2016-2018年高考英语全攻略--七选五(附解析)

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2016-2018年高考英语全攻略--七选五(附解析)

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高考英语之七选五全攻略
通过认真研读2016-2018年全国新课标卷的七选五部分,笔者总结了关于此题型的4个考点,分别为文章标题类、段落主题句类、段意过渡句、细节类, 在下面的篇幅中,笔者会针对这4个考点逐一进行深入分析,帮助广大考生更好地理解和掌握此类题型。
(一) 文章标题类
Color is fundamental in home design——something you’ll always have in every room. A grasp of how to manage color in your spaces is one of the first steps to creating rooms you’ll love to live in. Do you want a room that’s full of life? Professional? Or are you just looking for a place to relax after a long day?   B   , color is the key to making a room feel the way you want it to feel.(2018全国卷一)
A. While all of them are useful
B. Whatever you’re looking for
C. If you’re experimenting with a color
D. Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with
E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces
F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first
time
G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones
in two major ways
Interruptions are one of the worst things to deal with while you’re trying to get work done. ____B_________, there are several ways to handle things. Let’s take a look at them now.(2017全国卷二)
A. If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no
B. When you want to avoid interruptions at work
C. Set boundaries for yourself as your time goes
D. If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area
E. It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available
F. It might seem unkind to cut people shirt when they interrupt
you
G. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when
you’re not
Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning, and put the blame on the alarm clock. In fact, the key to easy morning wake-up lies in resetting your body clock. ______C_______ Here’s how to make one.(2017全国卷三)
A. Get a sleep specialist.
B. Find the right motivation.
C. A better plan for sleep can help.
D. And consider setting a second alarm.
E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up.
F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day.
G. Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get
coffee.
解题策略:解答此类题,可以通过快速浏览,从整体上把握文章的体裁、语篇结构和脉络,从而把握文章的主旨大意。
(二) 段落主题句类
   D   . They’re the little spots of color like throw pillows ,mirrors and baskets that most of us use to add visual interest to our rooms .Less tiring than painting your walls and less expensive than buying a colorful sofa ,small color choices bring with them the significant benefit of being easily changeable . (2018全国卷一)
A. While all of them are useful
B. Whatever you’re looking for
C. If you’re experimenting with a color
D. Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with
E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces
F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first
time
G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two major ways
  B   Studies found that people who woke up early for exercise slept better than those who exercised in the evening. Exercise energizes you, so it is more difficult to relax and have a peaceful sleep when you are very excited. (2018全国卷二)A. You will stick to your diet.
B. Your quality of sleep improves.
C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.
D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning.
E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.
F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout
the day.
G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing
it now, then listen up!
  A   If you work out bright and early in the morning, you
will be more likely to stick to healthy food choices throughout
the day. Who would want to ruin their good workout by eating
junk food? You will want to continue to focus on positive
choices. (2018全国卷二)
A. You will stick to your diet.
B. Your quality of sleep improves.
C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.
D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning.
E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.
F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout
the day.
G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it
now, then listen up
    B   We dance from Florida to Alaska, from north to south and sea to sea. We dance at weddings, birthdays, office parties and just to fill the time. (2018全国卷三)
A. So why do we dance?
B. Dance in the U.S. is everywhere.
C. If you like dancing outdoors, come to America.
D. My older students say it makes them feel young.
E. I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired.
F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely.
G. They stayed up all night long singing and dancing.
   A    "I can tell you about one young couple," says Bridges. “They’re learning to do traditional dances. They arrive at the class in low spirits and they leave with a smile. (2018全国卷三)
A. So why do we dance?
B. Dance in the U.S.is everywhere.
C. If you like dancing outdoors, come to America.
D. My older students say it makes them feel young.
E. I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired.
F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely.
G. They stayed up all night long singing and dancing.
_______F______ We have done a lot of it since. Recently, we bought a twenty-eight-foot travel trailer complete with a bathroom and a built-in TV set. There is a separate bedroom, a modern kitchen with a refrigerator. The trailer even has matching carpet and curtains.(2017全国卷一)
A. This time there was no tent.
B. Things are going to be improved.
C. The trip they took me on was a rough one.
D. I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.
E. I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.
F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.
G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.
______E________ It must be true that sooner or later, everyone finds his or her way back to nature. I recommend that you find your way in style.(2017全国卷一)
A. This time there was no tent.
B. Things are going to be improved.
C. The trip they took me on was a rough one.
D. I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.
E. I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.
F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.
G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.
______A______. Tell the person you’re sorry and explain that you have a million things to do and then ask if the two of you can talk at a different time.(2017全国卷二)
A. If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no
