2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 2 Section Ⅱ Warm-up &; Lesson 1 — Language Points(含答案)

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2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 2 Section Ⅱ Warm-up &; Lesson 1 — Language Points(含答案)

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Section_Ⅱ Warm­up_&_Lesson_1_—__Language_Points
 
一、这样记单词
记得准·写得对 记得快·记得多
Ⅰ.基础词汇
1.calm adj.    镇静的,沉着的;
平静的,无风的
2.character n.      人物;性格
3.spaceship n.     太空船
4.province n.      省
5.astronaut n.      宇航员
6.gravity n.       地心引力
7.rocket n.       火箭
8.atmosphere n.   大气;气氛
9.million num.    百万
10.wave vi.      挥手示意,致意
Ⅱ.拓展词汇
1.generous adj.慷慨的,大方的→generosity n.慷慨,大方
2.violent adj.猛烈的,暴力的→violence n.暴力
3.peacefully adv.和平地,平静地→peaceful adj.和平的,平静的→peace n.和平,平静
4.flight n.飞行;航班→fly v.飞行
5.explore vt.探测;勘探→exploration n.勘探;探险→explorer n.探险家
6.reporter n.记者,通讯员→report n.& v.报道 1.character n.性格
[同义] personality n.性格,个性
2.province n.省
[联想] 各级行政单位大全
①street街道  ②town城镇  ③county县
④country国家  ⑤state州
3.atmosphere n.大气;气氛
[词块] ①academic atmosphere 学术氛围
②festival atmosphere 节日氛围
4.million num.百万
[联想] 数量单位小结
①hundred百  ②thousand千  ③billion十亿
④dozen十二个  ⑤score二十个
5.generous adj.慷慨的,大方的
[反义] mean adj.吝啬的
[联想] 性格形容词荟萃
①gentle温和的   ②easy­going随和的
③outgoing外向的  ④frank直率的
⑤lively活泼的  ⑥warm­hearted热心肠的
6.reporter n.记者
[同义] journalist n.记者
二、这样记短语
记牢固定短语 多积常用词块
1.hear of          听说
2.be related to      与……有关
3.lift off           (飞机或太空飞行器 )
起飞,升空,发射
4.choose from      从……中挑选;
从……中选择
5.separate from     与……分离
6.because of       因为;由于
7.let out          发出;放出
8.millions of      数百万
9.make up        编造;组成;化妆
10.in space       在太空中
11.be famous for  因……而出名
12.be ready to_do sth. 愿意做某事;
准备做某事
13.wave to/at sb.  向某人招手 1.manned spaceship   载人宇宙飞船
2.in the army        在部队
3.soar into the sky    急速升入空中
4.circle the earth     环球飞行
5.ground control     地面控制中心
6.express the wishes of the Chinese people
                  表达了中国人民的意愿
7.all over China      全中国
8.climb out of the spaceship  爬出宇宙飞船
9.wave to the crowds  向人群挥手致意
10.do research and collect information
                     做调研和收集信息
11.call an ambulance  打电话叫救护车
12.run out of the house 跑出房子
13.ask as many questions as possible
 问尽可能多的一些问题
三、这样记句式
先背熟 再悟通 后仿用
1.The spaceship, called Shenzhou Ⅴ, was carrying China’s first astronaut, Yang Liwei.
这艘名为“神舟五号”的宇宙飞船载着中国第一位宇航员杨利伟飞向太空。 called Shenzhou Ⅴ为过去分词短语作定语。 The bridge built_in_2015 was designed by a local company.
2015年建造的这座大桥是由一家当地公司设计的。
2.Yang Liwei  showed the flags of China and the United Nations, expressing the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully.
杨利伟在飞船上展示了中国国旗和联合国国旗,表达了中国人民和平开发、利用太空资源的意愿。 expressing the wishes ...为现在分词短语作状语,表示伴随状况。 Many graduates are busy traveling,hoping_to_find_a_satisfactory_job.
许多毕业生们忙着四处奔波,希望能够找到一份令人满意的工作。
3.Millions of people all over China were watching TV when the spaceship landed safely.
飞船安全着陆时,全中国数百万人在观看电视直播。 “be doing ... when正在做……这时……”,when相当于at this/that time。 Last Monday, I was_walking in the street when I suddenly saw an old man fall off his bicycle.
上周一,我正在街上散步,这时突然看到一位老人从自行车上摔了下来。
4.Pat was in the bathroom with a hairdryer in her hand when she heard a crash.
帕特正在浴室里手持吹风机,这时她听到了撞击声。 with a hairdryer in her hand为with复合结构,在句中作状语,表示伴随状况。 She came back with_a_letter_in_her_hand.
她手里拿着一封信回来了。

