1.（2018•浙江）What will James do tomorrow?
A. Watch a TV program. B. Give a talk. C. Write a report.
2.（2018•浙江）What can we say about the woman?
A. She's generous. B. She's curious. C. She's helpful.
3.（2018•浙江）When does the train leave?
A. At 6:30. B. At 8:30. C. At 10:30.
4.（2018•浙江）How does the woman go to work?
A. By car. B. On foot. C. By bike.
5.（2018•浙江）What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates. B. Teacher and student. C. Doctor and patient.
（1）What does the woman regret?
A. Giving up her research. B. Dropping out of college. C. Changing her major.
（2）What is the woman interested in studying now?
A. Ecology. B. Education. C. Chemistry.
（1）What is the man?
A. A hotel manager. B. A tour guide C. A taxi driver.
（2）What is the man doing for the woman?
A. Looking for some local foods.
B. Showing her around the seaside.
C. Offering information about a hotel.
（1）Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In an office. B. At home. C. At a restaurant.
（2）What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?
A. Go to a concert. B. Visit a friend. C. Work extra hours.
（3）Who is Alice going to call?
A. Mike. B. Joan. C. Catherine.
（1）Why does the woman meet the man?
A. To look at an apartment. B. To deliver some furniture. C. To have a meal together.
（2）What does the woman like about the carpet?
A. Its color. B. Its design. C. Its quality.
（3）What does the man say about the kitchen?
A. It's a good size. B. It's newly painted. C. It's adequately equipped.
（4）What will the woman most probably do next?
A. Go downtown. B. Talk with her friend. C. Make payment.
（1）Who is the speaker probably talking to?
A. Movie fans. B. News reporters. C. College students.
（2）When did the speaker take English classes?
A. Before he left his hometown,
B. After he came to America.
C. When he was 15 years old.
（3）How does the speaker mainly talk about?
A. He's proud. B. He's sympathetic. C. He's grateful.
（4）What does the speaker mainly talk about?
A. How education shaped his life.
B. How his language skills improved.
C. How he managed his business well.
In 1812, the year Charles Dickens was born, there were 66 novels published in Britain. People had been writing novels for a century—most experts date the first novel to Robinson Crusoe in 1719—but nobody wanted to do it professionally. The steam-powered printing press was still in its early stages; the literacy（识字） rate in England was under 50%. Many works of fiction appeared without the names of the authors, often with something like "By a lady." Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral, or just plain bad.
In 1870, when Dickens died, the world mourned him as its first professional writer and publisher, famous and beloved, who had led an explosion in both the publication of novels and their readership and whose characters — from Oliver Twist to Tiny Tim— were held up as moral touchstones. Today Dickens' greatness is unchallenged. Removing him from the pantheon（名人堂） of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling off the Mona Lisa.
How did Dickens get to the top? For all the feelings readers attach to stories, literature is a numbers game, and the test of time is extremely difficult to pass. Some 60,000 novels were published during the Victorian age, from 1837 to 1901; today a casual reader might be able to name a half-dozen of them. It's partly true that Dickens' style of writing attracted audiences from all walks of life. It's partly that his writings rode a wave of social, political and scientific progress. But it's also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center. No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition, energy and luck made Dickens such a singular writer. But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible — and important for our own culture—to understand how he made himself a lasting one.
（1）Which of the following best describes British novels in the 18th century?
A. They were difficult to understand. B. They were popular among the rich.
C. They were seen as nearly worthless. D. They were written mostly by women.
（2）Dickens is compared with the Mona Lisa in the text to stress________.
A. his reputation in France B. his interest in modern art
C. his success in publication D. his importance in literature
（3）What is the author's purpose in writing the text?
A. To remember a great writer. B. To introduce an English novel.
C. To encourage studies on culture. D. To promote values of the Victorian age.
Steven Stein likes to follow garbage trucks. His strange habit makes sense when you consider that he's an environmental scientist who studies how to reduce litter, including things that fall off garbage trucks as they drive down the road. What is even more interesting is that one of Stein's jobs is defending an industry behind the plastic shopping bags.
Americans use more than 100 billion thin film plastic bags every year. So many end up in tree branches or along highways that a growing number of cities do not allow them at checkouts(收银台). The bags are prohibited in some 90 cities in California, including Los Angeles. Eyeing these headwinds, plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like Stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume.
