湖南师大附中2019届高三英语摸底考试试题(带答案)

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湖南师大附中2019届高三英语摸底考试试题(带答案)

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炎德•英才大联考湖南师大附中
2018年春季高二期末考试暨2019届高三摸底考试
英 语
时量:120分钟   满分:150分
得分____________

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例: How much is the shirt?
                                  

A. £19.15.  B. £9.18.  C. £9.15.
答案是 C。
1. What is the backyard being used as now?
A. A garden.  B. A storage place.  C. A swimming pool.
2. What is the woman probably?
A. A reporter.  B. A teacher.  C. A student.
3. When does the conversation take place?
A. At 8:45.  B. At 9:00.  C. At 9:30.
4. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Forest fires.  B. Human activities.  C. Natural mysteries.
5. How does the man feel about the woman's proposal?
A. Worried.  B. Interested.  C. Puzzled.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给我A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What will the speakers do on Saturday night?
A. Have a picnic. 
B. Ride bikes in the park. 
C. Attend a wedding dinner.
7. Why does the woman want to go back home early?
A. To sleep well. 
B. To watch the football game. 
C. To draw some paintings.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What is the woman's excuse for her lateness?
A. She got up late.
B. The train didn't come on time.
C. Her aunt called at a wrong time.
9. What's the relationship between the speakers?
A. Secretary and boss. 
B. Teacher and student. 
C. Doctor and patient.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What does the woman think of the holiday at first?
A. Scary.  B. Interesting.  C. Meaningful.
11. How long does the holiday last?
A. Only one day.  B. Two days.  C. Three days.
12. What does the man do during the holiday?
A. He visits friends. 
B. He scares kids for fun. 
C. He prepares food for the dead.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. How does the man feel?
A. Tired.  B. Sad.  C. Angry.
14. Where does this conversation probably take place?
A. In a car.  B. In a restaurant.  C. In a hospital.
15. What does the woman suggest to the man to control his mood?
A. Some pills.  B. Yoga class.  C. Some food.
16. What's the man's attitude to the suggestion?
A. Approval.  B. Disapproval.  C. Not known.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who is the speaker?
A. A doctor.  B. A fitness coach.  C. A PE teacher.
18. How long has the speaker been running?
A. 18 years.  B. 20 years.  C. 27 years.
19. What does the speaker advise runners to do?
A. Increase the running distance gradually.
B. Avoid doing any hard exercise.
C. Try to be fast.
20. What does the speaker mainly want to tell us?
A. How to choose exercise. 
B. How to run correctly. 
C. How to keep healthy.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Look at the map of Spain and point at the center. You've located the country's capital and one of Europe's most beautiful cities: Madrid. This popular destination is considered a city of contrasts with its abundant historic sites, resting in the shadows of modern skyscrapers.
History
This city of over 3 million people is proud of Western Europe's largest royal palace, and some consider it to be Madrid's most beautiful building.
Inside the Royal Palace 2,800 rooms are decorated in glory with museum-quality furniture and artworks. Tourists can tour 50 of these large and splendid rooms.
Art
The Internationally respected Prado Museum is the largest and most impressive art gallery in Spain. Opened in 1819, it is filled with works of art that feature the world's most comprehensive collection of Spanish paintings.
Shopping
Madrid has some of Europe's best shopping, and potential buyers love to look through the stores looking for bargains. But for 500 years, shoppers have gathered to an extremely large outdoor flea market known as the Rastro where they find everything from antiques to CDs.
Entertainment
No trip to Madrid is complete without seeing a performance of Spain's famous art form, flamenco. Every day, flamenco performers sing, dance or play the guitar in small cafes and grand theaters alike.
Food
Madrid has a wide variety of restaurants, but because the Spanish typically eat late at about 9 or 10 p.m., it's difficult to find good dinner food earlier. If you get hungry before then, the best solution is to try a tapas bar where light snacks are served. Be sure to try the jamon, a kind of dry-cured ham: Spain is famous for it.