 
 
1.(教材P21)calm adj.平静的;镇静的,沉着的
vt.& vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定

remain/stay/keep calm     保持镇静
calm (sb./oneself) down   (使某人/自己)平静/安静下来
①It is very important to keep calm when an earthquake breaks out.
当地震突然发生时,保持镇静很重要。
②It was difficult to calm_her/herself_down,_as she was too excited.
要使她镇静下来是很困难的,因为她太激动了。
③The nurses tried their best to calm the anxious patient down.
护士们竭力使那个焦虑的病人平静下来。
[辨析比较] calm, quiet, silent, still
calm 平静的;沉着的。 指风平浪静或人的情绪平静、镇静
quiet 宁静的;寂静的。指没有声音、不吵闹或心里没有烦恼
silent 寂静的;沉默的。指不说话或没有声音
still 静止的;不动的。指人或物体静止不动

选用上述单词填空
Everything was so ④quiet except that the heavy rain struck the window. Then the mudslide happened, but the frightened people stood there ⑤still,_not knowing what to do. He remained ⑥calm in the face of the danger, and led all the people to a safe place. Later he kept ⑦silent over his heroic deeds.
除了大雨敲打着窗户,一切那么安静。然后,发生了泥石流,但是受惊的人们站着不动,不知道做什么。在危险面前,他保持镇静并带领所有人到了一个安全的地方。后来,他对自己的英勇事迹保持沉默。
2.(教材P21)generous adj.慷慨的,大方的;宽厚的;大量的

be generous with sth.  在……方面大方,不吝啬……
be generous in doing sth.   慷慨地/乐于做某事
be generous to sb.   对某人宽容/大方
It’s generous of sb. to do sth.   做某事对某人来说很慷慨
①I’d like to thank Mary, who’s been very generous with her time.
我想感谢玛丽,她非常慷慨的投入了大量的时间。
②Although he was poor, he was quite generous to his needy friends.
他虽穷,但对贫苦的朋友很慷慨。
③It is generous of you to_lend (lend) your portable computer to me.
你把便携式电脑借给我,你真是太大方了。
[名师点津] generous常与of连用构成不定式的复合结构:It is generous of sb. to do sth.,可用于这一句型的表示人的品质的形容词还有:friendly, silly, clever, foolish, kind, wise等。
3.(教材P21)Scar is a cruel and dangerous character in Lion King.
在《狮子王》中,刀疤是个残忍危险的角色。
character n. [C]人物,角色;汉字,字符;[U,C]性格;特性
写出下列句中character的含义
①I find all the characters in his new play very real.人物
②Hiking by oneself can be fun and good for health. It may also be good for character building.性格
③That kind of characters looks like pictures.汉字
④The whole character of the school has changed.特性
(1)in character     符合……的个性
out of character   不符合……的个性
(2)characteristic n.   特征,特点,品质
     adj.   独特的,典型的
⑤Her behaviour last night was completely out_of_character.
她昨晚的举止与她的个性截然不符。
⑥Are there any different characteristics between American English and British English?
美式英语和英式英语有什么不同特征码?
4.(教材P22)When the spaceship separated from the rocket, I suddenly got a feeling of soaring into the sky because of the zero gravity.
宇宙飞船与火箭分离时,由于地心引力的消失,我突然有一种急速升空的感觉。
separate from与……分离
①Taiwan, separated from the mainland by the Taiwan Strait, is not a separate country but part of China.
台湾被台湾海峡与大陆分隔开,它并不是独立的国家而是中国的一部分。
②The fence separates the garden from the sidewalk.
栅栏隔开了花园和人行道。
[辨析比较] divide (...) into, separate (...) from
 