Among the bag makers' arguments: many cities with bans still allow shoppers to purchase paper bags, which are easily recycled but require more energy to produce and transport. And while plastic bags may be ugly to look at, they represent a small percentage of all garbage on the ground today.
The industry has also taken aim at the product that has appeared as its replacement: reusable shopping bags. The stronger a reusable bag is, the longer its life and the more plastic-bag use it cancels out. However, longer-lasting reusable bags often require more energy to make. One study found that a cotton bag must be used at least 131 times to be better for the planet than plastic.
Environmentalists don't dispute（质疑） these points. They hope paper bags will be banned someday too and want shoppers to use the same reusable bags for years.
（1）What has Steven Stein been hired to do?
A. Help increase grocery sales. B. Recycle the waste material.
C. Stop things falling off trucks. D. Argue for the use of plastic bags.
（2）What does the word "headwinds" in paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Bans on plastic bags. B. Effects of city development.
C. Headaches caused by garbage. D. Plastic bags hung in trees.
（3）What is a disadvantage of reusable bags according to plastic-bag makers?
A. They are quite expensive. B. Replacing them can be difficult.
C. They are less strong than plastic bags. D. Producing them requires more energy.
（4）What is the best title for the text?
A. Plastic, Paper or Neither B. Industry, Pollution and Environment
C. Recycle or Throw Away D. Garbage Collection and Waste Control
As cultural symbols go, the American car is quite young. The Model T Ford was built at the Piquette Plant in Michigan a century ago, with the first rolling off the assembly line（装配线） on September 27, 1908. Only eleven cars were produced the next month. But eventually Henry Ford would build fifteen million of them.
Modern America was born on the road, behind a wheel. The car shaped some of the most lasting aspects of American culture: the roadside diner, the billboard, the motel, even the hamburger. For most of the last century, the car represented what it meant to be American—going forward at high speed to find new worlds. The road novel, the road movie, these are the most typical American ideas, born of abundant petrol, cheap cars and a never-ending interstate highway system, the largest public works project in history.
In 1928 Herbert Hoover imagined an America with "a chicken in every pot and a car in every garage." Since then, this society has moved onward, never looking back, as the car transformed America from a farm-based society into an industrial power.
The cars that drove the American Dream have helped to create a global ecological disaster. In America the demand for oil has grown by 22 percent since 1990.
The problems of excessive（过度的）energy consumption, climate change and population growth have been described in a book by the American writer Thomas L. Friedman. He fears the worst, but hopes for the best.
Friedman points out that the green economy（经济）is a chance to keep American strength. "The ability to design, build and export green technologies for producing clean water, clean air and healthy and abundant food is going to be the currency of power in the new century."
（1）Why is hamburger mentioned in paragraph 2?
A. To explain Americans' love for travelling by car.
B. To show the influence of cars on American culture.
C. To stress the popularity of fast food with Americans.
D. To praise the effectiveness of America's road system.
（2）What has the use of cars in America led to?
A. Decline of economy.
B. Environmental problems.
C. A shortage of oil supply.
D. A farm-based society.
（3）What is Friedman's attitude towards America's future?
A. Ambiguous. B. Doubtful. C. Hopeful. D. Tolerant.
Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of course, you want to make sure that you become an accepted and valuable part of your new neighborhood. The easiest way to accomplish this is to make sure you conduct yourself as a good neighbor should.________
Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to keep your property(房产) neat, clean, and in good repair. ________By choosing to keep the outside of the home in great shape, you will help to improve the look and feel of the area.
Second, take the overall appearance of the neighborhood seriously. When going for a walk. Take along a small garbage bag. ________This small act will let your neighbors know that you care about the area.
________ If a neighbor is going to be out of town, offer to collect mail and newspapers. If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the grocery shopping. Let them know you are there to help in any way this acceptable, while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor.
________By following the basic rules of respecting others, taking care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in general, you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciates.
A. In general, keep an eye on their property while they are gone.
B.A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways.
C. Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior.
D. Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping.
E. Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car, pick it up.
F. People tend to lake pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and inviting.
G. Here are a few tips to help you win over everyone in the neighborhood quickly
We have all heard how time is more valuable than money, but is it 1 to have too much time?
