1. What is the man probably doing?
A. Enjoying a fountain.
B. Taking a picture.
C. Having cheese.
2. In what language does the woman write to her pen friend?
A. English. B. French. C. Turkish.
3. What does the man think of his work?
A. Tiring. B. Rewarding. C. Demanding.
4. When will the man leave for Tianjin?
A. At 5:00. B. At 5:30. C. At 6:00.
5. What do both speakers dislike?
A. The music. B. The dancing. C. The costumes.
6. What was the man doing earlier?
A. Swimming in a pool.
B. Taking a shower.
C. Running outside.
7. What will the woman probably do next?
A. Wash clothes.
B. Get something to drink.
C. Look for her brown shorts.
8. What day is it today?
A. Monday. B. Sunday. C. Tuesday.
9. What does the man think of the woman?
A. She is a great judge in sports.
B. She has good judgment.
C. She spends too much money on clothes.
10. What kind of person does the woman think Leo Norris is?
A. Lazy. B. Competitive. C. Amusing.
11. When does Leo Norris want to move in?
A. On September 28th. B. On September 29th. C. On September 30th.
12. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
A. Husband and wife. B. Teacher and student. C. Landlady and roomer.
13. What does Jennifer Lawrence say about Kristen Stewart?
A. She looks up to her. B. She’s friends with her. C. She’s jealous of her.
14. What is the first movie Jennifer Lawrence acted in?
A. Twilight. B. The Burning Plain. C. Garden Party.
15. When did Jennifer Lawrence win an acting award for The Burning Plain?
A. In 2008. B. In 2007. C. In 2010.
16. What do we know about the film Winter’s Bone?
A. It starred Jennifer Lawrence.
B. It was directed by Charlize Theron.
C. It won an award at the Venice Film Festival.
17. Who is Tanya Wellington?
A. The director of the San Diego Opera.
B. A financial supporter of the opera hall.
C. The lead opera performer.
18. Why was Angela Healdsburg unable to perform?
A. Her plane was delayed.
B. She got seriously ill.
C. She wasn’t called in time in Chicago.
19. When will the next performance be?
A. Monday night. B. Tuesday evening. C. Sunday afternoon.
20. How can people get their money back?
A. By asking the staff for their money back.
B. By filling out a form at the box office.
C. By using a special online code.
21. — Taylor, would your younger brother mind meeting us at the airport?
— , he is willing to help us.
A. Of course B. Not likely C. No wonder D. Help yourself
22. You are you read. By reading texts in history and other disciplines, you’ll build a foundation of knowledge in these fields that will also give you the background to be better readers in all areas.
A. what B. that C. which D. who
23. Encourage your child to reach a(n) between what he wants and what you want since it’s hard to please both.
A. assessment B. destination C. compromise D. conclusion
24. Wolf WarriorⅡ is the first film to taste success both box office earnings and promoting Chinese values.
A. in terms of B. in view of C. in place of D. in honor of
25. Free subway newspapers, which appeared at the beginning of the 21st century in China, at the subway stations in the rush hour.
A. are usually handed out B. usually hand out
C. were usually handed out D. had usually been handed out
26. President Xi makes it clear the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era is between unbalanced and inadequate development and people’s ever-growing needs for a better life.
A. that; one B. what; that C. that; that D. what; one
27. Though the singer was turned away after two rounds, his song Chengdu has ever since.
A. held on B. caught on C. come on D. passed on
28. The singer confirmed her claim she had made to the media she said she would not leave the band.
A. what B. that C. when D. where
29. There is some possibility that the patient could make a full recovery, a certain cure for the disease.
A. there should be B. was there C. there was D. should there be
30. There was a very interesting remark in a book by an Englishman that I read recently what he thought was a reason for this American characteristic.
A. giving B. to be given C. given D. having given
31. As China is the second-largest economy over 30 percent to global growth since 2008, policies made in the 19th CPC’s National Congress concerned the world.
A. accounting B. attributing C. contributing D. counting
32. I don’t agree on everything that Trump says, but he’s been in his message about bringing manufacturing back to the United States, bringing the cash back to the United States.
A. dynamic B. consistent C. compulsory D. ambiguous
33. Following the ceremonies was a reception event at Macao Tower Convention and Entertainment Center which was decorated by ribbons of red and yellow, the colors of China’s national flag.
