1. What color is the man’s toothbrush?
A. Blue. B. Green. C. Red.
2. What is the man mostly worried about?
A. The noisy plane.
B. The safety of the airplane.
C. The service of the flight attendant.
3. How does the man feel?
A. Impatient. B. Helpless. C. Exhausted.
4. When does the girl have to go to bed?
A. At 8:00 p.m. B. At 9:00 p.m. C. At 11:00 p.m.
5. Where does the conversation take place?
A. At a fruit shop. B. At a candy shop. C. At the woman’s house.
6. What’s the relationship between the speakers?
A. Boss and employee. B. Co-workers. C. Classmates.
7. Why is Jane unhappy?
A. She forgot to answer some emails.
B. She talked to angry customers all morning.
C. She is usually the first one to take complaints.
8. How much will the man pay in total?
A. $20. B. $25. C. $45.
9. How did the man get his shirt dirty?
A. By cooking vegetable soup.
B. By eating noodles.
C. By washing up.
10. When will the man get his shirt back?
A. On Sunday. B. On Monday. C. On Tuesday.
11. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Schoolmates. B. Brother and sister. C. Teacher and student.
12. What just happened to Chad’s shirt?
A. He got a tea stain on it.
B. He got blue paint on it.
C. He rolled in the grass with it.
13. What will Chad do after school?
A. Tell his mother what happened.
B. Ask Betty to explain for him.
C. Buy a new shirt.
14. Where is the treehouse?
A. In Justin’s yard. B. In Stanley’s yard. C. In Miss Johnson’s yard.
15. How will Justin get back to the treehouse?
A. By car. B. By bike. C. On foot.
16. Why is Justin in a hurry?
A. He is afraid of thunder.
B. He thinks it’s going to rain.
C. He wants Mom to see the treehouse.
17. What is the speaker mainly talking about?
A. How to predict an earthquake.
B. How to survive an earthquake.
C. How to rescue people in an earthquake.
18. What do people need to get ready for an earthquake?
A. Shelters. B. Cars. C. Blankets.
19. What does the speaker advise people to do when an earthquake hits?
A. Drop to the ground.B. Stay by the window.C. Run towards the door.
20. What does the speaker warn people of at the end of the talk?
A. Trapped lifts. B. Falling pieces. C. Damaged bridges.
第二部分英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分35分)
21. Difficult as rumors on micro blog or weibo are _____, the authorities will step up supervision so that people will not be easily misled.
A to prevent B to be prevented C prevented D preventing
22. On the first day of term, there were crowds of people in the dormitory, _____ for where they should go.
A all looked B all were looking C all to look D all looking
23.There are three main classes of drugs, _____ has a different effect on the body.
A all of which B and all of them C each of them D of which each
24. How did it _____ that you failed to _____ in time yesterday?
A. come up; turn down B. come on; turn over
C. come about; turn up D. come over; turn off
25. As a keen netizen, she thinks there ________ be better ways for the government to deal with the Internet cafes rather than to shut them down.
A. would B. should C. could D. might
26. ---The housing prices have been rising these months. But you can buy a flat on mortgage.
----________. We have to save up what we can to send our son abroad for further study.
A You can’t be serious B Anything but that C You bet D That’s a good point.
27.The theater turns out to be a(n) ______ and so few people go there; it’s not worth maintaining.
A old dog B stupid donkey C white elephant D black sheep
28. Don’t worry! You can easily find a job ________ skilled workers are badly needed.
A. when B. though C. unless D. where
29.----Oh, dear! You are just teasing me.
-----No actually. I’m _____ serious.
A greatly B largely C simply D deadly
30.----How do you think I can make up with my wife?
-----Put aside _____ you disapprove and attempt to find ____ you have in common.
A what; what B where; what C what; where D what; whether
31.Mr. White was surprised and annoyed that the boy had _____ a story which was too good to be condemned as a simple lie.
A thought B invited C considered D spun
32.Before signing the employment contract, you have to pay much attention to the numerous conditions _____ the enterprise attached to it.
A what B as C where D that
33.If you don’t admit a mistake and take responsibility for it, you are ___ to make the same one again.
