全国普通高等学校2018高三英语招生统考(二)模拟试卷(带答案)

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全国普通高等学校2018高三英语招生统考(二)模拟试卷(带答案)

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w.5 Y K J.Com 2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟试题
英语(二)
    本试题卷共12页。全卷满分150分,考试用时120分钟。
注意事项:
1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节  (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.What time is the train expected to arrive?
A.7:45.     B.8:15.     C.8:45.
2,Where is the man’s new house?   
A.Mexico City.  B.Boston.  C. Los Angeles.
3.Why does the man make the call?   
A.To tell the doctor his delay. 
B.To ask the doctor for help.
C.To make an appointment.
4.How did the man go to work in the past?
A.By car.     B.By bike.    C.By bus.
5.What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
A.Mother and son.
B.Doctor and patient.
C.Teacher and student.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6.What are they talking about?
A.Plans for the weekend.
B.Homework for the weekend.
C.The project from the teacher.
7.What is the woman going to do?
A.Do homework.     B.Go hiking.     C.Complete the project.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.Where does the conversation take place?
A.In a 1ibrary.      B.At a bookstore. C.In the classroom.
9.Why did the man have to pay $5 ?   
A.He returned the book late.
B.He damaged the book.
C.He lost the book.  
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.What kind of scarf does the woman want to buy?
A.A silk scarf.      B.A fur scarf,.     C.A wool scarf.
11.How much should the woman pay?
A.$40.       B.$45.      C.$50.
12.What do we know about the woman?
A.She approved of protecting animals.
B.She bought the scarf to keep in fashion.
C.She thought the scarves were cheap.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.How long will the man stay in New York?
A.3 days.       B.4 days.      C.5 days.
 
14.What kind of room does the man want to reserve?
A.A smoking and queen-size-bed room.
B.A non-smoking and double-bed room.
C.A non-smoking and queen-size-bed room.
15. What’s the man’s telephone number?  
A.626-555-1739.    B.626-555-1379.     C.626-555-1793.
16. Which of the following services is flee in the hotel
A.The trainer services.  
B.The swimming poo1.
C.The fitness exercise equipment.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.What will the weather be like on Saturday?
A.Cloudy.       B.Sunny.      C.Rainy.
18.What should the football fans take to the stadium?
A.Umbrellas.      B.Raincoats.  C.Enough water.
19.When will it begin to rain in Alabama?
A.On Sunday morning.      B.On Sunday afternoon.
C.On Sunday evening.
20.What is the season now?
A.Autumn.      B.Winter.      C.Spring.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Find your perfect job today.Start by choosing a sector,location or other options to get the results you want.
Clerk to West Midlands
·West Midlands Region
·£30.000 per year
·3 days per week
·Closing date:13 November 2017   
This interesting and demanding role would be appropriate for an individual with high levels of planning and organizational expertise,experience of public communications and a keen interest in the West Midlands.
Electrical Technician
·Southport Merseyside  
·£9,094.40 per year
·Closing date:Friday,27 October 2017
Primary duties will include general repair,maintenance and stores management of the electrical workshops. The successful candidate will be required to offer educational certificates and must have good organizational and interpersonal skills.
Finance Assistant
·City of Bristol
·£18,070 to£20,138 per year
·Closing date:20 December 2017
Tasks will involve processing purchase orders,preparing pay lists.Overall this post requires a hardworking,highly confidential and diligent team player.In return for your hard work we have a staff benefits package which includes a health cash plan and membership of the local government pension scheme.
Care and Support Workers
·Newcastle Emlyn
·£7.50 per hour to£10.00 per hour
·Closing date:5 November 2017
Some jobs don’t require you to have any previous qualifications or experience—but you’11 definitely need a supportive,caring nature and a genuine desire to help others.
21.According to the text,which job is paid by the hour?
A.Care and Support Workers.     B.Finance Assistant.
C.Electrical Technician.   D.C1erk to West Midlands.
22.Which place is suitable for those who want to hunt for a job in December?
A.West Midlands Region.      B.Southport,Merseyside.
C.Newcastle Emlyn.    D.City of Bristo1.
23.Where does this text probably come from?
A.A job brochure.    B.A popular newspaper.
C.An education website.   D.A science magazine.
 