divide (...) into 表示“分割开”,常指把某个整体划分为若干部分
 
separate (...) from 表示“分隔开”,指把原来连在一起或靠近的分隔开来
选用上述短语填空
As is known to all, the UK is ③divided_into four parts, and England is ④separated_from France by the English Channel.
所周知,联合王国被分为四部分,英格兰被英吉利海峡同法国隔开。
5.(教材P23)When Shenzhou Ⅴ let out its parachute, I felt the ship was shaking.
神舟五号释放降落伞时,我感到飞船在颤动。
let out 放出;发出(叫喊等);泄露;放宽,放大(衣服等)
let alone      更不用说;更谈不上
let sb./sth.alone   对某人/某事放任不管
let sb. down   使某人失望
let in   允许进入;容许;许可
①On seeing the wonderful sculpture, everyone present let out a cry of surprise.
一看到那精美的雕塑,在场的每个人都发出了惊叹声。
②I can tell you the truth, but you must promise not to let out the secret.
我可以告诉你事实真相,但是你得保证不要把这个秘密泄露出去。
③The glass doors have taken the place of the wooden ones at the entrance, letting in the natural light during the day.
入口处的玻璃门已取代了木门,在白天好让自然光照进来。
④We don’t know their names; let alone make a phone call to them.
我们连他们的名字都不知道,更别提打电话给他们了。
⑤Don’t let me down!I’m depending on you to support me.
不要让我失望,我还指望你支持我呢。
6.(教材P23) Millions of people all over China were watching TV when the spaceship landed safely.
飞船安全着陆时,全中国数百万人在观看电视直播。
millions of 数百万
 (1)当hundred, thousand, million以及 dozen, score等以复数形式存在时,表示泛指的数量,其后要加of,但前面不能用表示具体数量的词修饰。
①Millions of people in the world are sending information by e­mail every day.
每天,世界上有数百万人通过电子邮件发送信息。
②In the early 1920s, thousands_of people went to Australia to seek their fortune.
20世纪20年代初期,成千上万的人到澳大利亚寻找发财机会。
(2)当hundred, thousand, million 以及dozen, score等以单数形式存在时,其前常用表示具体数量的词或several, some, many, a few等修饰。
③The three hundred workers on strike were surprised to see that thousands of people were on the street to support them.
举行罢工的三百工人惊奇地发现大街上有数千人支持他们。
④It is reported that several_million people are starving in the world because of the shortage of food.
据报道,世界上有几百万人因为食品缺乏而挨饿。
⑤I bought a few dozen eggs today.
我今天买了好几十个鸡蛋。
7.(教材P23) Make up an interview and ask as many questions as possible.
虚构一次采访,问尽量多的问题。
make up弥补,补偿;虚构,编造;化妆,打扮;组成,构成;和解,和好
写出下列句中make up的含义
①My aunt spent two hours making herself up before attending the ball.化妆,打扮
②They quarreled the other day but they made up soon.和解,和好
③Don’t make up any excuse for your being late again.编造,虚构
④Peasants make up over 80 percent of the population in that developing country.组成,构成
⑤How can we make up for what you have lost?弥补,补偿
make out        辨认出;看出;(勉强)听出
make it   取得成功;准时到达;做到了
make up for   补偿;弥补;补救
be made up of   由……组成
make up one’s mind   下定决心
⑥Caroline doesn’t have a gift for music, but she makes up for it with hard work.(2014·大纲卷)
卡罗琳没有音乐天赋,但她用努力学习弥补了她的不足。
⑦The medical team made up of two doctors and five nurses has arrived.
由两位大夫和五位护士组成的医疗队已经到达。
 
