2018届高三上学期期末考试英语试题(衡阳县有答案)

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2018届高三上学期期末考试英语试题(衡阳县有答案)

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衡阳县2017年下学期期末质量检测试题
高三英语
第I卷
第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答
案。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅
读一遍。
1. Where is the woman going this afternoon?
A. The beach           B. The job center     C. The shopping mall
2. Where does the conversation most probably take place?
A. At the railway station  B. On the train.       C. On a bridge.
3. How long does David stay abroad in all?
A. 9 Days               B. 11days           C. 16 days
4. What is the man doing?
A. Making a call.         B. Making a visit     C. Making an appointment.
5.What does the woman think of the science museum?
A. Exciting               B. Tiring           C. Boring
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中
选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What does the woman say about the restaurant?
A. The food is not fresh   B. The price is reasonable. C. The meat tastes best
7. Why does the man suggest the woman do?
A. Try the cherry pie      B. Try his favorite meat   C. Eat less vegetables.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.What is the woman probably?
A. A writer               B. A reporter.            C . A tour guide.
9. What is on the man's right?
A. A statue               B. A park               C. A palace
听第8段材料回答第10至12题
10. what does the man consider first when choosing a suitcase?
A. Its brand and material   B. Its size and style      C. Its price and color.
11. What does the woman say about the wallet?
A. It's on sale these days   B. It's made of real leather. C It's popular and can be folded
12. How much will the man pay for what he has bought in total?
A.  580 yuan             B. 620 yuan             C. 700 yuan
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. what do we know about the woman?
A. She lives close to the office
B. She is new to the company
C. She likes the big kitchen
14. How does the man go to work?
A. By bus.             B. On foot.        C. By car.
15. Why was Susan late for work?
A. She missed the bus
B. Her train was late
C. Her car broke down
16. What will the man do tomorrow?
A. Visit the woman in her flat
B. Go to work by train
C. Leave home earlier
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Whose pet dog was it in 1918?
A. A soldier's        B. A doctors         C. dorothy's
18. Where did Dorothy go to leam about the guide dog?
A. Germany          B. America         C. England
19. How long does it take to train a little dog to be a guide dog?
A. Four months       B. Fourteen months. C. Over two years
20. What will the listeners do next?
A. Teach dogs to be guides
B. Introduce their pet dogs
C. Continue visiting the center.
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
                            A
The following books provide tips on how to learn languages for language learners
The Vocab Cookbook
by Kerstin Hammes
The book is mainly about the best vocabulary learning methods and explains them step by step. It shows you how to choose your best vocabulary learning method, where to find the best system for remembering words forever how vocabulary learning methods can be turned into your own learning styles, and how remembering grammar is different from remembering vocabulary.
   Buy from: Amazon. com or Amazon. co. uk
Fluent in 3 Months
by Benny Lewis
   Benny Lewis, who has been travelling around the world and learning languages since 2003,runs the language-learning blog, Fluent In 3 Months, and works hard to find better, faster, and more efficient ways to learn languages. This book is a collection of tips on how to learn any language quickly. Many of the tips have appeared on his blog, and many tips and resources are available there for readers of this book.
   Buy from: Amazon, com or Amazon. co. uk
   How to Learn Any Language
   by barry M. Farber
   If you're considering learning a language and are not sure where or how to start. this book will help point you in the right direction. It's full of practical tips on how to study and includes a brief introduction to some of the world's main languages.
   Buy from:Amazon. con or Amazon. co. uk
   Language is Music
   by Susanna Zaraysk
   The book makes learning foreign languages fun, easy and affordable through watching TV. listening to music, going to cultural events and other enjoyable activities. also it includes suggestions of many online resources you can use to help you learn languages.
Buy from: Amazon. com or Amazon. co. uk
21. If you have difficulty in remembering words, you best choice is_________
A. How to Lean Any Language         B. Fluent in 3 Months
C. The Vocab Cookbook              D. Language is Music
22. Who uses his or her blog to help readers learn languages?
A. Barry M. Farber       B. Kerstin Hammes    C. Susanna Zaravsky   D. Benny Lewis
23. What is the author's purpose in writing the text?
A. To show the importance of language leaning
B. To introduce some books for language larners
C. To provide tips on how to learn Chinese well
D. To show the connections between language and music
                             B
  A ten-year-old boy from Howell, Michigan is being praised as a hero thanks to his persistence that led to saving the life of an elderly neighbor. The event happened late in an evening when Danny Dipietro was being driven home from hockey practice by his mom.
