2018衡阳八中高三英语(实验班)第一次模拟试卷(含答案)

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2018衡阳八中高三英语(实验班)第一次模拟试卷(含答案)

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衡阳八中2018届高三年级实验班第一次高考模拟考试试卷
英语
1.本卷为衡阳八中高三年级实验班第一次高考模拟试卷,分两卷。其中共72题,满分150分,考试时间为120分钟。
2.考生领取到试卷后,应检查试卷是否有缺页漏页,重影模糊等妨碍答题现象,如有请立即向监考老师通报。开考前15分钟后,考生禁止入场,监考老师处理余卷。
3.请考生将答案填写在答题卡上,选择题部分请用2B铅笔填涂,非选择题部分请用黑色0.5mm签字笔书写。考试结束后,试题卷与答题卡一并交回。
★预祝考生考试顺利★

第I卷  选择题(共100分)
一.听力(每题1.5分,共30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £ 19.15.      B. £ 9.15.       C. £ 9.18.
答案是B。
1. What are they going to do today?
A. Play tennis.      B. Play volleyball.     C. Go swimming.
2. What did the man order?
A. A roast chicken and a garden salad.
B. A garden salad and a tomato soup.
C. A roast chicken and a tomato soup.
3. What will the man probably do next?
A. Iron the shirt.     B. Make a cup of coffee.    C. Do the housework.
4. Who won the table tennis match last Sunday?
A. Jack.       B. Tim.       C. Joseph.
5. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a bookstore.     B. In a library.      C. In a cinema.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What will the couple do for their wedding anniversary?
A. Go to see a film.     B. Work on a report.    C. Go out for dinner.
7. When did Lily finish her report?
A. On Friday.      B. On Wednesday.     C. On Sunday.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. When did the woman come back from Guilin?
A. On May 4.      B. On May 5.      C. On May 6.
9. What did the woman like best on her trip?
A. The fresh air in Guilin.   B. The dark waters of Li River.  C. The Elephant Trunk Hill.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
A. Friends.      B. Husband and wife.    C. Mother and son.
11. What is the man s problem?
A. Having many cards to write.
B. Getting all the food ready.
C. Telling his son the truth about Santa.
12. What can we learn from the woman’s words?
A. There’s no need to tell Tom the truth.
B. It’s not easy for Tom to accept the truth.
C. Tom is too old to believe in the truth.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Where does the man want to rent an apartment?
A. Near the school.     B. Near the park.     C. Near the bus station.
14. What doesn’t the man like about the first apartment?
A. The traffic is not convenient.  B. The rent is a little bit high.   C. The living room is small.
15. Where is the second apartment?
A. In the Baker Street.    B. In the Green Street.    C. In the Bridge Street.
16. What is the monthly rent for the second apartment?
A. $ 500.       B. $ 600.       C. $ 700.
听第10段独白,回答第17至20题。
17. What is the main reason for the children s death in the floodwater?
A. Playing too close to high water.
B. Swimming in the water.
C. Fishing on flooded waterways.
18. How many people have died in vehicles since 2011 in America?
A. About 600.      B. About 700.      C. About 360.
19. Which state has the most flood-related deaths?
A. Ohio.       B. Missouri.      C. Texas.
20. What is the most important to prevent flooding deaths while driving?
A. Timely rescues.     B. Common sense.     C. Warning systems.