A. being held B. to be held C. holding D. held
34. Conventional wisdom has it China will overtake North America next year in the size of the film market.
A. that B. what C. why D. how
35. — Should I ask Tom if he was still upset at not being invited to the party?
— If he hasn’t said anything about it, just .
A. bite your tongue B. let sleeping dogs lie
C. eat your words D. face the music
Usually it is the children, not the parents, who are unwilling to spend their evenings practicing spelling and learning times tables. But a Canadian couple have just won a legal 36 to free their children from homework after successfully arguing that there is no clear 37 that it improves academic performance.
Shelli and Tom Milley, two lawyers from Calgary, Alberta, 38 their highly unusual case after years of 39 to make their three children do school work out of the classroom. After a long war with their eldest son, Jay, now 18, over his homework, they decided to do things 40 with their youngest two, Spencer, 11, and Brittany, 10. And being lawyers, they decided to make it 41 .
It took two years to 42 the Milleys’ Differentiate Homework Plan, which ensures their youngest two children will never have to do homework again at their 43 school. The two-page plan, 44 by the children, parents and teachers, stipulates (约定) that “homework will not be used as a form of 45 for the children”. 46 , the pupils promise to get their work done in class, to come to school 47 , and to revise for tests. They must also read daily and practice their musical instruments at home.
“It was a 48 homework battle every night,” Shelli told Canada’s Globe and Mail newspaper. “It’s hard to get a weeping child to 49 math problems. They are tired. They shouldn’t be working a second 50 .” She then wondered, “Why did we let our family 51 through that stress? If we don’t want it all, we shouldn’t have to 52 it.”
Two years ago, Shelli began 53 studies on homework, most of which suggest that, particularly for younger grades, there is no clear 54 between work at home and school performance. Working with the staff at St Brigid Elementary Junior High School, she formed a homework committee. When no firm changes resulted from the committee, the couple began negotiating the legal document that 55 the matter.
“We think it’s a parent’s right to choose what’s in our children’s best interests,” said Shelli. “But we’re grateful the school did the right thing.”
36. A. conflict B. competition C. battle D. attack
37. A. evidence B. source C. resource D. clue
38. A. tried B. researched C. solved D. launched
39. A. commanding B. demanding C. deciding D. struggling
40. A. differently B. separately C. similarly D. independently
41. A. social B. official C. logical D. natural
42. A. debate B. claim C. negotiate D. argue
43. A, former B. latter C. current D. normal
44. A. planned B. signed C. designed D. released
45. A. calculation B. inspiration C. education D. evaluation
46. A. In return B. On the whole C. For instance D. In general
47. A. prepared B. interested C. encouraged D. experienced
48. A. permanent B. instant C. constant D. temporary
49. A. write down B. take in C. give up D. put away
50. A. round B. time C. piece D. shift
51. A. break B. go C. walk D. see
52. A. get B. buy C. have D. bring
53. A. collecting B. documenting C. appreciating D. learning
54. A. mark B. link C. difference D. progress
55. A. divided B. commented C. praised D. decided
Advertising is first journey marketing. Your only goal in advertising is to show enough gold to get people to want to be a prospect (期望). Forget about selling them anything.
Then how do you show them the gold? Keys to effective advertising are as follows.
Talk to one person, and call his / her name.
On a crowded Manhattan street, elbow-to-elbow with a sea of people, I still heard someone speak in a conversational voice — “Mark.” I turned my head around. Of course he was talking to someone else, but it still caught my attention.
You need to speak to one person, and call his / her name. In marketing, the next best thing to a personal name is your Who and What. For example, “Golfers” = who “have knee pain affecting their swing?” = what.
Educate them in a helpful way.
If you have room, take the time to explain one point that will help them with the problem they are facing. For smaller ads you can just point them towards a web page where you want to educate them about something helpful.
For instance, “Most pain is actually caused by stress. Stopping the stress means decreasing or stopping the pain. Right now, just notice your knee pain. See if you can notice where your legs and hips feel tense, and breathe into the tension. As it relaxes, see how the pain feels.” If you have more space, you can go into more details.
Offer a trade: their contact information for something valuable.
