2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 1 课时跟踪练(四) Lesson 4 (含答案)

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2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 1 课时跟踪练(四) Lesson 4 (含答案)

文 章来源 莲
山 课 件 w w w.
5Y k J. c oM

课时跟踪练(四) Lesson 4
1.She works as an accountant (会计师) in a big company and she deals with figures all day long.
2.The bus is so crowded (拥挤的) that there is no room to stand.
3.His sickness (疾病) made him stay in hospital for four weeks!
4.After the accident, the driver was sent to a nearby (附近的) hospital at once.
5.Right now Tom is studying Chinese by distance (远程) learning.
6.He was having a meeting, otherwise (否则) he would have come over to help us.
7.I heard on the TV that day that there was a forecast (预报) for rain the next day.
8.Surprisingly, the man died of lung (肺) cancer, but he never smoked.
1.Church bells rang in the distance;  the sound could be easily heard at a distance of two miles.
2.It’s not as hard as I thought.
3.I met my old friend by chance while shopping there.
4.What struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son.
5.The doctor thought it would be good for you to have a good rest.
6.As a matter of fact, all the boys are not interested in playing (play) football.
7.Dave is such a smart boy that we all like to play with him.
8.Jim’s very fond of telling other people what to do.
far away from, be fond of, set free, play with, take a chance, make sure of, crowd in, in the distance
1.The factory where his father works is far_away_from my hometown.
2.When traveling in Yunnan Province, visitors always see mountains covered by white snow in_the_distance.
3.He was_fond_of drawing when he was a child.
4.He is just taking_a_chance to walk on such a thin rope now.
5.She tried to sleep,  but too many thoughts crowded_in on her.
6.He said he had done it, but we couldn’t make_sure_of it.
7.All the war prisoners have been set_free.
8.After he had finished the homework, the boy went out to play_with his little fellows.
Debbie is an accountant in a large company in London. She often travels to work ①by tube. Usually, it is so ②crowded (crowd) that she can’t find anywhere to sit. She often spends all morning ③checking (check) numbers. For lunch she often gets a sandwich ④in a nearby sandwich shop. She often attends dance classes and goes to the gym in order to get enough exercise. At the weekend she sometimes drives to the countryside with her friends ⑤if the weather forecast is good. Debbie and her friends like to go walking ⑥where there are no shops, crowds or the tube. And the fresh air is so good for her lungs.She loves it.
Paul lives in a small village in the north of England. He lives and works ⑦on the farm. ⑧There are many things to do on the farm all day. He works hard to make sure the cows, sheep, pigs and chickens on his farm are free of ⑨sickness (sick). In the evening he likes to play with his children. Now he ⑩is_studying (study) Chinese by distance learning. When Paul and his family are in London he likes to buy a few cigars. Unfortunately, his wife isn’t as fond of ⑪them as he is.His children love to ride on London’s red buses and they ⑫especially (especial) love to go on the tube!
大学毕业(graduate)之后,我的表妹露茜没有回自己的家乡,也没在附近的(nearby)城市工作,而是选择了远离(far away from)家乡的大都市上海就职。换句话说,她的工作地点和她的家乡有很长的一段距离(distance)。因此,她很可能(chances are that)不会经常回去看望自己的父母。最令她感到难过的是(what makes her upset most),每年春节都不能和她父母一起度过。但她真的很喜欢(be fond of)这份工作,要不然(otherwise)她也不会一直待在这个拥挤的(crowded)城市里。
After_graduating_from_University,_my_cousin,_Lucy,didn’ t_go_back_to_
her_hometown or_worked_in_the_nearby_cities._She_chose_to_work_in_Shanghai
_which_is_far_away_from_her_hometown._In_other_words,_there_is_a_long_distance_between_her_workplace_and_hometown.So_chances_are_that_she_can’ t_visit_her_parents
_very_ often. _What_ makes_her_upset_mostis_that_she_can’ t_return_to_spend_Spring
_Festival_with_her_parents_every_year.She_is_really fond_of_her_job,_otherwise_
The Town of Pressure and the Town of Pleasure were neighbors but had nothing in common. Residents built walls to__1__ influence from the other town.
In Pressure, __2__ struggled to be the very best. When women gave birth, they would __3__ to have the baby with the loudest cry. There was violent competition in every aspect of life. Because __4__ was the index (指数) of success, people were __5__ busy making money, with __6__ for relaxation. Some young people couldn’t bear the intensity (强度) and resorted to drink or drugs to escape.
__7__, in Pleasure, the motto was “As long as you like it, do it.” People grew up without __8__ and __9__ do anything they liked. Children played computer games day and night. At school, teachers didn’t __10__ whether students showed up or not. Workers might sit around __11__ sipping coffee and doing nothing. __12__ the lack of regulations, nobody worried about losing their jobs. It was __13__ that mattered. No one had the __14__ thought of moving forward, either for themselves or for the town. The computers they used were the __15__ models from Pressure. Some of the young were addicted to __16__ because of the meaninglessness of their lives.
Then, people in the two towns began asking themselves, “What is __17__ for?” But, just before life in the two towns completely __18__, there came a saint — Mr Reason. He went from door to door, talking with people and giving advice. People in Pressure learnt to be __19__ with what they had, while people in Pleasure began to make plans. They __20__ the walls between them and built a road to connect the two towns. The towns’ people came to realise the truth — there is no space between Pressure and Pleasure if they don’t go to extremes.
1.A.connect         B.keep
C.keep out   D.prevent
解析:选C 居民们在两个小镇之间建起了墙以阻挡来自另一个小镇的影响。connect表示“连接”,与文意不符,可排除。注意此处的from并非固定短语keep ... from ...或prevent ... from ... 中的from,据此可排除B、D两项。keep out指“把……挡在外面”,符合语境。
2.A.everyone   B.anyone
C.nobody   D.somebody
解析:选A 从下文“There was violent competition in every aspect of life.”及所举的例子可以看出,竞争无处不在,人人都参与竞争。
3.A.have   B.like
C.compete   D.try
解析:选C 单从搭配来看,四个选项均可与动词不定式结构搭配。但考虑语境可发现,这里的动词不定式表目的,排除A、B两项。因为这是一个处处充满竞争的小镇,所以女人们生孩子时也“竞争谁的孩子哭声最大”,故排除try。
4.A.health   B.joy
C.children   D.wealth
解析:选D 从下文的“busy making money”可推断出,这个镇上的人们以财富的多少作为衡量成功的标准。
5.A.seldom   B.always
C.hardly   D.sometimes
解析:选B 从下文“Some young people couldn’t bear the intensity ...”来看,人们总是忙于挣钱。always“总是”,与语意相符。seldom“很少”;hardly“几乎不”;sometimes“有时”。
6.A.much time   B.no reason
C.many reasons   D.no time
解析:选D 从上文的描述可知,人们总是忙于挣钱,没有时间放松。
7.A.Meanwhile   B.Otherwise
C.Therefore   D.Besides
解析:选A meanwhile“与此同时”;otherwise“否则的话”;therefore“因此”;besides“而且,此外”。文章描述的是同一时期两个小镇的不同状态,根据上下文语境应选A项。
8.A.pleasure   B.pressure
C.work   D.happiness
解析:选B 从下文的描述可以看出,与Pressure小镇不同,Pleasure小镇是个完全没有压力的小镇。
9.A.must   B.need
C.could   D.dare
解析:选C 此处表示“人们可以做任何他们想做的事情”。could“可以,能够”。
10.A.know   B.find
C.recognise   D.care
解析:选D 在学校,老师们不在乎学生来不来上学。care“关心,在乎”。
11.A.in the morning   B.in the evening
C.all day long   D.in the afternoon
解析:选C 本段是描述Pleasure小镇人人慵懒散漫的样子。工人们可能整天闲坐着喝咖啡,什么也不做。all day long意为“一整天”。
12.A.Thanks to   B.Regardless of
C.Owe to   D.According to

