2018届高三英语上期末质量检测试卷(浙江湖州、衢州、丽水三地市带答案)

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2018届高三英语上期末质量检测试卷(浙江湖州、衢州、丽水三地市带答案)

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来源莲山
课 件 w w w.5y K J.Co m 浙江省湖州、衢州、丽水三地市2018届高三上学期教学质量检测
英语试题
本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。第I卷1至8页,第II卷9至10页。
第I卷
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What did the woman leave in the taxi?
A. A hat.      B. A T-shirt.     C. A sweater.
2. How much did the woman pay for the dress?
A. 10 dollars.     B. 30 dollars.     C. 40 dollars.
3. What does the man often put on a Christmas tree?
A. A doll.      B. A star.      C. An angel.
4. What does Gina tell Sam to do?
A. Scratch his arm even more.
B. Buy some special medicine.
C. Sleep with the windows shut.
5. What does the man imply about the woman in the end?
A. She always buys new clothes.
B. She should do the laundry herself.
C. She needs a new washing machine.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What does the woman want the man to do?
A. Put off his spring break.   B. See some western art.   C. Drive her to the exhibit.
7. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Mother and son.    B. Brother and sister.   C. Taxi driver and passenger.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. Why did Teresa raise her hand the first time?
A. She had a question.
B. She needed to relax her arm.
C. She wanted to use the bathroom.
9. What did Mr. Johnson ask the class to do?
A. Turn to page 55.    B. See a famous painting.  C. Ask questions later on.
10. When will the film be shown?
A. At the end of class.   B. After Teresa gets back.  C. In more than two minutes.
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. What did the man start doing two years ago?
A. Teaching.     B. Raising money.    C. Saving wild animals.
12. Why is the man tired?
A. He stayed up sending emails.
B. He took care of a bear all night.
C. He has a lot of homework to grade.
13. What does the man say about the bears at last?
A. They are dirty.    B. They are cool.    C. They are lovely.
听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。
14. Why isn’t Cindy studying for the test?
A. She is too tired.    B. She has a headache.   C. She can’t find her book.
15. What does Bob offer to do for Cindy?
A. Call her a taxi.    B. Drive her to the doctor’s.  C. Give her some hot water.
16. Where does the conversation take place?
A. At home.     B. At a doctor’s.    C. In a classroom.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Where is Wendy from?
A. The USA.     B. Italy.      C. The UK.
18. What are Christmas crackers?
A. Toys with loud sound.
B. A kind of Christmas food.
C. Paper tubes with a gift inside.
19. What do all three British Christmas desserts have in common?
A. They all look and taste about the same.
B. They are all made out of nuts and dried fruit.
C. They are all similar to the American fruitcake.
20. What is the speaker mainly talking about?
A. Interesting plays.
B. A special Christmas dinner.
C. Christmas traditions in the UK.
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)
第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
One day my two sons and I got into my old car to drive to the local post office. I backed out of my drive slowly like I normally do and then pulled to a stop at the side road that leads to the main highway. When it was clear I pulled out and stepped on the gas. As I stepped on the clutch(离合器)and tried to shift into second, though, I immediately knew that something was wrong. The normally solid gear shift(档位杆)now felt like a spoon in a bowl of soup. I tried quickly to get it to lock into any of the gears but did not succeed. Thankfully, the steering wheel(方向盘)was still working fine and I allowed the car to go to the end of the side road where I was able to pull safely into a wide spot and turn the engine off.
It was only later in the day that I finally realized how blessed I had been. I could have been on the main road when that stick shift failed. I could have been in the middle of a curve with no place to turn off the road. I could have had a car too close behind me that wouldn’t have been able to stop in time. A hundred things could have made this incident dangerous or deadly. Yet, the gear shift broken at just the right moment to keep me and my boys safe.
Far too often we only see the bad things in life. We get angry when things don’t go out way, and we fail to see the thousands of times that they do. Yes, my car broken down. Still, my sons and I are safe. We are loved. And we have been given more time here in this world to share our own love and light.
21. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 1 refer to?
