2018届高三英语上第一次模拟试题(江苏淮安市等四市附答案)

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2018届高三英语上第一次模拟试题(江苏淮安市等四市附答案)

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江苏省淮安市等四市2018届高三上学期第一次模拟
英语试卷

说明:
1. 本试卷共12页,满分120分,考试时间120分钟。
2. 在答题纸的密封线内填写学校、班级、姓名、考号等,密封线内不要答题。
3. 请将所有答案均按照题号填涂或填写在答题卡/纸相应的答题处,否则不得分。
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分20分)
第一节
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Where is the theater?
A. On Martin’s Lane.   B. On Maple Street.  C. On Craven Street.
2. What seems to be the man’s hobby?
  A. Watching TV.    B. Reading books.      C. Talking on the WeChat.
3. What does the woman suggest the man do?
  A. Avoid on-sale things.  B. Wait until the weekend. C. Get better shampoo.
4. When will the speakers probably meet?
  A. On Wednesday afternoon. B. On Thursday afternoon. C. On Friday afternoon.
5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
  A. Colleagues.    B. Employer and employee. C. Customer and manager.
第二节
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What has the man been doing this afternoon?
A. Mending the washing machine. 
B. Looking for a laundry shop. 
C. Doing some cleaning.
7. What is the most probable relationship between the speakers?
  A. Friends.     B. Husband and wife.  C. Customer and clerk.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Which are today’s specials?
  A. Noodles and pasta.   
B. Juicy steak and fried chicken.
C. Noodles and fresh garden salad.
9. How does the man like his steak cooked?
  A. Rare.     B. Medium.    C. Well done.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. How much will the woman pay a month on average if she pays yearly?
A. $270.     B. $285.     C. $295.
11. How can the woman pay the rent?
A. By credit card.   B. By check.    C. By cash.
12. What day is it today?
A. Monday.     B. Tuesday.    C. Wednesday.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Where did the woman work in Finland?
  A. In a language center.  B. In a restaurant.   C. In a hotel.
14. Why does the woman come to England?
A. To do some sightseeing.  B. To study English.  C. To enrich her experience.
15. What position does the man offer?
  A. Ordinary Waiter.   B. Head Waiter.   C. Manager.
16. How long does the man want the woman to work to show her ability?
  A. Some ten minutes.   B. Around half an hour.  C. About forty minutes.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Where did the speaker come from?
  A. Scotland.     B. England.    C. Switzerland.
18. What was the weather like on the first day when the speaker arrived?
  A. Clear and warm.   B. Warm but foggy.   C. Windy but cloudless.
19. How did the speaker feel at the first sight of the gardens?
  A. Surprised at the ill management.     
B. Amazed at the beauty of the gardens.     
C. Shocked at the convenience of the paths.
20. What was the season when the speaker came to the city?
  A. Early summer.   B. Early winter.   C. Early spring.
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)   
请认真阅读下面各题,从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21.The idea of green packaging has received wide _______ since the government announced
specific goals to green the delivery industry.
A. currency    B. creativity   C. cooperation   D. criterion
22. —Will you take over at the next service area? I want a short rest.
—Sure. You _______ for over four hours by then.
A. have driven        B. have been driving
C. will be driving       D. will have been driving
23. Save your apology for _______ you really make everything a mess.
A. unless    B. once    C. when    D. though
24. Big data is the driving force behind this zone’s development, a steady stream of new big data  
   construction projects constantly _______.
A. being introduced         B. introducing      
C. having introduced         D. to be introduced
25. The year-end season is the best time not just to reflect on your personal achievements but also to _______ the lessons you missed.
A. live up to    B. split off from  C. push ahead with  D. catch up on
26. Feng Xiaogang’s latest film Youth, now a box office hit, ________ scheduled for release on Sept 29, was held back for two months.
A. casually       B. originally      C. temporarily    D. eventually
27. China has been working to ________ the legal landscape for autonomous vehicles, which are on a highway to commercial availability.
  A. clarify    B. accelerate   C. transmit   D. preserve
28. Several melon stalls were below the window and above them ________ with a big clock on top of it.
A. was the Telecom Tower      B. were the Telecom Tower
C. the Telecom Tower was      D. the Telecom Tower were
29. The staff were _______ when the company announced a fat bonus for everyone.
A. in the red    B. as white as a sheet C. tickled pink   D. in the black
30. During the Singles Day in 2017, the sales of Chinese e-commerce giants such as Alibaba outnumbered _______ of Black Friday and Cyber Monday in the US.
  A. that           B. those           C. this            D. it
31. I _______ my luggage in a locker at the station, saving the trouble of dragging it around when shopping.
A. drained    B. deposited   C. distributed    D. delivered
32. _______ the fact that your payment misses the deadline, you’ll have to pay a fine according to the contract.
A. In possession of     B. In spite of       C. In case of        D. In view of
33. In western countries, only the completely innocent or the determinedly blind could believe that any government activity near to election time ______ electoral implications.
A. hasn’t had      B. didn’t have      C. doesn’t have    D. hadn’t had
34. —I had my computer stolen in my office, but luckily the police got it back to me.
—How unbelievable! The thief ________ it.
A. need have sold          B. might have sold    
C. should have sold         D. must have sold
35. —My colleague is always trying to persuade me to buy goods I dislike at YunJi APP.
—Sounds terrible. I mean, ________.
A. life is a horse, and either you ride it or it rides you
B. the car will find its way round the hill when it gets there
C. take care of the pence, and the pounds will take care of themselves 
D. you may take a horse to the water, but you cannot make him drink