B. When you want to avoid interruptions at work
C. Set boundaries for yourself as your time goes
D. If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area
E. It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available
F. It might seem unkind to cut people shirt when they interrupt
you
G. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when
you’re not.
_______B______ In order to make a change, you need to decide why it’s important. Do you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family, get in some exercise, or just be better prepared for your day? Once you are clear about your reason, tell your family or roommates about the change you want to make.(2017全国卷三)
A. Get a sleep specialist.
B. Find the right motivation.
C. A better plan for sleep can help.
D. And consider setting a second alarm.
E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up.
F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day.
G. Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get
coffee.
________G______ You might represent each letter with a number, For example, Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5.”(2016全国卷一)
A.It is very hard to break a code without the code book.
      B .In any language, some letters are used more than others.
      C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
      D.As long as there have been codes, people have tried to
break them.
E.You can hide a message by having the first letters of each
word spell it out.
F.With a code book, you might write down words that would
stand for other words.
G.Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for     specific letters of the alphabet.
_____A_______
Some people may think that a garden is no more than plants, flowers, patterns and masses of color. Others are concerned about using gardening methods that require less water and fewer fertilizers(肥料).(2016全国卷二)
A. Know why you garden
B. Find a good place for your own garden
C. It’s our experience of the garden that matters
D. It’s delightful to see so many beautiful flowers
E. Still others may simply enjoy being outdoors and close to plants
F. You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden, too
G. For each of those gardens, writer down the strongest memory you have
______F_______ Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh.(2016全国卷三)
A. Do not buy it.
B. The easiest is to steam it.
C. This is how you can do it.
D. It just requires a little knowledge.
E. The fish will go bad within hours.
F. When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.
解题策略:解答此类题,要注意观察每段首句结构,通常情况下它们在形式上都是保持一致的,接着认真阅读本段内容,概括段落大意,查找同义词和其他相关的词,推断出主题句。
(三) 段意过渡句
Over the years, there have been a number of different techniques to help designers approach this important point.         A   , they can get a little complex. But good news is that there’re really only three kinds of decisions you need to make about color in your home: the small ones, the medium ones, and the large ones.(2018全国卷一)
A. While all of them are useful
B. Whatever you’re looking for
C. If you’re experimenting with a color
D. Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with
E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces
F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first
time
G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones
in two major ways
Medium color choices are generally furniture pieces such as sofas, dinner tables or bookshelves    G   . They require a bigger commitment than smaller ones, and they have a more powerful effect on the feeling of a space. (2018全国卷一)
A. While all of them are useful
B. Whatever you’re looking for
C. If you’re experimenting with a color
D. Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with
E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces
F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first
time
G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones
in two major ways
If you are already making the time to exercise, it is good indeed! With such busy lives, it can be hard to try and find the time to work out.  G   Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically fit. (2018全国卷二)
A. You will stick to your diet.
B. Your quality of sleep improves.
C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.
D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning.
E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.
F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout the day.
G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it
now, then listen up!
Your metabolism(新陈代谢) gets a head start.   F   If you work out in the mornings, then you will be getting the calorie(卡路里) burning benefits for the whole day, not in your sleep. (2018全国卷二)
A. You will stick to your diet.
B. Your quality of sleep improves.
C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.
D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning.
E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.
F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout
the day.
G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it now, then listen up!
“I adore dancing,” says Lester Bridges, the owner of a dance studio in Iowa. “I can’t imagine doing anything else with my life." Bridges runs dance classes for all ages. "Teaching dance is wonderful.    D    It’s great to watch them. For many of them, it’s a way of meeting people and having a social life." (2018全国卷三)
A. So why do we dance?
B. Dance in the U.S. is everywhere.
C. If you like dancing outdoors, come to America.
D. My older students say it makes them feel young.
E. I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired.
F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely.
G. They stayed up all night long singing and dancing.
So, do we dance in order to make ourselves feel better, calmer, healthier? Andrea Hillier says, “Dance, like the pattern of a beating heart, is life. Even after all these years, I want to get better and better.   E     I find it hard to stop! Dancing reminds me I’m alive."(2018全国卷三)
A. So why do we dance?
B. Dance in the U.S. is everywhere.
C. If you like dancing outdoors, come to America.
D. My older students say it makes them feel young.
E. I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired.
F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely.
G. They stayed up all night long singing and dancing.