二.阅读理解(每题2分,共40分)
第一部分  阅读下面的文章,从每题后面所给的四个选项中选出正确的一项。
A
Dutch masters exhibition in Beijing
The 17th century Dutch Golden Age had several significant artists and a range of great pieces produced during the period-including Jan Vermeer’s Young Woman at Virginal, Jan Lievens’ Boy in a Cape, and Turban and Rembrandt’ s Self Portrait with Shaded Eyes.
Some of the most refined examples of the time, including the three pieces mentioned above, will make their debut(首次亮相)in China as part of a world tour of The Leiden Collection.
If you go:
9 a.m-5 p.m., June 17-Sept 3 (closed on Mondays). National Museum of China, l Wusi Avenue, Dangcheng district. 010-6400-1476.
Ticket:50 yuan ($7)
The Age of Mechanical Reproduction
The Age of Mechanical Reproduction, the latest exhibition at the Riverside Art Museum, features 4l artworks of US pop icon Andy Warhol, covering art installations, paintings and photographs. Warhol’s well-known installation Electric Chair is a highlight of the show, which is also its debut in Asia.
If you go:
10 a.m.-5 p.m., through August 28 (closed on Mondays). The Riverside Art Museum, Hongyan Road, Chaoyang district. 010-5309-2062.
Ticket: 60 yuan
Back with a bang
Beijing-based band Escape Plan will hold a concert in Beijing this weekend. The band is most famous for the song The Brightest Star in the Night Sky.
If you go:
7:30 p.m. June 17. Beijing Worker’s Gymnasium, Gongti Beilu, Chaoyang district. 400-610-3721.
Ticket: 280-980 yuan
Purple clay teapots
Yixing purple clay potteries are a vital part of Chinese pottery culture and have been included in China’s list of national intangible cultural heritage(国家非物质文化遗产). A selection of more than 80 purple clay teapots will go on display at the Poly Art Museum starting Friday. The exhibit will include a range of delicate teapot works of Ji Yishun, Wang Xiaolong and Gao Lijun, who are all inheritors(继承人)the time-honored(历史悠久的)pottery handicraft.
If you go:
9:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. (closed on Sundays), through June 30. Poly Art Museum, New Poly Plaza,1 Chaoyangmen North Street 9. 010-6500-8117.
Ticket: 20 yuan
21. What do Dutch masters exhibition in Beijing and The Age of Mechanical Reproduction have in common?
A. Their total exhibition time.                              B. They aren’t open on Mondays.
C. Their ticket prices.                                            D. Their exhibition places.
22. If you are fond of the performance of Escape Plan, which number can you contact to book a ticket in advance?
A. 010-5309-2062.                                                 B. 010-6500-8117.
C. 010-6400-1476.                                                  D. 400-610-3721.
23. Where can you go and enjoy an exhibition but spend less money?
A. Poly Art Museum, New Poly Plaza.                    B. National Museum of China.
C. The Riverside An Museum.                                 D. Beijing Workers’ Gymnasium.


B
 Due to the increasing number of violence acts produced in schools all over the world, more and more parents prefer to have their children educated at home rather than at school. This way they can ensure theirsafety and well-being, although teachers and school representatives are trying to improve the situation inschools by increasing the number of the persons in charge of the safety of the students.
The main reason for violence acts are the films and cartoons that fill the children's time. They want to do everything they watch on TV and never think of the consequences, and they may hurt a classmate or a teacher.
On the other hand, parents are not fully satisfied with the children's results obtained in classes and they consider private classes would have better results.
When a teacher has to watch 30 students in class he can't probably see what each of them is doing, how he is writing, or if he understands the explanations. At home the teacher can explain in details everything the child doesn't understand as many times as he considers proper.
And many times the child grows fond of the teacher at home, who becomes his best friend, and who helps him whenever he needs someone to talk to.
However, the best solution would be a mixture between the education received at school and that at home, because school makes children communicate and socialize. Keeping a child at home for fear there might happen something bad to him only makes the child's character weak and prevents him from knowing what real life is. Staying in a crystal ball only does harm to the child.
All in all, schools have been created to help children, not to harm them, so it's best to keep children in these special places, where they learn, laugh, have fun and make new friends.
24. The writer's purpose in writing the text is to___________
A.teach parents the ways to keep their children safe
B.show solutions to developing children's character
C.explain the main reason for violence acts in schools
D.analyze an education problem and give opinions
25. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?
A.Advantages and Disadvantages of Private Classes
B.Who is to Blame, Parents or Schools?
C.Which is Better, School Study or Home Study?
D.The Relationship between Teachers and Children
26.What does "a crystal ball" in the passage refer to?
A.A toy that can be used for entertainment.
B. A safe and comfortable environment.
C. A round object that is made of crystal.
D. An obstacle that is hard to overcome.
27.We call infer from the passage that        .
A.violence TV programs have bad effects on children's behavior
B.the teacher at home is more patient than the teacher at school
C.children today are weak from lack of sense of right and wrong
D.there are too many students in class for a teacher to teach