   That' s when the young boy noticed an open garage and a figure that he believed was a dog outside an apartment building near his house, Given the freezing cold weather. the young boy got a feeling that something was not right. But instead of dismissing it like most kids his age would have, he insisted that his mother, Dawn, find out what was going on. Dawn tried to make Danny believe that no one would leave a dog out in such cold weather, but he refused to take no for an answer.
  Dawn finally gave in and decided to drive to the area with the family dog and see if there was any truth to danny's hunch (直觉) Sure enough, as she got closer to the apartment building she noticed a garage that was wide open and someone waving madly for help. Upon getting there, she realized that it was not a dog the young boy had seen, but Kathleen St Onge. The 80-year-old had fallen down on some ice in her garage and had been lying there for two hours,unable to get up.
  Dawn rushed home to get her husband to help and called 911. The two then returned with some blankets to cover Ms. St, Onge, while they waited for the ambulance to arrive. Though still in hospital, the elderly woman is recovering well and forever grateful to Danny, for following up on his hunch!
24. When seeing a figure in an open garage, Danny_________
A. realized something was wrong        B. thought it was a homeless dog
C. believed it was nothing important              D. recognized it was an old man
25. Which of the following can best describe Danny?
A. Considerate and optimistic.                   B. Persistent and warm-hearted
C. Friendly and honest                          D. Brave and patient
26. What could be the best title for the text?
A. Unknown hero brings love and hope        B. 10-year-old saves elderly neighbors life
C.  Always follow your hunch                D. Be ready to help save the elderly
                                 C
Dear Li Jun,
   Last night I saw a TV documentary about the 1976 Tangshan earth quake in China. I noticed one thing that is common with most natural disasters. The killer disasters come either early in the morning or late at night, when people are either resting or preparing to rest and, unfortunately, when people are least attentive to warning signs.
   The Tangshan disaster struck early in the morning when the people were still sleeping.
Many people died in their sleep. Miners were trapped deep below the earth. Some died. Survivors waited in the dark. They hoped that rescuers would come and pull them out. It is a horrible thing to be in a situation where you can do nothing to save yourself.
  It seems that, Mather Nature has always attacked us as if she were afraid that we would fight back. Otherwise why would she come only as a thief? I have a story to tell you, This one happened in August 1986 in the villages near Lake Nyos in Cameroons northwest province. Large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2)gas had been collecting at the bottom of the lake. It was clear that nobody knew about the gas or about how dangerous it was. Suddenly, before dawn on August 26, 1986, a large quantity of gas was released (gave off) from the lake. CO2 is heavier than air, so it spread out over the nearby villages. The blanket of CO2 floated for 25 kilometres. Many people died in their sleep from lack of oxygen(O2). Before sunrise, more than 1, 700 people had lost their lives. And thousands of animals were also killed by the gas. At first scientists believed that the gas was caused by an earthquake or a volcano. However, further studies proved that there had been no volcanic activity. Nobody is very certain how such a large amount of gas was released from the lake. Scientists from the USA, the EU, Japan and Cameroon have been studying the lake for the past twenty years. Yet they still have not found an answer.
Well, Jun, let me leave Mother Nature and her timid(胆小的) way of attacking us. I need to
run out for some noodles at a nearby Chinese restaurant.
   Take good care of yourself.
                                                      Theresa
27. What were most people doing when the Tangshan earthquake happened?
A. They were sleeping                  B. They were watching TV.
C. They were preparing to rest.          D. They were mining below the earth
28. What caused so many people to die near Lake Nyos?
A. A thief.                             B. A large quantity of poisonous gas
C. A lack of oxygen                     D. A thick cloud in the sky
29. Which of the following sentences is true according to the passagc?
A. No Animals were killed by the gas near Lake Nyos
B. Mother Nature was afraid that people would fight back
C. People seem to be more attentive to signs of disasters in the daytime.
D. Scientists have been studying the Tangshan earthquake for the past twenty years.
30. What does the underlined sentence mean at the end of the letter?
A. The writer decided to leave nature and hide away
B. The writer decided to stop writing about the topic
C. The writer decided to attack nature bravely
D. The writer decided not to fight with nature because she was timid.
                                 D
   Rome, Paris and New York are the world's top fashion cities, all of which have produced some of the top trends, from fashionable skirts to the hottest new shoes. But have you ever wondered about the negative ideas that they have enforced?
