2018成都龙泉中学高考英语模拟(一)试卷(附答案)

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2018成都龙泉中学高考英语模拟(一)试卷(附答案)

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成都龙泉中学2015级高考模拟试题(一)
英    语
注意事项:
  1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用2B铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型A后的方框涂黑。
  2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
  3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
  4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

第Ⅰ卷(满分100分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。
1. How many minutes does the woman think John will be late for the meeting?
A. 10 minutes.     B. 15 minutes.       C. 20 minutes.
2. What does the man think the building will probably be?
A. An apartment building.   B. A hotel.        C. A store.
3. How does the man feel about his present job seeking?
A. He is confident     B. He is tired of it.     C. He is not quite sure.
4. What do you know about the price of meat?
A. It is going up every day.   B. It is high everywhere.        C. It is higher in other stores.
5. Where does the conversation most probably take place?
A. In the kitchen.     B. In the living room.            C In the studay .
第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对活或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. How does the woman feel at the beginning of the conversation?
A. Relieved.      B. Angry.     C. Excited.
7. Which city will the art exhibition go to next week?
A. Los Angles.     B. New York.    C. Chicago.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Where did the man live before?
A. In the Oak Greek apartments. B. In the dorm.   C. In a house he rented.
9. What does the man do since others do the cooking?
A. Cook meals.    B. Do the shopping.   C. Learn how to cock.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题
10. How is the woman going to New York?
A. By train.    B. By plane.     C. By bus.
11. Why are the tickets cheaper?
A. It is slower.   B. There is no place to sleep.  C. It arrives at midnight.
12. How much will the woman pay for the tickets?
A. $ 25.    B. $ 30.         C. $ 50.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. When will the man arrive at the airport?
A. At 8:00.    B. At 9:00.     C. At 10:00.
14. Which of the following is the man most likely to do in Italy?
A. Attend an art school.   B. Lie on the beach.    C. Visit art exhibitions.
15. How is the man going the travel in Milan?
A. By bike.    B. On foot.           C. By car.
16. What will the woman probably do during her vacation?
A. Have a relaxing time.  B. Stay at home.      C. Take a summer course.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What can we learn from the speaker?
A. Judge everything from facts.      
B. People may fool you by putting up a good appearance.
C. Don’t judge a person’s intelligence by his appearance.
18. What do we know about the young man?
A. He is stupid.   B. He is a talented writer.         C. He likes chatting.
19. What can we know from the example of the student?
A. The teacher is fooled by the intelligent student.
B. The student is good at giving the teacher a good impression.
C. The teacher knows the student’s tricks.
20. What is the accurate suggestion given by the speaker?
A. Judging a book by its cover.      
B. Keeping a close eye on a student.
C. Taking time to observe a person.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
One of my neighbors used to have a beautiful tree in her front yard. Her dad had planted it for her when it was nothing more than a twig(树枝) and several years later it started to shoot towards the sky with amazing speed. Soon it blessed her with cooling shade in the summer and glorious, golden leaves in the fall.
When the two-day snowstorm struck our town, heavy snow fell on the tree’s branches that were still full of leaves. The weight split that lovely tree down the middle. It was so sad seeing half of it laying on the ground after the storm. When I talked to my neighbor later, she said that the damage had been too much and that the entire tree would have to be cut down. Thankfully she had saved a few saplings(树苗) from it that she hoped to replant in the future.
Still, it was a shock to drive by her house the other day and see nothing but a stump in her front yard. I missed that tree. I missed its beauty, its leaves shinning in the afternoon sun. I missed seeing its limbs reach towards the heavens. I thought that the stump would be a sad reminder of its loss for a long time to come. My wonderful neighbor, though, had another plan. When I drove by her home today I saw a tiny bird feeder sitting on that stump and a colorful songbird having its dinner. It was such an affirmation of life. It was such a joy to see. I could feel my heart smile.
Life by its very nature is a mixed bag. It hands us beauty and tragedy, love and loss, pleasure and pain. What we do with it, however, is up to us. We can let it split us in two, or we can use even its hardest times to make our souls stronger and our hearts more loving. We can spend it complaining or we can use it to help others.
21.We know from the first paragraph that _____.
A. the tree grew very slowly.              
B. the tree was so strong that it could bear any weight.
C. the tree showed its beauty and benefits.   
D. the author’s neighbor was good at planting trees.