1.The spaceship, called Shenzhou Ⅴ,was carrying China’s first astronaut, Yang Liwei.
这艘名为“神舟五号”的宇宙飞船载着中国第一位宇航员杨利伟飞向太空。
句中called Shenzhou Ⅴ是过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰spaceship, 相当于定语从句which was called Shenzhou Ⅴ,call与the spaceship之间是动宾关系。
①They finally accepted the proposal put forward (=which/that was put forward) at the meeting.
他们最终接受了会上提出的建议。
过去分词作定语的用法:
(1)位置:单个过去分词作定语时,通常放在被修饰词之前;过去分词短语作定语时,通常放在被修饰词之后。
(2)时态/语态特点:及物动词的过去分词可表示被动和动作已完成;不及物动词的过去分词只表示动作已完成,不表被动。
(3)扩展性:过去分词短语作后置定语时常可扩展成定语从句。
②Most of the Artists invited (=who were invited) to the party were from South America.
被邀请参加聚会的大部分艺术家来自南美。
③When he looked up, he saw a risen moon (=a moon that/which had risen) hanging in the sky.
当他抬头向上看时,他看见一轮升起的明月挂在天空中。
④He didn’t turn up at the meeting held (=which/that was held) yesterday afternoon.
他没有出现在昨天下午举行的会议上。
2.When the spaceship was doing its seventh circle,Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations, expressing the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully.
宇宙飞船飞到第七圈时,杨利伟在飞船上展示了中国国旗和联合国国旗,表达了中国人民和平开发、利用太空资源的意愿。
句中expressing the wishes of the Chinese people ...是现在分词短语在句中作伴随状语。现在分词作状语时,可以表示伴随、原因、结果、时间、条件、让步等,相当于一个状语从句或并列句(表结果或伴随时)。
①My granny sat in the armchair, reading the newspaper.
=My granny sat in the armchair and read the newspaper.
我奶奶坐在扶手椅上读报纸。(表伴随情况)
②Not knowing her address, I can’t write to her. 
=As/Because I don’t know her address, I can’t write to her.
由于不知道她的地址,所以我没给她写信。(表原因)
③Seeing_the_old_photos,_I remembered my childhood.
=When I saw the old photos, I remembered my childhood.
看到这些老照片时,我想起了我的童年。(表时间)
④Working hard, you’ll pass the examination.
=If you work hard, you’ll pass the examination.
如果努力学习,你就会通过考试。(表条件)
⑤Her husband died, leaving (leave) her three children to look after.
=Her husband died and left her three children to look after. 
她丈夫去世了,给她留下三个需要照顾的孩子。(表结果)
⑥Having failed many times, he didn’t lose heart.
=Although he had failed many times,he didn’t lose heart.
尽管失败多次,但他仍不气馁。(表让步)
3.Pat was in the bathroom with a hairdryer in her hand when she heard a crash.
帕特正在浴室里手持吹风机,这时她听到了撞击声。
with a hairdryer in her hand为with复合结构,其构成为:with+宾语+宾补。此结构在句中可作定语,也可作状语,表示伴随、方式、条件、原因等。
with复合结构的具体构成形式:
with+名词/代词+宾补介词短语形容词/副词/名词现在分词(表示主动和动作正在进行)过去分词(表示被动或动作已完成)不定式(表示动作将要发生)
①The teacher came in, with a book in his hand.
老师进来了,手里拿着一本书。
②In summer, she usually sleeps with_the_windows_open.
夏天,她通常开着窗户睡觉。
③Alice was lying on the bed with her shoes on.
艾丽斯穿着鞋子躺在床上。
④He lay on the grass with his eyes looking at the sky.
他躺在草地上,眼望天空。
⑤With my homework finished (finish), I gladly accepted her invitation.
作业完成了,我欣然接受了她的邀请。
⑥With a great many articles to_write (write), he won’t have time to go shopping this morning.
他有那么多文章要写,今天早上将没有时间去买东西了。
 
 
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.She came into the house, carrying (carry) a lot of books.
2.The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog following (follow) them.
3.The workers injured (injure) in the accident are now being taken good care of in the hospital.
4.I have a lot of work to make up since I have been ill for quite a few days.
5.On seeing the sun rising above the surface of the sea, we let out a scream of joy.
6.They are such good friends that they can hardly separate from each other. 
7.It’s very generous of you to_offer (offer) to pay for us both.
8.My grandmother sat down and took a few deep breaths to calm down.
Ⅱ.完成句子
1.He called your names, and this_is_out_of_character (这不符合他的个性).
2.She lit a cigarette to calm_herself/her_down (使自己平静下来).
3.It_was_generous_of_him_to_lend_me_the_money (他借给我钱真是太大方了) when I was in trouble.
4.With_a_lot_of_work_to_do (由于有很多工作要做), I have no time to go out with you.
5.The Great Wall is such a well­known tourist attraction that millions_of_people (数百万人) pour in every year.
 
