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w.5 Y k J.cOM 厦门市2018届高三上学期期末质检英语试题
例：How much is the shirt?
1. What does the man suggest the woman do?
A. Learn slowly. B. Practise more. C. Take lessons.
2. Whose birthday party will the speakers attend?
A. Amy’s. B. Derek’s. C. Karl’s.
3. Why is the woman in a hurry?
A. She is heading for school.
B. She wants to fetch a book.
C. She has to pick up the man.
4. What does the man ask the woman to do?
A. Lower her voice. B. Do the laundry. C. Paint the wall.
5. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. At the hotel. B. At the customs. C. At the station.
6. What do we know about the woman?
A. She enjoys the parties.
B. She has put on weight.
C. She does exercise regularly.
7. What does the man advise the woman to eat?
A. Cookies. B. Hot dogs. C. Natural foods.
8. What kind of coffee does the man prefer?
A. Black. B. Strong. C. Sweet.
9. Which drink does the man like most?
A. Tea. B. Coffee . C. Juice.
10. What is the man going to do?
A. Get a jar. B. Leave a tip. C. Meet a friend.
11. What did Jay do on New Year’s Day?
A. He went back home.
B. He joined in a parade.
C. He stayed with the host family.
12. When is the Rose Parade usually held?
A. On January 1st. B. On New Year’s Eve. C. Every Sunday.
13. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Pop bands. B. Sports events. C. New Year celebrations.
14. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates. B. Colleagues. C. Teacher and student.
15. When will the woman get the result of the in-person interview?
A. A few months later. B. After graduation. C. In less than a month.
16. What does the man plan to do?
A. Focus on his studies. B. Attend job interviews. C. Look for solutions.
17. Who founded the British Museum?
A. Sir Hans Sloane. B. King George II. C. The UK government.
18. What can we learn about the museum?
A. It is round.
B. It is totally free.
C. It has global collections.
19. Where is the Easter Island Statue exhibited?
A. In Room4. B. In Room24. C. In Room 40.
20. Who is Neil?
A. A program host. B. A tourist. C. A travel guide.
As the sixth What Kids Are Reading report bemoans（哀叹）about a tendency among secondary school students to read books that are too easy—suggesting that teachers and librarians aren’t pushing challenging titles strongly enough to older kids—the organizers of World Book Day have announced a list that might serve as a corrective, or at least a useful source of ideas.
Satellite by Nick Lake
Leo was born in space, living all his life on space station Moon 2 with fellow space-children Libra and Orion. Now, at 15,he is almost due to go to Earth for the first time, but more awaits him there. An extraordinary science fiction, as diverse as lain M Banks at his best.
The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas
A standout debut（首次创作）, this US novel is the Black Lives Matter (BLM)-inspired story of Starr Carter, whose friend Khalil is shot dead by a police officer as she watches and whose divided life awakes in the fallout. Full of vivid detail and dry humour, with a charming narrator, it reads like a typical text.
Things a Bright Girl Can Do by Sally Nicholls
Nicholls’ exciting narrative follows May, the free-thinking daughter of a Quaker, and Nell, the tough, capable mainstay of her poor family. As the ghost of war appears ever closer, what will they sacrifice and what will be taken from them? An unforgettable historical novel.
The Book of Dust Vol 1:La Belle Sauvage by Philip Pullman
Pullman’s long-awaited return to the world of His Dark Materials is, at times, dark indeed. As Malcolm and Alice convey the baby Lyra down a flooded river in Malcolm’s boat, the coming threats are fierce and frightening. To the reader absorbed in it, whatever their age, it affords the enjoyment of watching a master storyteller at work.
21. Why do the organizers announce the book list?
A. To attract students’ attention to World Book Day.
B. To promote the sales of the books recommended.
C. To meet the requirements of teachers and librarians.
D. To encourage secondary students to read challenging books.
22. Which book might attract a history lover?
A. Satellite. B. The Hate U Give.
C. Things a Bright Girl Can Do. D. The Book of Dust Vo1 1:La Belle Sauvage.
23. What can be learned from the text?
A. Nick Lake is an expert in space exploration.
B. Angie Thomas stands out in writing textbooks.
C. May has an influence on Sally Nicholls’ writing.
D. It took a long time for Pullman to publish his new book.
Have you read this before? 10% of life is made up of what happens to you. 90% of life is decided by how you react. That is the 90/10 Principle. You really have no control over 10% of what happens to us, but you determine the other 90%.
Let’s use an example. You are eating breakfast with your family. Your daughter knocks over a cup of coffee onto your business shirt. You severely scold your daughter and she breaks down in tears. After scolding her, you blame your wife for placing the cup too close to the edge of the table. A short verbal battle follows. You storm upstairs and change your shirt.
Back downstairs, you find your daughter has been too busy crying to finish breakfast and she misses the bus. You rush to the car and drive your daughter to school. After a 15-minute delay and throwing $60 traffic fine away, you arrive at the school and your daughter runs into the building without saying goodbye.
After arriving at the office 20 minutes late, you find you forgot your briefcase. Your day has started terrible. As it continues, it seems to get worse and worse. You look forward to coming home, yet when you arrive home, you find a small wedge in your relationship with your wife and daughter.
Why did you have a bad day? Did the coffee cause it? Did your daughter cause it?
Here is what could have and should have happened.
Coffee splashes over you. Your daughter is about to cry. You gently say, “It’s ok honey, you just need, to be more careful next time”. Grabbing a towel you rush upstairs. After grabbing a new shirt and your briefcase, you come down in time to look through the window and see your child getting on the bus. She turns and waves. You arrive 5 minutes early and cheerfully greet the staff. Your boss comments on how good the day you are having.
