wellknown tourist attraction that millions_of_people (数百万人) pour in every year.
1．As to his character (性格), he is usually easygoing, but sometimes very serious.
2．Our class is made up of 50 lively boys and girls, who are warm and generous (大方的) and ready to offer help.
3．His dream of becoming an astronaut (宇航员) has come true.
4．They are now holding talks in a friendly atmosphere (气氛) in the meeting room.
5．We won’t leave the earth easily because of the gravity (地心引力) of the earth.
6．How amazing it is that astronauts are exploring (探索)outer space!
7．Flight (航班) 284 was delayed because of the bad weather.
8．Teenagers are not allowed to watch violent (暴力的)movies.
9．My mother waved (挥手) to me to say goodbye at the station, which made me burst into tears.
10．Although she wore a pair of sunglasses, she was recognized by the media reporters (记者)．
1．With the population increased rapidly, there is a great need to find new resources. increased→increasing
2．He has played football regularly for many years when he was young.去掉has
3．My cousin came to see me from the countryside, brought me a full basket of fresh fruits.brought→bringing_
4．After years of fighting the people longed for peace. They all want to live peaceful and happily. peaceful→peacefully
5．As far as I’m concerned, the meeting held now is very important.held前加being
6．The bridge was built two years ago is the second longest in Shanghai. 去掉was或was前加which(that)
7．They have reached an agreement that we will never use violent whatever happens.violent→violence
8．The local government brought in five millions dollars last year to develop the economy.millions→million
make up for， let out， lift off， calm down， hear of， because of， millions of， be famous for
1．When she saw him, she let_out a cry of horror.
2．The doctor tried his best to make the mad girl calm_down.
3．I am trying to make_up_for the time I lost while I was sick.
4．He couldn’t take part in the final exam because_of his serious illness.
5．When I turned on TV, I happened to see the rocket lifting_off.
6．I often hear_of him, but I’ve never seen him.
7．The woman writer is_famous_for her romantic love stories.
8．Millions_of books have been written about young people in the United States.
China’s first manned spaceship lifted ①off in Jiuquan, Gansu Province. The spaceship, ②called_ (call) Shenzhou Ⅴ， carried China’s first astronaut, Yang Liwei who started training for his space ③flight (fly) in 1998.
Yang said when the spaceship separated ④from the rocket he got a feeling of soaring into the sky because of the zero gravity. When the spaceship was doing its ⑤seventh (seven) circle, Yang showed the flags of China and the United Nations, ⑥expressing (express) the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space ⑦peacefully (peace)．
As Yang returned into the earth’s atmosphere, helicopters were flying to ⑧where he would land, ready to collect him. When Yang climbed out of ⑨the spaceship, he smiled and waved to the crowds. He said he ⑩thought (think) 21 hours was too short to stay in space.
I returned to work after our first child was born. After I returned to work, my husband and I __1__ a chore chart. We shared the tasks evenly: my husband did the cooking and grocery shopping, and even though I __2__ cleaning and laundry, those tasks fell to me. Our division of labour was a(n) __3__ arrangement that stayed in place until the day I __4__ my job to become a stayathome mom after our second child was born.
Last week, I found myself __5__ cleaning the house at 2：00 pm in my pyjamas (睡衣). I was angry at my __6__ for leaving their sticky and empty bowls on the table. I was angry at my husband for leaving his __7__ beside the laundry basket. I was even angry at the dog for running all over the house. But most of all, I was angry at myself __8__ I hadn’t seen any of this coming in order.
That night, when my husband came home, the house was clean and __9__ was on the table. But I was __10__ angry. My husband and I don’t fight often, but we fought at table that night. I __11__ and complained that it wasn’t __12__.
“How long have you felt like this？” he asked me, visibly __13__.
“It feels like years! Couldn’t you __14__？” I replied.
“You know, you could have just told me about your __15__，” he said. “But it’s not likely that I can __16__ the office in the middle of the day to do laundry.” And he was __17__.
Is it fair that I do 90 percent of the cooking and cleaning? It may not seem that way in a modern society that __18__ equality between the sexes in all aspects of life. But with the kids in school fulltime and only parttime work to keep me busy, the bulk of the household chores fall on me. I may hate being a __19__， but I do love being home for my kids when they __20__ me.
解析：选D 根据下文“We shared the tasks evenly”可知，作者跟丈夫“制定”了一个家务分配表。
解析：选C 根据even though可知这里是指虽然作者“讨厌”做清洁工作和洗衣服，这些任务还是分配给了她。
解析：选C 根据下文“that stayed in place until the day”可知，这个计划一直在实施，说明这是一个“完美的”安排。
解析：选D 根据下文“to become a stayathome mom”可知，作者“辞掉”了工作。
解析：选B 根据下文提到的“I was angry”可知，作者当时在非常“生气地”打扫卫生。
解析：选B 根据下文“beside the laundry basket”可知，此处答案应为B项。
解析：选C “I hadn’t seen any of this coming in order”是作者最生自己气的“原因”。
解析：选D 根据“on the table”以及后面的“we fought at table that night”可知，“晚餐”准备好了。
解析：选A 根据“How long have you felt like this？”可知，作者不知道妻子有这种想法，故他看起来很“惊讶”。
解析：选B 根据“It feels like years！”可知，这样已经很久了，而作者的丈夫并不知道，故作者问他“难道你不’知道’吗”，tell在这里意为“知道”。
When my parents told me that we will go to Wuhan for a holiday by air, I really felt a little nervous. After all, it was my first time ever to take a plane. We get on the plane after checking in. Everything was so very strange to me that I didn’t dare to touch anything. So my nervousness didn’t last long due to the help of the hostesses. With their patient explanations, I soon got familiar to the environment. Thing went smoothly and I was enjoying the flight when suddenly we were warned to fasten the seat belt for the coming strong air flow. I became scaring at the news, but they turned out to be a small incident during the whole journey. The plane soon became steady and we landed safe at Wuhan Tianhe Airport one hour ago.