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 My mother has always been involved in early-childhood education. She often set the scene for children to   36   the joy of physical activity, getting them excited and   37   to learn.
 Mum was so proud of me after I   38   the triathlon at the 2000 Olympics, but before the dust   39  , she grabbed me, saying: “Now this is your   40  . Use it.” She wasn’t speaking from an economic point of view but talking about the   41   of my being a role model, encouraging kids to   42   their dreams.
 Since the Olympics, I have   43   more than 100 schools. I talk to the kids about “living a life less   44  ,” a concept passed on to me by my parents—the idea of   45   being average. I tell them that what you believe, you will   46  .
 As I was a kid, my mother came to every   47  —not to pressure me but to   48   me. One of my favorite sports-related memories was when I was   49   in the Canadian Triathlon Championships. As I ran by a big truck, I saw my mother   50   on top of one of its huge wheels, cheering for me. I find it sad when people say their parents have never seen them   51  .
 When I was at the University, I completed only one semester and then decided to   52   so I could race professionally full-time. Mum was the first person I called. It was a   53   moment. I wasn’t sure how she would react.
 “Mum, I have this opportunity, and I think I’m going to take it. What do you think?”
 She was as   54   as ever. It turned out to be a good   55  . Supporting your children, trusting their decisions, giving well-thought-out advice—those are definitely important qualities.
36. A. experience  B. evaluate   C. express   D. expect
37. A. afraid   B. ready    C. relaxed   D. reluctant
38. A. won   B. chose    C. played    D. watched
39. A. rose   B. settled    C. flew    D. appeared
40. A. luck   B. time    C. crossroad   D. opportunity
41. A. demand   B. happiness   C. courage   D. importance 
42. A. display   B. follow    C. appreciate    D. abandon
43. A. served   B. attended    C. visited    D. started
44. A. energetic  B. colorful    C. miserable    D. ordinary
45. A. never   B. always    C. seldom   D. usually
46. A. neglect   B. achieve   C. suspect   D. assume
47. A. practice   B. school    C. game    D. kindergarten
48. A. support   B. reward    C. instruct   D. comfort
49. A. surfing   B. jumping   C. jogging   D. running 
50. A. sitting   B. speaking      C. standing   D. performing
51. A. compete  B. succeed   C. separate   D. compromise
52. A. drop in   B. drop off   C. drop out   D. drop back
53. A. magic   B. nervous   C. critical    D. serious
54. A. attractive  B. talkative   C. imaginative   D. supportive
55. A. consideration B. intention   C. suggestion   D. decision
第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分, 满分30分)
请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
The Chocolate Museum
The story of chocolate through the ages
● Experience chocolate-making from cocoa bean to chocolate bar
● Enjoy the smell,taste and texture of freshly made chocolate
Opening hours
Tues—Fri                      10 am to 6 pm
Sat&Sun+public holidays          11 am to 7 am
Closed on Mondays, Christmas Day and during Carnival week.
Entrance fees
Adults                          $6.00
Concessions (over 65 years old)      $3.00
Groups (of 15 people or more)       $5.00
More than a museum!
The Panorama Restaurant can cater for all your corporate events: business lunches, anniversaries, weddings and parties. Groups of 30—300 people are welcome.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Welcome To Auckland Museum
“Nau mai haere mai”
Auckland Museum has a constantly changing feast of fresh events and new exhibitions reflecting the culture of New Zealand. This year is no exception.
Click here to find out more >>
Latest news
Be inspired by the da Vinci Machines exhibition and design and build your own original flying machine. The best entry will win the budding inventor a helicopter ride over Auckland for a family of four.
Avoid the traffic, enjoy hassle-free parking and view the exhibits in peace and quiet on Wednesday evenings! Open till 7:30 pm.
From 28 November until 4 March there will be no public access to the Reading Room.
Click here to find out more >>
Museum opening hours
10 am—5 pm daily (except Christmas Day)
56. If 16 adults, including 3 aged 70, plan to visit the Chocolate Museum, how much should they pay at least?
A.$69.         B.$78.              C.$80.            D.$87.
57. According to the information of Auckland Museum, we know that _________.
A. it opens from 10 am to 5 pm every day   
B. it has a feast of fresh events except this year
C. the winner will fly a helicopter as a reward     
D. the museum focuses on New Zealand’s culture