“Of course, your knee pain isn’t gone completely. This is just a clue. If you’d like a free article with illustrations on how to decrease knee pain and help your swing, just leave your contact information and you will be given an additional golf swing tip every week.” You can just follow this example.
Finally, don’t ignore design.
Keep it simple. In a loud, overcrowded world, simplicity and straightforwardness have the best chance of being noticed. Use plenty of white space, easy-to-read front (字体), and avoid complicated patterns.
Besides, you can try Robin Williams (not THAT Robin Williams) book, The Non-Designer’s Design Book, Maybe you can learn something from it.
Have fun with your advertising!
56. Which of the following is a tip for advertising successfully?
A. Call one’s name whenever meeting with someone.
B. Keep in mind that advertising is first journey marketing.
C. Pay attention to design and keep it complicated if possible.
D. Educate your potential customers about something helpful.
57. How do you understand the underlined sentence in the passage?
A. The golfer’s knee was hurt and he can’t play golf any more.
B. The golfer can’t swing because of the knee pain and he needs treatment.
C. The golfer’s knee pain was caused by stress and we should help him stop the stress.
D. The golfer can’t play golf any more and we’ll speak to him and offer him some tips.
Fantasy literature is fantasy in written form. Historically speaking, the majority of fantasy works have been literature. Since the 1950s however, a growing part of the fantasy genre (流派) has taken the form of video games, music, painting, and the like. It is difficult to define the precise “beginning” of fantasy literature, as stories involving magic and terrible monsters have existed since time immemorial. On the whole, the genre, as a distinct type, began to become visible in the Victorian times, in the works of writers such as William Morris, Lord Dunsany and George Macdonald.
Some commentators declared that the South African-born, English professor of philology, J. R. R. Tolkien, was influential to the mass-popularization of the fantasy genre, with his hugely successful publications — The Hobbit, and The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien himself, though, was largely informed by an ancient body of Anglo-Saxon myths — particularly Beowulf — but it was after his work that the genre began to receive the name, “fantasy”. J. R. R. Tolkien’s close friend C.S. Lewis, author of the The Chronicles of Narnia, also an English professor interested in similar themes, was also connected with popularizing the commercial success of the fantasy genre.
Outstanding authors in the genre who undertook popular fantasy works after Tolkien’s The Lord of The Rings phenomenon of the 1950s and 1960s appeared quickly. In recent years, the rate of female-to-male authors in a typically-stocked bookstore has skyrocketed, with female authors surpassing the volume of the male ones.
Fantasy has been famous from other forms of literature by its style. The fantasy world requires, like any genre, appropriate language, arid that language can vary. In various forms of fairytale fantasy, even the villain’s (坏人) language would be inappropriate if vulgar (粗俗的). Famous fantasy author Raymond E. Feist considered his genre to be one where “ordinary people” were placed in extraordinary situations, and writing about what would happen.
58. How many fantasy writers are mentioned in this passage?
A. Five. B. Six. C. Seven. D. Eight.
59. The underlined word “skyrocketed” in the third paragraph means .
A. rise rapidly and suddenly B. drop rapidly and suddenly
C. rise slowly and steadily D. drop slowly and steadily
60. This passage is mainly about .
A. the background of fantasy literature
B. some famous works about fantasy literature
C. the origin and its popularity of fantasy literature
D. some outstanding authors of fantasy literature
Hold your smart phone, smile at the front camera, and click! You get a selfie. There is no doubt that this photo is yours. But if a monkey takes a selfie, does the camera owner have the right to decide how to use it?
Recently, this question has caused a problem between Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization, and British wildlife photographer David J. Slater.
In 2011, Slater was visiting a park in Indonesia when a macaque (猕猴) got hold of one of his cameras. “They were quite naughty, jumping all over my equipment,” Slater told The Telegraph, “and it looked like they were already posing for the camera when one hit the button.” The result was hundreds of monkey selfies. The best of images was a female macaque grinning toothily into the lens.
This week, the grinning monkey selfie returned to the news when Wikimedia refused Slater’s request to take the photos down from Wikimedia Commons, a website that is run by the organization and offers free images.