21. What do we know about the Royal Palace in Madrid?
A. It has 50 rooms for visit. 
B. It can hold 2, 800 people.
C. It's been visited by 3 million people. 
D. It is thought to be the largest in Europe.
22. What kind of market is “the Rastro”?
A. For discount.
B. For artworks.
C. To sell various goods.
D. To sell antiques and CDs.
23. What is a must when travelling in Madrid?
                        

A. Having dinner earlier.
B. Enjoying flamenco.
C. Visiting Prado Museum. 
D. Drinking in a tapas bar.
B
Dear Alcohol,
You've been around forever. I can remember all the pain you've caused for me.
Do you remember the night when you almost took my father's life? I do. He loves you. Sometimes I think he loves you more than he loves me. He's addicted to you, to the way you promise to rid him of his problems only to cause more of them. You just sat back and laughed as his car went spinning through the street, crashing into two other cars. He wasn't the only one hurt by you that night.
Do you remember the night of my first high school party? You were there. My friends were__intrigued__by you. They treated you as if they were never going to see you again, drinking all of you that they could. I spent two hours that night helping my friends who had fallen completely. “I'm so embarrassed,” they said as I patted them on the back so that they could vomit(呕吐). “I'm sorry,” they said when I called taxies for them, walking them out and paying the drivers in advance. “This won't happen again,” they said as they were sent to the hospital to have their stomachs pumped. Two 15-year-old girls slept in hospital beds that night thanks to you.
Do you remember the night when you took advantage of my 17-year-old neighbor who had to drive to pick up his sister from her dance lessons? Do you know how we all felt when he hit another car and killed the two people in the other car? He died the next morning too. His sister walked home from her dance lesson, and passed police cars and a crowd of people gathering on the sidewalk just two blocks away from the dance studio. She didn't realize her brother was in the midst of it at all. She never saw him again. And it's all your fault.
I wish you'd walk out of my life forever. I don't want anything to do with you. Look at all the pain you've caused. Sure, you've made people happy too from time to time. But the damage you've caused in the lives of millions is inexcusable. Stop luring(引诱) the people I love. Stop hurting me, please!
Sincerely,
Anonymous
24. What is author's purpose in writing to alcohol?
A. To introduce Mr. Alcohol to the readers.
B. To describe the harm alcohol did to his family.
C. To show how much alcohol can hurt people.
D. To tell people three sad stories about alcohol.
25. What did alcohol do to the author's father that night?
A. It made him drunk and took his life away.
B. It got him into trouble and got his stomach pumped.
C. It made him kill two other people when driving.
D. It got him into a car accident and badly injured.
26. The underlined phrase “were intrigued by” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to “________”.
A. were familiar with  B. were interested in
C. were disappointed by  D. were satisfied with
27. What is the tone of the article?
A. Critical.  B. Doubtful. 
C. Unconcerned.  D. Humorous.
C
In 1971, UN scholar Paolo Lugari started an eco-social experiment in Gaviotas, Colombia. Located in one of the most extreme climates, Gaviotas was described as a sustainable, self-sufficient village in an area that Lugari called ‘just a big, wet desert’.
‘They always put social experiments in the easiest places,’ Lugari said.‘We wanted the hardest place. We figured if we could do it here, we could do it anywhere.’
‘Lugari just thought that someday the world would become so crowded that humans would have to learn to live in the planet's least desirable areas,’ wrote Alan Weisman, author of Gaviotas: A Village to Reinvent the World.
Today, Gaviotas is an eco-village with about 200 people. They farm organically. They use wind and solar power. Since 2004, Gaviotas has been 100% fossil fuel independent. The residents also enjoy free housing, schooling, and community meals. Shockingly, there are no weapons, no police, no jail and no mayor. But though these elements would make any social experiment a success, perhaps the most remarkable accomplishment is the planting of 1.5 million pine trees and palm trees. The various results of this new tree growth have been incredible. The shade of the trees has inspired the return of many rainforest species that were once native to the region. Additionally, the residents of Gaviotas enjoy a sustainable source of income from the resin(松香) harvested from the trees.
The United Nations named Gaviotas a model of sustainable development. The Colombia novelist and Noble Prize winner Grabriel Marquez called Lugari the ‘inventor of the world’.
