1. How many copies does the woman want?
A. 7. B. 100. C. 150.
2. What does the man suggest?
A. Driving directly home. B. Filling up the car. C. Eating out.
3. What’s the woman’s problem?
A. She can’t adjust. B. She falls ill. C. She’s out of work.
4. How does the woman like Richard?
A. He’s always helpful. B. He’s sometimes impolite. C. He’s always thankful.
5. What is Poe thinking of doing?
A. Making an album. B. Buying a camera. C. Studying hard.
6. What is John restless about?
A. A job offer. B. His pay rise. C. His physical exam.
7. What’s Joan’s opinion of John’s decision?
A. Stressed. B. Negative. C. Supportive.
8. What does Peter think about wearing a safety belt?
A. Safe. B. Uncomfortable. C. Strange.
9. What does Peter suggest to Mary?
A. Read the traffic rules. B. Take turns to drive. D. Don’t talk while driving.
10. How old is Peter?
A. 16. B. 18. C. 20.
11. What does Liza say about California?
A. There are too many accidents. B. The weather is comfortable. C. There are a lot of fires.
12. How does Liza view the hum canes in Florida?
A. Most of them are harmless. B. All of them are harmful. C. They don’t affect people’s life.
13. What is the man doing?
A. Making an appointment. B. Having a driving test. C. Taking an interview.
14. Why did the man go to the US in July 2010?
A. To go sightseeing. B. To visit a friend. C. To study in college.
15. How long does the man plan to stay in the US this time?
A. For two months. B. For one year. C. For two years.
16. What does the man miss about China?
A. His friends. B. Chinese food. C. His hometown.
17. What was the problem with Barbara’s upstairs neighbor?
A. His dogs made a lot of noises.
B. He played his music too loud.
C. He held an overnight party.
18. What was the man’s expression at Barbara’s complaint?
19. What did the man say the next day Barbara complained?
A. The music was kept down.
B. She should report it to the police.
C. She was making trouble.
20. How did Barbara feel about her words?
Children and Youth Sidewalk Sale
Young people are bursting with artistic energy. The Children and Youth Sidewalk Sale (CYSS) of the Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts is a fun way for boys and girls to express themselves visually. It focuses on encouraging the creative growth of young people, believing they can develop their artistic potential through personal expression in individual original objects.
CYSS is a highlight of Children and Youth Day, Wednesday, July 12, 2018. This day features performances for and by young people, art and craft workshops and demonstrations. All artists must he between the ages of 8 and 18 and live or have relatives living in any of the centrally located Pennsylvania counties to participate.
All artworks must be original and age-appropriate for the event’s audience, most of whom are under 18. The sales of work made from small animals and the sales of food are prohibited. A complete listing of the rules can be found in the application. Please review the rules carefully as they may have changed since you last participated in the event.
Artists must personally be present during the entire clay. Representatives, including family members, may not attend in place of the artist.
How to Enter
1. Complete both sides of the entry form. A parent signature is required.
2. On a separate sheet, provide a brief description of the artwork and the materials used. Do not send samples; they cannot be returned.
3. Enclose at least one photograph of your work.
4. Mail application and photo of your work to P. O. Box 1023, Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts.
21. What’s the aim of CYSS?
A. To teach young people to develop their interest in arts.
B. To help young people get some extra money for their work.
C. To get young people to develop their artistic potential.
D. To improve the performing skills of young people.
22. What’s the feature of Children and Youth Day?
A. All the artworks are original and proper for young people.
B. Most of the artworks are focused on animal protection.
C. The participants must be residents of central Pennsylvania.
D. The sales of artworks about animals are not allowed.
23. Which of the following is required for application?
A. A sample of the applicant’s artwork.
B. A return envelope with stamps on it.
C. Detailed description of the artwork.
D. The signature of the applicant’s parent.
I considered an active social life as basic human necessity. Yet when it dawned on me just how much time I was spending socialising, I realised I may be taking it to an extreme. I calculated that, on average, I was spending 22 hours or more each week on social activities. So, to see what would happen to my work output, health and wellbeing, I decided to try and cut out my social life entirely.
I knew, at times, I filled my schedule simply out of fear of missing out (FOMO), but also as a way to shift focus away from my work. For one month, I declined all in-person activities with friends: going out for drinks; dinners; parties and non-work related events, to see if it would make me more productive, improve my focus and career prospects.