A bound B content C due D keen
34.Confidence helps you to take a leap of faith when it comes to going after_____ it is that you truly desire.
A why B what C where D how
35.----It’s said that you will resign the present job, why?
----______. The atmosphere of the firm makes me feel at home.
A That depends B It’s not the case C That’s for sure D It’s hard to say
Accomplishment is often deceptive (导致误解的) because we don’t see the pain and perseverance that produced it. So we may credit the 36 with brains or lucky break, and let ourselves off the hook because we 37 in both two. Not that we could all be concert pianists just by exercising enough discipline. 38 , each of us has the makings of success in some effort, but we will achieve this only if we 39 our wills and work at it.
How can we acquire stick-to-itiveness (坚持)? There is no simple, fast 40 . But I have developed a way of thinking that has 41 my own weak will more than once. Here are the basic elements:
“Won’t” power. This is as important as will power. Discipline means choices. Every time you say yes to a goal or objective, you say no to many more. Every prize has its 42 . The prize is the yes; the price is the no. Igor Gorin, the noted Ukrainian-American baritone(男中音), told of his early days studying 43 . He loved to smoke a pipe, but one day his professor said, “Igor, you will have to make up your mind 44 you are going to be a great singer, or a great pipe smoker. You cannot be both.” 45 , the pipe went.
Delayed gratification (喜悦). M. Scott Peck, M.D., author of the best-seller The Road less Traveled, 46 this tool of discipline as “a process of 47 the pain and pleasure of life in such a way as to enhance the 48 by meeting and experiencing the pain first and 49 it over with.”
This might 50 routine daily decisions—something as 51 as skipping a favorite late-night TV show and getting to bed early, to be wide awake for a meeting the next morning. Or it might involve longer-term 52 .
The secret of such commitment is getting past the pain and seeing the delight. “The fact is that many 53 efforts aren’t fun,” says one radio and TV commentator. “True, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. But trying to turn everything we do into 54 makes for terrible frustrations, because life—even the most rewarding one—includes circumstances that aren’t 55 at all. I like my job as a journalist. It’s personally satisfying, but it isn’t always joyful.”
36. A. producer B. applicant C. achiever D. performer
37. A. fall short B. come over C. leave behind D. work out
38. A. Meanwhile B. Still C. Rather D. Besides
39. A. restrict B. delay C. apply D. prefer
40. A. dimension B. formula C. dilemma D. foundation
41. A. damaged B. allowed C. suffered D. rescued
42. A. root B. result C. price D. goal
43. A. sound B. voice C. noise D. whistle
44. A. that B. if C. whether D. how
45. A. Instead B. Moreover C. However D. Therefore
46. A. forms B. manages C. shapes D. describes
47. A. determining B. scheduling C. mixing D. substituting
48. A. commitment B. tool C. mind D. pleasure
49. A. look B. think C. take D. get
50. A. make B. involve C. attach D. undergo
51. A. reasonable B. delightful C. simple D. strange
52. A. resolutions B. debates C. contrasts D. routines
53. A. visible B. experimental C. worthwhile D. challenging
54. A. work B. play C. hobbies D. efforts
55. A. unique B. smooth C. easy D. fun
The Chocolate Museum
The story of chocolate through the ages
● Experience chocolate-making from cocoa bean to chocolate bar
● Enjoy the smell,taste and texture of freshly made chocolate
Tues—Fri 10 am to 6 pm
Sat&Sun+public holidays 11 am to 7 am
Closed on Mondays, Christmas Day and during Carnival week.
Concessions (over 65 years old) ＄3.00
Groups (of 15 people or more) ＄5.00
More than a museum!
The Panorama Restaurant can cater for all your corporate events: business lunches, anniversaries, weddings and parties. Groups of 30—300 people are welcome.
Welcome To Auckland Museum
“Nau mai haere mai”
Auckland Museum has a constantly changing feast of fresh events and new exhibitions reflecting the culture of New Zealand. This year is no exception.
Click here to find out more >>
Be inspired by the da Vinci Machines exhibition and design and build your own original flying machine. The best entry will win the budding inventor a helicopter ride over Auckland for a family of four.