A new study by a team of researchers has found that ‘nature's capacity to store carbon is steadily falling as the world's farmers expand croplands at the cost of the native ecosystem such as forests’.
Considering this disturbing fact—and as the world population increases towards an estimated 9 billion by the year 2050 and global warming continues to increase the planet's surface temperature—Gaviotas stands as one shining example of how things could be different.
28. Before the year 1971,________.
A. there was never any rain in Gaviotas
B. Gaviotas was one of the hardest places to live on the planet
C. scientists did many social experiments in Gaviotas
D. Lugari often visited Gaviotas
29. Gaviotas has developed into a sustainable, self-sufficient village thanks to________.
A. the government's great support 
B. people's organic farming
C. Lugari's great contribution 
D. the United Nations' research
30. The fourth paragraph is intended to tell us ________.
A. the income of people in Gaviotas 
B. the public security situation of Gaviotas
C. the rainforest species in Gaviotas 
D. the living conditions of people in Gaviotas
31. What is the passage mainly about?
A. A village that reinvented the world.
B. A person who planted many trees.
C. How a small village turned into a business center.
D. The importance of protecting the environment.
D
If you are taking vitamin supplements to reduce your risk of heart disease or cancer, a group of health experts want you to know that those vitamins may actually increase your risk of cancer.
The US Preventive Services Task Force came to this conclusion after reviewing dozens of studies.
Nearly half of adults in the US take at least one vitamin or mineral supplement on a regular basis. These pills are advertised as a way to promote general health. In some cases, manufacturers promote them as cancer fighters and heart protectors.
Studies in animals and in laboratory dishes suggest that oxidative(氧化性的) stress contributes to diseases like cancer and heart disease. If so, there is a reason to believe that antioxidants—including beta-carotene, vitamins A, C, and E—could be useful as preventive medicines.
But when the Task Force examined the medical evidence on vitamins, it found “inadequate(不充分的) evidence” to support the claims that vitamin and mineral supplements benefit healthy adults.
“Cardiovascular(心血管的) disease and cancer have a significant health impact in America, and we all want to find ways to prevent these diseases,” Dr. Virginia Moyer, who heads the Task Force, said in a statement. But so far, she added, the medical evidence does not show that taking vitamins is helpful in this regard.
However, the Task Force did find “adequate evidence” that people with a raised risk for lung cancer actually increase their risk further by taking beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A.
The Task Force recommendations of taking vitamins regularly apply to healthy adults aged 50 and older who don't have “ special nutritional needs”. The advice does not apply to children, women who are pregnant or may become pregnant, people with chronic illnesses, or people who have to take supplements because they can't get all their essential nutrients from their diet.
32. Studies in animals and in laboratory dishes find out________.
A. ample evidence that taking vitamins are helpful for treating lung cancer
B. cardiovascular disease spreads very fast in America
C. oxidative stress can lead to heart disease and cancer
D. people must take vitamins on a regular basis
33. What can we conclude from Task Force's findings?
A. Scientists want to control cardiovascular disease.
B. In some regard, taking vitamins is not useful.
C. Manufacturers cannot produce medical-use vitamins.
D. Vitamins must be useful to prevent cancer and heart disease.
34. Who can take vitamins regularly according to the advice of the Task Force?
A. A 60-year-old healthy worker.
B. A 15-year-old boy with short-sightedness.
C. A 34-year-old pregnant lady.
D. A 40-year-old man who never eats vegetables or fruits.
35. What's the best title for the text?
A. An Inside Look at Vitamins
B. Task Force: Ending to Vitamins
C. Vitamins: To Live or to Kill
D. Taking Vitamins to Prevent Cancer May Fail
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
If you are like most international students, you are probably pretty comfortable reading and writing in English. __36__ Below are some tips to help you to improve your conversational skills.
Make friends with American students. Many international students end up making friends with a lot of—or only—other international students. __37__ Hanging out with natives not only naturally pushes you to improve your spoken English, but also helps you pick up cultural and social information.