22.The author’s neighbor left a stump in her front yard to use it as_____.
A. a good reminder.              B. a place to feed birds.
C. a seat after dinner.              D. a beautiful sculpture.
23.What does the author mainly want to show in the passage?
A. Life is determined by our attitude towards it.    
B. Life consists of pain and suffering.
C. Life has beauty and tragedy.              
D. Life should be pleasant rather than painful.
B
As more and more animal species began to disappear from Kandal province, the Cambodian man Suy Senglim grew worried. So he created a photo project hoping to bring more attention to the loss of natural habitat in Cambodia. He records the common name of each creature, its scientific name and identifying qualities, whether or not the species is endangered and hopes to educate Cambodians about the importance of wildlife protection.
“The biggest issue is damage to habitat and hunting. Besides that, it is due to demand from the rich who desire wild meat and who consider wild meat chemical-free,” he said.
   “Hunting is at the root of Cambodian culture,” he said. But he notes that centuries ago, there were more animals and fewer people. Educating Cambodians about the need for saving natural resources is very important to Suy Senglim.
Chhit Sam Ath is executive director of the World Wildlife Fund, or WWF office in Cambodia. He said land sales and development are partly responsible for a sharp drop in the number of trees. It is estimated that protected areas within forests have disappeared at the same rate as forests in other parts of the country. Between 2001 and 2014, the yearly rate of forest loss in Cambodia was the highest in the world, the group said. The rate increased 14.4 percent during that period. Flora and Fauna International noted almost 60 percent of the country was forested in 2009. But it fell to 48 percent by 2014.
Suy Senglim is now working on a book on 100 bird species from among the 400 species he has photographed. He hopes to publish the book in early 2018. He says he looks forward to teaching in high schools and colleges to influence a new generation of nature-lovers.
24. How does Suy Senglim feel about the wildlife in Cambodia?
  A. Disappointed.        B. Optimistic.      C. Concerned.       D. Annoyed.
25. What did Suy Senglim do?
  A. He has taken pictures of about 100 bird species in all.
B. He made a careful investigation of the wildlife in Cambodia.
  C. He is now working in colleges to educate young people.
  D. He works at the WWF office to help protect wildlife.
26. What is true about Cambodia?
  A. Local people are good at hunting.
  B. Forest coverage rate fell by 14.4 percent from 2001 to 2014.
  C. Rich people have a special interest in wild meat.
  D. Many Cambodians have realized the importance of wildlife protection.
27. Where does this text probably come from?
  A. A news report.        B. A science fiction. 
  C. A medical journal.        D. An agricultural magazine.
C
I was desperately nervous about becoming car-free. But eight months ago our car was hit by a passing vehicle and it was destroyed. No problem, I thought: we’ll buy another. But the insurance payout didn’t even begin to cover the costs of buying a new car—I worked out that, with the loan we’d need plus petrol, insurance, parking permits and tax, we would make a payment as much as £600 a month.
And that’s when I had my fancy idea. Why not just give up having a car at all? I live in London. We have a railway station behind our house, a tube station 10 minutes’ walk away, and a bus stop at the end of the street. A new car club had just opened in our area, and one of its shiny little red Peugeots was parked nearby. If any family in Britain could live without a car, I reasoned, then surely we were that family.
 But my new car-free idea, sadly, wasn’t shared by my family. My teenage daughters were horrified. What would their friends think about our family being “too poor to afford a car”? (I wasn’t that bothered what they thought, and I suggested the girls should take the same approach.)
 My friends, too, were astonished at our plan. What would happen if someone got seriously ill overnight and needed to go to hospital? (an ambulance) How would the children get to and from their many events? (buses and trains) People smiled as though this was another of my mad ideas, before saying they were sure I’d soon realize that a car was a necessity.
 Eight months on, I wonder whether we’ll ever own a car again. The idea that you “have to” own a car, especially if you live in a city, is all in the mind. I live—and many other citizens do too—in a place that has never been better served by public transport, and yet car ownership has never been higher. We worry about rising car costs, but we’d be better off asking something much more basic: do I really need a car? Certainly the answer is no, and I’m a lot richer because I dared to ask the question.
28. The author decided to live a car-free life partly because ______.
 A. most families chose to go car-free  B. the cost of a new car was too much
 C. he was hurt in a terrible car accident  D. the traffic jam was unbearable for him
29. What is the attitude of the author’s family toward his plan?
 A. Disapproving.  B. Supportive.    C. Optimistic.  D. Unconcerned.