Avoid the traffic, enjoy hassle-free parking and view the exhibits in peace and quiet on Wednesday evenings! Open till 7:30 pm.
From 28 November until 4 March there will be no public access to the Reading Room.
Click here to find out more >>
Museum opening hours
10 am—5 pm daily (except Christmas Day)
56. If 16 adults, including 3 aged 70, plan to visit the Chocolate Museum, how much should they pay at least？
A.＄69. B.＄78. C.＄80. D.＄87.
57. According to the information of Auckland Museum, we know that _________.
A. it opens from 10 am to 5 pm every day
B. it has a feast of fresh events except this year
C. the winner will fly a helicopter as a reward
D. the museum focuses on New Zealand’s culture
Chimps(黑猩猩) will cooperate in certain ways, like gathering in war parties to protect their territory.But beyond the minimum requirements as social beings, they have little instinct(本能) to help one another.Chimps in the wild seek food for themselves.Even chimp mothers regularly decline to share food with their children, who are able from a young age to gather their own food.
In the laboratory, chimps don’t naturally share food either.If a chimp is put in a cage where he can pull in one plate of food for himself or, with no greater effort, a plate that also provides food for a neighbor in the next cage, he will pull at random—he just doesn’t care whether his neighbor gets fed or not.Chimps are truly selfish.
Human children, on the other hand, are naturally cooperative.From the earliest ages, they desire to help others, to share information and to participate in achieving common goals.The psychologist Michael Tomasello has studied this cooperativeness in a series of experiments with very young children.He finds that if babies aged 18 months see an unrelated adult with hands full trying to open a door, almost all will immediately try to help.
There are several reasons to believe that the urges to help, inform and share are not taught，but naturally possessed in young children.One is that these instincts appear at a very young age before most parents have started to train their children to behave socially.Anotheris that the helping behaviors are not improved if the children are rewarded.A third reason is that social intelligence develops in children before their general cognitive(认知的) skills, at least when compared with chimps.In tests conducted by Tomasello, the human children did no better than the chimps on the physical world tests but were considerably better at understanding the social world.
The core of what children’s minds have and chimps’ don’t is what Tomasello calls shared intentionality.Part of this ability is that they can infer what others know or are thinking.But beyond that, even very young children want to be part of a shared purpose.They actively seek to be part of a “we”, a group that intends to work toward a shared goal.
58. What can we learn from the experiment with chimps?
A.Chimps seldom care about others’ interests.
B. Chimps tend to provide food for their children.
C. Chimps like to take in their neighbors’ food.
D. Chimps naturally share food with each other.
59. Michael Tomasello’s tests on young children indicate that they________.
A.have the instinct to help others
B. know how to offer help to adults
C. know the world better than chimps
D. trust adults with their hands full
60. The passage is mainly about________.
A. the helping behaviors of young children
B. ways to train children’s shared intentionality
C. cooperation as a distinctive human nature
D. the development of intelligence in children
Enough “meaninglessdrivel”.That’s the message from a group of members of theUKgovernment who have been examining how social media firms like LinkedIngatherandusesocial media data.
The House of Commons Science and Technology Committee’s report, released last week, has
blamed firms for making people sign up to long incomprehensible legal contracts and calls for an
international standard or kitemark (认证标记) to identify sites that haveclear terms andconditions.
“The terms and conditions statement that we all carelessly agree to is meaningless drivelto anyone,” says Andrew Miller, the chair of the committee. Instead, he says, firms should
provide a plain-English version of their terms. The simplified version would be checked by a third partyand awarded a kitemark if it is an accurate reflection of the original.
It is not yet clear who would administer the scheme, but the UK government is looking at
introducing it on a voluntary basis. “we need to think through how we make that work in
practice,” says Miller.
Would we pay any more attention to a kitemark? “I think if you went and did the survey,
people would like to think they would,” says Nigel Shadbolt at the University of Southampton,
UK, who studies open data. “We do know people worry a lot about the inappropriate use of their
information.” But what would happen in practice is another matter, he says.
Other organizations such as banks ask customers to sign long contracts they may not read or
understand, but Miller believes social media require special attention because it is so new. “We
still don’t know how significant the long-term impact is going to be of unwise things that kids
put on social media that come back and bite them in 20 years’ time,” he says.