According to Wikimedia, anyone who downloads the monkey selfie, or any of the millions of images on the site, can copy and use any works here freely as long as they follow what the author says. The question that arose here was whether Slater, who had not held the camera, set up the shot, of pressed the shutter (快门), could be considered the photographer of the monkey selfie. Wikimedia’s position on this was clear: as the work of a non-human animal, this photo has no human author who owns the copyright.
Only authors of creative works, like a piece of writing or a song, own copyrights. In terms of photos, US copyright law says whoever pushes the button on the camera owns the copyright to the image produced, which means that if tourists ask you to take a photo of them, and you happen to hit the shutter button at the exact moment that Justin Bieber, a Canadian singer, made faces behind them, you, as the photographer, would have the photo’s copyright and sell it. The tourists, who own the camera on which the photo was taken and asked you to take the photo don’t get the right to use it without you allowing them to. All this has been complicated by the appearance of surveillance cameras (监控摄像头), smart phones, and large scale photography projects (批量摄影项目) for which assistants often press the shutter button to produce works whose copyrights belong to their boss.
Slater seems to be thinking along these lines. He says that buying the cameras, spending thousands of pounds to transport himself to Indonesia, and allowing the monkeys to “steal” his cameras make him the author of the image, regardless of who pushed the button. “In law, if I have an assistant then I still own the copyright, he told the “Today” Show. “I believe in this case, the monkey was my assistant.”
But if one is to believe his own telling of the monkey stealing his camera, Slater didn’t ask the monkeys to take the selfies and finally took the camera away.
If that seems unfair, think about this. If a person left her laptop in a cafe, and a poet picked it up, opened up a word-processing program, and typed out a poem which turned out to be the best poem of this generation, could she ask for much more than her laptop back?
61. The monkey selfie, taken in 2011, returned to the spotlight because .
A. Slater allowed people to download the photo for free
B. Slater allowed Wikimedia Commons to download the photo free of charge
C. Wikimedia Commons refused to pay Slater any money for the photo on the website
D. Wikimedia Commons refused to take the photo down from the website despite Slater’s request
62. According to US copyright law, who might Wikimedia think owned the copyright of monkey photo?
A. Slater. B. Wikimedia.
C. The monkey. D. No one.
63. The author mentioned Justin Bieber and some special cases to show that .
A. whoever pressed the button would have the photo’s copyright in any cases
B. only the famous singer would have the copyright to have the image produced
C. only the owner of the camera would have the copyright of the photo even if he didn’t take it
D. whoever pushed the button would have the copyright but in some special cases things were different
64. From the last paragraph we know that the author .
A. supports Wikimedia B. doesn’t show his attitude at all
C. shows great sympathy to Slater D. agrees with neither Wikimedia nor Slater
How well prepared would the person be if he were to call on a prospective customer for us? As I see it, there are four keys to getting hired.
Prepare to win. “If you miss one day of practice, you notice the difference,” the saying goes among musicians. “If you miss two days of practice, the critics notice the difference. If you miss three days of practice, the audience notice the difference.”
The Michael Jordans of the world have talent, yes, but they’re also the first ones on and the last ones off the basketball court. The same preparation applies in every form of human endeavor.
You won’t get every job you go after. The best salespeople don’t close every sale. Michael1 Jordan makes barely half of his field-goal attempts. But it takes no longer to prepare well for one interview than to wander in half-prepared for five. And your, prospects for success will be many times better.
Never stop learning. Recently I played a doubles tennis match paired with a 90-year-old. I wondered how things would work out; I shouldn’t have. We hammered our opponents 6-1, 6-1! As we were switching sides to play a third set, he said to me, “Do you mind if I play the backhand court? I always like to work on my weaknesses.” What a fantastic example of a person who has never stopped learning. Incidentally, we won the third set 6-1. As we walked off the court, my 90-year-old partner laughed and said, “I thought you’d like to know about my number-one ranking in doubles in the United States in my age bracket (年龄段), 85 and up!” He wasn9t thinking 90; he wasn’t even thinking 85. He was thinking number one.
Believe in yourself, even when no one else does. Do you remember the four-minute mile? (1) Athletes had been trying to do it for hundreds of years and finally decided it was physically impossible for humans. (2) Our bone structure was all wrong, our lung power inadequate. (3) Then one human proved the experts wrong. (4) Don’t ever let anyone tell you that you can’t accomplish your goals. Who says you’re not tougher, harder working and more able than your competitors? You see, a goal is a dream with a deadline: in writing, measurable, identifiable, and attainable.