I 2 back in high school I spent most of my day at school since I also 3 a team sport. By the time I got home, I only had a few hours to do my homework, and I had to do it 4 .
When I got into college, things 5 .I suddenly found myself out of class before noon time. Because of all this 6 time, there was no sense of 7 to do my school work immediately. I was performing this action of waiting until it later became 8 .Once that happened, I just kept 9 my studying further and further back in my day. Then I got to the point where I was 10 really late at night to get my work done.
One day I 11 a former classmate of mine who was 12 a lot of money running a sideline(副业).Since his regular job was 13 ,I asked him why he just didn't do his sideline full-time. He said without the job, he would 14 have too much time and would just do what I did back in 15 .He said that if he 16 the job, he would lose his 17 to work and succeed.
So, try 18 your time with other work. This is why there is a 19 that if you want something done, ask a 20 person to do it.
1. A. true B. fair C. strange D. possible
2. A. remember B. admit C. understand D. expect
3. A. watched B. loved C. coached D. played
4. A. al last B. right away C. of course D. as usual
5. A. happend B. repeated C. changed D. mattered
6. A. extra B. difficult C. valuable D. limited
7. A. duty B. achievement C. urgency D. direction
8. A. burden B. relief C. risk D. habit
9. A. pushing B. taking C. setting D. calling
10. A. hanging out B. staying up C. jogging round D. showing off
11. A. met B. helped C. treated D. hired
12. A. raising B. wasting C. demanding D. making
13. A. safe B. important C. boring D. rewarding
14. A. luckily B. hardly C. hopefully D. simply
15. A. childhood B. college C. town D. business
16. A. quit B. found C. accepted D. kept
17. A. heart B. chance C. drive D. way
18. A. saving B. filling up C. giving up D. trading
19. A. message B. story C. saying D. fact
20. A. careful B. busy C. reliable D. kind
Few people I know seem to have much desire or time to cook. Making Chinese________(dish) is seen as especially troublesome. Many westerners ________ come to China cook much less than in their own countries once they realize how cheap ________can be to eat out. I still remember________(visit) a friend who'd lived here for five years and I________(shock) when I learnt she hadn't cooked once in all that time.
While regularly eating out seems to________(become) common for many young people in recent years, it's not without a cost. The obvious one is money; eating out once or twice a week may be________(afford) but doing this most days adds up. There could be an even________(high) cost on your health. Researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in ________(weigh) problems.
If you are not going to suffer this problem, then I suggest that the next time you go to your mum's home ________dinner, get a few cooking tips from her. Cooking food can be fun. You might also begin to notice the effects not only on your health but in your pocket.
It was summer, and my dad wanted to treat me to a vacation like never before. He decided to take me on a trip to the Wild West.
We took a plane to Albuquerque, a big city in the state of New Mexico. We reached Albuquerque in the late afternoon. Uncle Paul, my dad's friend, picked us up from the airport and drove us up to his farm in Pecos.
His wife Tina cooked us a delicious dinner and we got to know his sons Ryan and Kyle. My dad and I spent the night in the guestroom of the farm house listening to the frogs and water rolling down the river nearby. Very early in the morning, Uncle Paul woke us up to have breakfast. "The day starts at dawn on my farm," he said. After breakfast, I went to help Aunt Tina feed the chickens. while my dad went with Uncle Paul to take the sheep out to graze(吃草). I was impressed to see my dad and Uncle Paul riding horses. They looked really cool.
In the afternoon, I asked Uncle Paul if I could take a hose ride, and he said yes, as long as my dad went with me. I wasn't going to take a horse ride by myself anyway. So, my dad and I put on our new cowboy hats, got on our horses, and headed slowly towards the mountains. "Don't be late for supper," Uncle Paul cried, "and keep to the track so that you don't get lost!" "OK!" my dad cried back. After a while Uncle Paul and his farm house were out of sight. It was so peaceful and quiet and the colors of the brown rocks, the deep green pine trees, and the late afternoon sun mixed to create a magic scene. It looked like a beautiful woven(编织的）blanket spread out upon the ground just for us.