30. What did the author suggest his daughters do about their friends’ opinion?
 A. Argue against it. B. Take their advice.   C. Leave it alone. D. Think it over.  
31. What conclusion did the author draw after the eight-month car-free life?
 A. Life cannot go without a car.    B. Life without a car is a little bit hard. 
 C. His life gets improved without a car. D. A car-free life does not suit everyone. 
D
It won’t be wrong to say that the hotel industry is one of the most competitive fields, and to survive in the hotel business, restaurateurs (餐馆老板) need to have certain unique strategies. To be more specific, to excel(突出)in the business, hotel owners need to follow a few things like, keeping a few secrets from customers, telling them half the truth, and at times even lying and pretending about certain things.
Calories in a dish
In the first place, the calorie count of a particular dish is seldom mentioned on the menu, and when it’s mentioned, most times it is inaccurate. Also, the waiters are not allowed to say anything about the calories in a dish and they either lie about it or just say, “All the information about it is available online.”
Extra sugar in your kids’ meals
You may wonder why your kid wants to go to the same restaurant every time, where he once had a particular pizza. Many restaurants often apply the trick of adding extra sugar to the kids’ meals so that they love it more and insist on going to the same place again and again.
“Homemade” salad is actually ready-made
 Salads often labeled as “homemade” on the menu are not homemade. Some restaurants purchase salad dressings(沙拉酱) in large quantities and then add a few ingredients like fresh herbs, blue cheese, etc., and serve them as the homemade salad.
 A last tip before you go, make sure that you never ask your waiter for recommendations from the menu. Waiters will never criticize anything that they serve, and in fact, may often do the opposite. At times, they may even recommend dishes that are expensive, or dishes that are not selling well.
These are some of the things that waiters will not share with you when you go to a restaurant. While most of these should not matter, you should never go to a restaurant that does not take cleanliness and hygiene(卫生) strictly.
32. According to the passage, the calorie count of a dish on the menu_________.
A. is not correct          B. is the exact fact
C. is healthy for customers      D. can also be found online
33. How do restaurants make ready-made salads look like homemade salads?
A. They make them look clean.      B. They add fresh salad dressings.
C. They make salad dressings delicious.   D. They add fresh herbs, blue cheese, etc.
34. If a waiter recommends a dish to you, ________.
A. you can accept it gladly       B. it means you will get a discount
C. you should think about it carefully    D. it means the dish isn’t selling well
35. The author writes the passage mainly to __________.
A. tell us how to choose the right restaurants
B. show us some of the secrets of restaurants
C. advise us to eat less in restaurants
D. tell us how restaurants survive
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Personally, I believe that the female brain is mainly built for empathy—the ability to understand other people—and that the male brain is mainly built for building systems.   36   For example, women are more likely to read magazines on fashion and parenting, while men will choose magazines featuring computers and sport.
You may think that these preferences are influenced by the way people are taught to behave when they are growing up. However, this is not the case. A new study carried out at Cambridge University shows that newborn girls look longer at a face, and newborn boys look longer at a mobile.   37   It has also been observed that girls are better at noticing signs of changes in other people’s feelings. Boys, however, seem to enjoy building toy towers and playing with toys having clear functions.    38  
People whose jobs are in the construction industries are almost male. Math and engineering, which require high levels of systems-thinking, are also male-chosen disciplines. Why do men and women have the difference? Actually women have four times as many brain neurons that connect the right and left part of their brains. Because of it, women have a better ability to multitask than men.     39    
Men tend to focus on a limited number of problems at a time. They will separate themselves from problems and view tasks as independent from one another.
Some people may worry that I am suggesting one gender is better than the other, but this is not the case. My theory says that males and females differ in the kinds of things that they find easy, but that both genders have their strengths and weaknesses.    40    It is not true. The study simply looks at males and females as two groups, and asks what differences exist and why they are there.
A. Generally speaking, there are clear differences.
B. You can see the same kind of pattern in the adult workplace.
C. Their preference for building systems may change over time.
D. They will consider many sources of information at the same time.
E. It is important to stress that the female brain may be built more for empathy.
F. That suggests certain differences between male and female brains are biological.