C
  A new study from the Georgia Institute of Technology finds that older and younger people have varying preferences about what they would want a personal robot to look like. And they change their minds based on what the robot is supposed to do.
Participants were shown a series of photos portraying either robotic, human or mixed human-robot faces and were asked to select the one that they would prefer for their robot’s appearance. Most college-aged adults in the study preferred a robotic appearance. However nearly 60 percent of older adults said they would want a robot with a human face, and only 6 percent of them chose one with a mixed human-robot appearance. But the preferences in both are groups were different when participants were told the robot was assisting with personal care, chores, social interaction or for helping to make decisions.
Preferences were less strong for helping with chores, although the majority of older and younger participants chose a robot with a robotic face. But for decision-making tasks, such as getting advice for where to invest money, younger participants tended to select a mixed human-robot appearance. A robotic face was their least favored choice for this task. Older adults generally preferred a human face.
Personal care tasks such as bathing provoked the most divisive preferences within both age groups. Those who chose a human face did so because they associated the robot with human-like care capabilities—such as nursing and trustworthy traits(特点). Many others didn’t want anything looking like a human to bathe them due to the private nature of the task.
In the final category, assistance with social tasks, both age groups preferred a human face.
Based on this early research, Prakash, a researcher who led the study says that if a robot is designed to help only with a specific task, its appearance should be decided by the features of the task. For instance, if the robot is designed to specifically assist the user with critical decisions, the robot should be given an intelligent look instead of a funny one. Prakash plans to expand the study to other age groups and more diverse educational backgrounds.
28. The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 2 refers to ________.
A. participants                          B. college-aged adults.                    C. older adults.                         D. robots.
29. While getting advice about the money from robots, the older may choose ________.
A. a robotic appearance            B. a human face               C. a mixed human-robot look.            D. a funny appearance.
30. What can we learn from the passage?
A. The younger didn’t like a robot with a human face to bathe them.
B. The older preferred to hire a nurse to bathe them instead of a robot.
C. The choice of the robots’ look is mainly related to the age.
D. There will be a further study on the choice of the robot’s look.
31. What does the passage mainly talk about?
A. A new study from the Georgia Institute of Technology.
B. The preferences while choosing a face of a robot.
C. How to select the appearance of a robot.
D. The development of the robot.

D
 There were smiling children all the way. Clearly they knew at what time the train passed their homes and they made it their business to stand along the railway, wave to complete strangers and cheer them up as they rushed towards Penang. Often whole families stood outside their homes and waved and smiled as if those on the trains were their favorite s. This is the simple village people of Malaysia. I was moved.
I had always traveled to Malaysia by plane or car, so this was the first time I was on a train. I did not particularly relish the long train journey and had brought along a dozen magazines to read and reread. I looked about the train. There was not one familiar face. I sighed and sat down to read my Economics.
It was not long before the train was across the Causeway and in Malaysia. Johore Baru was just another city like Singapore, so I was tired of looking at the crowds of people as they hurried past. As we went beyond the city, I watched the straight rows of rubber trees and miles and miles of green. Then the first village came into sight. Immediately I came alive; I decided to wave back.
From then on my journey became interesting. I threw my magazines into the waste basket and decided to join in Malaysian life. Then everything came alive. The mountains seemed to speak to me. Even the trees were smiling. I stared at everything as if I was looking at it for the first time.
The day passed fast and I even forgot to have my lunch until I felt hungry. I looked at my watch and was surprised that it was 3:00 pm. Soon the train pulled up at Butterworth. I looked at the people all around me. They all looked beautiful. When my uncle arrived with a smile, I threw my arms around him to give him a warm hug (拥抱). I had never done this before. He seemed surprised and then his weather-beaten face warmed up with a huge smile. We walked arm in arm to his car.
I looked forward to the return journey.
32. The author expected the train trip to be________ .
A. adventurous    B. pleasant    C. exciting    D. dull
33. What did the author remember most fondly of her train trip?
A. The friendly country people.    B. The mountains along the way.
C. The crowds of people in the streets.    D. The simple lunch served on the train.
34. Which of the following words can best take the place of the word "relish" in the second paragraph?
A. choose    B. enjoy    C. prepare for    D. carry on
35. What can we learn from the story?
A. Comfort in traveling by train.    B. Pleasure of living in the country.
C. Reading gives people delight.    D. Smiles brighten people up.