If anyone had told me three years ago that I would be spending most of my weekends camping, I would have laughed heartily. Campers, in my eyes, were people who enjoyed insect bites, ill-cooked meals, and uncomfortable sleeping bags. They had nothing in common with me. _____D__(2017全国卷一)
A. This time there was no tent.
B. Things are going to be improved.
C. The trip they took me on was a rough one.
D. I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.
E. I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.
F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.
G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.
The friends who introduced me to camping thought that it meant to be a pioneer.  ______C______ We sleep in a tent, cooked over an open fire, and walked a long distance to take the shower and use the bathroom. This brief visit with Mother Nature cost me two days off from work, recovering from a bad case of sunburn and the doctor’s bill for my son’s food poisoning. (2017全国卷一)
A. This time there was no tent.
B. Things are going to be improved.
C. The trip they took me on was a rough one.
D. I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.
E. I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.
F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.
G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.

I was, nevertheless, talked into going on another fun-filled holiday in the wilderness. _______A______ Instead, we had a pop-up camper with comfortable beds and an air conditioner. My nature-loving friends had remembered to bring all the necessities of life. (2017全国卷一)
A. This time there was no tent.
B. Things are going to be improved.
C. The trip they took me on was a rough one.
D. I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.
E. I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.
F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.
G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.
When people try to interrupt you, have set hours planned and let them know to come back during that time or that you’ll find them then. ____E________. It can help to eliminate(消除) future interruptions. (2017全国卷二)
A. If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no
B. When you want to avoid interruptions at work
C. Set boundaries for yourself as your time goes
D. If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area
E. It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available
F. It might seem unkind to cut people shirt when they interrupt you
G. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when
you’re not
When you need to talk to someone, don’t do it in your own office. _______D______, it’s much easier to excuse yourself to get back to your work than if you try to get someone out of your space even after explaining how busy you are. (2017全国卷二)
A. If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no
B. When you want to avoid interruptions at work
C. Set boundaries for yourself as your time goes
D. If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area
E. It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available
F. It might seem unkind to cut people shirt when they interrupt you
G. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when
you’re not
If you have a door to your office, make good use of it. _____G_______. If someone knocks and it’s not an important matter, excuse yourself and let the person know you’re busy so they can get the hint(暗示) that when the door is closed, you’re not to be disturbed. (2017全国卷二)
A. If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no
B. When you want to avoid interruptions at work
C. Set boundaries for yourself as your time goes
D. If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area
E. It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available
F. It might seem unkind to cut people shirt when they interrupt you
G. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when
you’re not
Rethink mornings. Now that you know why you want to wake up, consider re-arranging your morning activities. If you want time to have breakfast with your family, save some time the night before by setting out clothes, shoes, and bags. ______G_______ That’s a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer. (2017全国卷三)
A. Get a sleep specialist.
B. Find the right motivation.
C. A better plan for sleep can help.
D. And consider setting a second alarm.
E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up.
F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day.
G. Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get
coffee.
Keep a record and evaluate it weekly. Keep track of your efforts and write down how you feel. After you’ve tried a new method for a week, take a look at your record. ______E_____ If not, take another look at  other methods you could try. (2017全国卷三)
A. Get a sleep specialist.
B. Find the right motivation.
C. A better plan for sleep can help.
D. And consider setting a second alarm.
E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up.
F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day.
G. Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get
coffee.
