2018届高三英语上学期第四次统练试卷(浙江省台州中学含答案)

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2018届高三英语上学期第四次统练试卷(浙江省台州中学含答案)

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台州中学2018届高三上学期第四次统练
英 语 试 题
本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和 第II 卷(非选择题
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
   听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.   B. £9.15.    C. £9.18.
答案是B。
1. When will the speakers meet?
A. At 6:30  B. At 6:45.    C. At 7:00.
2. Where are the speakers?
A. At a store.   B. At a laundry.   C. At home.
3. Which subject does the girl dislike?
A. Art.   B. Geography.    C. History.
4. What is the woman trying to do?
A. Express gratitude.   B. Send an invitation.       C. Offer a suggestion.
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A book.  B. A play.     C. A film.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位罝。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What does the man want the woman to do?
  A. Change the reservation.     B. Confirm the reservation.   C. Cancel the reservation.
7. When will the man arrive at the hotel?
  A. On October 16th.                B. On October 18th.         C. On October 19th.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Where does the woman live now?
  A. In a town.                   B. In a village.   C. In a city.
9. What is the woman a bit nervous about sometimes?
  A. Her neighbors. B. Her children.      C. The traffic.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What does Patrick think of the match?
A. Just so-so.              B. Fantastic.          C. Disappointing.
11. What has Jenny been doing recently?
   A. Watching live concerts.  B. Preparing for her exams.  
C. Taking science classes.
12. Where will the speakers probably go?
   A. To a college.            B. To a stadium.      C. To a café. 
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. When will the woman have to hand in her report tomorrow?
   A. By 8:00.                B. By 9:00.           C. By 10:00.
14. What is the man doing now?
   A. He is working.       B. He is having dinner.      C. He is playing with his kids.
15. Which place is the man going to next?
   A. His home.     B. The woman’s office.   C. A computer store.
16. What relation is the woman to the man?
   A. His boss.     B. His workmate.     C. His customer.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who are the listeners?
   A. Parents.  B. Students.   C. Teachers.
18. Where is the speaker?
   A. In the school hall.         B. In the health center.   C. In the school office.
19. How can the listeners get the information about the procedures?
   A. From the speaker.         B. From a doctor.       C. From a handbook.
20. What does the speaker suggest the listeners do in the end?
A. Go to the health center soon.
B. Offer their medical history to the doctor.
C. Make an early appointment with the health center.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)
第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
A
Roland was a carpenter in Virginia. He and Sheila had three kids—two boys and baby Jessica. The baby had been in and out of the hospital for the last whole year because of infections and other problems. She was very weak and sick. The doctors were not confident that she would live another year.
Taking care of Jessica was expensive. The family was deep in debt. Roland saw no light at the end of this tunnel. Then he saw an advertisement in the newspaper: “Security Guards wanted $ 100, 000 a year. $ 20, 000 bonus for extending the contract (合同) an extra year. ” He called the number. The line was busy, but he kept calling and finally got through. He was worried that the jobs were all taken, but they told him plenty of jobs were still available. They said they would give him two weeks of training in Texas and then fly him to Iraq for his assignment (任务).
Roland told Sheila he had to take this job. He knew it was dangerous; he might get injured or killed, but the money was too good. Besides, the family would have full medical benefits, which would enable the baby to get the care she needed. Roland said if he survived the first year, he would probably sign up for the bonus and a second year.
Sheila was worried. She asked, “What if you get killed? What are we going to do without you?”
“You can’t think like that, honey," he said. “You’ve got to think positive. Think about how well off we’ll be in two or three years after I bring back all that money. This is the best thing I could do for this family.”
Sheila hugged him and sobbed. “I don’t want you to go.”
Roland flew to Houston five days later.
21. What was the major problem facing Roland and Sheila?
A. Having few chances to find a well-paid job.
B. Failing to pay off their heavy debts.
C. Having no time to look after Jessica.
D. Lacking the money to treat Jessica’s disease.
22. What do we know about the job Roland decided to take?
A. It seemed quite appealing but was difficult to get.
B. It provided medical benefits for the applicant alone.
C. It required training before the assignment started up.
D. It offered a salary of $120, 000 for a one-year contract.
23. How did Sheila feel after Roland described the job to her?
A. Anxious.   B. Proud.    C. Embarrassed.    D. Moved.