Learn from American friends. Tell your American friends that you are trying to improve your listening and speaking skills, and would like them to help you. If you pronounce a word incorrectly, or misuse an idiom, you ask them to guide you. __38__
Increase your knowledge. __39__ If you have been exposed to topics that are likely to be discussed in conversation, you have a much better chance of understanding people when they talk, and of being able to express yourself well.
__40__ If you have to explain something to someone, you have a strong motivation to pronounce everything as well as you can, and find other ways to explain yourself. Finally, this becomes a good habit. Many people have asked me how I learned to speak English fluently, and I owe most of it to my years of being a math teacher in college for years.
A. It is bad for them to do that.
B. You will make progress this way.
C. If possible, become a teacher at your school.
D. It's a win-win opportunity for international students.
E. Keep up with news and watch popular shows and movies.
F. Explaining everything in a different way counts.
G. You may have trouble in listening and speaking in the language, however.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Looking at the checkout lines at the grocery, I quickly turned my handcart to line number three. There were only two women there, and neither had kids or coupons(赠券) ! The store was my first __41__that morning, and I had a half dozen others on my__42__before meeting my husband for lunch.
Two minutes turned into ten, and I watched as the other lines moved __43__. I moved my __44__in the shopping handcart and dug for my wallet, trying to__45__the cashier that it was time to get a move on. Finally, after fifteen minutes, I took a breath and__46__. Then I heard the cashier tell the women in front of me: “And just like that, he told me what she looked like and __47__one hundred dollars here to____48__her groceries. He said not to worry about the__49__, just give it to charity.”
The story she was __50__had taken place in the sales department. An older man had witnessed a(n) __51____mama in need.__52__for foods with kids around, she was sticking to her list and __53__the items on her calculator as she went. The gentleman said he had a little __54__on him that day, so he left one hundred dollars to __55__ her groceries and, just maybe, add a little wiggle room(回旋的余地) to her __56__.
After hearing about the man who had__57__served a fellow traveler in life, I realized that my hurry, __58__and general worries were__59__. What's five extra minutes in a line to hear a story of a man sharing his  __60__? Suddenly, I know I could wait.
                             

41. A. delivery  B. checkout    C. journey  D. stop
42. A. notebook    B. list   C. criterion    D. admission
43. A. patiently  B. clearly   C. quickly    D. similarly
44. A. items    B. dealers   C. prospects   D. kids
45. A. order  B. debate   C. remind    D. complain
46. A. laughed  B. noticed   C. appreciated  D. sighed
47. A. left  B. threw  C. cost  D. promoted
48. A. apply for  B. pay for  C. look for    D. make for
49. A. reputation   B. change  C. contribution  D. decision
50. A. adjusting    B. booking  C. reading  D. sharing
51. A. well-dressed   B. good-looking   C. worn-out    D. easy-going
52. A. Wandering  B. Preparing  C. Shopping    D. Begging
53. A. supposing   B. adding  C. developing    D. presenting
54. A. principle    B. time  C. extra  D. quantity
55. A. cover    B. suit  C. carry  D. purchase
56. A. basket   B. budget   C. property  D. response
57. A. rarely   B. quietly   C. obviously    D. occasionally
58. A. anxiety  B. happiness    C. attention  D. eagerness
59. A. treated  B. respected  C. rejected   D. misplaced
60. A. notice   B. mistake  C. content   D. love
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
A 71-year-old female __61__ Taobao has become a role model for many women in this country.
Yang Guang began moving from Shanghai to Hangzhou in August 2015 when she launched her modeling career __62__(success) on Taobao after her __63__(retire).
Yang, who starts her journey at 6:30 a.m., tries more than 100 clothes and poses for photos __64__(advertise) these clothes for senior women until 7 p.m. each working day.
She says she enjoys the process and feels __65__(delight) and energetic every day, even though she __66__(bother) by diseases such as high blood pressure and heart trouble sometimes.
__67__ the saying goes, “Opportunities are for those who are prepared.” Yang __68__(shoot) tens of movies __69__ television dramas with many singers before she became a model on Taobao.