I used to think the whole purpose of life was pursuing happiness. Everyone said the path to happiness was success, so I searched for that ideal job, that perfect boyfriend, that beautiful apartment. But instead of ever feeling fulfilled, I felt anxious and adrift. Eventually, I decided to go to graduate school for positive psychology to learn what truly makes people happy.
And what’s the difference between being happy and having meaning in life? Many psychologists define happiness as a state of comfort and ease, feeling good in the moment. Meaning, though, is deeper. The renowned psychologist Martin Seligman says meaning comes from belonging to and serving something beyond yourself and from developing the best within you. Our culture is obsessed (痴迷于) with happiness, but I came to see that seeking meaning is the more fulfilling path.
    There are four pillars (支柱) of a meaningful life.
The first pillar is belonging. Belonging comes from being in relationships where you’re valued for who you are intrinsically and where you value others as well. For many people, belonging is the most essential source of meaning.
For others, the key to meaning is the second pillar: purpose. Finding your purpose is not the same thing as finding that job that makes you happy. A hospital custodian told me her purpose is healing sick people. Many parents tell me, “My purpose is raising my children.” The key to purpose is using your strengths to serve others. Without something worthwhile to do, people flounder.
The third pillar of meaning is also about stepping beyond yourself, but in a completely different way: transcendence (超然). Transcendent experiences can change you. Transcendent states are those rare moments when you’re lifted above the hustle and bustle of daily life, your sense of self fades away, and you feel connected to a higher reality. For me, I’m a writer, and it happens through writing. Sometimes I get so in the zone that I lose all sense of time and place.
The fourth pillar is storytelling, the story you tell yourself about yourself. Creating a narrative from the events of your life brings clarity. It helps you understand how you became you. But we don’t always realize that we’re the authors of our stories and can change the way we’re telling them. Your life isn’t just a list of events. You can edit, interpret and retell your story, even as you’re constrained by the facts.
That’s the power of meaning. Happiness comes and goes. But when life is really good and when things are really bad, having meaning gives you something to hold on to.
58. What can we infer from the first two paragraphs?
A. Life can be fulfilled by landing ideal jobs.
B. Life dilemma is easy for us to get out of.
C. Happiness is the core values in our culture.
D. Happiness is what most people pursue.
59. From the four pillars of a meaningful life, we can know that ________.
A. nothing is as essential a source of meaning as belonging
B. purpose is less about what you want than what you give
C. transcendent fades easily and rarely makes us cheerful
D. the way of telling stories guarantees a meaningful life
60. The passage aims to tell us that ________.
A. meaning is more important than happiness
B. seeking meaning does more good than bad
C. chasing happiness can make people unhappy
D. meaning has deeper psychological significance
C
In 2015 a paper published in a science magazine reported on the personality types of people living in various London districts. Extroverts (外向的人), the researchers who wrote it had discovered, favored Richmond. Those who were most open to experience gathered in Hackney. People in Barnet scored lower than average on emotional stability.
What this study did not address was whether someone’s home range reflects their personality traits or imposes them. In other words, is what is going on “nature” or “nurture” (培育) ? However, in a piece of research just published, Dr. Holtmann of Otago University, in New Zealand, and his colleagues have filled that gap—at least, they have filled it for dunnocks.
    The dunnock is a European bird. It has, though, been introduced to New Zealand and its population has boomed there. It is a well-studied species, and, in particular, some being measurably bolder (更大胆的) and more tolerant of potential threats, such as nearby human beings, than others. The team’s research area was the Botanic Garden in Dunedin. This is open to the public, but some areas are more frequented by visitors than others. Dunnocks have small territories, so it was possible to measure the amount of human disturbance in a given territory with reasonable precision. And, by wrapping each of the dunnocks in the garden with colour-coded bands it was possible to identify individuals by sight. Altogether, the researchers looked at 99 of them.
   They worked out a bird’s level of threat tolerance by the simple method of walking towards it, and then measuring how close one could get before the bird flew away. They did this several times for each bird every breeding season, and repeated the process over the course of three seasons.