一、全练语言点,基稳才能楼高
Ⅰ.单词拼写
1.As to his character (性格), he is usually easy­going, but sometimes very serious.
2.Our class is made up of 50 lively boys and girls, who are warm and generous (大方的) and ready to offer help.
3.His dream of becoming an astronaut (宇航员) has come true.
4.They are now holding talks in a friendly atmosphere (气氛) in the meeting room.
5.We won’t leave the earth easily because of the gravity (地心引力) of the earth.
6.How amazing it is that astronauts are exploring (探索)outer space!
7.Flight (航班) 284 was delayed because of the bad weather.
8.Teenagers are not allowed to watch violent (暴力的)movies.
9.My mother waved (挥手) to me to say goodbye at the station, which made me burst into tears.
10.Although she wore a pair of sunglasses, she was recognized by the media reporters (记者).
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.With the population increased rapidly, there is a great need to find new resources. increased→increasing
2.He has played football regularly for many years when he was young.去掉has
3.My cousin came to see me from the countryside, brought me a full basket of fresh fruits.brought→bringing_
4.After years of fighting the people longed for peace. They all want to live peaceful and happily. peaceful→peacefully
5.As far as I’m concerned, the meeting held now is very important.held前加being
6.The bridge was built two years ago is the second longest in Shanghai. 去掉was或was前加which(that)
7.They have reached an agreement that we will never use violent whatever happens.violent→violence
8.The local government brought in five millions dollars last year to develop the economy.millions→million
Ⅲ.选词填空
make up for, let out, lift off, calm down, hear of, because of, millions of, be famous for
1.When she saw him, she let_out a cry of horror.
2.The doctor tried his best to make the mad girl calm_down.
3.I am trying to make_up_for the time I lost while I was sick.
4.He couldn’t take part in the final exam because_of his serious illness.
5.When I turned on TV, I happened to see the rocket lifting_off.
6.I often hear_of him, but I’ve never seen him.
7.The woman writer is_famous_for her romantic love stories.
8.Millions_of books have been written about young people in the United States.