__70__ is never too late to realize your dream and time can give everything you want,” says Yang, who has a special kind of beauty that comes from life experiences.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35)
第一节 短文改错(10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
It is good to see that more people have realized the important of exercising and are playing sports regularly. But the problem is that there is not enough sports facilities to meet the people growing demand. I love playing the basketball with my friends on weekends. Therefore, it is difficult to rent a basketball field and possible to find a free one. And the charge is highly. Weather permitted, we can play outdoors. But winter or rainy days, we have to turn to indoor courts. I hope the government can solve the problem, that will encourage more people to do sports.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华, Chris是你校的国际交流生。一年一度的高考升学季来临了,他作为口语辅导小老师受某刚被录取到北大的学生及其家人邀请,到他们家做客。但是,由于他不知道去中国人家里做客有哪些习俗,便给你发了一封电子邮件,请你根据下列要点,给他回复一封电子邮件,给他一些建议。要点如下:
1.到达时间;2.适当送一些礼物;3.介绍中国的餐桌礼仪。
注意:
1.词数100左右(文章开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数);
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Chris,
I have received your email of July 28. I am happy to hear that you, as a tutor of the graduate admitted to Beijing University this year, were invited to dinner at his home.________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
I do wish your first Chinese home dinner an unforgettable experience.
Yours,
Li Hua
 
炎德•英才大联考湖南师大附中
2018年春季高二期末考试暨2019届高三摸底考试
英语参考答案

题序 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
答案 B A C A B C A C B A B C C A B 
题序 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
答案 B A C A B A C B C D B A B C D 
题序 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 
答案 A C B A D G A B E C D B C A C   
题序 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 
答案 D A B B D C C B C A B B A D D 
  【语篇导读】本文主要介绍去西班牙首都马德里旅行时可以参观、游玩的地方。
21.A。根据文章第二段最后一句Tourists can tour 50 of these large and splendid rooms.可知Royal Palace向游客开放50个房间以供游览。故选A。
22.C。根据文章第四段But for 500 years, shoppers have gathered to an extremely large outdoor flea market known as the Rastro where they find everything from antiques to CDs. 可知the Rastro是一个卖各种各样东西的跳蚤市场(flea market)。故选C。
23.B。根据文章第五段No trip to Madrid is complete without seeing a performance of Spain's famous art form, flamenco.可知,游客没有看过西班牙著名的艺术flamenco,就不算到过马德里。故选B。
24.C。写作意图题。从全文和最后一段的句子: Look at all the pain you've caused. Sure, you've made people happy too from time to time. But the damage you've caused in the lives of millions is inexcusable.可知作者写这封信是为了说明酒精给人们造成多么大的伤害,选C。
25.D。细节题。从第二段的句子:You just sat back and laughed as his car went spinning through the street, crashing into two other cars. He wasn't the only one hurt by you that night.可知酒精让作者的爸爸和另外的车相撞,严重受伤,选D。
26.B。猜词题。从第三段的句子:They treated you as if they were never going to see you again, drinking all of you that they could.可以推断出作者的朋友对酒很感兴趣,选B。
27.A。推理题。从最后一段的句子:I wish you'd walk out of my life forever. I don't want anything to do with you. Look at all the pain you've caused. Sure, you've made people happy too from time to time. But the damage you've caused in the lives of millions is inexcusable. Stop luring(引诱) the people I love. Stop hurting me, please!可知作者的态度是批评的,选A。
28.B。推理判断题。从第一段可知Lugari于1971年在Gaviotas开始了an eco-social experiment,在文章的第二段可以看出Lugari为什么选择了Gaviotas,由此可推知此题答案。