A. The clutch.   B. The gear shift.   C. The spoon.   D. The car.
22. How did the writer stop the car at last?
A. By turning the engine off quickly.
B. By turning to a local garage for help.
C. By removing the steering wheel away.
D. By letting it slow down to stop naturally.
23. The driver’s thoughts in Paragraph 2 imply that ______.
A. they were lucky enough to be safe
B. the car needed to be repaired well
C. the driver was good at driving a broken car
D. it was important to find a suitable place to park
24. By writing the story, the writer expected us to ______.
A. be careful in our driving     B. ignore the bad things in our life
C. share our love with others in time   D. find a bless even from a bad situation
B
Are you a crazy selfie-taker(自拍客)? You are at risk of developing “selfie elbow(肘)” which is slowly becoming a real medical condition. Like tennis elbow or golf elbow, an addiction to selfie-taking can cause a pain in your elbow, according to a report.
In a recent case, Hoda Kotb, an award-winning journalist and show host of NBC’s Today, went to a doctor, complaining of pain in her elbow. “I went to the doctor and he said, ‘are you playing tennis or ping pong?” I told him I was taking selfies.” Kotb said “When you take the picture, your arm is up, bent in a strange way and you just click, click, click—think about how many you take:20, 30, or 40. Selfie elbow, everyone has it,” added Kotb.
Her doctor recommended icing her elbow and certain exercises to help relieve the soreness. “Basically, the connection between technology and human body sometimes causes injuries,” Jordan Metzl, a sports medicine physician, said in a newspaper. “You get selfie elbow from taking too many selfies, as you put too much stress on the muscle and it hurts the area where the muscle comes off the bone and you get this inflammatory(淡定)response,” Metzl added.
The condition can be treated by taking pain relievers like Advil or Motrin for the inflammation and putting on some ice as well as extending the muscles.
“For those who are dedicated selfie-takers, using a selfie stick can work like an arm extender and takes the pressure off the elbow,” suggested Charles Kim, a specialist at NYU Langone Medical Center in the US.
25. The first paragraph implies that selfie elbow is ______.
A. a severe disease       B. a rare phenomenon
C. a tough medical problem     D. a matter of life and death
26. An addicted selfie-taker has a selfie elbow because he/she ______ when taking selfies.
A. breaks the elbow bone      B. gives too much pressure to the arm
C. doesn’t care about his/her elbow    D. stands still for too long
27. According to Charles Kim, we can reduce selfie elbow by ______.
A. using a selfie stick      B. putting some ice on it
C. extending the body muscle     D. taking some sleeping pills
C
Do you know that all handguns are semi-automatic? This means that all that stands between you and death is the pull of a trigger(扳机). Limited access to handguns would decrease violence, as has been proven in the past.
Quite simply, guns cause violence and death. Even though Americans only make up five percent of the world population, we own almost 50 percent of guns worldwide. Gun-control laws help keep the public safe. The Brady Law, which required background checks and a five-day waiting period for all handgun sales, caused a sharp decline in violence. Violent crimes from guns decreased by 35 percent, and more than 500,000 former criminals were prevented from purchasing guns.
However, the number of people affected by gun violence in America is still shocking. A research showed that in 2015, about 30000 people were shot in the United States and one-fifth of them were children and tens. “There are so many victims of gun violence because we make it too easy for dangerous people to get gums in America,” the research concluded. Currently background checks do not include charges in non-criminal attacks such as domestic violence(家暴)and mental health. Creating stricter gun-control laws would keep guns away from those who may become violent with the possession of a handgun.
The most important value, he right to life, has been disturbed by loose gun-control laws. Since this value is a right we all possess, each person had the right to the protection of his or her life. Guns endanger our lives.
It is time that we changed the laws that have made it possible for innocent people to die. We must make it much more difficult for anyone with a mental illness, or a former criminal, to buy a gun.