第二部分  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
  A peer is a person who is about the same age as you. Peers affect your life, whether you know it or not, just by spending time with you.
___36___ Maybe another student in your science class taught you an easy way to remember the planets in solar system. Maybe you got others excited about your new favorite book and now everyone’s reading it. However, sometimes peers affect one another in another way.___37___ Maybe a kid in the neighborhood wanted you to steal with him.
Some kids give in to peer pressure because they want to be liked, to fit in, or because they worry that other kids may make fun of them if they don’t go along with the group.___38___ The idea that “everyone’s doing it” may influence some kids to leave their better judgments or their common senses behind.
Peer pressure can be extremely strong and hard to get rid of. Experiments have shown how peer pressure can influence someone to change her/his mind from what she/he knows for sure is a correct answer to the incorrect answer-just because everyone else gives the incorrect answer!___39___
___40___ Paying attention to your own feelings and beliefs about what is right and wrong can help you know the right thing to do. Inner strength and self-confidence can help you stand firm, walk away and resist doing something when you know better.
A. Peers can have a good effect on one another.
B. Peer pressure is the direct influence on people by peers.
C. Good peers may give you a hand when you are in trouble.
D. That holds true for people of any age in peer pressure situations.
E. Maybe one kid in school tried to get another to cut class with him.
F. It can be hard to walk away from peer pressure, but it can be done.
G. Others may go along because they are curious to try something new that others are doing.

 

三.语言知识技能运用(共两节,共45分)
【一】完形填空(每题1.5分,共30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  The most important lesson I learned in high school had nothing to do with maths or American history. It came at graduation, several minutes    41    I left Miramonte High School. I was rather shy back then, content to hang around with my few friends and to concentrate on my  42   . I was doing so well that by the end of senior year I had perfect    43    and enough credits to go to college.
But my good record soon became a fear to my well-being.In early June of senior year, the headmaster called me into his office.He asked me to give a leave-taking speech at graduation.I looked at him, my heart    44    fast. This was the reward for my hard work? I said something, but not very clearly, and hurried away from the office.
I was    45    about the decision, though finally agreeing to take up the task. I wasn't the only speaker—I would    46    the honor with five other students.Still, I was uncertain whether the task was beyond me.How in the world would I give a speech to hundreds of people?
Graduation day soon arrived and, as     47    , I was nervous.I'd been practicing my speech for days, and I had it    48    . But I had    49    been so terrified in my life. The first half hour of the    50    passed, and then my    51    came. My name was announced. I    52    to reach the platform without falling down.But within minutes, I finished my speech,      53 back to my seat.
Now I still have the    54    of that speech.My voice trembled a little, but    55    it was clear and strong.I'm proud of that tape.I achieved    56    I'd never dreamed — I spoke in front of hundreds of people.Although I didn't realize it at the time, the successful completion of that speech gave me the    57    to participate in class at college, to give oral reports, and to eventually break free of my    58    .
I never would have chosen to give a speech at graduation. But I'm    59    I did. I know it may well    50    to be one of my shining moments.
41. A. before                              B. after                                               C. when                                           D. while
42. A. hobbies                             B. interests                                        C. games                                         D. subjects
43. A. manners                            B. relationship                                C. scores                                           D. characters
44. A. burning                            B. breaking                                       C. aching                                        D. beating
45. A. doubtful                             B. optimistic                                 C. generous                                    D. hesitant
46. A. share                                 B. bring                                          C. spare                                             D. give
47. A. intended                             B. hoped                                           C. expected                                      D. planned
48. A. thrown                             B. printed                                           C. memorized                             D. completed
49. A. ever                                     B. never                                           C. always                                  D. hardly
50. A. lesson                                 B. task                                             C. ceremony                                D. match
51. A. moment                            B. day                                                 C. chance                              D. decision
52. A. managed                            B. tried                                              C. wanted                                     D. succeeded
53. A. passing                             B. heading                                          C. handing                                   D. sitting
54. A. photo                               B. tape                                                  C. paper                                        D. word
55. A. partly                                B. immediately                                C. frankly                                   D. mostly
56. A. everything                       B. anything                                          C. nothing                                   D. something            
57. A. respect                             B. confidence                                        C. freedom                                D. excuse
58. A. shyness                                B. pride                                            C. stupidity                                D. courage
59. A. afraid                                    B. sure                                      C. glad                                         D. puzzled
60. A. turn off                                B. turn out                                       C. set off                                     D. set out