    A particular bird’s flight distance (ie, how closely it could be approached before it departed) was, they found, consistent within a breeding season. From season to season most birds got a little bolder—probably as they learnt more about the world and what they could safely get away with. But this increase in boldness with age was small compared with the different starting points of bold and shy birds when they first arrived in a territory. It did not, therefore, much affect the fact that, on average, birds’ flight distances were inversely correlated (负相关) with the level of human disturbance in their territories. This was a consequence of disturbed territories being settled by bold birds, and undisturbed territories by shy ones.
    In the case of dunnocks, then, nature wins over nurture. Dr. Holtmann was able to show that personalities match circumstances, rather than being created by them. Dunnocks can recognize which places suit them best, and choose to settle in them shortly after they are fully fledged (羽翼丰满). Most likely, that is happening in London districts, too.
61. What does the underlined words “that gap” in the second paragraph refer to?
  A. What the paper published in 2015 failed to handle.
B. Why extroverts favour certain areas in London district.
C. How Dr. Holtmann involved dunnocks in his study.
D. What the former and latter study have in common.
62. From Paragraph 3, we can know that dunnocks ________.
  A. are native to New Zealand     B. have distinct personalities
C. are bolder than human beings    D. can be easily identified by its color
63. What conclusion did Dr. Holtmann draw from his study?
A. It’s nurture rather than nature that matters in the case of dunnocks’ behaviour.
B. Birds’ flight distances were in proportion to human disturbance in their territories.
C. Dunnocks choose their habitats wisely in the first place rather than adapt to them.
D. Bold birds and shy birds alike settle in undisturbed territories in the botanic garden.  
64. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
  A. To argue that circumstances cultivate certain personalities.
  B. To entertain readers with some funny facts about dunnocks.
  C. To present the finding of a scientific research about dunnocks.
  D. To confirm the assumption that personalities match circumstances.
D
I’m sitting at home working, minding my business, and the mobile rings. It’s DC Lyle from Wandsworth police station. He says that my name was given to Crimestoppers anonymously as a potential witness to the ‘Putney Pusher’ incident. Remember that madman who pushed a woman into the path of a bus on Putney Bridge while out for his morning jog? Well, six months on and they still haven’t found him—and DC Lyle wants to meet.
I say I couldn’t possibly help as I wasn’t a witness. DC Lyle says he still needs to meet. I reaffirm there really was no point, I could be of no value; I wasn’t there. DC Lyle insists, and in doing so mentions that he has my email address, and that he tried to see me at my office yesterday (I wasn’t in). What? Somebody gave the police my office address, email address and phone number. Who? Feeling invaded and annoyed, I tell DC Lyle he could come at 10 a.m. the next day. I put the phone down, and only then the penny dropped. I was a suspect.
I must know. Who was the person who put my name forward? They obviously know me, but not well enough to call me first and let me know they were going to report me to the police. Or perhaps they do know me well and have it in for me. That’s for another day.
I frantically search for the video footage of the incident online. The images are grainy. Squint (眯眼看) the eyes and even I can see some resemblance. I look at the Pusher’s jogging gear. Not premium, I might be OK. He’s got fat calves. Result. Mine are sculpted (my best feature). The Pusher’s got obvious moobs. Oh dear. I carry some permanent holiday weight, I admit it. All it would take is a bored jury and a half-decent prosecution barrister, and none of this would be beyond reasonable doubt.
I need evidence proving my innocence, so I fire up the iCal to see what my movements were on 5 May. There is nothing in the diary. This is not going well.
After a fitful night I wake early. 9:45 a.m. arrives. The door buzzer goes. It’s DC Lyle and his sidekick. Of course they’re early, sneaky bastards. Look relaxed, Joel. Keep yourself together. DC Lyle and DC Sidekick show me their badges. I show them how extremely nice and friendly I am. Once installed on my sofa (I didn’t offer tea) they hit me with it—I am indeed a suspect.
“Someone put you forward as the person that did this, and we’re here to investigate whether you did. Where were you on the morning of 5 May between the hours of 7:30 and 8:00 a.m.?”