Find a way to make a difference. In my opinion, the majority of New York cab drivers are unfriendly, if not downright rude. Most of the cabs are dirty, and almost all of them have an unacceptable, bulletproof partition (分隔). But recently I jumped into a cab at LaGuardia Airport and guess what? It was clean. There was beautiful music playing arid no partition.
Holding up a choice of newspapers, the cab driver even told me to help myself to the fruit in the basket on the back seat. I was shocked. He doesn’t know it, but he’s my hero. He’s living proof that you can always shift the odds in your favor.
My mentor (良师), Curt Carlson, is the wealthiest man in Minnesota, owner of a hotel and travel company with sales in the neighborhood of $9 billion. I had to get to a meeting in New York one day, and Curt generously offered me a ride in his jet It happened to be a day when Minnesota was hit with one of the worst snowstorms in years. Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport was closed for the first time in decades. Then, though the storm continued to pound (重击) us, the airport opened a runway for small craft only. As we were taxiing down it to take off, Curt turned to me and said cheerfully, “Look, Harvey, no tracks in the snow!”
From my standpoint, that’s what it’s all about. Then go out and make your own tracks in the snow.
65. Why does the author quote in the second paragraph?
A. To appeal to us to practice.
B. To support the theme “prepare to win”.
C. To indicate the importance of practice.
D. To inform us of the saying among musicians.
66. According to paragraph 4, the writer probably wants to show us .
A. we should expect to get every job as we like
B. anyone who wants to get hired should get concentrated
C. even the best salespeople don’t try to succeed in every sale
D. Michael Jordon is a top athlete because he makes barely half of his field-goal attempts
67. When the writer mentions his experience of playing tennis with the old man, he probably means .
A. one may develop his strength if he keeps on learning
B. the old man is good at playing tennis and proud of it
C. the writer himself is a great talent in playing tennis
D. if one keeps working on his weakness, he is sure to succeed
68. From the passage we can infer .
A. the goal is not a daydream, because people have no trouble realizing it
B. it takes as much time to prepare well for one interview as to half prepare for five
C. people shouldn’t regard their goal as a kind of dream, because it can be achieved and realized easily
D. when we admire other people’s success, we always forget that they have worked on this for a long time
69. Why was Curt so happy when he said that there were no tracks in the snow?
A. Because he made his jet take off in the bad weather.
B. Because Curt thought they were the first to take off.
C. Because the airport opened a runway for small craft only.
D. Because he is the owner of a hotel and travel company with sales in the neighborhood of $9 billions.
70. Where could the following sentences be best added in paragraph 6?
And, miracle of miracles, six weeks after Roger Bannister broke the four-minute mile, John Landy beat Bannister’s time by nearly two full seconds. Since then, close to eight hundred runners have broken the four-minute mile!
A. (l) B. (2) C. (3) D. (4)
People tend to blame the external (外部的) force when bad things happen and give themselves credit when good things occur. For example, if you passed an exam, the self-serving would lead you to believe that it was because you studied hard. If you failed, on the other hand, you might believe it was because the teacher did not explain the subject correctly, the classroom was too warm or your roommate kept you up all night before the exam. Social psychologists describe this phenomenon as self-serving bias (自利性偏差).
A number of factors have been shown to influence the self-serving bias. Generally, older adults make the internal attribution, that is, credit themselves with their success. Men are more likely to make the external attribution, meaning they tend to blame the outside force for their failure. Often when a person is sad, this kind of bias may be opposite: they will attribute positive results to the outside help or even luck, and blame themselves when bad things happen.
Experts suggest that while this bias is quite widespread in the western culture including the U.S. and Canada, it tends to be much less frequent in the eastern culture including China and Japan. Why? Individualist cultures such as the U.S. place greater stress on the personal achievement and self-respect, so protecting the self from feelings of failure is more important. Collectivist cultures, on the other hand, are more likely to attribute the personal success to luck and failure to the lack of talent.
However, there are some situations where the self-serving bias happens less often. Some research has found that people in close relationships, whether the romantic relationship or friendship, tend to be more modest. Your friends or your partner, in other words, would remind you when a bad situation might be partly because of your own doing.
