2018届高三英语1月高考适应性调研考试试卷(晋中市含答案)

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2018届高三英语1月高考适应性调研考试试卷(晋中市含答案)

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山西省晋中市高三1月高考适应性调研考试
英语试题
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题; 每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Where are they talking most probably?
A. In a museum.      B. In a cinema.      C. In a lab.
2. How many swimming classes are there this term?
A. Five.        B. Eight.       C. Thirteen.
3. What is Alice worried about?
A. Her brother.      B. Her final exams.     C. Her accident.
4 . Who is Jack?
A. Jenny’s husband.     B. Mary’s husband.     C. Jenny’s old colleague.
5. Why does the man reject the job?
A. It is low-paid.      B. It is far from his home.   C. It offers no holiday.
第二节(共15小题; 每小题15分,满分2.5分)
 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Why did the woman move?
A. To live in a bigger house.
B. To live closer to her office.
C. To live with nice neighbors.
7. How did the woman usually go to work?
A. By car. B. By bus. C. On foot.
听第7段材料,同答第8、9题。
8. When did Alice get her computer?
A. Yesterday morning.     B. Yesterday afternoon.     C. This morning.
9. What is Bob going to do?
A. See the doctor.      B. Repair the computer.     C. Check the Internet.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题
10.  When will the man check out?
A. Next Thursday.      B. Next Wednesday.     C. Next Tuesday.
11. What kind of room does the man book?
A. A single room with a bathroom.
B. A double room with a bathroom.
C. A double room without a bathroom.
12. What can the man do in his room?
A. Surf the Internet.     B. Have breakfast.      C. Do the laundry
听第9段材料,回答第13 至16题。
13. What is Mary wearing?
A. A black shirt.      B. A brown skirt.      C. A yellow blouse.
14. What do we know about Mary’s grandmother?
A. She’s in good      B. She’s going to be 80.    C. She has a good memory.
15. What should Mary do now?
A. Make a wish.      B. Cut the cake.     C. Blow out the candles.
16. What will the man have?
A. Some fish.      B. Some steak.      C. Some cake.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What is the function of the chocolate?
A. It makes people prettier.
B. It makes people happier.
C. It makes people younger.
18. What is still unknown about the chocolate?
A. Its inventors.      B. Its price.       C. Its color.
19. How many bars of chocolate should a person eat a day?
A. One.        B. Two.        C. Three.
20. Why does more research need to be done?
A. To see if the chocolate is effective.
B. To invent better chocolate.
C. To attract more volunteers.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)
A
During the 1800s, African Americans worked long days in the fields of the American South. To ease their labor, they sang “field hollers(号子)” that they had brought from Africa. One person sang a line. Then a group of workers repeated it. The song’s words told of the hardships that people suffered. This call-and -response singing style was also used in churches. African Americans sang joyous religious songs. They clapped their hands and stamped their feet to the music.
After the Civil War(1861-1865), the music changed greatly. African American music, from ballads to church music, took new forms. It was also adapted dance music, called “jump-ups”. Then banjos became popular. A blues singer usually played a call and response with the banjo. He or she sang a line and then played the banjo response. By the early 1900s, the guitar had replaced the banjo as the main blues instrument.
Northern Mississippi—called the Delta—was the center of blues tradition. By the 1920s, the Delta had many clubs, so-called juke joints. African Americans listened and danced to music in these clubs. Some of the greatest blues men and women performed there.
The words of blues songs describe everyday life. They are often very emotional and personal. They tell about sorrow and overwork. They tell about finding or losing love, having money or being poor, being happy or sad and lonely. Blues may use humor to describe life’s struggles and joys.
    By the 1940s, large numbers of African Americans had left the Delta and moved north to work. Many settled in Chicago. There, a new kind of “electric” or “Chicago” blues began. Many of its themes were the same, but these blues had electric guitars and harmonicas. The Chicago blues with a strong loud beat was excellent dance music. Chicago blues led to the birth of a new music style—rock and roll.
21. What does the underlined word “banjo” in paragraph 2 refer to?
A. A blues singer.
B. A line in a song.
C. A style of dance music.
D. A kind of musical instrument.
22. What information can we get in paragraph 4?
A. The techniques in blues.
B. The themes of blues.
C. The influence of blues.
D. The development of blues.
23. According to the text, rock and roll     .
A. is full of humors
B. was formed in Delta
C. first appeared in churches
D. developed from Chicago blues
24. The author’s purpose of writing the text is most likely to     .
A. inform     B. persuade     C. instruct     D. entertain
B
I am bent at an unnatural angle, my left hand waving a mop across the bathroom floor, my right hand grasping a hair straightener. As I catch sight of myself in the mirror, the stupidity of the situation strikes me. But I go on with them, convinced I’m getting the most from my early morning minutes.