I have nothing. I live alone, work from home most days, no diary events, no witnesses as to my whereabouts. Sweats. “Wait,” I say. “Almost every morning of the working week I go to Pret A Manger to have a coffee at or about the time of incident.” But did I that day? Even if I did, what if it was a day when they gave me a coffee ‘on the house’ as they often did, me being a regular ’n’ all. There might not be credit card records. More sweats.
I get the computer. American Express login. Search for May 2017 expense calendar(消费明细). Double click. Get in: 5 May 2017—Pret A Manger, £1.95.
I’m in the clear. DC Lyle peers over my shoulder at the screen. He’s satisfied I’m not the Putney Pusher. The Pret evidence is helpful, but he also says I’m taller than the real Pusher. Skinnier, too. I tell him that’s because I’ve been jogging a lot recently.
65. Why did DC Lyle call “me” and insist on a meet?
  A. Police thought “I” was the Putney Pusher.   
B. The woman charged me with the incident.
  C. Someone reported me to the police station.   
D. “I” accidentally knew who the suspect was.
66. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 means _________.
  A. money was wasted on answering the phone call
B. money should be paid to get rid of my suspicion
  C. something serious would follow for days to come
D. something puzzling wasn’t understood until then
67. The sentence “I have to clear my name, and reclaim ownership of my identity.” should be placed at the end of _________.
  A. Para. 2       B. Para. 3       C. Para. 4       D. Para. 6
68. What “I” found of the incident indicates that _________.
A. “I” wouldn’t be suspected without putting on holiday weight
B. “I” am exactly the man who the police have been hunting for
  C. it is reasonable for DC Lyle to arrest “me” to finish his job
D. it is unfavorable for “me” not to have a habit of writing diaries
69. What can we learn from “my” meeting with DC Lyle?
A. Being extremely friendly makes me more suspicious.
B. The expense calendar provides relief to my suspicion.
  C. DC Lyle doesn’t assume I am the Pusher in advance.
D. Recent jogging is a key to my tall and skinny feature.
70. What is the best title for the passage?
  A. A false alarm         B. The Pusher at large
C. My identity crisis          D. Careless policemen
第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
注意:每个空格只填1个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。
Ownership used to be about as straightforward as writing a cheque. If you bought something, you owned it. If you broke it, you fixed it. If you no longer wanted it, you sold it or threw it away. Some firms found ways of squeezing out more profit in the after-sale services, using authorized repair shops, and strategies such as selling cheap printers and expensive ink, which, however, did not challenge the nature of ownership.
In the digital age ownership has become more ambiguous. Since the arrival of smart phones, consumers are forced to accept that they do not control the software in their devices; they are only licensed to use it. But as more digital devices are springing up, who owns and who controls which objects is becoming a problem. Buyers should be aware that some of their most basic property rights are under threat.
Needless to say, manufacturers seeking to restrict what owners do with increasingly complex technology have good reasons to protect their copyright, ensure that their machines do not malfunction (发生故障), maintain environmental standards and prevent hacking. Sometimes companies use their control over a product’s software for the owners’ benefit. When Hurricane Irma hit Florida this month, Tesla, a start-up for electric vehicles, remotely upgraded the software controlling the batteries of some models to give owners more range to escape the storm.
The more digital strings(数字串) are attached to goods, the more the balance of control tilts(倾斜) towards producers and away from owners. Already this has given rise to controversy (争议) over owners’ property rights. Items from smart phones to washing machines have become increasingly hard to fix, meaning that they are thrown away instead of being repaired. Privacy is also at risk. Users were alarmed when it came out that iRobot, a robotic vacuum cleaner, not only cleans the floor but creates a digital map of the home’s interior that can then be sold on to advertisers though the manufacturer says it has no intention of doing so.
Such issues should remind people how desperately they ought to protect their property rights. In America this idea has already taken root in the “right to repair” movement. In France appliance-makers must tell buyers how long a device is likely to last—a sign of how repairable it is. Regulators should encourage competition by, for instance, insisting that independent repair shops have the same access to product information, spare parts and repair tools as manufacturer-owned ones.
Ownership is not about to go away, but its meaning is changing. Devices, by and large, are sold on the basis that they empower (授权) people to do what they want. To the extent they are controlled by somebody else, that freedom is compromised.