G. Others may think the theory creates a belief of what a particular type of person is like.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 
第一节 完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分) 
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
My first lesson is at a meeting. As we settle around the table I hear Meg, who is  41  a recent operation, talking to Judith, the manager of our project. “Thank you so much for  42  my daughters to their dance lessons last week.” “Don’t mention it,” Judith says, “It was nothing.”
 Knowing how  43  Judith’s schedule is, with her work, kids and aging parents, I find her driving Meg’s children to lessons unbelievably  44 . I am about to say more about this when Donna, another colleague, enters the room  45 . She apologizes for being late, saying she just hosted a lunch for her friends who are over seventy. “That is so nice of you,” I say,  46  how busy she is, how she doesn’t like to cook and clean. “Oh,” she says, waving her hand, “It was nothing.”  47 , I can still tell the  48  in her voice. She did gain a sense of satisfaction from the entertainment offered to her friends.
 Seeing their  49  to help others selflessly, I start thinking about the concept of “nothing”, this peaceful and generous way of living--- had it really been nothing or are they simply saying that? It  50
to me that once I spent a whole afternoon after work helping a friend  51  a speech she was going to deliver. I  52  her to rearrange the sequence of the stories in the lecture to make it sound more  53 . After the fifth try, she finally  54  it. She hugged me with  55 , saying thanks to me. I smiled and said it was nothing.
 Suddenly, I realized that helping someone was really something to me. I learned that giving from the heart doesn’t  56  mean sacrifice and hard work. The  57  is finding something we love to do and finding someone who  58  that something. Our generosity can benefit others  59  ourselves. Once you have a good  60  of it, it’s nothing. And it’s really something.
41. A. recovering from B. adapting to      C. going through     D. rejoicing in
42. A. guiding      B. fetching      C. driving       D. dragging
43. A. common    B. tight       C. strange      D. practical
44. A. ridiculous  B. eccentric      C. tiresome   D. generous
45. A. hastily   B. angrily    C. disappointedly     D. unexpectedly
46. A. ignoring      B. knowing   C. forgetting      D. predicting
47. A. Moreover  B. Therefore      C. Otherwise      D. Somehow
48. A. pleasure  B. sadness      C. surprise   D. regret
49. A. progress  B. ambition   C. promise      D. willingness
50. A. refers     B. appears   C. occurs       D. seems
51. A. prepare for  B. put up       C. give away      D. deal with
52. A. begged   B. invited       C. recommended  D. sponsored
53. A. confusing  B. sensible   C. sensitive      D. typical
54. A. got    B. meant       C. caught       D. made 
55. A. concern   B. worry          C. gratitude           D. apology
56. A. normally  B. accidentally      C. necessarily       D. possibly
57. A. treat   B. trick       C. plot    D. plan
58. A. needs   B. admires        C. loves       D. defends
59. A. on account of B. as well as      C. except for      D. regardless of
60. A. order   B. glimpse   C. impression      D. command
第Ⅱ卷(共50分)
注意: 将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
    In much of Asia, especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of China, Japan, Korea,    61    Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.
Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might    62    (make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal    63    (create) special designs.
The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots,    64    (use) twigs (树枝) to remove it. Over time,    65    the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which    66    (gradual) turned into chopsticks.
Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius,    67    lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., influenced the    68    (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and    69    (be) too violent for use at the table.
Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example,  most people traditionally eat    70    their hands.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:   
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;    
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear Henry,   
    I am writing to invite you attend the Chinese paper-cutting art exhibition to be held in the art gallery from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm the next Saturday in the City Museum.   
    Paper-cutting is a traditionally art form in China,which had a history of more than 1,500 years.People often decorate their homes in paper-cutting during festivals and weddings.In this exhibition,you can see paper-cutting with various pattern.In addition,they are famous artists who will perform what to cut paper on the spot.I hope that you can seize this opportunity to learn much about traditional Chinese culture.   
    Looking forward to hear from you soon.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
第二节 书面表达:
随着生活水平的提高,城市中饲养宠物狗的人越来越多。你班就“城市居民是否鼓励养宠物狗”展开讨论。请你根据下表所提供的信息用英语写一篇短文。(字数120词左右,开头不计)
40%同学认为 60%同学认为 个人看法
1.老人养宠物狗可以获得陪伴和宽慰
2.和宠物相处能使人生活更有趣味 1.养宠物狗污染环境
2.宠物狗会制造噪音甚至伤人 考生陈诉