We live in a world of multitasking—where the measure of a person is how many jobs they can perform at the same time. Yet, is multitasking a good idea?”We’ve done a number of studies that prove people who multitask frequently suffer a lot, ”Dr Nass Clifford at Stanford University says. “They’re less able to recognize useless information, they’re less able to pay attention, and they are worse at managing their memory.”
Psychologist Dr Sherry Turkle, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor, holds the view that in some situations, the loss that we get with multitasking is harmless, “But you can’t do serious work this way.” Of course. There are some things we can do simultaneously. We can talk while walking, or eat dinner while watching TV. This is because each task requires a different type of brain activity. So, reading while listening to instrumental music is fine, but the ability to concentrate on words on a page decreases sharply when listening to music with lyrics, because both actions rely on the part of the brain that deals with language.
So what about my need to multitask? Perhaps both my hair and my bathroom floor would end up better off if each received some individual attention. Of course they would, but I have to take the first step and learn to self-management my time better. “It takes a huge amount of discipline, and people find it really difficult,” says Dr Nass, “But that doesn’t men it’s not a great thing to do.”
25. From what the author does in the morning, we know that she     .
A. thinks she is wasting time
B. gets a feeling of satisfaction
C. wants to save time
D. is enjoying herself
26. According to the studies done by the experts at Stanford University,      .
A. multitasking is not a good idea
B. we can’t do two things at the same time
C. multitasking can improve people’s memory
D. those who are able to multitask are quick-minded
27. The underlined word “simultaneously” in paragraph 5 probably means     .
A. quickly
B. independently
C. at the same time
D. without difficulty
C
The Earth’s temperature is rising. And as it does, springtime phenomena—like the first bloom of flowers—are getting earlier and earlier. But rising temperatures aren’t the only factor. Urban light pollution is also quickening the coming of spring. “So temperature and light are really contributing to a double whammy of making everything earlier. ” Richard Ffrench-Constant, an entomologist at the University of Exeter.
He and his colleagues compiled 13 years of data from citizen scientists in the U. K. , who tracked the first bud(芽) burst of four common trees. Turns out, light pollution—from streetlights in cities, and along roads—pushed bud burst a full week earlier. Way beyond what rising temperatures could achieve. This disruptive(干扰性的) timing can ripple through the ecosystem.
The caterpillars that feed on trees are trying to match the hatching of their eggs to the timing of bud burst. Because the caterpillars want to feed on the juiciest and least chemically protected leaves. And it’s not just the caterpillars, of course, that are important. But the knock-on effect is on nesting birds, which are also trying to hatch their chicks at the same time that there’s the maximum number of caterpillars. So earlier buds could ultimately affect the survival of birds, and beyond. The findings are in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
The world’s becoming increasingly urbanized, and light pollution is growing—which Richard says could trick trees into budding earlier and earlier. But smarter lighting—like LEDs that dial down certain wavelengths—could help. “Perhaps the exciting thing is, if we understand more about how light affects this bud burst, we might be able to devise smarter sort of street lighting that has less red components, and therefore less early bud burst. Thus it is possible to keep springtime an actual springtime phenomenon. ” Richard add.
28. How did Richard and his colleagues reach the conclusion?
A. By analyzing some data.
B. By observing nature closely.
C. By doing a lot of experiments.
D. By keeping track of four common trees.
29. Why do the caterpillars hatch eggs at the same time of bud burst?
A. To protect young leaves.
B. To get high quality food.
C. To give birth to healthy babies.
D. To avoid being the meals of birds.
30. How does Richard feel about the actual springtime phenomenon?
A. It’s promising.
B. It’s amusing.
C. It’s costly.
D. It’s challenging.
31. What may be the best title for the next?
A. The Rising Temperature of the Earth
B. Ways of Reducing Urban Light Pollution
C. City Lights Quickening the Coming of Spring
D. The Effect of the Earlier Spring on the Ecosystem
D
Kobe Bryant, the former US National Basketball Association league star, launches a $100 million venture capital fund known as Bryant Stibel at the New York Stock Exchange.
Mr Bryant, 37, the former captain of the Los Angeles, retired from basketball earlier last year after a 20-year career. He told The Wall Street Journal he felt he had a talent for identifying entrepreneurs(企业家). Mr Stibel is an entrepreneur and investor(投资者) who founded several companies including Web.com. Mr Bryant has invested with Mr Stibel before, but this fund is the first formal partnership between them. The pair are financing the fund themselves. Since 2013, they have invested in 15 companies together including sports website The Players Tribune, video game designer Scopely, and legal services company Legal Zoom. The “Bryant Stibel” fund will invest in tech, media and data companies.
