2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 1 课时跟踪练(一) Warm up &; Lesson 1— Prereading (有答案)

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2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 1 课时跟踪练(一) Warm up &; Lesson 1— Prereading (有答案)

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课时跟踪练(一) Warm up & Lesson 1— Pre reading
Most of us lead unhealthy lives; we spend far too much sitting down. If in addition we are careless about our diets, our bodies soon become loose and fatty and our systems slow moving.There are some aspects (方面) of our unhealthy lives that we cannot avoid. I am thinking of such features of modern city life as pollution, noise, rushed meals and stress. But keeping fit is a way to reduce the effects of these evils. The usual suggestion to a person who is looking for a way to keep fit is to take up some sport or other. While it is true that every weekend you will find people playing football and hockey in the local park, they are outnumbered a hundred to one by the people who are simply watching them.
For those who do not particularly enjoy competitive sports — and it is especially difficult to do so if you are not good at them — there are such separate activities as cycling, walking, jogging and swimming. What often happens though is that you do them in such a leisurely way, so slowly, that it is doubtful if you are doing yourself much good, except for the fact that you have at least managed to get up out of your armchair.
Even after you have found a way for keeping in shape,through sport or gymnastics, you are still only half way to good health, because, according to the experts, you must also master the art of complete mental and physical relaxation (放松).It has to do with deep breathing, emptying your mind of all thoughts, meditation, and so on. Yoga, as practiced in the West, is the most widely known and popular of the systems for achieving the necessary state of relaxation. It seems ironical(讽刺性的), though, that as our lives have improved in a material sense we have found it increasingly necessary to go back to forms of activity — physical effort on the one hand and relaxation on the other — which were the natural way of life of our forefathers.
1.Pollution, noise and stress are examples of________.
A.causes of unfitness
B.bad features of living in towns
C.the things we can completely do away with
D.unavoidable things in a town
解析:选B 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“There are some aspects (方面) of our unhealthy lives that we cannot avoid. I am thinking of ... noise, rushed meals and stress.”可知pollution, noise, stress是生活在城市一些不健康的、不太好的方面。
2.To be healthy we must ________.
A.keep fit and active
B.keep fit and learn to relax
C.be active and practise Yoga
D.have a sound mind
解析:选B 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“you must also master the art of complete mental and physical relaxation”等处可知,光锻炼是不够的,还要注意心理保健。健康包括生理的和心理的(锻炼和心理放松)两个方面。故B项最佳。
3.Our forefathers were healthy because________.
A.their way of life closely connected with both exercise and relaxation
B.they were careful to get plenty of fresh air
C.they spent most of the time out of doors
D.their environment was not polluted
解析:选A 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的 “... physical effort on the one hand and relaxation on the other — which were the natural way of life of our forefathers.”可知,我们祖先的生活方式很健康,是因为他们的生活方式与锻炼和放松密切相关。
4.What would be the best title for the text?
A.How to Keep Fit
B.How to Learn to Relax
C.How to Live a Healthy Life
D.How to Practise Yoga
解析:选C 标题归纳题。根据全文可概括出。
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term “couch potato” first appeared in print in a December 1979 edition of the Los Angeles Times. Since then, it has become a familiar term for a person who spends a lot of time sitting, and little time exercising. Although there does not seem to be any particular reason why the term “couch potato” is used rather than “couch tomato”, a person may become a “couch potato” because living this way is said to make you round like a potato. The term is also said to have something to do with the connection of potatoes with high­calorie (卡路里) food like potato chips.
People now would say “couch potato” whenever they talk about overweight and obesity (肥胖). Indeed, “couch potatoes” are believed to risk heart disease, which can be avoided by regular exercise.
It is true that technology and modern life in general make us sick, fat, lazy and physically/mentally soft. The more time people spend using technology, particularly televisions and computers, the less time they will spend being physically active.
“Couch potato” kids are a particular concern. Media reports repeatedly claim that children today are fatter than their elder generations, but less athletically skilled, less interested in physical activity and more addicted (上瘾的) to “junk food” and technology such as televisions and computers. The message is clear:today’s children are fat because they are lazy and eat too much.Moreover, because technology is becoming more sophisticated (复杂的), children are less able to resist (抵抗,忍得住) technology’s attraction, and are more likely to spend more time using technology, less time doing physical activity and, therefore, more likely to be fat.
语篇解读:本文主要介绍了“couch potato”的由来、危害及预防。
5.The first paragraph is mainly talking about________.
A.why “couch potato” is used as a term for a person
B.when “couch potato” is used as a term for a person
C.how “couch potato” is different from “couch tomato”
D.what kind of person looks like a potato
解析:选A 主题大意题 。第一段主要是谈论couch potato的由来,即它用来指某一类人的原因。
6.The development of technology also makes us sick because________by using technology.
A.we are more likely to risk heart disease in modern life
B.we spend less time doing exercise
C.we needn’t do many things by ourselves any more
D.we spend all our time watching TV and playing computer games
解析:选B 细节理解题。从第三段最后一句可知,我们运用高科技的时间越多,锻炼的时间就变得越少。
7.It’s kids’ ________that people are particularly concerned about.
A.food         B.study
C.health   D.hobby
解析:选C 细节理解题。最后一段的第一句“’Couch potato’ kids are a particular concern”及下文可知,“Couch potato” kids 指的是那些肥胖的孩子,而“肥胖”是关系健康的问题。
8.According to the passage, the author may suggest that ________.
A.scientists should stop their research into technology
B.parents should take better care of their children
C.kids should be stopped from using new technology
D.people should spend less time using technology