B
Volunteering to help people in need combined with traveling to faraway places is a new trend in the travel industry. It is called voluntourism. People travel to other countries, learn languages and other cultures, and gain new experiences. On the other side, they volunteer to help others who are not as well off as they are.
Recent statistics show that in the past few years voluntourism has been one of the fastest-growing areas of tourism. More than 1. 6 million people around the world are volunteers in other countries. They work in orphanages (孤儿院) , help build schools, assist in hospitals and do farming work in developing countries. Some of them develop lasting bonds with people far away.
There are many reasons why people want to take part in voluntourism. Students see it as a period of time when they can take a break before going to university; others simply want to take time out from a job and do something else. Then there are those who are bored and merely seek adventure. However, many voluntourists do not see volunteering as what it is. They think it is a cheap way of traveling and don’t really want to get involved in hard work.
Not everyone sees voluntourism in a positive way. Critics (评论家) say that if people really want to help those in need there are many opportunities in their own community to do this. On the other side, volunteers are often not skilled enough for the tasks they do.
Travel experts point out that in some cases voluntourists are taken advantage of by the organization that sets up the trips.
24. What is the first paragraph mainly about?
A. The origin of voluntourism.     B. The future of voluntourism.
C. The concept of voluntourism.      D. The importance of voluntourism.
25 . According to paragraph 3, which may inspire people to participate in voluntourism?
A. Making money.                B. Avoiding adventure.
C. Applying for a scholarship.       D. Seeking for a change.
26. What might be talked about after the last paragraph?
A. Cases where people help others in their own community.
B. Tips on choosing voluntourism organizations and projects.
C. Reasons why not all people adopt a positive attitude to voluntourism.
D. Problems caused by volunteers who lack necessary skills for their tasks.

C
Bigger isn’t always better. People who are skeptical about this argument just need to look at personal computers. It is the continual shrinkage of components that have brought about the explosion of computing power and enabled these computers to be accessible to people across the world.
Inspired by this, researchers have been working on areas where making things small may mean big results. And this year, the Nobel Prize has challenged the convention of celebrating big by presenting the biggest prizes to discoveries on the smallest scales (规模).
The committee presented the Nobel Prize for medicine to Yoshinori Ohsumi of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, for his research on “autophagy” , which is a “self-eating process seen in cells”.
What’s more, in recognition of their working on the unique nature of matter in extreme states and taking their research all the way down to an atomic scale, the Nobel Prize for physics was awarded to three British-born scientists who presently work in the US.
Another exceptional new field is that of nanotechnology (纳米技术). The Nobel prize for chemistry was awarded to a scientist who managed to build the world’s tiniest machines out of molecules (分子), including a nano-sized car, which are so small that they are not seen by the human eye.
Small as the subjects are, the benefits of the scientists’ research are set to be huge. More importantly, their inventions may even eventually be turned into products that benefit mankind.
Ohsumi’s research on “autophagy” shines a light on common diseases such a Parkinson’s and diabetes. As for the molecular motors, they’re preparing to bring huge potential to the fields of medicine and energy. “The ground-breaking discoveries in physics have lighted a firestorm of research, and it’s only a matter of time before their research leads to advances as unimaginable to us now as computer chips were a hundred years ago,” Laura H. Greene, president-elect of the American physical society told The New York Times.
27. The underlined word “shrinkage” in paragraph 1 probably means ______.
A. cutting down the cost                 B. reducing the size
C. improving the quality            D. strengthening the function
28. What can be inferred from the passage?
A. Nano-sized cars are now popular all over the world.
B. Ohsumi’s research has helped cure some common diseases.
C. Three scientists have made a great breakthrough in atomic energy.
D. The Nobel Prize used to have a preference for findings on big scales.
29. What is Laura H. Greene’s attitude to the new discoveries in physics?
A. Positive.      B. Doubtful.     C. Reserved.     D. Concerned.
30. What is the message the passage conveys?
A. Great minds think alike.
B. Small things make a big difference.
C. Many small streams make a great river.
D. A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
第二节(共5个小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
In different countries around the world, people become “adults” at different ages. Being an adult means having the right to do certain things such as getting a part-time job, voting, getting married, or getting a license to drive.  31            
In many countries, sixteen or eighteen is the age at which a person becomes an adult.   32   They no longer have to rely on their parents for money all the time. In many parts of North America, sixteen is also the age when one can obtain a driver’s license; in England, it is seventeen. There are responsibilities that go along with both of these rights.   33   Driving a car demands that you follow certain rules and regulations such as getting and paying for insurance to drive.
Voting is another right that marks the passage into adulthood for many young people. In the United States, Canada and the UK, young people have the right to vote at the age of eighteen.   34   For young people to use their right to vote wisely, they must have an understanding of the needs of society, and they must also learn how politics works.   35   They think the people should be able to vote at the age of sixteen. They argue teenagers at sixteen are old enough to get part-time jobs, pay taxes, and drive, they are also old enough to vote in elections.
Not everyone would agree that it is a good idea to give all of these rights—and the responsibilities that accompany them—to people when they are too young. The question is: How young is too young?
A. With this right also comes responsibility.
B. Adults should be allowed to enjoy the greatest freedom.
C. Getting a part-time job means that you have to pay income tax.
D. It also means accepting the responsibilities that accompany these rights.
E. A group of teenagers in Canada want the Canadian voting laws changed.
F. People should be able to get a driver’s license at the age of sixteen or eighteen.
G. People at this age can get a part-time job and begin to receive an income of their own.