B
Theresa May is the second female prime minister,taking charge of the UK at one of the most hard times in recent political history.
Born in Sussex but raised largely in Oxfordshire,Mrs.May was educated in a grammar school in the village of Wheatley.The young Theresa Brasier threw herself into village life.Friends recall a tall,fashion-conscious young woman who from an early age spoke of her ambition to be the first woman prime minister.
Like Margaret Thatcher,she went to Oxford University to study.In 1976,in her third year,she met her husband Philip May.The story went that they were introduced at a Conservative Association disco and got married four years later.
Her university friend Pat Frankland,speaking in 2011 on a BBC Radio 4,said:“I cannot remember a time when she did not have political ambitions.”
There are no tales of drunken student celebration,but Pat Frankland and other friends say May was not the serious figure she would later come to be seen as,saying she had a sense of fun and a full social life.   
After graduating with a degree in geography,May went to work in the Bank of England.But it was already clear that she saw her future in politics.Like Margaret Thatcher,it took a bit of time for her to find hers.She first dipped her toe in the water in 1992,when she gained a Labour seat in North West Durham.She entered Parliament in 1997 and Theresa was appointed Home Secretary(内政大臣)in May 2010 and became the longest-serving Conservative Home Secretary for over a century.During this time she oversaw reductions in crime,reform of the police,and the introduction of the landmark Modern Slavery Act.
Following her election as Leader of the Conservative Party,Theresa was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on 13th July 2016.
24.Theresa May got married in ________________.
A.1976    B.1980    C.1992    D.1997
25.According to the text,what contributes most to May’s becoming the Prime Minister?
A.Her consistent ambition.
B.Her husband’s help.
C.A sense of fun.
D.A full social life.
 
