2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 1 课时跟踪练(三) Lesson 2 &; Lesson 3 (带答案)

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2017-2018北师大版必修1英语Unit 1 课时跟踪练(三) Lesson 2 &; Lesson 3 (带答案)

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课时跟踪练(三) Lesson 2 & Lesson 3
一、全练语言点,基稳才能楼高
Ⅰ.单词拼写
1.Studying abroad can be stressful (压力的), because you have to worry about adjusting to a new culture at the same time.
2.My father promised me a car after my graduation (毕业).
3.Experts (专家们) point out that fruit juices can be harmful to children’s teeth.
4.I must congratulate you on the excellent design (设计) of the new bridge.
5.I’m tired of the endless advertisements (广告) on TV.
6.During the summer holiday, college students are encouraged to take part in social (社会的) activities.
7.The volunteers (志愿者们) made a suggestion to people present at the meeting that we should take some measures to protect wildlife.
8.Also, to improve our English and get more students interested in English, I intend to organise (组织) some activities at school.
9.These days, I can’t fall asleep because the coming final exam is putting great pressure (压力) on me.
10.She needs a high income to support (供养) such a large family.
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.Nowadays many children prefer surfing  the Internet at home to take exercise outdoors.take→taking
2.Honestly speaking, I am not used to get up early.get→getting
3.I can’t stand work with Jane in the same office. She just refuses to stop talking while she works.work→working
4.When I got home, I found my brother played the piano.played→playing
5.Mary is 5 kilos thinner than before. That’s to say, she reduced her weight to 5 kilos.第二个to→by
6.All the people in the world hope to live a peacefully life.peacefully→peaceful
7.We won’t go out for a walk unless it rains.unless→if
8.It is so challenged a job that I can’t finish it on my own.challenged→challenging
Ⅲ.选词填空
on a diet, by design, suffer from, meet the challenge, in support of, pay attention to, stand for, under the stress of, take place, used to

1.I’m on_a_diet and I only have some fruits for supper.
2.In_support_of his sister, he sold his only house to pay the school fee.
3.The old man thought I stepped on his foot by_design.
4.Her health broke down under_the_stress_of work.
5.As is known to us, the letters PLA stand_for the People’s Liberation Army.
6.Schools must meet_the_challenge of new technology.
7.It is likely that you will suffer_from bad health if you keep smoking.
8.Everyone should pay_attention_to protecting his own eyesight.
9.Great changes have_taken_place in the school over the past three years, which deeply impresses me.
10.I used_to go to work by bike, but now I go to work by car.
Ⅳ.串点成篇微表达
根据最新的调查发现,很多夫妇宁愿 (prefer to) 只要一个小孩而不愿 (rather than) 再生一个。当被问及原因时,他们解释说他们无法忍受 (can’t stand) 抚养另一个孩子的花费。另外,来自工作上的巨大压力 (stress/pressure)使得他们无法抽出时间更多地关注 (pay more attention to) 二孩的教育。再者,他们发现找到一个可靠的人来照看孩子很难 (find it difficult to ...)。因此,愿意生育二孩的夫妇数量比专家们先前预计的将减少 (reduce by) 50%。
According_to_the_latest_survey,_a_number_of_couples_prefer_to_have_a_single_child_rather_than_give_birth_to_a_second_child._When_asked_the_reasons,_they_explained_they_couldn’ t_stand_the_expense_of_raising_another_child._ Besides,_with_much
_stress/pressure_from_work,_they_couldn’ t_spare_time_to_pay_more_attention
_to_the_education_of_a_second_child.What’ s_more,_they_find_it_hard_to_find_a
_reliable_person_to_look_after_the_new­born_baby. So_the_number_of_couples_who_are_
willing_to_give_birth_to_a_second_child_will_reduce_by_50%_compared_with_the_
experts’_previous_prediction.
二、勤练高考题型,多练自能生巧
Ⅰ.阅读理解
The Healthy Habits Survey (调查) shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.
1.How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?
·Finding:A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.
·Step:Remove the 300 types of bacteria (细菌) in your mouth each morning with a battery­operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.
2.How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?
·Finding:Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day — half of the number doctors recommend.
·Step:We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day — often inviting germs (病菌) to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.
3.How often do you think about fighting germs?
·Finding:Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.
·Step:Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge (海绵) that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

语篇解读:本文为说明文。文章介绍的是一个对美国老年人进行的健康习惯的调查结果以及专家给出的对策。
1.What is found out about American seniors?
A.Most of them have good habits.
B.Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week.
C.All of them are fighting germs better than expected.
D.About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day.
解析:选D 细节理解题。根据第一个问题下Finding的内容“A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.”可知D项正确。
2.Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands ________.
A.twice a day      B.three times a day
C.four times a day   D.eight times a day
解析:选D 推理判断题。根据wash their hands可锁定第二个问题下的内容,根据“And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day — half of the number doctors recommend.”可知,每天洗手四次只是医生建议的一半,由此可推知,医生建议的次数是每天8次。故选D项。
3.Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?
A.We should keep from touching our faces.
B.There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.
C.A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.
D.We should wash our hands before touching a door handle.
解析:选C 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge (海绵) that can carry more germs than anything else?”可知C项正确。
4.The text probably comes from ________.
A.a guide book      B.a popular magazine
C.a book review   D.an official document
解析:选B 推理判断题。本文显然不是书评(a book review),也不是官方文件(an official document)。A项有较强的干扰性,但本文主要是面向公众的科学知识普及,而不是生活指南,故选B项。
Ⅱ.语法填空
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Xiao Ming is very __1__ (excite)today, because his parents will be back from America. They phoned Xiao Ming yesterday afternoon and said, “We are leaving __2__ the airport at four o’clock, because the plane __3__ (leave) at six. We __4__ (buy) some gifts for you and your grandpa. Are you __5__ (come) to the airport to meet us?” Of course Xiao Ming said “Yes”. Just now Xiao Ming and his grandpa __6__ (be) going to meet his parents .They were about to lock the door __7__ the phone rang. __8__ was Xiao Ming’s parents. “We have returned and __9__ (arrive) home in about ten minutes .” What __10__ great surprise!
答案:1.excited 2.for 3.leaves 4.have bought
5.coming 6.were 7.when 8.It 9.will arrive 10.a
 

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来源莲山
课 件 w w w.5y K J.Co m
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