第II卷
第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
It was her giggling that drew my attention. Note taking really wasn’t all that funny.
Walking over to the   36  , I asked for the note. Frozen, she refused to give it to me. I waited, all attention in the classroom on the quiet   37   between the teacher and the student. When she finally handed it over she whispered, “Okay, but I didn’t draw it.”
It was a hand-¬drawn   38   of me, teeth blackened and the words “I’m stupid” coming out of my mouth.
I managed to fold it up calmly. My mind,   39  , was working angrily as I   40   not to cry. I knew the two most likely   41   for drawing the picture. It would do them some   42   to teach them a lesson, and maybe it was high time that I did it!
Thankfully, I was able to keep myself   43  .
When there were about six minutes   44  , I showed the class the picture. They were all silent as I told them how   45   this was for me. I told them there must be a reason   46   and now was their chance to write down anything they needed to tell me. Then I let them write silently while I sniffed in the back of the classroom.
As I read the notes later, many of them said something like, “I’ve got nothing   47   you,” or “I'm sorry you were hurt.” Some kids said, “We’re afraid of you.” But two notes, from the girls who I   48   were behind the picture, had a list of issues. I was too mean, too   49  ...
Reading those notes, I realized that over the course of this year, instead of   50   my students, I had begun commanding them to   51  . Where I thought I was driving them to success I was   52   driving them away.
I had some apologizing to do. But the next day in the classroom, one boy and one girl each handed me a card. The one   53   by all the boys expressed sincere regret for the ugly joke. The one from the girls asked for   54  .
This was a lesson for both the kids and me. Forgiveness does not change the past, but it does enlarge the   55  .
36. A. offender      B. criminal       C. destroyer      D. defender
37. A. argument    B. quarrel        C. battle        D. conversation
38. A. statue          B. picture        C. graph      D. poster
39. A. otherwise         B. therefore  C. however        D. besides
40. A. desired         B. struggled      C. learned     D. succeeded
41. A. boys        B. listeners       C. candidates    D. audience
42. A. punishment     B. harm        C. favor      D. good
43. A. amused        B. relaxed      C. relieved          D. controlled
44. A. leaving         B. allowing       C. remaining        D. keeping
45. A. fearful         B. hurtful   C. regretful     D. shameful
46. A. aside          B. above       C. beneath     D. behind
47. A. from           B. for          C. against     D. in
48. A. figured    B. promised      C. concluded    D. confirmed
49. A. demanding      B. devoted        C. ignorant     D. considerate
50. A. forcing    B. comforting     C. encouraging      D. teaching
51. A. appreciate    B. achieve       C. compromise     D. cooperate
52. A. normally       B. actually       C. immediately     D. generally
53. A. signed          B. offered       C. decorated     D. bought
54. A. gratitude      B. apology        C. forgiveness    D. communication
55. A. friendship       B. future       C. knowledge    D. education
第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
You know you have to read “between the lines” to get the most out of anything. I want to persuade you to do something   56   (equal) important in the course of your reading—“writing between the lines”.   57   you do that, you are not likely to do the most efficient (有效的) kind of reading.
I insist that marking up   58   (book) is not an act of damage but of love.
There are two ways one can own a book. One is to get the ownership   59   paying for it, just as you pay for clothes and furniture. But this act of purchase is only the   60   (one) step to possession. Full ownership comes only when you have made it a part of yourself, and the best way   61   (make) yourself a part of it is by writing in it.   62   following example may make this point clear. You buy a beefsteak   63   you do not own the beefsteak in the most important sense until you consume it,   64   (get) it into your bloodstream. I am arguing that books, too, must   65   (absorb) in your bloodstream to do you any good.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)
你所供职的公司需要招聘一名英语翻译,请你用英语为他们写一则招聘启事刊登到某报纸上。内容包括:
1. 报名资格;
2. 工作职责;
3. 工作薪酬等。
注意:
1. 词数80左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Job Notice
_________________________________________________________________________


