2018版高考英语专题限时集训语法填空(Ⅱ)(附答案和解释)

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2018版高考英语专题限时集训语法填空(Ⅱ)(附答案和解释)

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课 件 w w w.5y K J.Co m 专题限时集训(二十三) 语法填空(Ⅱ)
(对应学生用书第135页)
A
(2017•石家庄市教学质量检测二)Felicity Miller,a 32­year­old British woman,1.         has a Chinese husband,still remembers the 2.         (excite) when she first learned to use the “red packet” function on WeChat in 2015.She sent and grabbed some red packets in her Chinese family's group.The rule in her family was that the person who grabbed the 3.         (high) amount sent the next.
Attracted by the unique way of communicating, many foreigners 4.       
(join) in sending and grabbing red packets so far.Usually,the money in each packet is random.Thus the amount of money one can grab 5.         (large) depends on his or her luck,from 0.01 yuan to less than 200 yuan. Many foreigners get more familiar 6.         Chinese culture through “red packets”.Two years ago,when Felicity Miller was sent 5.20 or 8.88 yuan red packets,she had no clue about the 7.        
(hide) meanings.Now,she has not only known about them,but also has sent a few.
However,the popularity of virtual red packets doesn't stop people sending paper red packets 8.         (contain) real cash during the Spring Festival.It 9.        
(call) lucky money.In Chinese tradition,people take giving children lucky money as 10.         blessing.
【语篇解读】 许多外国人通过“微信红包”更加熟悉中国文化。但是真正的纸质红包并未被替代,在春节时人们给孩子压岁钱以表示对孩子的祝福。   
1.who [考查定语从句。分析本句结构可知,空处引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语,先行词为a 32­year­old British woman,故用who引导该定语从句。]
2.excitement [考查名词。根据空前的定冠词the可知,空处用名词形式。]
3.highest [考查形容词最高级。根据语境并结合常识可知,抢到红包金额最高的人要发下一个红包,故用形容词最高级。]
4.have joined [考查动词的时态。根据该句中的“so far”,可知,到目前为止,已经有许多外国人被“微信红包”这一特殊的交流方式吸引,并参与了抢红包和发红包。据此可知,本句用现在完成时。]
5.largely [考查副词。空处修饰动词短语“depends on”,故用副词形式。]
6.with [考查固定搭配。许多外国人通过“微信红包”更加熟悉中国文化。get familiar with为固定搭配,意为“熟悉……”。]
7.hidden [考查形容词。Felicity Miller不知道这两个数字后的隐藏意义。根据空前的冠词the和空后的名词meanings可知,此处应用形容词作定语,故填hidden。]
8.containing [考查现在分词。paper red packets和动词contain之间是主谓关系且contain与句子谓语之间无连词,故用现在分词短语作名词paper red packets的后置定语。]
9.is called [考查动词的时态和语态。这种纸质的红包被称为“压岁钱”。根据句意可知,主语It和动词call之间为动宾关系,故用被动语态;本句陈述的是一般现象,故用一般现在时。]
10.a [考查不定冠词。人们将给孩子压岁钱作为一种祝福。此处泛指“一种祝福”,故用不定冠词。]
B 【导学号:52384079】
(2017•郑州市第二次质量预测)   This January has seen the start of the Chinese New Year,and my very first time celebrating it since I moved to China from the UK.
A friend from Hunan Province invited me 11.         (stay) with his family in the village of Zhouqing,close to Yueyang City.As I arrived,the sound of firecrackers(鞭炮) greeted me  12.         children played in the streets. Dozens of rice fields surrounded the 13.         (house),which made me excited as I'd never seen any before.
At the dinner time,we all sat around a small table with a heater under it and covered our legs with a blanket for warmth while we enjoyed food that my friend's mother had prepared.
Each home in the village has a smokehouse 14.         cured meats(腌肉) are hung over a fire for several months.This is also where friends and family gather to keep warm and talk at night.Sitting by the fire made me feel 15.         (peace),and it was like I was experiencing the traditional Chinese way of life.    
On New Year's Day,we visited every neighbor in the village and were greeted 16.         (warm) at each house. A group of people paraded (游行) through the village,two of them dressed as a lion,going into every home to perform a song for good fortune.I 17.         (attract) by this and followed the group,taking photos to share with my family.We visited other relatives the next day,who had prepared a lot of delicious food. At night,we all went to KTV and had a great time 18.      (sing) together.
19.         my final afternoon,I felt very Chinese as I played mahjong(麻将) while sipping green tea.I even won my first two games.
Feeling like an outsider 20.         (be)quite normal for Westerners in China,but every person I met in that small village in Hunan made me feel like I was at home.