解析:选A 从下文来看,他们不担心失去工作是由于没有规章制度。thanks to“由于,幸亏”,符合语境。regardless of“不管,不顾”;according to“根据”;owe to无法表示“由于”,应使用owing to。
13.A.money   B.time
C.pleasure   D.stress
解析:选C 这句话使用了强调句型。matter在此处作动词,指“要紧,有关系”。对Pleasure小镇上的人来说,快乐(pleasure)是最重要的。
14.A.strongest   B.slightest
C.most   D.smallest
解析:选B 从上文的描述及下文来看,Pleasure小镇上的人只注重追求快乐,全然没有一点儿要求进步的想法。strongest“最强大的”;slightest“最少量的”;most“最多的”;smallest“最小的”。
15.A.old   B.new
C.best   D.same
解析:选A Pleasure小镇上的人没有上进心,所以,按照逻辑来推断,他们所用的电脑应该是Pressure小镇的人淘汰下来的。
16.A.books   B.work
C.money   D.drugs
解析:选D be addicted to“对……上瘾”。通过上文的描述可以判断,Pleasure小镇的人不愿工作,不愿读书,不爱赚钱,据此可排除前三个选项。有些年轻人因为感觉生活没有意义而染上吸毒的恶习。
17.A.pressure   B.life
C.pleasure   D.money
解析:选B 上文描述的是两个小镇的人截然相反的生活方式。结合下一句话中出现的life一词可确定本题的答案。
18.A.improved   B.failed
C.succeeded   D.lived
解析:选B 从上文看,两个小镇的年轻人或游走在崩溃的边缘,或生活很茫然,几近失败。本句中的“But”标志着语意的转折。句意应理解为:但是,就在两个小镇的生活完全失败之前,一位名叫“理智”的圣人来到这里。
19.A.content   B.surprised
C.patient   D.angry
解析:选A be content with“对……感到满意”;be surprised with“对……感到吃惊”;be patient with“对……有耐心”;be angry with“因……而生气”。结合前文的描述,此处应理解为“Pressure小镇的人开始学着对自己所拥有的东西感到满足”,由此确定应选A项。
20.A.took up   B.put down
C.pulled down   D.set up
解析:选C 两个小镇的人们决定取长补短,因此应是拆除(pull down)两镇之间的墙。take up“占据”;put down“放下,写下”;set up“建立,设立”。
One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __1__ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, __2__ some of them looked very anxious and __3__ (disappoint). When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next __4__ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike __5__ (catch) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused __6__ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept __7__ (ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked, “__8__ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh dear! It’s __9__ (I).” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully. Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done, and the crowd of strangers __10__ (sudden) became friendly to one another.
答案:1.being 2.and 3.disappointed 4.to 5.caught 6.to stop 7.riding 8.Did 9.me/mine 10.suddenly

文 章来源 莲
山 课 件 w w w.
5Y k J. c oM



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