28. Which of the following is the best title of the passage?
A. Worse Gun Problems.       B. Better Life Rights.
C. Stricter Gun Control       D. Newer Gum Laws.
29. We can conclude that the Brady Law ______.
A. reduced gun crimes effectively     B. left guns out of control
C. made it easier to buy handguns     D. banned Americans from buying guns
30. How many children and teens were shot in the Untied Sates in 2015?
A. About 3,000.         B. Abut6,000.
C. About 10,000.        D. About30,000.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Water—To Your Health!
Study after study shows that drinking enough water defends against problems from head to toe. Water is a basic need for cell health.    31   . So pour yourself a nice big glass sit back, and take a look at the many benefits being well hydrated(保持充足水分)can bring to your health.
You’ll have lots of energy
   32    When you’re dehydrated, cells won’t function well enough and the flow is not so smooth affecting your physical and mental performance and making you feel sluggish(迟钝的), according to a review of hydration research conducted by scientists at the University of North Carolina.
You might lose weight
A new study from the University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign involving more than 18,000 adults found that when people increased their daily water intake by one to three 8-ounce cups (on top of the four they already drank on average), they ate less.    33   .
Your memory may improve
Your brain is hugely dependent on fluid—all those brain cells need liquid to fire properly. According to a review published in the journal Nutrients, studies have consistently found that memory and attention improve in children after they take a drink of water.    34   .
Your skin will grow
According to research, skin is at least 30 percent water. If your skin cells don’t get the water they need, they’ll start to wither and shrink. But if you drink enough water, you skin cells will become larger, softer and rounder, minimizing the appearance of wrinkles.
   35  
When women in a small study from the University of Connecticut lost just 1.36 percent of their body mass through sweat (and didn’t drink enough water to replace it), their moods soured and they were more likely to experience headaches and exhaustion.
A. You’ll be in higher spirits
B. You’ll feel strong when you work out
C. It can have a magic power to your mind and body
D. Their food intake dropped by as much as 205 calories a day
E. Water helps keep up a steady flow of nutrients into your cells
F. That means your cells need more fluid to keep up with the demands
G. The research is less clear on whether this pattern holds true for adults
第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
When Riki began her career as an animal-assisted therapist(治疗师), she wanted to help broken kids to feel whole. And along the way, she found an unlikely    36   . Alyna was the tiniest rabbit of the newly-born ones at a petting zoo. Riki noticed that Alyna was dragging her back legs and soon    37    that she was disabled. This didn’t    38    the rabbit though. She    39    run around the cage with her disabled legs. She was quick and so tough!
   40    all the dragging created wounds on Alyna’s back legs and Riki was    41   . With help from the lab head at the children’s hospital where she worked, Riki designed a(n)    42    scooter,(滑板车), to help Alyna move. Although she    43    at first and wasn’t thrilled at being fastened to it, Alyna was soon    44    around at top speed.
Riki had a fantastic idea. Alyna, in her scooter, could provide a special service to the hospital    45    the help she’d received there. Alyna soon became part of the everyday    46    of the hospital, rushing down the    47   , accepting treats and pats, helping patients to forget their pain and    48    they were there.
Most    49   , as the kids struggled with their therapies, hospital    50    would remind them that Alyna didn’t like her therapy either but she got better with    51   , and it was clear to all how much her    52    improved with her new scooter. So the young patients worked harder, to be more like Alyna.
Over the year, Alyna has    53    hundreds of children, showing them how    54    they could be; making their rocky paths seems a bit less frightening.    55   , there was a little rabbit on the same road, rolling along beside them.
36. A. nurse   B. partner   C. coach    D. doctor
37. A. suspected  B. announced  C. realized   D. warned
38. A. stop   B. support  C. benefit    D. interest
39. A. should   B. would   C. must    D. might
40. A. But   B. So    C. And    D. Even
41. A. embarrassed  B. worried  C. annoyed   D. touched
42. A. expensive  B. special   C. ugly    D. ordinary
43. A. struggled  B. trembled  C. hesitated   D. screamed
44. A. rolling   B. hunting  C. spinning   D. skating
45. A. in honor of  B. in favor of  C. in company with  D. in return for
46. A. task   B. use   C. world    D. object
47. A. cages   B. stairs   C. slides    D. halls
48. A. how   B. if    C. why    D. when
49. A. unbelievably  B. importantly  C. unfortunately  D. necessarily
50. A. staff   B. designers  C. patients   D. visitors
51. A. practice   B. confidence  C. patience   D. determination
52. A. performance  B. skill   C. life    D. service
53. A. trained   B. instructed  C. praised   D. inspired
54. A. strong   B. smart   C. gentle    D. curious
55. A. Above all  B. In short  C. After all   D. In total
第II卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
I became a nurse because of my dad. He was diagnosed with cancer, and I just saw with my own    56    (eye) the people who made the most difference: They comforted him and helped ease his pain. I wanted to be a part of that. Trust in nursing is almost on a spiritual level. The people we care for are the most    57    (frighten) and most sensitive. They trust that you will give everything you have and that you will be there for them physically, mentally,    58    (emotional), and spiritually.