Last week, we had a heat discussion on whether people in cities can keep pets. ________________
                                                          Li Hua

 


成都龙泉中学2015级高考模拟试题(一)
英    语
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
1〜5 BCABA       6〜10 AABBA      11〜15 CCBCC    16〜20 ACBBC
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
21〜23 CBA      24〜-27 DBCD      28〜31 BACC     32〜35 ADCB  
36-40 AFBDG
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 
第一节 完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41〜45 ACBDA       45〜50 BDADC      51〜55 ACBDC      56〜60 CBABD
第二节 语法填空
61. and        62. be  made    63. to create           64. using       65. as/when  
66. gradually   67. who         68. development        69. were       70. With
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Dear Henry,
I am writing to invite you∧ attend the Chinese paper-cutting art exhibition to be held in the
                         to
art gallery from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm the next Saturday in the City Museum.
   
Paper-cutting is a traditionally art form in China, which had a history of more than 1, 500
                   traditional                      has
years. People often decorate their homes in paper-cutting during festivals and weddings. In this
                                with
exhibition, you can see paper-cutting with various pattern. In addition, they are famous artists
                                        patterns          there
who will perform what to cut paper on the spot. I hope that you can seize this opportunity to
               how
learn much about traditional Chinese culture.
  more
Looking forward to hear from you soon.
               hearing
                                                         Yours sincerely,

第二节  书面表达
Last week, we had a heat discussion on whether people in cities can keep pets. 40% of the students hold the view that keeping pets is of benefit. Advantages can be seen as follows. First, old people who live alone can get some comfort form pets. In addition, getting along well with animals will make people’s life more interesting.
    But every coin has two sides. 60% of the students object to the idea. One of the important disadvantages is that the public environment will be polluted by the walking dogs. To make matters worse, some pets may make noise, and even attack people.
    As far as I’m concerned, laws should be made to guide people to keep pets in a proper way. Only in this way can we enjoy the fun of keeping pets without making troubles.
 

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