   In April 2016, the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) in Britain banned an ad from
Gucci that featured models dancing around and having fun, because thay were all extremely skinny. Banning ads due to the models' extreme figures isn't new. The ASA banned an ad in 2015 for the same reason. In France, it has been ruled that models are to provide a doctor's note providing that they are at a healthy weight.
   So what is the healthy weight for models? Twenty years ago, the average fashion model weighed 8% less than the average woman. Today, they weigh 23 less.
   People may think that being at an unhealthy weight will help them gain the benefits that the models do. This provides a standard of beauty, and therefore people who want to achieve those things may attempt to obtain them through unhealthy ways. People may think that they are overweight, due to the images of models' thin figures. They see something wrong with their bodies,whether they are overweight or not. This is a key factor in a lowered body image, low self-es-teem, depression and possibly even eating disorders.
Im not blaming the fashion industry by any means It's not their fault that many people look up to the models and expect to live a life like theirs. I am glad that the ASA is raising its voices when discussing the growing issue of body images in the fashion industry. By banning photos and videos, speaking out against them and pushing for doctor's notes from the models, it's pushing for the ideas that the traditional fashion industry's body image demands should be changed and something more needs to be questioned.
31.According to the text, why was one of Gucci's ads banned?
A. Because the models didn t act according to the rule
B. Because its models are much too thin.
C. Because none of its models had a doctor's note
D. Because its models were dancing in an unhealthy way
32. We can infer from the numbers mentioned in Paragraph 3 that________
A. models are becoming thinner with time going by
B. many women are on a diet to become models
C. people dont know why models weigh less
D. the healthy weight for models hasn't been decided
33. What does the fourth paragraph mainly show?
A. The changes in the standard of beauty
B. The benefits of becoming thin figures.
C. people's attitudes towards models' images
D, The negative effects of models' images
34.The possible purpose of the ASA's measures 15 to__________
A. change the future models are faced with
B. criticize the traditional standards for models
C. set up new standards of models' body images
D encourage more people to livc a life like models
35. What is the author's tone of writing this passage?
A Critical.        B Humorous.        C. Hopeful.       D. Objective
第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
                                Ways to build strong friendships
   Be loyal to a friend. Part of being a friend is being prepared to devote your time and energy to helping out your friends. If a friend needs help with an unpleasant thing, or if he or she just needs a shoulder to cry on, be there for them.  36  . This is a good way to attract the kind of friends you want in your life.
 37  When you say you'll do something, do it. When your friend tells you a secret, keep it secret from others, Be someone that people know that they can rely on. If you show this quality to your friends, they will appreciate it and will be reliable in return.
   Be a good listener. Many people think they have to appear very interesting.  38_ Listen
carcfully to what people say, remember important details about them, ask questions about their interests, and take the time to learn more about them.
   Stress your good qualities. Show others what makes you stand apart from the crowd. Talk bout your interests and hobbies. Everyone has interesting stories to tell -don't be afraid to share yours. 39   People love to be around someone who makes them laugh.
   Choose your friends wisely. As you make friends with more people, you may find that some are hard to get along with. Sometimes you may even realize that certain friendships are unhealthy. 40   Cherish those friends who are a positive influence in your life, and do your best to be a positive influence in theirs.
A. Be a reliable friend
B. Keep your promise to your friend
C. Besides, a little humor always keeps a conversation light and happy
D. In this case, walk your way out of the friendship as gracefully as possible
E. Being a loyal friend will attract other people to you who value this quality.
F. Be respectful of their decisions and share yours with him
G. Far more important than that, however, is the ability to show that you're interested in others
第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I can remember the day when my Father told me the news in a restaurant. Now almost two years have passed since that day. Looking back, I thought it almost seems like a  41  from a movie. My dad had just told me that he was going overseas to  42  our country in Iraq. I didn’t shout or  43 , but a river of tears did fall from my eyes. The only thing I could  44  on my way home was,Why my dad? Why now?
   Shortly after he  45  , I began my junior year in high school. In the beginning, we wrote letters and emails to  46  all the time. Though we had an eight-hour zone difference, we were able to  47  fairly well. Every morning before  48 , I would run to my  49  to check my email and wait  50  to see if there was a message in my inbox. His emails were always a great way to start the  51  because he would always have a funny  52  or joke to tell me. We were never really  53  before he left, because at that lime all he wanted to  54  was what was going on in my life, but I just didn’t want to  55  and let him into my world.