People have used secret codes for thousands of years. ________D____ Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.(2016全国卷一)
A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.
B .In any language, some letters are used more than others.
C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
D.As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.
E.You can hide a message by having the first letters of each
word spell it out.
F.With a code book, you might write down words that would stand
 for other words.
G.Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for
specific letters of the alphabet.
There are three main types of cryptography.  ______E________ For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.” (2016全国卷一)
A.It is very hard to break a code without the code book.
B .In any language, some letters are used more than others.
C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
D.As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.
E.You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word
spell it out.
F.With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for  other words.
G.Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for
specific letters of the alphabet.
A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. ____F__________ For example “bridge“ might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” ______A________ However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently. (2016全国卷一)
A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.
B .In any language, some letters are used more than others.
C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
D.As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.
E.You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word
spell it out.
F.With a code book, you might write down words that would stand
for other words.
G.Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for
   specific letters of the alphabet.
Have you ever visited a garden that seemed just right for you, where the atmosphere of the garden appeared to total more than the sum(总和) of its parts?  ______F______. But it doesn’t happen by accident. It starts with looking inside yourself and understanding who you are with respect to the natural world and how you approach the gardening process. (2016全国卷二)
A. Know why you garden
B. Find a good place for your own garden
C. It’s our experience of the garden that matters
D. It’s delightful to see so many beautiful flowers
E. Still others may simply enjoy being outdoors and close to plants
F. You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden, too
G. For each of those gardens, writer down the strongest memory you have
Some people may think that a garden is no more than plants, flowers, patterns and masses of color. Others are concerned about using gardening methods that require less water and fewer fertilizers(肥料). ______E_____. However, there are a number of other reasons that might explain why you want to garden. One of them comes from our earliest years. (2016全国卷二)
A. Know why you garden
B. Find a good place for your own garden
C. It’s our experience of the garden that matters
D. It’s delightful to see so many beautiful flowers
E. Still others may simply enjoy being outdoors and close to plants
F. You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden, too
G. For each of those gardens, writer down the strongest memory you have
Our model of what a garden should be often goes back to childhood. Grandma’s rose garden and Dad’s vegetable garden might be good or bad, but that’s not what’s important.  _______C______--how being in those gardens made us feel. If you’d like to build a powerful bond with your garden, start by taking some time to recall the gardens of your youth.  _____G________ Then go outside and work out a plan to translate your childhood memories into your grown-up garden. Have fun. (2016全国卷二)
A. Know why you garden
B. Find a good place for your own garden
C. It’s our experience of the garden that matters
D. It’s delightful to see so many beautiful flowers
E. Still others may simply enjoy being outdoors and close to plants
F. You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden, too
G. For each of those gardens, writer down the strongest memory you have
Everyone knows that fish is good for health.  ______G_______ But it seems that many people don’t cook fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t difficult. ______D_______ This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way. (2016全国卷三)

A. Do not buy it.
B. The easiest is to steam it.
C. This is how you can do it.
D. It just requires a little knowledge.
E. The fish will go bad within hours.
F. When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.
Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh.  _________A_____ When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you’d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don’t cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two. Frozen fish isn’t as tasty as the fresh one. (2016全国卷三)
A. Do not buy it.
B. The easiest is to steam it.
C. This is how you can do it.
D. It just requires a little knowledge.
E. The fish will go bad within hours.
F. When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.