Ⅳ.课文语法填空
China’s first manned spaceship lifted ①off in Jiuquan, Gansu Province. The spaceship, ②called_ (call) Shenzhou Ⅴ, carried China’s first astronaut, Yang Liwei who started training for his space ③flight (fly) in 1998.
Yang said when the spaceship separated ④from the rocket he got a feeling of soaring into the sky because of the zero gravity. When the spaceship was doing its ⑤seventh (seven) circle, Yang showed the flags of China and the United Nations, ⑥expressing (express) the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space ⑦peacefully (peace).
As Yang returned into the earth’s atmosphere,  helicopters were flying to ⑧where he would land, ready to collect him. When Yang climbed out of ⑨the spaceship, he smiled and waved to the crowds. He said he ⑩thought (think) 21 hours was too short to stay in space.
Ⅴ.串点成篇微表达
昨天,我们参加了一个由宇航员(astronaut)作的关于太空船飞行(flight)的讲座。他说载人飞船的发射表明我们会和平地(peacefully)开发(explore)太空。飞船在太空中顺利完成了任务。当回归地球时,飞船穿越大气层(atmosphere),放开降落伞,后来安全着陆。数百万(millions of)等待的群众和记者发出欢呼,并向镇定的(calm)宇航员挥手(wave)。
Yesterday_we_attended_a_lecture_on_the_flight_of_spaceship_by_an_astronaut._He_said_the_launch_of_manned_spaceship_showed_that_we_would_peacefully_explore_the_space._All_the_tasks_were_finished_successfully._When_returning_to_the_earth,_the_spaceship_passed_through_the_atmosphere,_let_out_its_parachute_and_afterwards_landed_safely._Millions_of_people_and_reporters_waiting_for_it_cheered_and_waved_to_the_calm_astronaut.
二、勤练高考题型,多练自能生巧
Ⅰ.完形填空
I returned to work after our first child was born. After I returned to work, my husband and I __1__ a chore chart. We shared the tasks evenly: my husband did the cooking and grocery shopping, and even though I __2__ cleaning and laundry, those tasks fell to me. Our division of labour was a(n) __3__ arrangement that stayed in place until the day I __4__ my job to become a stay­at­home mom after our second child was born.
Last week, I found myself __5__ cleaning the house at 2:00 pm in my pyjamas (睡衣). I was angry at my __6__ for leaving  their sticky and empty bowls on the table. I was angry at my husband for leaving his __7__ beside the laundry basket. I was even angry at the dog for running all over the house. But most of all, I was angry at myself __8__ I hadn’t seen any of this coming in order.
That night, when my husband came home, the house was clean and __9__ was on the table. But I was __10__ angry. My husband and I don’t fight often, but we fought at table that night. I __11__ and complained that it wasn’t __12__.
“How long have you felt like this?” he asked me, visibly __13__.
“It feels like years! Couldn’t you __14__?” I replied.
“You know, you could have just told me about your __15__,” he said. “But it’s not likely that I can __16__ the office in the middle of the day to do laundry.” And he was __17__.
Is it fair that I do 90 percent of the cooking and cleaning? It may not seem that way in a modern society that __18__ equality between the sexes in all aspects of life. But with the kids in school full­time and only part­time work to keep me busy, the bulk of the household chores fall on me. I may hate being a __19__, but I do love being home for my kids when they __20__ me.
语篇解读:作者是一位家庭主妇,虽然家务繁重,但她喜欢那种在家里被孩子需要的
感觉。
1.A.compared          B.observed
C.replaced   D.created
解析:选D 根据下文“We shared the tasks evenly”可知,作者跟丈夫“制定”了一个家务分配表。
2.A.kept   B.suggested
C.hated   D.considered
解析:选C 根据even though可知这里是指虽然作者“讨厌”做清洁工作和洗衣服,这些任务还是分配给了她。
3.A.interesting   B.difficult
C.perfect   D.annoying
解析:选C 根据下文“that stayed in place until the day”可知,这个计划一直在实施,说明这是一个“完美的”安排。
4.A.found   B.lost
C.changed   D.quit
解析:选D 根据下文“to become a stay­at­home mom”可知,作者“辞掉”了工作。
5.A.sleepily   B.angrily
C.hopefully   D.excitedly
解析:选B 根据下文提到的“I was angry”可知,作者当时在非常“生气地”打扫卫生。
6.A.kids   B.neighbors
C.parents   D.pets
解析:选A 根据上下文语境及内容可知选A项最合适。
7.A.pen   B.towel
C.paper   D.bowl
解析:选B 根据下文“beside the laundry basket”可知,此处答案应为B项。
8.A.though   B.if
C.because   D.unless
解析:选C “I hadn’t seen any of this coming in order”是作者最生自己气的“原因”。
9.A.coffee   B.cake
C.breakfast   D.dinner
解析:选D 根据“on the table”以及后面的“we fought at table that night”可知,“晚餐”准备好了。
10.A.usually   B.hardly
C.even   D.still
解析:选D 根据上文作者生气的语境以及But可知,作者当时“仍然”在生气。
11.A.sang   B.laughed
C.cried   D.left
解析:选C 根据作者当时生气以及complained的语境可知她在跟丈夫“哭诉”。
12.A.lovely   B.fair
C.funny   D.boring
解析:选B 作者在向丈夫哭诉,这说明她觉得自己要在家里干那么多家务不“公平”。
13.A.shocked   B.silent
C.kind   D.disappointed
解析:选A 根据“How long have you felt like this?”可知,作者不知道妻子有这种想法,故他看起来很“惊讶”。
14.A.prove   B.tell
C.remember   D.explain
解析:选B 根据“It feels like years!”可知,这样已经很久了,而作者的丈夫并不知道,故作者问他“难道你不’知道’吗”,tell在这里意为“知道”。
15.A.injury   B.desire
C.unhappiness   D.concern
解析:选C 作者觉得自己受了很多委屈,故她丈夫说她本应该告诉他有关她的“委屈”。
16.A.manage   B.hold
C.take   D.leave
解析:选D 作者的丈夫在公司上班,故他不能中途就“离开”办公室去洗衣服。
17.A.dishonest   B.strange
C.right   D.busy
解析:选C 作者认为她丈夫说的是“对的”。
18.A.checks   B.demands
C.rejects   D.shows
解析:选B 现在社会“要求”两性在各方面都要平等。
19.A.housewife   B.teacher
C.wife   D.mother
解析:选A 作者是一位家庭主妇,故这里是指她讨厌做“家庭主妇”。
20.A.feed   B.help
C.find   D.need
解析:选D 作者虽然讨厌做家庭主妇,但她喜欢在家里被孩子们“需要”的感觉。
Ⅱ.短文改错
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
When my parents told me that we will go to Wuhan for a holiday by air, I really felt a little nervous. After all, it was my first time ever to take a plane. We get on the plane after checking in. Everything was so very strange to me that I didn’t dare to touch anything. So my nervousness didn’t last long due to the help of the hostesses. With their patient explanations, I soon got familiar to the environment. Thing went smoothly and I was enjoying the flight when suddenly we were warned to fasten the seat belt for the coming strong air flow. I became scaring at the news, but they turned out to be a small incident during the whole journey. The plane soon became steady and we landed safe at Wuhan Tianhe Airport one hour ago.
答案:第一句:will→would
第三句:get→got
第四句:去掉very
第五句:So→But
第六句:to→with
第七句:Thing→Things
第八句:scaring→scared; they→it
第九句:safe→safely; ago→later

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