1.style n． 风格，作风
2.merchant n. 商人
3.offer vt. 提供
4.exchange v．& n. 交换
5.formal adj. 正式的，合礼仪的
6.survey v．& n. 调查
1.serve vt.招待，侍候；服务→service n．服务；服务机构→servant n．佣人，雇工
2.occasion n．场合，时机→occasional adj.偶尔的，偶然的
3.classical adj.古典的→classic n．文学名著，经典作品
4.cycle vi.骑自行车→cyclist n．骑自行车的人
5.share v．分享，分担→sharer n．分配者，分享者 1.formal adj.正式的
[同义] once in a while, at times, now and then
①classical music 古典音乐②jazz n．爵士乐
③rock music 摇滚乐 ④country music 乡村音乐
⑤the blues 布鲁斯音乐
1.at the moment 此刻，目前
2．over the years 数年间
3．work out 算出，计算；解决
4．as a result 结果；因此
5．come up with 提出……
6．play a part/role in 起作用
7．as well as 也；而且；又；还
8．look forward to 盼望，期待
9．cheer up (使)变得更高兴；使提起精神
10．the key to 是……的关键
11．make a difference 有关系，有影响 1.make notes 记下，记录
2．do a survey about 做关于……的调查
3．collect stamps 集邮
4．play chess/computer games
5．take photos 照相
6．play the piano/guitar 弹钢琴/吉他
7．solve the problem 解决这个问题
8．stock exchange 证券、股票交易(所)
9．give sb. some advice 给某人一些建议
10．daily routine 日常工作
11．quality of life 生活质量
先背熟 再悟通 后仿用
1.Do you like collecting things？If so, what?
你喜欢收集东西吗？如果是的话，你喜欢收集什么？ if so为省略句，相当于if it is so属于状语从句的省略。so代替上文的内容。 Have you ever grown any plants？If_so,_what kind of plant did you grow? If_not,_what kind would you like to grow?
2.To solve this problem, the Duchess came up with the clever idea of inviting some friends to join her for an afternoon meal ...
为解决这个问题，这位公爵夫人想出一个好办法：邀请一些朋友到她那里吃下午饭…… 不定式在句中作目的状语。 To_build_our_society more harmoniously, we should reward them rather than punish them.
3.In fact, the London Stock Exchange is believed to have started from these coffeehouses.
事实上，人们认为伦敦证券交易所的前身就是这些咖啡馆。 be believed to ...意为“人们相信/人们认为……”。 An excellent teacher is_believed_to_be one who devotes himself to the children but asks for nothing in return.
1．(教材P16)At the moment I’m studying medicine at a university.
at the moment此刻，现在，目前
at this/that moment 这时/那时
at any moment 随时，马上
for the moment 目前，暂时
for a moment 片刻，一会儿
in a moment 马上，过一会儿(常用于将来时)
the moment (that) 一……就……
①The number is engaged at the moment.Please try again later.
②They would just drop in on us for a chat at_any_moment.
③This house is big enough for_the_moment,_but we’ll have to move if we have children.
④I recognized her among the crowd the moment I saw her.
⑤The big fire was put out in_a_moment.
2．(教材P18)As a result, people often got very hungry during the long wait between these two meals.
as a result因此，结果
as a result of 由于……，作为……的结果
without result＝in vain 徒劳地，无结果地
result in 导致，造成， 结果是
result from 起因于，因……而造成
①He studied hard last term and, as a result, he got good marks.
②The football match was put off as_a_result_of the storm.
③It’s reported that the accident resulted in the death of two people.
④It has been discovered that the traffic accident resulted from the driver’s careless driving.
[名师点津] result in“导致/造成……的结果”，相当于lead to/cause/bring about，后面跟表示结果的词；result from“(由于……而)发生，产生”，相当于lie in，后跟表示原因的词。
3．(教材P18)To solve this problem, the Duchess came up with the clever idea of inviting some friends to join her for an afternoon meal between four and five o’clock.
come up with提出(观点、建议等)，想出(办法、答案等)
come up 走近；上来；上升；被提出(无被动语态)
come out 出来；出版，发行；开花
come across (偶然)遇见，碰到
come about 发生，产生
①Anyway, he finally came up with a good idea to solve this problem.
②The question of wage increases came up at the board meeting.
③There’s a collection of short stories by Lawrence that had just come out.
①put up with 容忍
②keep up with 跟上
③catch up with 赶上
④end up with 以……结束
4．(教材P18)This meal included cakes and sandwiches, and tea was served to wash down the food.
serve sb. with sth.＝serve sb. sth. 向某人提供某物，用某物招待某人
serve sth. to sb. 用某物招待某人
①The hotel usually serves tea at three. Don’t miss it.
②The waiter serves the customer with tea.
＝The waiter serves tea to the customer.
serve the people heart and soul 全心全意地为人民服务
serve in the army 在部队服役
③We should serve the people heart and soul.
serve as 充当，担任
④The sofa will serve as a bed for a night or two.