⑴推理判断。由题干中的in the 18th century将信息定位在第一段的1719，但是人们当时对英国小说的看法在最后一段Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral, or just plain bad，可知当时小说被人们看作是silly（傻的）, immoral（不道德的）, or just plain bad（完全是不好的），选项C中的worthless是这些词的总结，故答案为C。
⑵推理判断。由题干中的Mona Lisa可将信息定位在第二段最后两句，理解Today Dickens' greatness is unchallenged. Removing him from the pantheon（名人堂） of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling off the Mona Lisa.可知狄更斯的伟大是毫无争议的，要把他从英国文学名人堂中拿掉就像要把蒙娜丽莎从卢浮宫卖掉一样让人能够理解。所以通过两者进行对比，旨在强调狄更斯在英国文学中的重要地位。故答案为D。
⑶写作意图。根据文章最后一句中的as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible可知本文是在纪念狄更斯诞辰200周年即将到来之际所作，是为了纪念他对英国文学的不可磨灭的贡献。故答案为A。
⑴细节理解。题干中的hire可以定位到第二段最后一句plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like Stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume可知塑料袋制造商雇请Stein是为了说明他们的产品不是大部分人想象的那样对地球有害。另外根据第一段最后一句one of Stein's jobs is defending an industry behind the plastic shopping bags可知Stein的工作是为塑料袋背后的行业辩护，故答案为D。
⑵词义猜测。由headwinds前的these可知该词指前文提到内容。所以前一句The bags are prohibited in some 90 cities in California, including Los Angeles（塑料袋在加利福尼亚90个城市被禁用），prohibit与ban同义，故答案为A。
⑶细节理解。由题干中的reusable bags可知答案在倒数第二段第二、三句，However, longer-lasting reusable bags often require more energy to make正是在陈述可重复使用袋子的缺点——它们需要更多的能源来制造。故答案为D。
⑴细节理解。根据题干中的hamburger in paragraph 2可知答案为第二段第二句The car shaped some of the most lasting aspects of American culture（汽车形成了美国文化中一些最持久的方面），因此举例是为了说明 汽车对美国文化的影响。故答案为B。
⑶推理判断。询问Friedman对美国未来的态度，Ambiguous模棱两可的；Doubtful怀疑的；Hopeful满怀期望的；Tolerant宽容的，根据He fears the worst, but hopes for the best可知“他作最坏的打算，作最好的期望。”故答案为C。
⑵F 根据下文强调的outside of the home，联系到上文keep your property(房产) neat, clean, and in good repair，所以此处谈论如从外观上让邻居接受你，故答案为F。
⑶E 前文的small garbage bag是为了“pick up waste paper”准备的，后一句的This small act就是指捡废纸的这一举动，故答案为E。
⑷B 此处是本段的主题句，后一句中的offer to collect mail and newspapers正是帮助邻居做一些小事情的表现，所以答案为B。
⑸C 此处是本段的主题句，后一句中的respecting others, taking care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood 均是considerate behaviors，故答案为C。
⑷B句意：我到家的时候只有几个小时做作业，我不得不立刻做。at last最后；right away立刻；马上；of course当然；as usual和平常一样。与下文immediately相呼应，故答案为B。
⑽B句意：然后我就到了那一步：我经常熬夜到夜里很晚把作业做完。hang out闲逛；stay up熬夜；jog round四处慢跑；show off炫耀。根据late at night可知此处表示“熬夜”，故答案为B。
⑿D句意：他经营副业赚了很多钱。raise money募捐；waste浪费；demand需要；要求；make money赚钱。根据下文作者问他为什么不专做副业，所以答案为D。
⒃A句意：他说如果他辞职，他会失去工作和成功的动力。quit退出；辞去；find发现；accept接受；keep保持。根据前文的without the job可知此处指“辞职”，故答案为A。
16.【答案】dishes；who/that；it；visiting；was shocked；have become；affordable；higher；weight；for
（3）考查it作形式主语的用法。宾语从句中缺少主语，而且指代to eat out，所以用it作形式主语，故答案为it。
（4）考查remember的用法，remember to do记得要做，remember doing,记得做过。此处表明记得拜访过，故答案为visiting.
（6）考查seem的用法。seem to have done,表明不定式的动作发生在谓语动作之前，故答案为 have become.
（10）考查介词的固定搭配。go to sp for dinner去某处吃饭，故答案为for.