29.C。推理判断题。从第五段The Colombia novelist and Noble Prize winner Grabriel Marquez called Lugari the ‘inventor of the world’.可推知答案。
30.D。细节题。A、B、C答案在第四段中虽然都有提及,但是只有D答案最全面地概括了第四段的内容。
31.A。主旨大意题。从全文可以看出答案。
32.C。细节题。根据文章第四段Studies in animals and in laboratory dishes suggest that oxidative(氧化性的) stress contributes to diseases like cancer and heart disease. 可知答案。
33.B。推理题。根据文章第六段But so far, she added, the medical evidence does not show that taking vitamins is helpful in this regard. 可知,迄今为止,没有证据表明食用维生素能够帮助治愈心血管疾病。
34.A。细节题。根据文章最后一段The Task Force recommendations of taking vitamins regularly apply to healthy adults aged 50 and older who don't have “ special nutritional needs”. 可知,健康的50岁及以上的没有特殊营养需求的人可以额外食用维生素。
35.D。主旨大意题。通读文章可知,本文主要讲述对于健康的人群,额外食用维生素不能像预想地那样预防癌症等疾病,而且对于某些有患肺癌风险的人,食用beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A会加大患癌风险。所以文章标题D最符合文意。
【语篇导读】本文讲述作者去商店购物,非常不耐烦,即将离去时,听到一个很感人的故事,作者觉得自己的等待也是值得的。
41.D。delivery 送; checkout 结账; journey 旅行; stop 停,停留,站。句意:这个商店是我今天早上的第一站,在与丈夫吃中饭之前,我的列表上还有许多别的事情要去完成。
42.B。见上句解析。
43.C。根据语境可知答案。
44.A。items 项目,物品; dealers 生意人; prospects 前景。句意:我拿出购物车里的物品, 掏出钱包,想提醒收银员该下一位结账了。
45.C。解析见上句。
46.D。此处sigh与前面take a breath 意思匹配。
47.A。句意:收银员说:“事情是这样的,他告诉我她长什么样子,然后留下100美元来为她的货物付款。”
48.B。apply for 申请;make for 促成。解析见上句。
49.B。reputation 名誉,名声; contribution 贡献; decision 决定; change 零钱。句意:他说不要担心剩余的钱,把它们捐给慈善组织/机构。
50.D。句意:她所分享的故事就发生在销售部。
51.C。句意:一位老人看见一位穿着破旧的需要帮助的妈妈。在与孩子一起购买食品时, 她坚持按货物清单购物,边走边用计算器累加所购物品的价格(不买多余的东西,怕超过预算)。
52.C。解析见上句。
53.B。解析见上句。
54.C。此处指这位先生那天正好带有多余的钱。因此留下 100 美元来为她付账,以便使/让她的预算有回旋的余地。
55.A。cover: provide enough money for sth 足以支付;够付。Eg: Your parents will have to cover your tuition fees. 你的父母得支付你的学费。根据语境可知这位老人为那位妈妈买单。
56.B。basket 篮子; budget 预算;property 财产;response 回应。解析见54题句意。
57.B。rarely 罕有地; quietly 安静地; obviously 显然地; occasionally 偶然地。句意:这位老人默默地帮助生活中的同行者,听了他的故事,我意识到我的匆忙,焦虑,担心是多余的(即:放错了地方)。
58.A。解析见上句。
59.D。解析见上句。
60.D。句意:多等待五分钟能够听到一位老人奉献友爱的故事,突然,我明白,多等一会儿也无妨。
61.on 62.successfully 63.retirement 64.to advertise 65.delighted 66.is bothered 67.As
68.had shot 69.and 70.It
【短文改错】
It is good to see that more people have realized the importantimportance of exercising and are
playing sports regularly. But the problem is that there isare not enough sports facilities to
meet the peoplepeople's growing demand. I love playing the basketball with my friends on
weekends. ThereforeHowever, it is difficult to rent a basketball field and possibleimpossible to find a free
one. And the charge is highlyhigh. Weather permittedpermitting, we can play outdoors. But   winter or
rainy days, we have to turn to indoor courts. I hope the government can solve the
problem,   will encourage more people to do sports.
【参考范文】
Dear Chris,
I have received your email of July 28. I am happy to hear that you, as a tutor of the graduate admitted to Beijing University this year, were invited to dinner at his home. In response to your concerns about how to be a guest in China, I'd like to offer my personal advice.
Firstly, you'd better arrive a little earlier than the expected dinner time to save more time for the graduate's family to prepare dinner. Secondly, gifts like a book or a pen are acceptable. If possible, you can also send him a “red packet” containing 666 RMB meaning “successful in everything”. Moreover, we Chinese often treat guests with delicious dishes. When at table, you shouldn't start eating first but follow the host or the senior guests. Sometimes, the host will help you to some dishes, and you can just show your appreciation and gladly have them, which will please them all.