第二节 读后续写(满分25分)
阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。
Boys like to be considered to be brave, but what kind of things can be considered to be brave? It is not a question that can be answered by words, but by the actual deed. A boy with the name Henry gave us a good example. Ronny and Henry were two friends in the same class. They always played together and went home together. One day as Ronny and Henry were going home after school, they saw some people fighting in the street corner. Ronny said excitedly, “Some people are fighting! Let's go and have a look!” But Henry refused, “It's none of our business. We'd better go home and don't get close to them. Also our parents are expecting to have dinner with us together at home and I don't want them to worry about me.”
“You are a coward, and afraid to go,” said Ronny, and off he ran to the spot with some other boys. Henry had to go home alone and didn't think about it anymore.
But Ronny thought Henry was a coward and told all the boys that. They laughed at him a great deal. From then on, they looked down upon Henry and didn't want to play with him.
Henry was sad but he wasn't angry with Ronny for his rude behavior, because he had learned that true courage was shown most in bearing misunderstanding when it was not deserved, and that he ought to be afraid of nothing but doing wrong. Thus, he just ignored the other boys' laughter and continued to stick to his thought and go to school and study as well. However, Ronny didn't invite Henry to go home with him anymore. Instead, he had his new friends who also thought Henry was a coward. Every day after school, they didn't go home directly but went to the river or somewhere to play games and had lots of fun.
注意:
1. 所续写的短文词数应为150左右;
2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;
3. 续写部分分为二段,每段的开头语已经为你写好;
4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。
Paragraph 1:
    A few days later, something terrible happened to Ronny.____________________
Paragraph 2:
    At that moment, Henry happened to pass by._______ ____________________                                                                                                                

参考答案
第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
1-5B ACBC    6 -10AABCA       11-15BCBAB  16-20 CBACC
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)
第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)
21-23DCA 24-26 CDB 27-30 BDAB
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
31-35 DGCAE 
第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
36-40 ACBCB 41-45 CDDCB 46-50 DCAAC 51-55 BBACB
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
56. equally  57. Unless  58. books 59. by 60. first
61. to make  62. The 63. but  64. getting 65. be absorbed
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)
One possible version:
Job Notice
An English translator is wanted. The applicants are required to be English graduates with relevant qualification certificates. And those who have experiences in the position will be an asset.
Our job includes translating documents and some other information clients send into English, and acting as an interpreter when necessary. The applicant is expected to work eight hours per day. If you are interested in the position, please call Li Hua at 18100116644 for an interview. Payment will be discussed during the interview.

第二节读后续写:
One possible version:
A few days later, something terrible happened to Ronny. That afternoon after school, Ronny was bathing with some of his new friends in the river happily. Suddenly, he was stuck in the mud and couldn't get out. He struggled hard but he was still trapped. He screamed for help, but all in vain. The boys who had called Henry a coward got out of the water as fast as they could. They were so scared and did not even try to help him.
At that moment, Henry happened to pass by. He heard the screams and ran to the river as soon as possible. Seeing Ronny was almost drowned, Henry took off his clothes immediately and jumped into the water without any hesitation. He reached Ronny just as he was sinking the last time. With great effort, and with much danger to himself, he brought Ronny to the shore in time. Henry was happy to help his friend, though he was extremely tired.