26.What does Theresa have in common with Thatcher?
A.They received the degree in geography.
B.They didn’t become politicians upon graduation.
C.They spent their childhood in the countryside.
D.They got to know their husbands in university.
27.What do we know about Theresa May?
A.She was a successful Home Secretary.
B.She was popular with her classmates.
C.She was serious when she was young.
D.She majored in politics in university.
C
It may sound strange,but scientists are celebrating the survival and spread of tens of thousands of mosquitoes they released in Northeastern Australia.The whole thing makes more sense when you know that these mosquitoes are not just any ordinary bloodsuckers.They are infected with a type of bacteria that prevents the spread mosquito—borne viruses.
The bacterium,called Wolbachia,is present naturally in nearly two-thirds of all insect species,although it’s not usually found in Aedes aegypti(埃及伊蚊),the mosquitos responsible for spreading viruses like Zika,dengue,and yellow fever.
But when researchers introduced Wolbachia into mosquitoes in the lab a decade ago,the bacteria destroyed the mosquitoes,making them unable to spread their viruses into humans,which gives public health experts hope that by releasing big group of Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes into problem areas,they will spread Wolbachia to the local populations—making them unable to spread viral diseases to people.
But a big question was ,will the Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes remain where they are 1et loose or will they move enough to mix with the wild ones ? 
So researchers in Australia ran a test.In 2013,they released some 35,000 Wolbachia—carrying Aedes aegypti at one site,131,000 at a second site,and 286,000 at a third site,all in the city of Caims.And they tracked the insects’distribution.Seems the infected mosquitoes spread outward from the two larger introduction areas at a slow but steady rate of about 100 to 200 meters per year.The mosquitoes in the smaller group remained where they were.
The results indicate that Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes could be effective against viral diseases,if they’re applied over larger areas.In the public health community,that finding may cause real excitement.
28.What is a big challenge for the researchers?
A.They can’t raise enough Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes in the lab.
B.They can’t stop the Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes from being killed.
C.They can’t track the Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes once they are released.
D.They can’t control the orbit of the Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes in problem areas.
29.What does the underlined word“them”in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A.Humans.    B.Areas.    C.Mosquitoes.   D.Viruses.
30.What can we infer from the text?   
A.Wolbachia is certain to prevent viral diseases.
B.Most mosquitoes spread the virus of Zika.
C.Great efforts have been made on the research.
D.Mosquitoes with Wolbachia will not suck blood.
31.What does the text mainly talk about?
A.An introduction to the harm of mosquitoes.
B.An experiment on ways to kill mosquitoes.
C.An argument about whether to apply Wolbachia.
D.A new method of defeating mosquito-borne viruses.
D
The cook lays the piece of beef down the grill and gives it a press with a spatula(锅铲).And there comes unmistakable sizzle(咝咝声)and smell.She turns over the beef and gives it another press,lets it sit,presses it,and pulls it off the grill and onto a small round bun.And now,here it is,a delicious hamburger.
However,this is no diner,and this is no ordinary cook.She’s not wearing an apron,but a lab coat and safety glasses to protect her eyes,standing in a lab.Over the last six years the company called Impossible Trends has done something not quite impossible,but extremely beyond imagination:experimenting on a plant-based burger that smells,tastes,looks,and even feels like real beef.
Biting into an Impossible Burger is to bite into a future in which human has to feed an exploding population but without further endangering the earth by raising more farm animals.Some scientists say this is definitely good news.For farm animals,cows in particular,consume unbelievable amounts of food and water(up to 40,000 liters a year per cow)and take up vast stretches of land.
What makes a burger a burger? The smell,for one,and taste and texture(质感),all working together to create something that feels“animal”.Now,developing a“beef”burger without any previous experience or knowledge requires a variety of different elements that mix together and have an effect on each other,transforming as the plant-based beef cooks.Trying a plant-based burger that’s indistinguishable from the real thing,you can even recreate as many of other flavors as possible.And most importantly you can do it all without using a cow!
32.What is the good news according to the scientists?
A.Human can eat more hamburgers in the future.
B.People can tell the plant-based burgers from the real ones.
C.Plant-based hamburgers are easier to make than the beef ones.
D.Human can eat hamburgers without killing cows.
33.What can be inferred from the text?
A.More natural materials and land will be saved.
B.There will be no cows on the farm in the future.
C.More farm animals will be killed in the lab-kitchen.
D.The plant-based burgers will be people’s best choice in the future.
34.What does the author think of the Impossible Burger?
A.Frightening.
B.Promising.
C.Ridiculous.
D.Poisonous.
35.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A.An Unusual Cook
B.The Impossible Trends   
C.The Impossible Burger
D.An Unusual Kitchen
第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。   
No one likes being disorganized.Acquiring organizational skills is a worthwhile goal.Then how can you become an organized person?  36 
Keep a to-do list.
Notebooks are good tools for managing your time.Organized people do not keep things in head.  37  Write the to-do list on a whiteboard and keep it somewhere you can see it.Cross out items as you complete them so you feel productive and motivated to solve more items on the list.
Never put things off.
Procrastination(拖延)is typical of those who are irresponsible and careless.Organized people do everything on time. 38   They would rather stay up late and do what they are supposed to do.That’s not an easy task to do yet it is worth it for sure!
    39 
Organized people will always know what is most important and act accordingly.So do not waste your time trying to do 100 things.Spend your time and energy on something that is really worth it.Smaller things can wait.The things that are necessary should always be done.
   40  But once you’ve got the hang of them,life will become much easier for you.Wait for what? Get off the fence and try to get started!
A.Focus on something that counts.
B.They do not want to put things off.
C.Divide the things into different parts.
D.Developing organizational skills can take time.
E.In a word,organizational skills can better many aspects of your life.
F.The following things organized people always do will help you a lot.
G.Instead,they keep a list of things to do and then check them off once they get done.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。   
One day I came across a video of a kid of 12 playing the guitar on Youtube.He   41   playing the guitar at the age of 9 and is now quite   42   on Youtube with over 600 million video   43   .He has inspired a lot of people to play the guitar.
While watching his videos,I couldn’t help but   44   what I spent my spare time doing during my teenage years.I 45  I spent it watching TV and playing games with my friends.My adolescent years are  46   but I still have“right now”.I’11 make use of it more  47  than I did in the past.I am inspired to  48  an enjoyable skill that will be with me for the rest of my life.So 10 years later.I can look  49  and think,“That was time well spent.”
Whenever you come across something   50   you to do something,immediately take action.The  51   you wait.the more excuses your mind will   52   to do nothing.So whether you’re a teenager or much older,find a   53   and get good at it,which could be   54   .There’s no   55 better than fight now to start it.If you’re still young,take advantage of it.  56   you age so seriously,you’11 have less spare time and also   57   to be slower at learning things.
Keep in mind that it may take years of   58   to get good at the skill(s)you choose but don’t let that   59   you.Ten years from now,you’11 be glad you   60   it.
41.A.preferred    B.started   C.chose   D.continued
42.A.proud      B.brave       C.popular   D.important
43.A.views      B.performances     C.games   D.materials
4A.A.regret      B.wonder      C.doubt   D.imagine
45.A.expected      B.insisted         C. predicted   D.realized
46.A.delightful   B.different   C.gone   D.Special
47.A.eagerly      B.wisely      C.curiously   D.equally
48.A.improve      B.teach       C.accept   D.develop
49.A.up       B.out       C.back   D.around
50.A.inspiring      B.allowing      C.requiring   D.inviting
51.A.shorter      B.1onger      C.more   D.1ess
52.A.come up with     B.meet with      C.put forward  D.take up
53.A.manner      B.pattern      C.hobby   D.skill
54.A.something      B.nothing      C.everything  D.anything
55.A.time       B.change      C.plan    D.dream
56.A.Though      B.Since       C.If    D.As
57.A.refuse      B.attempt      C.tend    D.happen
58.A.1uck       B.practice      C.hope   D.support
59.A.stop       B.abandon      C.disappoint  D.puzzle
60.A.dealt with      B.struggled against C.1ived with  D.stuck to
 