Mr Bryant, who was known for his strong work ethic(道德) in basketball, said, “Similar skills are needed for sport and growing a business. It’s the inner belief that a person has that he will bear no matter what the obstacle may be. It’s a strong will that makes the entrepreneur do what he or she truly believes in and truly loves to do .”
The pair said the fund would last a few years and look to target companies where they felt they could add vale through their business insight, and not through Mr Bryant’s celebrity(名人). Mr Stibel told The Wall Street Journal, “We don’t want to be in the business of investing in others’ companies, where someone can use Kobe as an endorser(代言人). That’s not interesting. The point is to add real value.”
32. What can we know about Bryan Stibel?
A. It has invested in tech and media.
B. It was created the moment Kobe retired.
C. Its fund is provided by Kobe and Stible.
D. It is the first cooperation between Kobe and Stible.
33. What does Kobe think matters in running a business?
A. Enthusiasm.   B. Determination   .C. Partnership    .D. Intelligence.
34. Why did the pair want to set up the fund?
A. To add value to some companies.
B. To invest in the companies in trouble.
C. To take advantage of Mr Kobe’s celebrity.
D. To contribute to the development of sports.
35. What type of writing is this text?
A. A sport event.    B. A news report.   C. An interview.   D. A biography
第二节 (共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Although many young people expect to go to college, they don’t want to be an exchange student, worried that if they go to a foreign land, they won’t know how to get around and will look and feel like tourists constantly.  36  In the majority of cases, people who become exchange students love the time they spent in a foreign country, especially when they went to a country that they had some interest in.   37   
Many who come back from an exchange trip say that the thing they loved the most was learning about the different lifestyles that people live in the country that was visited.   38    But those who travel to other countries under the foreign exchange student program learn that there are many different ways to live.
Some students are worried that they won’t like the cuisine of the country that they go to.   39   Can you imagine eating a fresh pastry in France? How about some real Italian food in Italy? Being an exchange student often leads one to find that they enjoy a much wider variation of cuisines than they originally thought they did.
Some decide that the language barrier is the key to keeping them from going anywhere as an exchange student..
   40    And even if you go to a non-English-speaking country many people there know how to speak English enough to allow you to communicate without too much problem. You can enjoy the chance to learn about different cultures and their languages.
If you are coming up with reasons to avoid going anywhere as an exchange student, think about the many benefit you’ll get from a trip abroad before you make up your mind.
A. This, however, isn’t the case.
B. Most young people decide to go to college to have new experiences.
C. Many in the United States believe that our way of life is the only way of life.
D. The truth is that most countries that allow for exchange students have amazing food.
E. Actually, there are many places that you can go where English is the native language.
F. If you decide to be an exchange student, there are tons of things that you can learn and enjoy.
G. Before you choose to study abroad, think carefully about the country that you wish to study in.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题2要,满分40分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Michele Allen has had many dogs over the years. But a 13-pound shelter dog with heart problems and bad teeth
    41    her life forever.
Monkey was a foster dog, and Allen and her husband took care of him for the last few months of his 42 . “Monkey’s death was really 43 on us, ”Allen said.“We knew what we were getting into, and we decided to just 44 him as much as we could.”As Allen learned that so many older, terminally-ill dogs like Monkey were being euthanized(安乐死) in  45   , she decided to open her six-acre    46   to them.
Since 2015, her nonprofit—which she   47    named Monkey’s House—has provided a    48  place where dozens of dogs have spent their   49    days. Allen said most people think a dog hospice (善终医院) would be a sad place.   50    she calls it “the happiest place on earth.”“We’re very busy  51   them a story, a life, adventures, love, and special moments, ”she said. Allen   52  around 25 dogs at a time. All dogs get home-cooked meals   53    their medical needs, with individual meal  54  created by the organization’s veterinarian(兽医).The dogs also  55   .herbs and natural supplements. Around 50    56   help Allen and her husband, Jeff, care for the dogs. Allen says someone is always cooking, doing laundry,    57  dogs or preparing medication.