Shadbolt, who gave evidence to the committee, says the problem is that we don’t know how
companies will use our data because their business models and uses of data are still evolving.
Large collections of personal information have become valuable only recently, he says.
The shock and anger when a social media firm does something with data that people don’t
expect, even if users have apparently permission, show that the current situation isn’t working. If
properly administered, a kitemark on terms and conditions could help people know what exactly
they are signing up to although they would still have to actually read them.
61. What does the phrase “ meaningless drivel” in paragraphs 1 and 3 refer to?
A. Legal contracts that social media firms make people sign up to.
B. Warnings from the UK government against unsafe websites.
C. Guidelines on how to use social media websites properly.
D. Insignificant data collected by social media firms.
62. It can be inferred from the passage that Nigel Shadbolt doubts whether _______.
A. social media firms would conduct a survey on the kitemark scheme
B. people would pay as much attention to a kitemark as they think
C. a kitemark scheme would be workable on a nationwide scale
D. the kitemark would help companies develop their business models
63.The writer advises users of social media to _______.
A. think carefully before posting anything onto such websites
B. read the terms and conditions even if there is a kitemark
C. take no further action if they can find a kitemark
D. avoid providing too much personal information
64. Which of the following is the best title of the passage?
A. Say no to social media?
B. New security rules in operation?
C. Accept without reading?
D. Administration matters!
There are many heartbreaking moments in this beautifully written book，Letter to Louis，by Alison White, but the first comes before it even begins. In the devotion to her son Louis, author Alison White says how she wanted to write it so that people would understand disability and caring, but also, “to be totally honest, I wanted to write something that would make people consider being Louis’s friend”. Beneath that simple plea (恳求) lies the great fear of so many parents who nurse a severely disabled child through to adulthood: “What will happen when I’m gone?” Instead of giving a vivid account of the fear and anxieties that accompany long-term caring, she just tells us what it’s like, and it is equally admirable, uplifting, terrifying.
As a society, we are fond of praising short-term heroism: the soldier or firefighter, bravery containable within a single story. The uncomfortable truth that Letter to Louis lays bare is that the heroism of long-term toughness, the daily caring over many years, is neither great nor interesting. At times, with two other children to care for and Louis waking five times a night, still undiagnosed and in constant pain, White feels simple despair. “I picture the cliff. I picture jumping holding you tight in my arms, falling and falling through the air.”
Although there are moments of joy—when Louis first speaks, manages to walk a little—White offers no comforting platitudes (陈词滥调). “My destiny has been decided. The realisation hits me full force in the stomach. I don’t want this destiny.” Very soon, you come to admire White’s courage not only in raising a child with a disability but in resisting the temptation to hit one or two of the many she encounters along the way: a Clarks shoe shop assistant who refuses to sell Louis, a wheelchair user, a pair of shoes because he can’t walk across the room for her to check the fit, and an unhelpful occupational therapist who won’t authorise the toileting equipment that he needs, insisting he has to learn to wipe his own bottom, even though it is a physical impossibility for him.
It is shocking to learn that at Louis’s most disabled, after a disastrous foot operation, the family are only entitled to two hours’ help a month. Temporary care only comes, eventually, when they are close to breakdown. At one point, Louis has five different social workers in eight months—and then, unbelievably, faces the overnight withdrawal of all temporary care when he reaches his 18th birthday.
On the other hand, White explains the difference that the support of family and friends and small acts of kindness from strangers can make. When she takes Louis on a special day trip to London because he wants to travel on the tube, Transport for London staff take it upon themselves to radio ahead to each other to make sure there is always someone to help them at each station he wants to visit. Once in a while, a therapist or doctor actually listens to White’s knowledge and expertise regarding her son’s condition.
Eventually, though, the long-term consequences of constant lack of sleep and caring work begin to take effect. A slightly mysterious chapter towards the end of the book sees the author disappearing to Edinburgh to walk and sit in cafes: it’s never stated clearly whether this is for work or because she has had a breakdown or a combination of the two. The wonder is only that it has taken so long.