  56  , it was time for my dad to return home from the battlefield. Almost a year had passe
and I was so_57  to see him and get one of his big bear hugs.
   Today as I'm about to have a new adventure at college, I fell closer to my dad than ever.  58 my dad and I have a(n)  59  way to go in building our father-daughter relationship, I  60 _that it will continue to develop in the years to come.
41.A. role          B. dream            C. signal          D. scene
42.A. tour          B. represent         C. serve           D. defend
43.Acry            B. give up           C. calm down      D. complain
44A. try out         B. think about       C. get through      D. look into
45. A. left          B. stopped           C. responded       D. decided
46. A. everyone     B. others            C. another one      D. each other
47.A.take a photo    B. set an example     C. keep in touch     D. play a part
48.A. study         B. darkness         C. work            D. school
49.A. classroom     B. table            C. computer        D. door
50.Aeagerly         B. patiently         C. proudly          D. carefully
51.A day            B. conversation     C. journey          D. race
52.A. dream         B. idea             C. story            D. reason
53.A. cheerful        B. close            C. painful          D. upset
54.A. improve        B. appreciate       C. prove           D. know
55.A. hold up        B. come up          C. open up        D. speed up
56.A. Gradually       B. Certainly         C. Suddenly       D. Eventually
57.A. puzzled        B. shocked          C. excited         D. satisfied
58.A. Although       B. Because          C. As             D. Unless
59.A. separate       B. long              C. proper          D. easy
60.A. notice         B. hope              C. conclude       D. imagine
第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
The Laba Festival, a traditional Chinese holiday, is celebrated on the eighth day of the  61 (twelve) month of the lunar Chinese calendar, "La is the name of the month and "ba has  62  same pronunciation as that of in Chinese.
     There are several  63  (story)about the origin of this festival and it's difficult for us  64
(tell) which one is true, But today  65  we do know is that this festival began as a way to honour ancestors, It was also a time for the ancient Chinese to pray to heaven and earth that there would be a good harvest.
   The majority of Chinese have long followed the tradition of  66  (eat) Laba porridge dur-
ing the Laba Festival.  67  general, the porridge contains eight ingredients, including some
beans and rice,  68 _(traditional), Laba porridge is the most important part of the festival, Also,it is important that family members eat the porridge together, 69 custom is soaking Laba garlic(蒜),70 is the best seasoning(调味品) for the dumpling feast at the Spring Festival.
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英话课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中
共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2只允许修改10处,多者(从第1l处起)不计分。
  In Monday afternoon, we had an very exciting basketball match with Class 2. I had thought that our team was consisted of strong and able players, while the opposite team was no match for us. However, when the match started, I was surprised to find that every member of the other team was fighting hardly, despite the fact they were far less capable than us. It came as no surprise that we become the winner in the match. And they won our respect for their performance in the game. The result of the match have taught me that, whatever the outcome is what matters is that we have tried their best. Only in this way can we make rapid progresses in life
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
   假定你是李华,你在华工作的英国朋友Tom想深入学习中文。请给他发一封邮件,告
知他每周有个"朗读者"( The Reader活动,参与者须朗读自选中文经典并相互交流心得。
内容包括:
1.时间和地点;
2.活动内容
3.提醒须事先准备朗读材料。
注意:1.词数100左右
     2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯
Dear Tom,
__________________________________________________________________________________
Yours
Li Hua

高三英语期末考试参考答案

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
1-5 CACBA      6-10 BACAB     11-15 CCAAB      16-20 CBACC
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
21-25 CDBAB   26-30BACCB   31-35BADCD    36-40EAGCD
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
41-45DCABA    46-50DCDCA     51-55ACBDC    56-60DCABB
61. twelfth   62.the    63.stories          64.to tell    65.what
66.eating    67.In     68.Traditionally   69.Another    70.which
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错
1.In--On     2.an---a    3.第二句去掉 was  4. hardly---hard 
5. fact后加that      6. become---became   7. And---But  
8.have---has  9.their ---our  10. progresses---progress                             
第二节 书面表达
Dear Tom,
Learning that you are eager to improve Chinese, I’m writing to inform you of an activity, The Reader, where you can get close to the Chinese language and  culture as you always wish.
Held at the People’s Park every Saturday afternoon, the activity attracts readers of all ages and fields. They choose their favorite classic reading materials, including poems, essays and novels. Every participant is required to read the text emotionally. Meanwhile, readers can share reading experience and communicate with each other in Chinese.