There are many common methods used to cook fish.  ______B______ First,clean it and season it with your choice of spices.Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it weighs about one pound.(A larger one will take more time.) Then, it’s ready to serve. (2016全国卷三)
A. Do not buy it.
B. The easiest is to steam it.
C. This is how you can do it.
D. It just requires a little knowledge.
E. The fish will go bad within hours.
F. When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.
解题策略:解答此类题目,需要瞻前顾后来找线索,具体做法是先阅读上一段结尾部分,同时结合下一段内容,查看所选选项能否起到承上启下的作用。这类题目有一种特殊现象,即所填选项在段尾,但非结论或概括性语句,而是与下段首句具有衔接关系,所填选项具有承前启后两段的过渡作用。
(四) 细节类
The large color decisions in your rooms concern the walls, ceilings, and floors .Whether you’re looking at wallpaper or paint, the time, effort and relative expense put into it are significant.   F   .(2018全国卷一)
A. While all of them are useful
B. Whatever you’re looking for
C. If you’re experimenting with a color
D. Small color choices are the ones we’re most familiar with
E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces
F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first
time
G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two major ways
Your productivity is improved. Exercising makes you more awake and ready to handle whatever is ahead of you for the day.   E  (2018全国卷二)
A. You will stick to your diet.
B. Your quality of sleep improves.
C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.
D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning.
E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.
F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout
the day.
G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it now, then listen up!
"I can tell you about one young couple," says Bridges. “They’re learning to do traditional dances. They arrive at the class in low spirits and they leave with a smile.     F   ” (2018全国卷三)
A. So why do we dance?
B. Dance in the U.S. is everywhere.
C. If you like dancing outdoors, come to America.
D. My older students say it makes them feel young.
E. I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired.
F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely.
G. They stayed up all night long singing and dancing.
Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekends. If you’re tired out by Friday night, sleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderful. But compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following week, a recent study found. _____F________(2017全国卷三)
A. Get a sleep specialist.
B. Find the right motivation.
C. A better plan for sleep can help.
D. And consider setting a second alarm.
E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up.
F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day.
G. Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get
coffee.
解题策略:解答好此类题,广大考生一定要能从上下文语境中找到能够支撑相关选项的具体事实信息,还需要根据表层信息进行推理和判断,从而确定答案。

小试身手:
根据短文内容。从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
The world’s fastest runners come from Jamaica.In the past decade most of the sprint events have been dominated by male and female runners from the Caribbean island.Usain Bolt,Asafa Powell and Verona Campbell-Brown are among Jamaica’s world record holders and Olympic gold medalists.
___1_____In former times sprinters were poor people who came from the slums.When they saw they had talent they got scholarships at American colleges.They experienced world class training there but,nevertheless,did not feel at home.Today,Jamaica has the money to employ top coaches,so Jamaican sprinters stay at home.Here they are more relaxed and can perform better.
In Jamaica,children start running at a very early age.When they get to school,teachers and athletic coaches watch them run and walk.Then,depending on their talent they are sent to track and field clubs.__2__    At school track meets crowds of teenagers get together to compete with each other.Running is very important in Jamaica and winning a national title or a school championship is something really big.  __3__
Another reason for Jamaica’s success on tracks around the world is food.A typical breakfast includes salt fish with yams,bananas and maybe a cup of tea.It contains carbohydrates which runners need to perform well.
__4__ They have long legs and little fat.Their narrow hips allow them to lift their knees higher when they run.Many scientists have been researching African and Caribbean runners in order to find out if they have a special gene that makes them faster than the others.__5__
The success of Bolt,Powell and others has triggered hype(天花乱坠的广告宣传)among Jamaican children.These are their idols and they want to be just like them.
A.A tough competition may be one of the reasons why Jamaicans are so good.
B.Nutritionists argue that the diet of Jamaican children is one of the keys to success.
C.Jamaican athletes are also built differently from non-blacks.
D.Running has changed in Jamaica.
E.Most of the country’s world class runners started out in the two leading track clubs.
F.Hard training and iron will is essential to be among the best in the world.
G.However,there is no evidence of such a gene.
小试身手答案详解
本文主要讲了牙买加跑步运动员跑步快的原因。
1.D 根据后文内容可以推断出跑步使得牙买加人的生活发生了变化,所以选D项。
2.E 根据前后文内容,空前讲“they are sent to track and field clubs”,空后讲“At school track meets crowd...”,由此可以推断出此处选E项。
3.A 根据后一段中“Another reason”可知前文讲的是其中的一种原因,再结合前文内容就可以推断出此处选A项。
4.C 根据后文内容可知这一段讲的是牙买加运动员身体的特征,以及后文中“...they have a special gene that makes them faster than the others”。由这两点可推出此处应选C项。
5.G 这一段主要讲了研究人员认为基因对于牙买加运动员在跑步这一方面有一定的影响,所以此处选的也应与基因有关,所以选G项。

 


 


 

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