5．(教材P18) Soon, afternoon tea parties became popular social occasions.
on the occasion of 在……的时候，在……之际
on occasion(s)＝occasionally 间或，有时，偶尔
on this/that occasion 在这个/那个时候；在这个/
occasional adj. 偶尔的，偶然的
①I’d like to give my thanks to all of you on this special occasion.
②When asked about this on occasion(s), I keep silent.
③I met her sister on_the_occasion_of her marriage.
6．(教材P18)However, you will not normally be offered wine at a “coffee” party.
offer sth.to sb.offer sb.sth.向某人提供某物
offer to do 主动提出做某事
offer sb. some money for sth. 向某人出价……买某物
offer sb. sth. for some money 向某人开价……卖某物
①I really appreciate it when she offered to help me with my English.
②My friend offered me some useful suggestions/offered some useful suggestions to me on this problem.
③We offered him the house for $20,000.
make an offer to do/of sth. 主动提出做某事
accept one’s offer 接受某人的提议
make an offer for sth. 给某物出价
④She always makes an offer of help every time I get into trouble.
7．(教材P19)So start being happy today and make a difference to your quality of life.
make a difference (to)(对……)有关系，有影响
make no difference to 对……没有影响/关系
make some difference to 对……有一些影响
It makes a difference to sb.＋wh从句 ……对……来说有影响/有关系
①Changing schools made a big difference to my life.
②Whether he comes or not makes_no_difference_to our party.
③It makes no difference to me whether he will go or not.
[名师点津] difference前可以加上big, great等形容词，表示程度。
8．(教材P19)This will give you something exciting to look forward to and, of course, it’ll be a break from your daily routine.
look forward to盼望，期待(to为介词)
devote ... to 献身于
lead to 导致
stick/object to 坚持/反对
get down to doing sth. 开始做某事
pay attention to 注意
be/get used/accustomed to 习惯于
①Thanks for your kind consideration and I look forward to your earliest reply.
②I look forward to hearing (hear) from you as soon as possible.
③His actions could lead to him losing (lose) his job.
④He has got used to getting up early, even in cold winter months.
1．Do you like collecting things? If so, what?
(1)if so是省略句式，相当于if it is so。 so代替上文的内容。
①Will you be free this Sunday? If so, let’s go camping!
if not 如果不/没有的话
if ever 如果有过的话
if necessary 如果必要的话
if possible 如果可能的话
if any 如果有的话
②Is anybody feeling cold? If_not,_let us open the windows!
③If_possible,_try and go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.
④He is ready to help others, seldom, if ever, refusing them when they turn to him.
2．In fact, the London Stock Exchange is believed to have started from these coffeehouses.
(1)Sb./Sth.＋be＋过去分词＋to do句型，表示“据……某人/某物做……”，可与“It’s＋过去分词＋that ...”互换。常用于此句型的动词有：said, thought, believed, hoped, reported, known, proved, considered等。
①His sister is said to have been badly treated in the supermarket when she was doing shopping there yesterday.
＝It’s said that his sister has been badly treated in the supermarket when she was doing shopping there yesterday.
②They are reported to be building a new railway.
＝It’s_reported_that they are building a new railway.
＋to do(常表示主动、动作将要发生)to be doing(表示主动、动作正在进行)to have done(表示主动、动作已完成)
③Mr. Smith is believed to go abroad next month.
④Mr. Smith is believed to have gone abroad three times.
⑤Mr.Smith is believed to_be_studying (study) abroad now.
1．He came up with the good idea of going first to the West Lake and then to Mount Huang.
2．—Is Bob still working in your school?
—I’m afraid not. He is said to be_teaching (teach) in a private school at present.
3．The children are looking forward to visiting (visit) the Great Wall.
4．It sounds like something is wrong with the car’s engine.If so,_we’d better take it to the garage immediately.
5．They don’t know what to do and wait for instructions (指示) for the moment.
6．His laziness resulted in his failure; that’s to say, his failure resulted from his laziness.
7．John offered to_help (help) her with her English, but she refused.
8．The large box in his room can serve as a table.
1．Li Na is believed to be one of the best tennis players of China.
→It is believed that Li Na is one of the best tennis players of China.
2．It started to rain as soon as I got home.
→It started to rain the moment I got home.
3．It doesn’t matter whether he agrees with me or not.
→Whether he agrees with me or not makes no difference.
4．People came up with the question at the meeting.
→The question came up at the meeting.
5．He failed. As a result, he was blamed.
→He was blamed as a result of his failure.
1．My English teacher offered (给予) me some tips on how to learn English.
2．I met my favourite writer on several occasions (场合)．
3．I like popular music while my father likes classical (古典的) music.
4．Many of the health workers had no formal (正式的) medical training.
5．It seems that the dress she bought yesterday is in the latest style (样式)．
6．The Americans and British not only speak the same language but also share (共享) a large number of social customs.
7．He served (服役) more than 20 years in the army.
8．A survey (调查) conducted in 2014 showed that the car accidents were still increasing at a very high rate.