On day one of the month-long experiment, I had to fight some anxiety over missing out. But as the days passed, I started to relax. I only had one option to consider for Saturday night—to stay home—and this limitation left me more satisfied in my decision. I felt more content working, reading or watching TV.
While I found more time to work, I also noticed a change in my overall health. I found myself cooking more at home, doing daily exercise, getting to bed earlier each night, reading, and enjoying moments of rest and boredom throughout the day.
Having no social life left me more free time than I’d imagine. Such idle moments are vital for creativity, and mind wandering has been linked to creative problem solving. During the experiment I found myself regularly brainstorming new ideas and reimagining existing projects.
Of course socialising is an important way to build work contacts. While one month of no social life did not impact my relationship with existing clients, if I had continued, it may harm my ability to build new ones.
24. What did the author realize about his socializing?
A. It was difficult for him to contact people.
B. It’s a necessary part of his life and work.
C. He had spent too much time in socializing.
D. He should have spent more time socializing.
25. How did the author feel on the first day of his experiment?
A. He felt anxious that he might be left out.
B. He felt more energetic to get clown to work.
C. He felt relaxed not having to contact people.
D. He felt doubtful whether he could hold on.
26. What benefit did the author find to let his mind wander lazily?
A. He could have more time with his family.
B. He could solve problems in a creative way.
C. He could be more concentrated on his work.
D. He could free himself from the work contacts.
27. What would the author do after the experiment?
A. Live a quiet life with his family away from the outside.
B. Make a new social life with any possible customers.
C. Spare some time regularly for creative thinking alone.
D. Continue his work contacts with his customers.
Reducing plastic waste isn’t easy because the cheap material is found in almost every household item. Now, a delicious and nutritious solution has come up to help reduce our dependence on this environmental hazard.
David Christian, the co-founder of Evoware, says the idea of creating the biodegradable (生物降解的) products came from concern at the country’s high pollution rate. Indonesia is home to four of the world’s worst polluted rivers. Since single-use packaging is a large contributor to the problem, Evoware decided to deal with that first.
After investigating various materials, the company settled on seaweed. Unlike com, commonly used for biodegradable containers, seaweed does not require resources like water or large amounts of space. Since Indonesian farmers already harvest more seaweed than they can sell, it’s easy for the company to find the material.
Though they will not reveal their production process, Evoware says the seaweed packaging contains no chemicals and is safe to consume. The company has also invented single-use cups, which can break down 30 days after they’re thrown away.
While replacing plastic with the seaweed products may seem appealing to most of us, it is a hard-sell in Indonesia. According to Christian, “The awareness to reduce single-use plastic is still very low. This makes our bioplastic unnecessary.” Also a factor is the cost, which is higher than using plastic. Hopefully, Evoware will succeed in convincing Indonesians and people worldwide that switching to their products will be helpful to protecting our beautiful planet.
28. What problem did Evoware decide to deal with first?
A. Ways to clean the four worst polluted rivers.
B. Means to contribute to the country’s economy.
C. How to deal with single-use packaging.
D. What nutritious materials for people to use.
29. Why did Evoware choose seaweed?
A. It didn’t require much space and was easy to get.
B. It could be found everywhere in his country.
C. It was most commonly used for packaging.
D. It grew thickly in most of the polluted rivers.
30. What can we infer from Christian’s words?
A. Their seaweed products have won government support.
B. Their new products have received wordwide popularity.
C. The cost of making seaweed products will be lowered soon.
D. Sometimes it’s hard to get people to reduce the use of plastics.
31. What does the underlined word “hard-sell” (in Para. 5) refer to?
A. Something lasting long.
B. Something hard to accept.
C. Something easy to get.
D. Something commonly seen.
Naturally, parents praise their kids. They want to encourage their children every day. But when it comes to building self-esteem (自尊) in children, praise doesn’t always have a positive effect, according to a special edition of the journal Child Development. The issue, edited by Eddie and Thomas, is focused on research into how children develop a sense of self and building your child’s confidence takes different skills than you might think.
Eddie points out that children are born without a sense of self, but it doesn’t take long before some kids have a lot of confidence and may feel superior to peers, while others may carry more self-doubt and see themselves as inferior. Yet no one really understands what causes children to view themselves the way they do. Surprisingly little is known about the origins of children’s self-concept,” Eddie said.