【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。我应湖南一位朋友的邀请,第一次在中国过年,我受到了当地人的热烈欢迎和热情款待,感受到了家的温暖。
11.to stay [考查动词不定式。invite  sb.to do sth.为固定搭配,意为“邀请某人做某事”。该句是说,我的一位湖南的朋友邀请我和他的家人一起过年。 ]
12.while/and [考查连词。此处可用连词while,表示“在……的过程中”。“孩子们在街上玩”和“放鞭炮欢迎我的到来”是并列关系,故也可用并列连词and。]
13.houses [考查名词的数。根据该句中的“Dozens of rice fields”并结合语境可知,该处指多幢房子,故用复数形式。 ]
14.where [考查定语从句。分析该句结构可知,该句为定语从句,先行词为smokehouse,关系词在从句中作地点状语,故用where。]
15.peaceful [考查形容词。该句中的“feel”为连系动词,后接形容词,此处表示“坐在炉火旁使我感到平静”。]
16.warmly [考查副词。根据空前的“were greeted”可知,空处修饰动词,故用副词形式。]
17.was attracted [考查动词的时态和语态。该句主语I和动词attract之间为被动关系,故用被动语态;该句叙述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。]
18.singing [考查动名词。have a good/great time(in)doing sth.为固定用法。]
19.On/During [考查介词。根据该句中的“my final afternoon”可知,空处填On/During。在特定的某一天用on,during表示“在(一段时间中的)某一时候”,此处也可用。]
20.is [考查时态和主谓一致。该句主语为动名词短语“Feeling like an outsider”,故谓语动词用单数;根据该句语境可知,该句陈述的是一般情况,故用一般现在时。]
C
(2017•广东省七校联合体第二次联考) My husband and I were paying a visit
21.         my parents in Tucson. We went to a fast food restaurant for dinner together.My husband went to the counter 22.         (order) dishes and I stood with my parents.
My dad was 90 years old.He could hardly see very well and walks with a stick.I was scanning the restaurant,23.     (wait) to sit at the first table that was  24.   
(convenient) than others.A woman who was sitting with her son made eye contact with me and asked me to come to her.With a 25.         (puzzle) look on my face,I pointed to myself and said ,“Me?”She 26.         (nod) and said,“Yes,you.” I walked to the table and she said,“Bring your family here. I can finish eating at the counter. My son is in 27.         hurry to leave anyway.” My eyes 28.         (fill) with tears as she wiped down the table and guided my dad to the seat.
I always believe that there are 29.         (nature) kind people in this world.This woman has set a good example to her son,30.         is a really lucky guy.
【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。我和丈夫以及我的父母在一家快餐店准备就餐,我的父亲九十高龄,行动不便,一位女士主动让座,这让我感到了世界的美好。
21.to [考查介词。句意:我和我的丈夫去Tucson拜访我的父母。pay a visit to sb.为固定搭配,意为“拜访某人”。]
22.to order [考查动词不定式。我的丈夫去柜台订餐,我和我的父母在一起站着。空处表示去柜台的目的,故用动词不定式。]
23.waiting [考查现在分词。分析该句结构可知,空处和句子谓语动词之间无连词,应用非谓语动词;I与wait之间为主谓关系,故用现在分词作伴随状语。]
24.more convenient [考查形容词的比较级。根据该句中的“than”可知,空处用形容词的比较级。]
25.puzzled [考查形容词。空处修饰look,表示人的表情,故用形容词puzzled。]
26.nodded [考查动词的时态。根据该句中的said可知,这里陈述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。]
27.a [考查不定冠词。in a hurry为固定搭配,意为“匆忙”,故用不定冠词。]
28.were filled [考查时态和语态。该句主语为My eyes,和动词fill之间是动宾关系,应用被动语态;该处陈述的是过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。 ]
29.naturally [考查副词。空处修饰形容词kind,故用副词naturally。]
30.who [考查定语从句。分析该句结构可知,空处引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为her son,故用who。]
D
(2017•云南省11校跨区调研考试)    We all know that the Friday after Thanksgiving means a mad dash to the shopping centre for ridiculous sales.But how did this bargain shopping get 31.         (it) start?
The first Black Friday actually had nothing 32.         (do) with Thanksgiving or shopping.The origin of Black Friday as we know it today started in Philadelphia during the 1950s and 1960s.Crowds of people would come to town the day after Thanksgiving for the annual Army­Navy football game 33.         (hold) the following Saturday.Streets and 34.    (store) were always crowded,which was great for business but made easy­pickings for shoplifters (行窃者).Local police called this “Black Friday”.Not only did they have to deal with extra traffic 35.   shoplifting,but they had to work extra hours and couldn't request the day off.
The term didn't go national 36.      the late 1980s,but the 37.      (explain) changed.While shopkeepers 38.      (general)  suffered financial losses most of the year, the increase of holiday shoppers marked the first day of real profit.In traditional accounting (会计) practices a few years ago,losses 39.     (record) in red ink,and profits in black ink.And so,the day after Thanksgiving,40.     companies go “into the black” and make a profit,became Black Friday.