If you plan to participate in this activity, be sure to have your reading material ready in advance. For someone so fond of Chinese like you, it is absolutely a great opportunity you can’t miss.
Best wishes.
Yours,
Li Hua


听力原文
Text 1
M:Would you like to go to the beach this afternoon?
W:I’d like to, but I must go to the shopping mall to buy a blouse for the job interview tomorrow.
Text 2
M:Excuse me. When will the 7:15 train arrive?
W:It’s been delayed two hours because a bridge was broken.
Text 3
W:David, could you tell me something about your trip to Europe?
M:Sure. We spent four days in England, five days in Italy, and finally one whole week in France.
Text 4
M:Good afternoon. I’m Robert Anderson. I have an appointment with Mrs Brown. Is she in?
W: Yes, she is. She’s been waiting for you in the office. Please come in.
Text 5
M:We are going to visit the science museum.
W: Good! That is exciting. But remember . we’ve got work to do. We’ve got a report to write and photographs to take.
M: Can we take photos?
W:Yes, I think so. And there’ll be a chance to ask questions.
Text 6
W: Is it really all-you-can-eat for only $12.5? That price is not bad.
M: That’s what the sign says. But take your time. Otherwise, you might become ill.
W: Ill? From the food here?
M: Yes. If you eat too much food too fast, you might start to feel sick.
W: Wow, I never thought about that. Any other advice?
M: Yes, try the cherry pie. It’s delicious.
W: I don;t like sweets. I will stick to the meat and vegetables.
Text 7
W: This is the most beautiful palace in the city, but it’s not as big as the one we’ve just visited.
M: How many palaces are there in the city?
W: Three.
M: Just three? I thought three are more.
W: On your right, you can see a statue of Paulo Pimentez.
M: I’m sorry. Who’s he?
W: He was a famous writer who lived ad died in the city.
M: I think I saw another statue of him in the park. It was beautiful!
W: That wasn’t statue of Paulo Pimentez you saw in the park. There are a lot of statues in the city.
Text 8
W: Anything I can do for you, sir?
M: Yes. I am looking for a suitcase. First of all, I am concerned about its size and style. Are they all made of real leather?
W: Yes. How do you like this one?
M: Oh, no. It’s too small.
W: And how about this one?
M: Let me see if it can hold all the stuff in two bags. A single suitcase is easier to handle than two bags.
W: Yes, please try.
M: Oh,! It’s so great. I’ll take it. How much is it?
W: 580 yuan.
M: And I’s like to buy a wallet.
W: What size? What about this one? It’s very popular.
M: Have you got a smaller one?
W: Actually, it can be folded in this way. It’s small now.
M:That’s great. What’s the price of it?
W: 120 yuan each.
M: OK. I’ll take both the suitcase and the wallet.
Text 9
M: Hi, Lily.How ’s your new flat?
W: It’s great . I’m very satisfied with it.
M: How big is it?
W: It has only one big bedroom, but it has a bathroom and s samall kitchen too.
M: How far is it from the office?
W: It’s only about 10 minutes’ walk. I walked to work this morning. It only took me 10 minutes to get to the office. 10 minutes! Can you believe that?
M: You are lucky. This morning, I was 10 minutes late.
W:What happened?
M: All the buses came here late because of the snow.
W: What did Susan say?
M: She was late too.
W: What happened to her?
M: She took the train and it was late too.
W: Well, then, you wre really unlucky after all. But what are you going to do tomorrow?
M: I’ll start out 15 minutes earlier.
Text 10
Welcome to Guide Dogs Training Center, boys and girls!First le me tell you something about guide dogs.
In 1918 a doctor and his pet dog walked with a soldier who was blind.The doctor went in the hospital for a short time. When he came out, he saw his pet had guided the soldier on the other side of the hospital yard safely. So he taught the dog to guide a person and it worked out well. Germany helped start a program to teach dogs to be guides.
Dorothy, an American woman, went to Germany to find out more about the guide dogs. When she came back to the United States, she wrote about it in a magazine. Soon more people knew about the guide dogs.
The best dogs for the job are clever and fit. It takes more than two years to train a little dog to be a guide dog. When the dog is 14 months old, it learns many instructions. Then the owner and the dog meet, and they practise for four weeks.
Have I made myself clear? OK, let’s go on visiting.

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