Research has found that when kids have a warm, loving relationship with their parents, they develop higher self-esteem. However, when they are given endless praise that is inequal to their achievements, their self-esteem may drop.
Instead of lavish praise, parents should focus on warmth to build self-esteem, researchers have found—specifically, parents should show interest in their kids’ activities and share joy with them. This makes children feel noticed and valued. According to Eddie’s own research, children may develop lower self-esteem when their parents give them lots of positive and overstated praises. Too much praise can make children worry about disappointing their parents, and may lead to an unhealthy attitude toward failure. Other studies suggest that parents can teach children that failure is beneficial by encouraging kids to ask themselves: “Why didn’t I achieve the result I wanted, and what can I do to change the outcome in the future?”
Additionally, it’s important for parents to encourage the belief that kids can develop basic abilities through devotion and hard work. Kids who are praised for their effort instead of their ability are more likely to develop a growth mindset, which have a positive impact on their confidence.
32. What does the special edition of Child Development focus on?
A. When is the best time to build a child’s self-esteem.
B. What effect praise has on a child’s self understanding.
C. How children develop their sense of self-esteem.
D. How blaming and overpraise hurt a child’s comfidence.
33. How does too much praise hurt children’s self-esteem?
A. They’ll he afraid of failing and disappointing their parents.
B. They’ll have a false understanding of their ability and fail.
C. They’ll become too proud to get along with other children.
D. They’ll focus more on their advantages than their weaknesses.
34. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. Children’s effort will help build their confidence.
B. Children should he taught the value of hard work.
C. Praising a child’s ability will make them happier.
D. Some parents doubt if kids can develop their abilities.
35. Which of the following is the passage mainly about?
A. Praising a child for any reason helps build his self-esteem.
B. How kids develop their sense of self-esteem differently.
C. Why some kids have more self-doubt than the others.
D. Participation and encouragement build a kid’s self-esteem.
How to Age Well
Getting older is inevitable, but you can slow the decline of aging with smart choices along the way. From the foods you eat and how you exercise to your friendships, it all has an effect on how fast or slow your body ages. 36
Lose just a little bit of weight.
Small changes in body weight can have a big impact on health risks. 37 While we’d love to lose our extra pounds, it’s easier to start with a 5 percent weight loss goal and keep on.
Avoid processed meat.
38 A number of studies have found associations between eating a lot of processed meats and poor health. Other research has implicated processed meats in a higher risk for cancer. But there was no increase in risk associated with eating unprocessed red meat.
The best eating strategy for aging well is to skip processed foods and drinks. That will immediately reduce added sugars from your diet. Once you cut out packaged foods, you will start eating a lot more fruits and vegetables, lean meats and fish and whole grains. 40
Meanwhile, invest in a new pair of walking shoes, a gym membership or a delicious healthy meal with your family and oilier loved ones. All of those are likely to do much for your emotional and physical health.
A. Skip packaged foods.
B. Save the money you would spend on rich food.
C. And the good news is that it’s never too late to get started.
D. This has been shown in numerous studies to be good for you.
E. There’s some evidence that vitamin B12 is good for the aging brain.
F. Losing just 5 percent of your body weight has been shown to reduce your risk for diabetes and heart disease.
G. Processed meals like hot dogs and sausages have been salted, cured or smoked to improve preservation.
Nancy was visiting Dr. Stephen. Accidentally, u nurse 41 the painting she was holding. Nancy had planned to deliver the painting to a customer after the 42 . The nurse continued, “It would be great if we had artwork like that for our chemotherapy (化疗) rooms.” Nancy hadn’t realized the rooms 43 , and asked to see one. Her heart 44 when she saw the empty dull walls. “I couldn’t imagine 45 anyone could think about getting healthy in a room like that.” 46 she knew it’d be her 47 to improve the rooms.
She started immediately, e-mailing 20 local designers, asking if they would 48 their time and money to 49 just one room each. Six women wrote back immediately. They had been in rooms like the one Nancy had 50 and thanked her for giving them the opportunity to make a 51 .
Dr. Stephen expressed how much he appreciated the designers’ 52 . “Everything is improved so the whole 53 is better for the patients.” He even noted that his tone of 54 was different in the rooms, and that he was better able to 55 with his patients.