【语篇解读】 本文介绍了黑色星期五的起源。
31.its [考查代词。根据空后的名词start可知,此处应用形容词性物主代词its。]
32.to do [考查固定用法。have nothing to do with意为“与……没有关系”,为固定用法。]
33.to be held [考查非谓语动词。game与hold之间是动宾关系,故此处可用to be held。]
34.stores [考查名词复数。store作“商店”讲时,为可数名词,根据前面的Streets可知,空处用复数形式。]
35.and [考查连词。extra traffic与shoplifting是并列的,所以用and连接。]
36.until [考查固定用法。not...until...表示“直到……才”。]
37.explanation [考查名词。因为前面是the且空处作主语,所以用名词形式。]
38.generally [考查副词。此处应用副词修饰动词。]
39.were recorded [考查动词时态和语态。根据时间状语a few years ago可知,应用一般过去时;record与losses之间是动宾关系,所以应用被动语态。]
40.when [考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,空处引导定语从句,且在从句中作时间状语,故填when。]
E 【导学号:52384080】
(2017•南昌市第一次模拟)A mouse,because of a(n) 41.         (luck) chance,made close friends with an evil frog.One day,42.       frog played a trick on the mouse by 43.       (tie) a foot of the mouse to his own.At first,both of them joined together and the frog 44.      (lead) his friend towards the pool in which he lived,and didn't stop 45.      he reached the side of the water.Then the frog suddenly jumped into the water and the mouse was pulled in with 46.     (he).The frog enjoyed the water and swam in it around,happily crying 47.       if he had done a great deed.The unhappy mouse died soon in the water,and his dead body floated around on the surface,48.      (fasten) to the foot of the frog. A hawk saw the dead mouse,suddenly flew down towards it,caught it and flew away.The frog,still tied to the leg of the mouse,was also carried away as a 49.      (prison), and it 50.       (eat) by the hawk.Harm hatch,harm catch.
【语篇解读】 本文主要讲述了一只青蛙聪明反被聪明误的故事。
41.unlucky [考查词性转换。根据空后的名词chance可知,此处应用形容词,又由下文的an evil frog可推知,这只老鼠很不幸,故用unlucky。]
42.the [考查冠词。frog是可数名词,且第二次在文中出现,故用定冠词表示特指。]
43.tying [考查非谓语动词。介词后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语,故用tie的动名词形式tying作介词by的宾语。]
44.led [考查动词时态。与上文joined呼应,此处表示过去发生的事情,故用一般过去时。]
45.until [考查连词。固定搭配not...until...意为“直到……才……”,符合语境,故用连词until引导状语从句。]
46.him [考查代词。人称代词的宾格形式作介词的宾语,故用he的宾格形式him作介词with的宾语。]
47.as [考查连词。固定词组as if意为“好像”,其引导的从句使用虚拟语气,如果与过去事实相反,则从句用过去完成时,符合语境。]
48.fastened [考查非谓语动词。fasten和句子谓语floated之间没有连词,故用非谓语动词,且和其主语his dead body构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词。]
49.prisoner [考查名词。prison意为“监狱,监禁,牢笼”;prisoner意为“囚犯,俘虏”。根据语境可知,此处应用prisoner。 ]
50.was eaten [考查动词时态和语态。结合下文的by可知,此处表示被动关系,且全文都使用一般过去时,故用一般过去时的被动语态。]
F
(2017•云南省统一检测)People who have spent time in other cultures often talk about “reverse (反向的) culture shock”. If you leave your country for more than a short tourist trip and then go back home,you may feel 51.        . What is “reverse culture shock” ? Well,imagine the following: You have just adjusted to a new culture and have come 52.         (enjoy) life in it.You have made new friends and have had  53.         great variety of new experiences.Then,54.         (sad) enough,it's time to leave,but you are also very excited about 55.        (go) home.Arriving home is wonderful—seeing all the friends and relatives you haven't seen, eating  all  the  special  foods, reading  the newspapers 56.      hearing music you haven't heard in such a long time.But then after a few weeks,perhaps,things may not seem so “wonderful”.You may become critical of your home country 57.       you have grown up.You may not like certain things or ideas. 58.     your eyes,either you or your home country 59.        (change).
This is the process of readjustment.It's a difficult period,and many people experience it after the 60.         (excite) of coming home has worn off.Fortunately,it doesn't usually last as long as adjustment to a new culture does.
【语篇解读】 本文是一篇说明文。介绍了反向文化冲击,即出国之后再回国产生的不适应。
51.it [考查代词。此处代词it指代上文中的“reverse(反向的)culture shock”。]
52.to enjoy [考查固定用法。come to do sth.意为“开始认为,开始觉得”。]
53.a [考查冠词。a great variety of意为“多种多样的”,variety为可数名词。]
54.sadly [考查副词。副词sadly作状语,修饰整个句子。]
55.going [考查非谓语动词。about为介词,后应用动词­ing形式。]
56.and [考查连词。句中seeing,eating,reading和hearing为并列动作,故用and连接。]
57.where [考查定语从句。先行词为home country,空处引导定语从句,且在从句中作地点状语,故用关系副词where。]
58.In [考查介词。in one's eyes为固定短语,意为“在某人眼里”。]
59.has changed [考查动词的时态。此处应用现在完成时,强调过去动作对现在的影响。]
60.excitement [考查名词。由the和of可知,此处需要用名词。] 文章
来源莲山
课 件 w w w.5y K J.Co m
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