解析:选D 推理判断题。从短文中我们可以得知,科技的发展使人们把更多的时间用在了看电视、玩电脑上而大大减少了锻炼的时间,造成了couch potato之类的问题,所以作者可能是在建议人们在看电视、玩电脑上少花点时间。
The clock struck eleven at night. The whole house was quiet. Everyone was in bed except me. Under the strong light, I looked sad before a huge pile of that troublesome stuff they call “books”.I was going to have my examination the next day. “When can I go to bed ?” I asked myself. I didn’t answer. In fact I dared not.
The clock struck twelve. “Oh, dear!” I cried. “Ten more books to read before I can go to bed !” We pupils are the most wretched (不幸的) creatures in the world. Dad does not agree with me on this.He did not have to work so hard when he was a boy.
The clock struck one. I was quite hopeless now. I forgot all I had learned. I was too tired to go on. I did the only thing I could. I prayed, “Oh God, please help me pass the exam tomorrow. I do promise to work hard afterwards, Amen.” My eyes were so heavy that I could hardly open them. A few minutes later, with my head on the desk, I fell asleep.
9.When the author was going over his lessons, all the others in the house were ________.
A.asleep   B.working in bed
C.outside   D.quietly laughing at him
解析:选A 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“Everyone was in bed except me.(所有人除了我之外都在床上。)”可知,当作者在复习功课时,屋子里的其他人在睡觉。故选A。
10.Reviewing his lessons that night didn’t help him because________.
A.it was too late at night
B.he was very tired
C.his eyelids were so heavy that he couldn’t keep them open
D.he hadn’t studied hard before the examination
解析:选D 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“I do promise to work hard afterwards”可知,临考试之前再复习功课显然来不及了,因为他以前没用功,所以他祈祷让他通过考试,答应以后会努力学习。故选D。
11.The best title for the passage would be ________.
A.The Night before the Examination
B.Working Far into the Night
C.A Slow Student
D.Going over My Lessons
解析:选A 标题归纳题。根据描述可知,时间发生在考试前,作者想通过挑灯夜战达到通过考试的目的。故选 A项(考试前一晚)最形象、贴切。
Kids’ health:Four steps for fighting stress
Everybody gets stressed from time to time.__1__Some ways of dealing with stress — like screaming or hitting someone — don’t solve (解决) much. But other ways, like talking to someone you trust, can lead you to  solving your problem or at least feeling better.
Try taking these four steps the next time you are stressed:
(1)Get support.When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk to a trusted adult, such as a parent or other relatives.__2__They might have had similar problems,such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet.
(2)Don’t take it out on yourself.Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they take it out on themselves. Oh, dear, that’s not a good idea. Remember that there are always people to help you. Don’t take it out on yourself.__3__
(3)Try to solve the problem.After you’re calm and you have support from adults and friends, it’s time to get down to business.__4__Even if you can’t solve it all, you can solve a piece of it.
(4)Be positive.Most stress is temporary (暂时的). Remember stress does go away, especially when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it.
These steps aren’t magic, but they do work. And if you can stay positive as you make your way through a tough time, you’ll help yourself feel better even faster.__5__
A.Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situation.
B.Notice your friends’ feelings and find a way to help them.
C.Different people feel stress in different ways.
D.Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone.
E.You need to figure out what the problem is.
F.And don’t forget about your friends.
G.Then, find a way to calm down.
答案:1~5 CFAED

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