Fighting Back Control of Ownership

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第五部分 书面表达(满分25分)
81. 请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。
 
【写作内容】
1. 用约30个单词概括上面图画内容;
2. 用约120个单词阐述你对“一带一路”倡议(The Belt and Road initiative) 的看法,并补充2~3个论据支撑你的看法。
【写作要求】
1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;
2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
3. 不必写标题。
【评分标准】
内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。
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英语一模调研测试答案
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分20分)
1—5 ACBCA  6—10 BABCB  11—15 CABCA  16—20 BCABC
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)   
21—25 ADCAD   26—30 BAACB   31—35 BDCBD
第二节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
36—40 ABABD 41—45 DBCDA 46—50 BCADC 51—55 ACBDD
第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题 2分, 满分 30分)
56—57 BD    58—60 DBA     61—64 ABCD  65—70 ADBBBC
第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
71. challenged  72. clear/definite/certain  73. threatened  74. issues  75. restrictions 
76. favour/favor /interest(s)  77. tends  78. light  79. taken  80. compromised/ damaged
第五部分 书面表达(满分25分)
Possible version:
    The pictures above convey the general idea of the concept of the 21st century Maritime Silk Road and the significance for China and other countries to carry out “The Belt and Road” initiatives.
From my perspective, I can’t highlight the importance of the Belt and Road initiative enough. Firstly, the Belt and Road will enable China to realize sustainable development, deepen its opening-up, and strengthen its mutually beneficial cooperation with countries in Asia, Europe and Africa and the rest of the world, which will definitely promote China’s further development. Furthermore, it also gives other countries opportunities to enhance international cooperation, exchange resources and technology and set up all-dimensional networks, thus speeding up all-round prosperity worldwide.
In conclusion, the Belt and Road initiative is a win-win project facilitating comprehensive development especially in the economy dimension. Only when countries concerned combine their efforts can the Belt and Road initiatives be fully fulfilled. (150 Words)
附:听力部分录音稿
第一节
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
现在,你有5秒钟的时间阅读第1小题的有关内容。
(Text 1)
M: Is Playhouse Theater on Maple Street or Craven Street?
W: Neither. It’s on Martin’s Lane.
M: Really? Oops, I must have gotten the wrong address.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
(Text 2)
W: I’m keen on American TV series. What is your hobby, David?
M: Well, I read a lot. But what I love best is to chat on the WeChat.
(Text 3)
M: Daisy, I think I’ll stop by and get some shampoo.
W: I’d hold off, if I were you. There are some good sales on the weekend.
(Text 4)
W: Mr. Smith, I’m afraid I can’t make it Wednesday. Can you make it Thursday afternoon?
M: I’m sorry but I have class at that hour. Can you make it Friday afternoon? 
W: That’s fine with me.
(Text 5)
M: The boss gives me too much work but very short time. I can’t make it.
W: Why? I do the same work within the same time, and I have to manage my family life. But I never have any complaint.
第一节到此结束。

第二节
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。现在,你有10秒钟的时间阅读这两个小题。
(Text 6)
W: ○7Hi, where have you been all afternoon?   
M: My washing machine died, so I went down the block to do the laundry.
W: It must have been some extremely dirty laundry to take you so long.
M: No, ○6I spent quite some time looking for a washhouse.
W: ○7There’s one right around the corner, didn’t you know?
M: Really? I have lived here for several years and I’ve never noticed!
W: Well, its owner never put up a sign outside the store; it just passes on by word of mouth.