Although the bias can mean avoid the personal responsibility for one’s action, in many cases, it is a defense mechanism that protects a person’s self-respect. By attributing positive events to personal characteristics, people get an increase in confidence. By blaming the outside force for failure, people make themselves believe they don’t need to be responsible for the failure and thus protect their self-respect.
Another advantage of this bias is that it leads people to persevere even in the face of difficult situations. An unemployed worker may feel more motivated to keep looking for work if he attributes his unemployment to a weak economy, for example, rather than some personal failure. An athlete might feel more motivated to perform well if he believes that his failure during a previous event is the result of bad weather rather than a lack of skill.
The concept of the self-serving bias • The self-serving bias mirrors a common phenomenon that people always attribute their success to the (71) ▲ reasons while failure to the objective ones.
Factors (72) ▲ the self-serving bias • The self-serving bias is linked to (73) ▲ and sender (性别).
• The self-serving bias is also connected with one’s (74) ▲ . For example, an unhappy person tends to blame himself when bad things happen.
• Different (75) ▲ backgrounds, whether individualist or collectivist, also have much to do with the self-serving bias. For example, when faced with failure, the former needs more (76) ▲ while the latter needs to bear appropriate (77) ▲ .
• The bias happens less (78) ▲ when people are in close relationships.
Advantages of the self-serving bias • The bias helps in protecting a person’s self-respect by increasing his confidence and (79) ▲ him from the personal responsibility for the future.
• The bias provides people with essential (80) ▲ , which helps them keep struggling.
In life, we will succeed and fail often for reasons that are entirely out of our control. For instance, we can be incredibly nice and Jove someone deeply, and they may not love us back. We can work harder than anyone else at our lessons and still not be as excellent as our peers. We can eat healthy food, exercise and stay away from alcohol and cigarettes, and still get sick.
My first marriage ended in divorce. To me, it felt very unfair. I had worked hard to be a good wife and mother. However, no matter what I did, I could not make the relationship work.
I could have been shut down by that experience. I could have decided that if one person didn’t appreciate me as a wife, then no one would. I could have given up. But I knew that I wanted to be married. I knew that I wanted to experience traditional family life. So I didn’t let one seemingly unfair experience stop me from believing that I could one day be happily married. And then one day, I met this kind, thoughtful, generous man with whom I now have a wonderful friendship and marriage. But that wouldn’t have happened if I had decided to give up after one failed marriage.
What I’ve learned over the years is that we can do all the things that deserve a good outcome, but get bad things in return instead.
The bottom line is that life is not fair. That is a tough pill to swallow for many of us. As a result, some people shut down after being hit by even one unfair blow from life. They can’t handle the fact that our efforts don’t always get the results that-we expect. But if we let life’s unfairness defeat us, we will never receive the beautiful blessings that life has in store for us.
1〜5 BABCA 6〜10 CAABC 11〜15 AABCA 16-20 ACABC
21〜25 BACAA 26-30 CBDDA 31-35 CBDAB
36〜40 CADDA 41〜45 BCCBD 46〜50 AACBD 51〜55 BCABD
56〜57 DB 58〜40 BAC 61〜64 DCDA 65〜70 CBADBD
71. subjective 72. influencing / affecting / impacting 73. age 74. mood /emotion(s) / feelings
75. cultural 76. protection / encouragement(s) / comfort(s) 77. responsibility 78. often / frequently
79. freeing 80. motivation
One possible version:
Life is full of varieties of seemingly unfair experiences, which may defeat those who have lost courage and even confidence, but bless those who remain true to their original aspiration. (30 words)
For many reasons, we often have to encounter unfairness in a complex society. No one can avoid or escape unexpected changes in our daily lives; however, unfairness, if it sets us reflecting upon our mistakes and failure, may be a route toward success.
When we’re faced with life’s seeming unfairness, our faith needs to jump in. When life doesn’t go according to plan, we have to let go of the outcome that we are looking forward to and keep trying, working hard and doing the right thing. Please don’t be discouraged. Accept that life is neither fair nor straightforward. And by knowing that if we remain confident, we can drive our unfair experiences away and use them for our benefit. (120 words)