1．Jenny nearly missed the flight as result of doing too much shopping.as后加a
2．The summer holiday she was looking forward to coming at last.coming→came
3．The students have decided to come up a peaceful solution.up后加with
4．Tom, as well as Jane and Rose, are going to the farm on foot.are→is
5．The media play a important role in influencing people’s opinions.a→an
6．It makes no difference for me whether you go today or tomorrow.for→to
7．Do you like sports？If not, come and play football with us.not→so
8．We must study hard in order to serve for the people better in the future.去掉for
Nowadays computers play_an_important_part/role_in_our_lives.
As_well_as_(being)_an_actor,_Morley was a theatre manager.
He was often late for work. As_a_result,_he was fired.
We have two bicycles for sale at_the_moment.
The fresh air has made_a_difference_to_her_health.
Do you like this sweater? If_so,_take it away.
目前(at the moment)，TFBOYS 在青少年中很受欢迎。因此(as a result)，他们经常应邀参加一些重大的正式(formal)场合(occasion)。对于他们的成功，不同的人提出了(come up with)不同的观点。有些人认为他们的演唱风格(style)与当年 “小虎队”的很相似，这对他们的走红有很大的影响(make a big difference)；也有些人认为他们成功的关键(the key to)是他们的音乐天赋和勤奋努力。当然，帅气的外表也起到了重要作用。
1．Betty is_leaving (leave)for Guangzhou by plane at 3 o’clock this afternoon. Her brother Bob is_seeing (see) her off.
2．I’ll give the book to him as long as he comes (come) back.
3．Lucy was about to go out when someone knocked on her door.
4．The two girls are so alike that strangers find it difficult to tell one from the other.
5．We will_know (know) the result of the state examination tomorrow.
6．When I pushed the door, I found her lying (lie) on the ground.
7．I’d prefer to_work (work) in the office rather than stay (stay) at home watching TV.
8．I couldn’t stand you/your (you) coming home so late all the time.
9．It’s a small informal (formal) party, so you don’t have to dress up.
10．It is reported that the prices of houses in big cities have reduced by 10% recently.
1．If_possible (如果可能的话), I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city.
2．As_a_result_of_the_heavy_rain (由于大雨), we had to stay at home.
3．They offered_him_a_very_good_job/offered_a_very_good_job_to_him (给他提供了一份很好的工作), but he turned it down.
4．I’m going to complain_to_the_manager_about_this_matter(就这件事向经理投诉)．
5．The_more_difficult_the_questions_are (问题越难), the less likely I’ll be able to answer them.
6．He came to ask me what_was_wrong/the_matter_with_my_bike (我的自行车有什么毛病)．
7．As_long_as_it_doesn’t_rain (只要不下雨), we can play outside.
8．She has been suffering_from_the_loss_of_memory (患了失忆症) since she had that car accident.
How to achieve a healthy lifestyle
We all know that it is good to live a healthy life. __1__ (live) a healthy life means we should eat healthy food. Yet for many of us keeping a healthy lifestyle is very difficult. Part of this is because we are creatures of habit.
So if you want __2__ (live) a healthy life, you have to change your habits that are not so healthy. In order to feel less tired, you have to replace your habit of sleeping only 4 hours a day with sleeping at least 6 hours a day.
Now when most people decide to live a more healthy life, they try to deal with all of their habits all at once. Take losing weight __3__ example. They go on __4__ quite strict diet, and yes, they do lose weight, sometimes a lot of weight in a short period. But they do not really change their eating habits. So these people often notice they will gain the weight __5__， and more even, once they stop the diet.
And the same holds true for these people. They start exercising in order to lose weight or to overcome a physical problem. Once the weight has been lost or the problem has been overcome, many stop __6__ (exercise). It has not become a habit.
In fact, a lot of people don’t look forward to __7__ (create) these habits, such as eating breakfast, regular physical exercise and enough sleep. People complain these habits are so __8__ (bore) and difficult to achieve that they have __9__ (little) time to spend on things they like to do. So people should change their attitudes first. What if you thought of chocolate as a kind of boring food? What if you thought of physical exercise as something __10__ (relax)?
答案：1.Living 2.to live 3.for 4.a 5.back
6．exercising 7.creating 8.boring 9.less 10.relaxing
All of us know the old saying “Practice make perfect.” It tells us unless we want to realize our aim, we should practice, and one day we will make it. It’s easy to understand. Once I wanted to learn swimming. At first I found difficult to control my body. I just sank into the water. I feel very frightened. Then I watched others who were good at them and asked them the key to succeed. I went to the swimming pool every day, learned from them and practiced. A day, when my friend pushed me into the swimming pool, I sudden found that I could swim. How exciting I was! Now I can swim much more better than before.
参考词汇：减肥药weightloss pill 慢跑jogging
I’m sorry to learn that you are upset about being overweight recently.___________________
I’m sorry to learn that you are upset about being overweight recently. I think you should stop taking weightloss pills in no time because they are harmful to your health. Besides, you need to eat a healthy diet to recover your strength. There are many other ways to lose weight. For example, jogging is quite a popular form of exercise. You may do it in the morning or after supper. Another way is that you can go to the gym regularly, which is also an effective way of losing weight and keeping healthy. In a word, if you insist on exercising, you are sure to have an attractive figure and stay slim and healthy.