第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
When it comes to the most bacterial spots in your hotel room,there’s one place you   61   (probable)don’t need to be too worried about:your bedsheets.Why? It’s all  62  (thank)to the sheets’bright,white colour.
At first glance,  63   (use)all—white bedding in a hotel might seem a bit absurd;white fibre material is the easiest   64   (stain),after a11.However,that’s also exactly why it makes sense.White sheets make the rooms look recently decorated,  65   convinces guests that the bed is clean and fresh.And because they look and feel so clean,they also give the   66   (impress)of luxury (奢华)—even if the hotel itself is rather inexpensive.
“Visually,  67   idea of the white bed is important,”Erin Hoover,vice president of design for Westin and Sheraton hotels,told HuffPost.“Something about an all-white bed means safety,health and a good night’s sleep.”Westin hotels   68   (be)the first to popularize the white hotel bedsheets back in the 1990s.
  And if you have noticed,you’11 find that the all-white color theme often applies   69   towels and nightclothes,as well.This has a   70   (practice)purpose:bedsheets,towels,and any other dirty laundry can be washed together without any colors bleeding.
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
 
A little boy was packing sand into blue bucket.Then he turned the bucket upside down and lifted it.Which appeared before his eyes was a castle tower.All afternoon he worked,building the castles.Bottle tops would be soldiers and sticks would be bridges.At his excitement,a sandcastle was being completed.As the waves came near,the child began to clap cheerful.He knew this would happen,but he was not surprised and there is no sorrow. When the great waves crashed into the castle and her masterpiece disappeared into the sea,smiled. He picked up his tools,taking his father’s hand,and went home.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你想邀请你的美国朋友Peter来参加你校的“英语角”活动。请你给他写一封E—mail,请他来讲座,介绍美国中学生的学习和生活情况。要点如下:
1.介绍英语角情况;
2.建议讲座内容;
3.期待应邀。
注意:1.词数100左右;
    2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
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