“It’s extremely important to me that we not   58   them in their final moments, ” she said. “I want them to have a very gentle    59  , and I want them feeling as loved and    60   as they can be. ”
41. A. changed    B. destroyed     C. completed     D. devoted
42. A. experience   B. progress     C. life     D. cooperation
43. A. terrifying    B. hard     C. regretful    D. surprising
44. A. defend     B. feed      C. love      D. teach
45. A. dozens    B. rows      C. groups     D. shelters
46. A. farm     B. yard      C. platform     D. ring
47. A. reasonably    B. patiently     C. affectionately   D. deliberately
48. A. entertaining   B. loving     C. convenient    D. comfortable
49. A. final     B. equal      C. important     D. exhausting
50. A. Because    B. But      C. And      D. So
51. A. taking     B. editing     C. writing     D. giving
52. A. accounts for   B. waits for     C. cares for     D. hunts for
53. A. separated from   B. based on      C. enveloped in    D. escaped from
54. A. plans     B. decisions    C. purposes     D. attempts
55. A. select     B. store      C. receive     D. collect
56. A. cooks     B. doctors     C. nurses     D. volunteers
57. A. hugging    B. kissing     C. comforting    D. Walking
58. A. beat     B. comfort     C. fail      D. help
59. A. passing    B. landing     C. encouraging    D. treating
60. A. needed     B. supported     C. praised     D. welcome
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Father was a hardworking man   61 delivered bread as a living to support his wife and three children. He spent all his evenings after work attending classes, hoping to improve himself so that he could one day find a  62  (good) paid job. Except for Sundays, Father    63  (hardly) ate a meal together with his family.
Whenever the family   64   (complain) that he was not spending enough time with them, he reasoned that he was doing all this for them. Soon after, he   65   (offer) a good job which paid handsomely.
He continued to work very hard, hoping to be promoted to   66   position of manager. So he enrolled for another course in the open university. Father’s hard work paid  67  and he was promoted. So he decided  68  (hire) a maid to relieve his wife from her domestic tasks.   69   was necessary for his family to enjoy a comfortable life.   70   (experience) the rewards of his hard work many times before, Father resolved to further his studies and work at being promoted again.
第四部分 写作( 共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉。
    修改: 在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。
Once upon a time, there lived a herd of eighty thousands elephants at the bottom of the Himalayas. Its leader was a white elephant. He greatly loved his mother who has grown blind and feeble and could not look out for herself. Each day this white elephant would go deeply into the forest to look for the best food. for her, and he asked another elephant to send it to his mother. Therefore, his mother never received some. Each night, when he returned home he would surprise to hear that his mother had been starving all day.
One day, he took his mother to Mount Candorana to live in a cave beside the beautiful lake. When the which elephant was feeding, he heard loud cries. A forester from Benaras had lost his way in the forest. On seeing the big white elephant he was even more terrifying and ran as fast as he could. The elephant asked the forester that why he was crying so bitterly. The forester said that he could not find his way out.
第二节:书面表达(25分)
假定你是李华,你Facebook的好友Simon将于假期期间来中国旅游,请你帮忙找一名向导。请给他写一封邮件推荐你的哥哥李明,内容包括:
1. 李明简介;
2. 推荐理由。
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


山西省晋中市2018届高三1月高考适应性调研考试
英语试题答案
第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
 1~5 BCACB   6~10 ACCAA   11~15 BACBA  16~20 CCBAA
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)
21~24 DBDA     25~27 CAC     28~31 ABAC     32~35 CBAB  [
第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)  
36~40 AFCDE
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节, 满分55分)
第一节 完形填空(共20 小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
41~45 ACBCD     46~50 ACBAB     51~55 DCBAC     56~60 DDCAB
第二节 (共10小题; 每小题1. 5分,满分15分)
61. who/that    62. better     63. hardly    64. complained    65. was offered  
66. the         67. off      68. to hire    69. It            70. Having experienced
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Once upon a time, there lived a herd of eighty thousands elephants at the bottom of the Himalayas. Its leader
                                         thousand                                   Their
was a white elephant.He greatly loved his mother who has grown blind and feeble and could not look out for herself.
                                             had
Each day this white elephant would go deeply into the forest to look for the best food. for her, and he asked another
                                deep
elephant to send it to his mother. Therefore, his mother never received some. Each night, when he returned home he
                           However                       any
would∧ surprise to hear that his mother had been starving all day.
be
One day, he took his mother to Mount Candorana to live in a cave beside the beautiful lake. When the which
                                                               a
elephant was feeding, he heard loud cries. A forester from Benaras had lost his way in the forest. On seeing the big
white elephant he was even more terrifying and ran as fast as he could. The elephant asked the forester that why he
                            terrified
was crying so bitterly. The forester said that he could not find his way out.


第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)
One possible version:
Dear Simon,
I’m glad to know that you will come to China during your vacation. First of all, I’d like to express my warmest welcome. You’ve mentioned that a native guide is wanted and I’m writing to recommend my brother Li Ming to you.
Li Ming, a graduate from Beijing University, is outgoing, enthusiastic and always ready to help others. What makes him more suitable is that he has a great passion for traveling and has a good knowledge of Chinese tourist attractions. Besides, hestands out for his fluent spoken English, so you have no difficulty communicating with each other. I’m sure he can offer you an unforgettable trip.
Looking forward to your coming.
Yours,
Li Hua
 

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