This chapter is just one of the half-told stories in this book: the author is mindful of the need to protect the privacy of her husband, although it is clear their marriage has come close to breaking point many times, as anybody’s would, and that of her other two children. Beneath it all is a cold anger that any decent-minded reader will share towards a society that fails to understand that unless carers are properly cared for by the rest of us, it all falls apart.
Above all, this book is a plea for understanding, for the rest of society to pause a while when they encounter someone like Louis or his parents. The huge difference a kindly word or helpful act can make—and the destruction a thoughtless act can cause—cannot be underestimated. This book is an essential read for anyone who has ever complained about their taxes going to pay for disability services: it should be legally required reading for anyone in the medical profession or anyone with the power to decide about cuts to those services. The rest of us should read it for an acute insight into just how lucky we are.
65. Alison White wrote Letter to Louis to ______.
A. describe the hardships in bringing up her disabled child
B.illustrate the sufferings and miseries of her disabled child
C. promote acceptance of the disabled and concern for their carers
D. express parents’ worries about the future of their disabled children
66. By comparing two kinds of heroism, the author intends to ______.
A.applaud the bravery of soldiers and firefighters
B. encourage the parents of the disabled to live on
C. blame people for their favor of short-term heroism
D.emphasize the heroism of caring for a disabled child
67. What can we infer from the 4th paragraph?
A. Louis is able to depend on himself at 18.
B. The Whites eventually break down in despair.
C. Social workers are willing to offer help to Louis.
D. Public support for the disabled is far from ideal.
68. Alison White disappears to Edinburgh and stays there long probably because ______.
A. social workers’ help frees her from the toughness of life
B. the cold and indifferent society makes her disappointed
C. she temporarily escapes from the endless caring work
D. she wants to be relieved from the blow of her divorce
69. What does the underlined sentence imply?
A. Society should show concern for the carers of the disabled.
B. Readers will misunderstand society if carers are neglected.
C. It does not make any sense to be angry with society.
D. The carers should be responsible for their own needs.
70. The author of the passage concludes it with ______.
A. strong recommendation B. obvious disapproval
C. cautious warning D. mild criticism
In a study just published in the journal Intelligence, using search terms such as “stupid thing to do”, Balazs Aczel and his colleagues compiled a collection of stories describing stupid mistakes from sources such as The Huffington Post and TMZ. The researchers then had a sample of university students rate each story on the responsibility of the people involved, the influence of the situation, the seriousness of the consequences, and other factors.
Analyses of the subjects’ ratings revealed three varieties of stupid mistakes. The first is when a person’s confidence goes beyond their skill, as when a Pittsburgh man robbed two banks in broad daylight without wearing a disguise, believing that lemon juice he had rubbed on his face would make him invisible to security cameras.
The confidence-skill disconnection has been named the Dunning-Kruger effect, after a study by social psychologists David Dunning and Justin Kruger. Dunning and Kruger had Cornell undergraduates perform tests of humor, logic, and grammar, and then rate how well they think they performed compared to other subjects in the study. The worst performing subjects, whose scores put them in the 12th percentile, estimated that they had performed in the 62nd percentile. Summarizing the findings, Dunning noted, “Poor performers—and we are all poor performers at some things—fail to see the flaws in their thinking or the answers they lack.” When we think we are at our best is sometimes when we are at our objective worst.
As any number of political scandals illustrate, the second type of stupid mistake involves impulsive acts—when we seem unable to keep our behavior in check. In the scandal that became known as Weinergate, former U.S. representative Anthony Weiner sent blue texts and pictures of himself to women he met on Facebook. (After resigning, Weiner continued his cyber-dalliances, and then fell prey to the Dunning-Kruger effect when he overestimated his support in the 2013 New York City mayoral primary; he received 5% of the vote.)
The final variety of stupid mistake involves failing to concentrate—Homer Simpsonesque D’oh moments. As arguably the best example from American sports history, in the 1929 Rose Bowl, University of California star Roy Riegels recovered a fumble (失误球) and returned it 65 yards the wrong way. Riegel’s mistake set up a safety for Georgia Tech, which turned out to be the deciding factor in the opponent’s victory. Aczel and colleagues’ analyses revealed that subjects viewed this category of stupid mistake as the least stupid.