听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。现在,你有10秒钟的时间阅读这两个小题。
(Text 7)
W: Welcome. May I help you?
M: Let me see your menu. What’s the most popular dish?
W: Noodles and pasta.
M: Do you have anything special on the menu today?
W: ○8Juicy steak, fried chicken and fresh garden salad.
M: Could you recommend a light appetizer for me?
W: You could order the chicken Caesar salad.
M: ○9I’ll have a steak, medium. No, well done, please. And a small vegetable salad.
W: OK. Wait for a moment.

听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。
(Text 8)
W: Can I take a look?
M: Sure. It’s just a room. My mother used to live in it. She moved out. So I thought maybe I’d take in a roomer.
W: That’s a very nice room. I think I will take it if the rent is OK. What’s the rent?
M: ○10$300 per month including the utilities. ○10But if you pay yearly, you’ll get a 5% discount.
W: That’s quite reasonable. I will take it. Do I have to sign a contract with you?
M: You don’t have to.
W: Can I pay by credit card?
M: I’m sorry. You can use neither check nor credit card. ○11Only cash is accepted.
W: Oh, I see. Can I move in tomorrow evening?
M: Well, ○12you can do any time since Wednesday, the day after tomorrow.

听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。现在,你有20秒钟的时间阅读这四个小题。
(Text 9)
M: Now, I noticed you left the Hotel Mozart in 2012, and then you had been working ○13in a medium-sized restaurant in Finland for about 4 years. What are you now doing in England?
W: I’m spending a few months brushing up my English and getting to know the country better.
M: ○14And you want to work in England too. Why?
W: ○14I’m keen on getting some experience abroad, and I like England and English people.
M: I’m the Restaurant Manager and Head Waiter, so you’d be working directly under me. ○15You’d be responsible for bringing in the dishes from the kitchen, serving the drinks, and if necessary looking after the bills. So you’d be kept pretty busy.
W: I’m used to that. In my last position we were busy most of the time, especially in summer.
M: Good. Now, is there anything you’d like to ask about the job?
W: Well, the usual question—what sort of salary were you thinking of paying?
M: We pay our waiters forty pounds a week, and you would get your evening meal free.
W: I see.
M: Now, you may have wondered why I asked you here so late in the day. The fact is, I would like to see you in action, so to speak. ○16Would you be willing to act as waitress here this evening for half an hour or so? Our first customers will be coming in, let me see, in about ten minutes’ time.
W: Well, I’m free this evening otherwise.

听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。现在,你有20秒钟的时间阅读这四个小题。
(Text 10)
W: I shall never forget the day when I first set foot in London. ○17I had come from a quiet little town in Switzerland and I had never before lived in a big city, so London was a new world to me and I was dying to find out more about it myself.
   The general opinion abroad is that London has fog or rain, or both, every day of the year, but ○18on the day that I arrived it was fine and warm, there was a bright sun and a cloudless sky. The next day was just as beautiful; there was a slight wind that gently moved the leaves on the trees, and ○20you could smell the spring in the air. “Life is grand,” I thought, as I took Anthony, the little boy of the house, for a walk in Kensington Gardens. It was a straight road and I found the way quite easily. ○19When I got my first sight of the gardens the beauty of it all nearly took my breath away. ○20The trees were just bursting into leaf, fresh and green and lovely, and there were beds of spring flowers, red and yellow and blue, in the beautiful, smooth grass under the trees.
   ○20People in light spring clothes were walking about, and, to my surprise, they walked not only along the paths but also across the grass, and no one said a word to them about it. I had never seen anything like that before.
第二节到此结束。
现在,你有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
听力部分到此结束。
 

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