Soon, patients began 56 certain rooms, and the artist decided to expand the project. Each project takes Nancy anywhere from a few months to a few years, depending on its 57 , and Nancy has now registered a non-profit.
The obvious effects speak 58 themselves. When a woman 59 saw that, she said, “I thought I wasn’t going to beat the disease but now I know I’m going to 60 it.”
41. A. applied for B. made for C. put on D. commented on
42. A. agreement B. appointment C. performance D. acceptance
43. A. ignored B. denied C. existed D. permitted
44. A. sank B. slipped C. scanned D. flew
45. A. how B. what C. when D. where
46. A. Anxiously B. Curiously C. Gratefully D. Instantly
47. A. effort B. goal C. memory D. development
48. A. save B. produce C. donate D. preserve
49. A. evaluate B. check C. exchange D. transform
50. A. programmed B. fitted C. described D. inspired
51. A. decision B. difference C. choice D. living
52. A. reports B. talents C. understanding D. expression
53. A. experience B. confidence C. adventure D. restriction
54. A. action B. taste C. voice D. impression
55. A. live B. meet C. agree D. communicate
56. A. requesting B. decorating C. arranging D. buying
57. A. location B. comparison C. ownership D. size
58. A. without B. for C. on D. beyond
59. A. patient B. doctor C. assistant D. passenger
60. A. have B. help C. make D. take
I got laid off at 53 from a senior management position in a restaurant. And I knew it was going to be hard to find another job in the 61 (competition) working market. My age put me at 62 disadvantage. But I also knew it was time for me 63 (realize) my lifelong dream of owning a restaurant. 64 was most difficult was that in order to make this happen, I needed to find an 65 (exist) café that wasn’t doing well. It couldn’t be better if its owner was ready to quit his business. With great 66 (lucky) I found just what I wanted eight blocks from home. Since I had never financially planned for this day, I had to borrow money from friends as well as 67 (relative). I, together with my wife, 68 (be) ready to start off. We changed the name to Black Dog Coffee, the menu, the recipes and the look of the caf6, and my wife did a great job of designing. Eighteen years later, we’re still here and doing 69 (well) than ever. I’m grateful 70 the layoff and the opportunity to pursue my dream.
Today I was in the shopping center with my neighbor, who was there to collect several item for a friend. One of the friend’s parents were struck by a serious disease. While staying there, I became aware a young mom with her daughter. She was paying the attention to her as they shopped. I stopped her to offer my appreciation to him for the fact which she was so devoted to her little girl. I went on to say that I feel sad to see moms texting or talking on their cell phones and completely ignore their children. I praised her and told the little girl that she had the good mom in the whole world. The mom smiled, obvious feeling happy at my words.
1—5 BBABA 6—10 ACBCB 11—15 CACAC 16—20 BBCAA
21-25 CADCA 26-30 BDCAD 31-35 BCABD
41-45 DBCAA 46-50 DBCDC 51-55 BBACD 56-60 ADBAC
61. competitive 62. a 63. to realize 64. What 65. existing/existent
66. luck 67. relatives 68. was 69. better 70. for
Today I was in the shopping center with my neighbor, who was there to collect several item for a friend. One of
the friend’s parents were struck by a serious disease. While staying there, I became aware ∧ a young mom with her
daughter. She was paying the attention to her as they shopped. I stopped her to offer my appreciation to him for the
fact which she was so devoted to her little girl. I went on to say that I feel sad to see moms texting or talking on their
cell phones and completely ignore their children. I praised her and told the little girl that she had the good mom in
the whole world. The mom smiled, obvious feeling happy at my words.
One possible version:
I am Li Hua, a customer of your restaurant. I am writing to you because of the unpleasant experience we had in your restaurant.
Last Friday, I booked a table near the window for dinner in your restaurant in advance because I was to treat my two American friends to a typical Chinese meal. But I was quite disappointed at your service. We went there at the time as arranged, only to be told there were no seats available. What annoyed us most was that when we explained it to the waitress, instead of helping us solve the problem, she shouted at us rudely. Besides, when we began our dinner, we found the food not fresh and some dishes were too salty.
Thus, it is my sincere hope that you can look into the case and take some measures to prevent such things happening again. I’d appreciate it if you could give me a reasonable explanation as soon as possible.