It is, of course, unrealistic to think that we could ever eliminate human error. To err (犯错) will always be human. However, this research gives us a better description of our failings and weaknesses, and a place to start in thinking about interventions and prescriptions to help us err less. This research also reminds us of our shared human weaknesses. We all tend to overestimate our abilities, to make impulsive decisions, and to fail to keep attention. This simple realization makes stupid mistakes seem, perhaps, a little less stupid — and a little more human.
Title: Why you make breathtakingly stupid mistakes
of the research ● Compiling stories about stupid mistakes from some sources.
● Rating the stories on the factors like responsibilities, influence, etc.
● (72) ▲ how the subjects rate the stories.
Types of stupid mistakes Confidence-skill disconnection ● It happens when confidence (73) ▲ skill.
Eg. A man(74) ▲ lemon juice on his face robbed banks,thinking he would not be found out.
● The outcome may be just the (75) ▲ when we overestimate our skills.
Impulsive acts ● We cannot put our behavior under (76) ▲ .
Eg. Weiner disturbed women by sending blue texts and pictures, which put him at a disadvantage in mayoral primary.
of attention ● Though viewed as the least stupid, it can be a deciding factor in many cases.
Eg. Roy Riegel’s running the wrong way with a fumble (78) ▲ for Georgia Tech winning the game.
Value of the research ● Providing us with a clear image of our failings and weaknesses.
● Helping us err less though we are (79) ▲ to stay away from error.
● Enabling us to evaluate our abilities objectively, make rational decisions and always get
(80) ▲ .
In life, we will succeed and fail often for reasons that are entirely out of our control. For instance, we can be incredibly nice and love someone deeply, and they may not love us back. We can work harder than anyone else at our lessons and still not be as excellent as our peers. We can eat healthy food, exercise and stay away from alcohol and cigarettes, and still get sick.
My first marriage ended in divorce. To me, it felt very unfair. I had worked hard to be a good wife and mother. However, no matter what I did, I could not make the relationship work.
I could have been shut down by that experience. I could have decided that if one person didn’t appreciate me as a wife, then no one would. I could have given up. But I knew that I wanted to be married. I knew that I wanted to experience traditional family life. So I didn’t let one seemingly unfair experience stop me from believing that I could one day be happily married. And then one day, I met this kind, thoughtful, generous man with whom I now have a wonderful friendship and marriage. But that wouldn’t have happened if I had decided to give up after one failed marriage.
What I’ve learned over the years is that we can do all the things that deserve a good outcome, but get bad things in return instead.
The bottom line is that life is not fair. That is a tough pill to swallow for many of us. As a result, some people shut down after being hit by even one unfair blow from life. They can’t handle the fact that our efforts don’t always get the results thatwe expect. But if we let life’s unfairness defeat us, we will never receive the beautiful blessings that life has in store for us.
1--20 ABAAC BCBBC ABCCA BBCAC
21--35ADDCB BCDDB DDABB
36--40 CACCB 41-45 DCBCD 46-50 DCDDB 51-55 CACBD
56-57 BD 58--60 AAC 61--64 ABBC 65--70 CDDCAA
71. Procedure(s)/ Process(es)/ Steps 72. Analyzing/ Analysing
73. exceeds/ surpasses/ overtakes 74. rubbing
75. opposite/ contrary 76. control 77. Failure/ Lack/ Absence
78. made/ accounted 79. unlikely 80. focused/concentrated
VII 作文 (One possible version)
Life is full of varieties of seemingly unfair experiences, which may defeat those who have lost courage and even confidence, but bless those who remain true to their original aspiration. (30 words)
For many reasons, we often have to encounter unfairness in a complex society. No one can avoid or escape unexpected changes in our daily lives; however, unfairness, if it sets us reflecting upon our mistakes and failure, may be a route toward success.
When we’re faced with life’s seeming unfairness, our faith needs to jump in. When life doesn’t go according to plan, we have to let go of the outcome that we are looking forward to and keep trying, working hard and doing the right thing. Please don’t be discouraged. Accept that life is neither fair nor straightforward. And by knowing that if we remain confident, we can drive our unfair experiences away and use them for our benefit. (120 words)