听力原文:
录音稿
(Text 1)
M: Hi, Jane. It’s John here. Just ringing to find out what time we’re meeting tonight. The earliest I can meet is around half past six.
W: The film doesn’t start till seven. How about meeting at quarter to seven?
M: OK.
(Text 2)
W: Are you looking for summer clothes?
M: No, actually I’m looking for something a bit warmer.
W: Well, the trousers department is here and upstairs is the sweater and jacket department.
M: OK. I’ll go upstairs then. Thank you.
(Text 3)
M: Are you off to Monday’s Art class?
W: Yes! It’s my favorite. And then I have another lesson I love!
M: You can mean Geography? Learning all those names of rivers and countries.
W: It’s better than learning about dates and things in the History class.
(Text 4)
W: We should be delighted if you could come and have dinner with us this evening.
M: That’d give me great pleasure but why?
W: My daughter will graduate from high school.
M: Great! My congratulations to her.
(Text 5)
W: I didn’t know that you saw Superbad before.
M: I went to see it in the cinema the first day it came out.
W: It was so funny. I was laughing the whole time; my stomach muscles hurt afterwards.
(Text 6)
W: Oh hello, Tom. What can I do for you?
M: Well, first of all, thanks very much for arranging my hotel for me.
W: My pleasure.
M: I wonder if I could ask you for a favour. Could I make a small change to the schedule?
W: Of course.
M: Could you change my hotel reservation so that I arrive on October the 16th?
W: No problem.
M: I also wanted to ask if you could arrange for me to have a rental car for the Sunday, the 19th. I have some friends to visit up the coast.
W: Certainly.
(Text 7)
M: How is everything going?
W: Very well. I think I know nearly everyone now. When I came here last year everyone in the village went out of their way to introduce themselves and make me feel welcome. That’s quite different from when I lived in the city or in the town.
M: That’s good. So you feel comfortable here, then?
W: Yes, I do. And the children have settled in well, too. I just get a bit nervous sometimes. There are certain places I have to avoid going. Some drivers just don’t slow down for those who walk on the road.
(Text 8)
W: What did you watch on TV last night, Patrick?
M: A football match, Jenny. What about you?
W: I watched a concert — Robbie Williams, you know. I love him! He was fantastic. Was the match good?
M: It was a bit slow but at least my team won. 
W: I haven’t watched much TV in the past few weeks and I can’t afford to go to a live match at the football stadium.
M: What have you been doing?
W: I have had a lot of homework. It is my exams next month and I want to pass so that I can go to college. I want to study science at college.
M: That sounds really interesting, Jenny, but a lot of hard work. Listen, have you got time for a coffee so we could have a chat?
W: Sure, why not.
(Text 9)
M: Hello. How may I help you?
W: Hello. I seem to have a problem with my computer.
M: Alright, let’s see. What about tomorrow morning about 10?
W: Oh, no. That won’t do I’m afraid. I’ve got a very important report on the computer that must be finished and handed in by 9 a.m. tomorrow. By ten it’s too late, I’m afraid. Can’t you come now?
M: Well, I’m at a job at the moment, and my wife and kids are expecting me home by 8 for dinner.
W: I know it’s Sunday evening. Can you at least suggest someone else who can work? I’ve been calling numbers in the phone book, and you’re the only one that answered.
M: Just a moment. Don’t worry. Where are you now?
W: I’m at my office. I work in the Morningside area.
M: Well, you’re in luck. I have to pass your area on my way home. Now I should be finished here by half past seven, so what about around 7:45? Is that OK?
W: That’s great. Thank you.
(Text 10)
M: Hello, there. Good afternoon! Thank you for your finding the time in your busy schedules to come to the international student office’s first meeting for students going abroad, to South America next autumn. By the way, if you haven’t yet signed next to your name on our attendance lists — they’re on the table at the entrance of the school hall — be sure to do it on your way out. Remember, this meeting is a must for you, so you need to make sure we know that you’re here.
All right, to begin, we’re going to be talking about health, and specifically the procedures that you have to go through in order to get your student visas for your host country. For all of you, this will involve gathering health information, such as evidence from your doctors that you’re not suffering from any serious diseases that may pass to others. All the information that each of you will need can be found in your host country handbook that you received when you were accepted into the program.
Also each one of you is required to meet with a doctor at the student health center who is specialized in travel medicine. The health center can give you information about appointment times, but be sure to book your appointment early, because the specialist is only at the health center at certain times. To have the benefit, you should have your meeting at least 4-6 weeks before your trip.
第二节到此结束。现在, 你有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。
 

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