A parent of a child I was taking care of for several months came up    59    me one day. She requested that I    60    (take) care of her son that night. I said of course, and I looked at her and could tell something was wrong. When    61    (ask), she told me he was going to die and she wanted me to be present for them. That night, she held his right hand and I held his left. It was such    62    sacred moment. This mother thought of me not only as a caregiver    63    also as someone she trusted so much    64    she wanted me to be there when he took his last breath. I don’t think you could feel    65    trusted than that.
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)
假定你是李华,你的澳大利亚朋友Chris计划在春节期间来你所在的城市进行短期旅行,向你了解当地情况。请给他写封信,内容包括:
1. 景点推荐;
2. 风俗简介;
3. 衣食建议。
注意:
1. 词数80左右;
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
___________________________________________ ____________________________________________
第二节:读后续写(满分25分)
阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。
Harry Black was tired of the daily routine and always desired for something new to happen. One weekend in August Harry Black and his wife walked down to a river near their house. The sun was hot and they did not walk quickly.
“There’s nothing new here,” Harry said. “It’s always the same. Let’s go somewhere else.”
His wife laughed. “Look over there on the ground,” she said. “Isn’t it a key?”
Harry walked over to the key and looked at it. The key was not very large and it had the number 164 on it. Obviously, it wasn’t a car key or a door key but a key to a box and they decided to take it to the police station.
The railway station was near the police station. There was a hotel in the railway station. “Shall we have a drink in the hotel?” Harry said.
Harry and his wife began to walk through the railway station to the hotel. They came to some lockers(寄存柜). Each locker had a number, a lock and a key. People put things in these lockers, and left them there for an hour or two. The people locked the doors and took the keys away with them.
When she saw the lockers, Harry’s wife said, “I know what that key is. It’s the key from one of those lockers. Someone put something in a locker, locked the door, took the key away and then lost it.”
Harry took the key out of his pocket and wondered whether there was a locker number 164 there. They went to the lockers and soon found number 164. Harry looked at the key. He looked at the key in locker number 164. He told his wife that he was going to open the locker but his wife didn’t like that.
“I’m not going to take them,” Harry said. “I’m only going to look at them.”
“Please don’t,” his wife said. “Let’s go and have our drink and then take the key to the police station.”
But Harry wanted to see what was in the locker. __________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Harry turned quickly and two policemen were standing next to him. __________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
注意:
1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;
2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语:
3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好:
4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
 
浙江省湖州、衢州、丽水三地市2018届高三上学期教学质量检测
英语试题答案
一、听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30 分)
1—5 CBCCA 6—10 CBBCB 11—15 CBABB 16—20 ACCBC
二、阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)
第一节(共10小题; 每小题2.5分, 满分25分)
21-24 BDAD  25-27 CBA 28-30 CAB
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
31-35 CEDGA
三、语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)
36-40 BCABA 41-45 BBAAD 46-50 CDCBA  51-55 ACDAC
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
56. eyes  57. frightened  58. emotionally 59. to  60. take/should take  
61. asked  62. a    63. but   64. that  65. more
四、写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)
One possible version
Dear Chris,
I am writing to tell you about my hometown so that you will have a wonderful trip. You can visit the West Lake and enjoy the delightful scene there. And there is a wide variety of activities like the dragon dance during the Spring Festival here. It is convenient to get food and accommodations in the local hotels, but you’d better take some warm clothes since it is cold here in winter.
I am sure you will have an unforgettable experience.
Best,
Li Hua
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