第II卷  非选择题(共50分)
三.语言知识技能运用(共两节,共45分)
【二】语法填空(每空1.5分,共15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
 Tea is one of the 61 (much) popular drinks in the world. You make it by pouring hot water over the dried 62  (leaf) of a tea plant. For hundreds of years people believed that tea could cure illnesses, and they used  63 as medicine. Today scientists know that tea contains chemicals that prevent cells from dying. Most teas have caffeine in them,  64 makes you feel more active. Some people have problems 65 (drink) tea because it can cause sleeplessness.
The tea plant 66   (grow) best in tropical and temperate places where rain falls throughout the year. Teas can be grown from sea level 67   about 2,000 metres, but the best quality grows in higher regions.
Tea comes from the leaves and buds of tea plants. Wild plants can be up to 9 metres high, however, on tea plantations(茶园),  68 ( pull ) the leaves   69   (easy) , people cut them back to a bush of about a metre in height. It takes a plant three to five years before it is ready for plucking(采摘).
A plucker can harvest about 20 kg of tea 70 day. On large tea plantations the leaves are harvested by machines, but the quality of tea is higher when the leaves are plucked by hand.

四.写作技能(共两节,共35分)
71.短文改错(共10分)
  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
  High school is regarded as the best time of my life. Besides classes or homework, there are something more that I especially treasure. In order to leave school with no regrets, I will make best of my limited time to go over the lessons I had learned. At the same time, I’d like to show my gratitude to all the teachers who have given me so many help in the past three years. In addition to, it’s necessary for me to have a talk with whomever might have misunderstood me, for I do care about the friendship between us. For the purpose of improving me, I’ll ask my classmates for some advices which may be of great value to me. Last but not least, do another good deed for my class is also my plan. With these things done, I will have no regrets in my high school life.
72.书面表达(共25分)
 假设你是李华,你远在美国的笔友Jack对中国的春节很感兴趣,他来信询问有关情况。请你给他回一封电子邮件,简单介绍春节及中国人是如何过春节的。内容应包括如下要点:
1 春节在中国的地位;
2 春节持续的时间、春节来临前及期间人们的活动;
3 你对春节的态度。
注意:1可适当发挥使行文连贯,词数100左右;
2 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
参考词汇:春节联欢晚会Spring Festival Gala Evening
Dear Jack,
Thanks for your e-mail. I’m glad to tell you something about China’s Spring Festival.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours
Li Hua
 


衡阳八中2018届高三年级实验班第一次高考模拟考试英语参考答案
1-5.CABCA      6-10.ABACA    11-15.CBCBA    16-20.AACCB
21-23.BDA      24-27.DCBA    28-31.CBDB     32-35.DABD    36-40.AEGDF
41-45.ADCDD    46-50.ACCBC   51-55.AABBD    56-60.DBACB
61. most   62. leaves  63. it  64.  which  65.  drinking
66.  grows  67.  to   68. to pull   69. easily  70. a/per
71.High school is regarded as the best time of my life. Besides classes or homework, there are
                                                                                    and                     is    
something more that I especially treasure. In order to leave school with no regrets, I will make
                                                                              
∧best of my limited time to go over the lessons I had learned. At the same time, I’d like to show
the                                                         have                         time
my gratitude to all the teachers who have given me so many help in the past three years. In
                                                                  much       
addition to, it’s necessary for me to have a talk with whomever might have misunderstood me,
                                                                whoever                                 myself
for I do care about the friendship between us. For the purpose of improving me, I’ll ask my
                                              
classmates for some advices which may be of great value to me. Last but not least, do another
                         advice                                                                doing
good deed for my class is also my plan. With these things done, I will have no regrets in my high school life.


                   
72.ONE POSSIBLE VERSION
Dear Jack,
Thanks for your e-mail. I’m glad to tell you something about China’s Spring Festival.
As you know, the Spring Festival is the most important festival in China, just like Christmas in the west. It falls on the last day of lunar year and lasts until the Lantern Festival. Before the festival comes, people clean and decorate their houses to welcome the new year. On New Year’s Eve, people usually get together to watch annual Spring Festival Gala Evening on TV while eating delicious food. During the festival, people go from house to house to pay a New Year visit to their s and friends. As a teenager, I like the Spring Festival very much because I can get lucky money from my parents and s and enjoy myself with my friends as well.
How do you like the Spring Festival? I’m looking forward to hearing from you.
Yours,
Li Hua
 

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