I do wish your first Chinese home dinner an unforgettable experience.
Yours,
Li Hua
听力材料
Text 1
M: Our backyard is such a waste to be used as a storage place. I was thinking of turning it into a garden. What do you think about that?
W: How about a swimming pool? I do enjoy swimming in summer.
Text 2
W: Good morning, Professor Wang. My name is Susan Gray. I'm with the local newspaper. Do you mind if I ask you a few questions?
M: Not at all. Go ahead, please.
Text 3
W: I got to work right on time, and Jason has been here since a quarter to nine. So there were two people here doing nothing waiting for you to come.
M: I'm sorry for being late for half an hour. I know it's my job to open the doors at nine.
Text 4
W: Every year, there are a large number of forest fires, and the causes are not mysterious.
M: Yeah. Most of them are caused by human activities, like people throwing away burning cigarettes.
Text 5
W: There is a traditional lion dance performance tonight. Do you want to watch it?
M: I've been wanting to see one for a long time.
Text 6
W: It's gonna be sunny this Saturday. Wanna have a picnic in the park?
M: Great. And we can also ride our bikes for a while.
W: Yeah. Then there will be a wedding in the evening.
M: Oh, I almost forgot it! Dyson and Jason invited us for their wedding dinner. Hope it won't last long. I really want to get home early to watch the football game.
W: Me too. I was invited to attend a local painting exhibition in the museum this Sunday morning. So I really need to have enough time for a good sleep.
Text 7
M: What's the matter, Alice?
W: Sorry, Mr. Harrison. I missed my train.
M: Why did you miss the train?
W: Because I left home a little late.
M: Did you get up late or something?
W: No. My aunt called me at the last minute and I had to talk to her.
M: Tell her not to call you in the morning.
W: I will, Mr Harrison. I'm really sorry for being late.
M: If you are late again, I won't let you pass for this class.
Text 8
W: Jeff, what's your favorite Mexican holiday?
M: Definitely the Day of the Dead. 
W: What is that? It sounds a little scary.
M: It's not really scary for us Mexicans. Actually that day we celebrate, well, not celebrate, but remember our family members who are already dead.
W: OK. How do you remember then?
M: We put a big table decorated with flowers, bread, coffee or whatever the person that is dead used to like and we think that on that day that person is going to come back from the dead.
W: I see. And when do you have the holiday?
M: It's on November the first, and the second, too.
W: Do you do it just for your family or do you go and visit friends or other relatives?
M: No, we only keep it within the family actually.
Text 9
W: John, you seem to be a little bit mad. Did I say something wrong?
M: No, Julia. It's not about you.
W: Oh? Then what is it?
M: Haven't you noticed that red car? It keeps trying to cut in. I'll teach that young lady who is the better driver.
W: John, you've been caught by your road rage again... We are not in a hurry anyway. Just let her pass.
M: Err, sorry, Julia. I just become easily losing my temper when I'm driving. I took these pills an hour ago to make myself calm, but it doesn't seem to work at all.
W: You know the yoga class I've been taking? It really helps me get my inner peace. Why don't you come with me next time and give it a go?
M: Err, it's so girly. I just can't find a man I know doing yoga. So forget about it.
Text 10
M: First, let me introduce myself. I'm Dr. Jason, from our school hospital. I've been asked to speak to you this afternoon on running. I guess most of what I'm going to say isn't new to you. However, I also want you to have a new look on running.
I'm a runner myself. I got into it in middle school. I've been running for 27 years. Every morning I get up and go out to run before breakfast. It helps me a lot.
Is running the only sport that can help us? In fact, exercise seems to be the key to better health. Do a little exercise each day, and a ten-minute walk is plenty to start the long-run exercise.
To start exercise, you should check with your doctor before you begin any hard exercise, especially if you are over 30. And it is no good overdoing it. Increase your running distance every time you run, for instance, half a mile, twice a week. And if you stop your training for more than a couple of days, don't try to pick it up where you left off.


 

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