Notice the difference? Two different scenarios. Both started the same. Both ended different.
24. According to the text, what happens after the coffee incident?
A. The mother gets to work late. B. The couple have an argument.
C. The father has a traffic accident. D. The daughter finishes breakfast soon.
25. Why does the author use the example?
A. To prove the 90/10 principle. B. To compare different attitudes.
C. To give advice on self-control. D. To show the importance of harmony.
26. What does the underlined word “wedge” in Paragraph 4 probably mean?
A. Improvement. B. Wound. C. Disadvantage. D. Change.
27.According to the text, what leads to the different endings?
A. Your coffee. B. Your family. C. Your experience. D. Your reaction.
British parents encourage their children to play musical instruments as part of a family tradition and not to raise their social status as Americans do, research says.
Dr. Aaron Reeves of the University of Oxford found that UK parents did not see musical achievement by their children as character building or useful in getting university places or jobs. Instead, it was usually only those parents who played instruments that encouraged their children to follow suit.
This contrasted with research carried out by other academics in America, he said. “Middle-class parents in the US appear to associate cultural practice with other benefits, such as developing specific characteristics and paving the way for educational success. Middle-class families are often marked by a pattern of ‘concerted cultivation’, where parents organize music-centred activities for their children, often in addition to school-based musical practice.”
Researchers had owed this to “parental anxiety over the declining fortunes of educated Americans. These parents have become increasingly worried about providing their children with skills and abilities enabling them to stand out from their competitors in the job market.”
By contrast, for British respondents, no such connection was made between what is considered as an overbearing parenting style and future educational or career possibilities. The parents interviewed here did not connect music with usefulness but rather they focused on the value of music as a family tradition and, to a lesser extent, as something valuable in its own right.
One Scottish parent, a chemist by profession, said during the interviews, “We’ve got two learning musical instruments. If we think it’s maybe worthwhile we try and encourage them, but we wouldn't force them.” A housewife said, “My son’s just turned five and I want him to do the guitar because his uncle does it, but it’s up to him.”
In some UK families, said Dr. Reeves, music was even “believed to be an obstacle to educational success, or at least secondary to it.”
28. What do British parents think of music learning?
A. Useful for job application. B. Helpful for character building.
C. Beneficial to further education. D. Worthwhile as a family tradition.
29. What does the underlined word “this” in Paragraph 4 refer to?
A. Cultural practice. B. Educational success.
C. Concerted cultivation. D. School-based musical practice.
30. What can be inferred from the text?
A. The future of American kids is not promising.
B. American parents hardly link music with success.
C. Music learning is a personal choice for British kids.
D. British parents show little concern about education.
31. What is the text mainly about?
A. Reasons for British music preference.
B. British parenting style in music education.
C. Americans’ attitude towards music learning.
D. Differences between British and American parents.
There is an unforgettable beauty to the Karoo, a vast semi-desert, that seems empty save for the stars overhead and sheep eating grass below. Economic opportunities here are few.
But the Karoo’s clear skies also draw some of the world's best scientists. A radio telescope project called the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is under construction, with the latest group of 64 giant antennae（天线）due to be completed late next year. When finished, it will be the biggest radio telescope in the world and should allow scientists to peer into the origins of the universe.
Still, some sheep farmers are complaining. Because of the sensitivity of the telescope, the surrounding area must be kept free from radio interference（干扰）caused by everything from mobile phones to microwave ovens and some car engines. The SKA is buying up more farms than originally expected to ensure radio silence over an area of some 130,000 hectares. There will be no mobile phone signals allowed, except in the few towns in the area. Save the Karoo, an advocacy group, isn’t convinced by the bright future of groundbreaking astronomical discoveries. Its members fear the restrictions will make the Karoo “a cut-off and backward region”, and warn that people serving farms near the SKA site could face financial ruin. “I don't care about a black hole siting somewhere out in space,” says Eric Torr, an organiser with the group. “It does not put food on the table.”
Sky-high expectations in this down-at-heel area are also a problem. An SKA official complains that the locals expect the telescope to solve all their problems. Some jobs have been created, but few locals have the skills to find out the secrets of distant galaxies. Until recently the high school in Carnarvon, a nearby town, didn’t even have a maths and science teacher. The SKA organisation hired one, and is also offering scholarship to college students. Perhaps if the next generation's horizons are raised, they will be able to take advantage of the radio telescopes in their own backyard.
32. The project SKA is aimed at .
A. exploring the universe B. creating jobs for locals
C. protecting the sheep D. saving the Karoo
33. What most disturbs the locals’ life?
A. The shrinking of their farmlands. B. Restrictions of radio signals.
C. The construction of the project. D. Noises of car engines.
34. What can be inferred from Eric’s words?
A. The project makes no sense to Eric. B. Eric faces financial difficulty.
C. The black hole is nowhere to be found. D. Food should be put on the table.
35. What can be a suitable title for the text?
A. Telescope in the Backyard B. Expectations of the Locals
C. Biggest Radio Telescope D. Great Astronomical Discovery
Each one of us has different natural and acquired abilities. Some learn new languages quickly, and some are more social than others. 36 Obviously, people interpret what you’re saying in different ways, based on the way they think.
37 While looking to convince others, we rely on our own thinking tools and strengths. It doesn't matter if you’re trying to persuade your boss to adopt a new idea. But when you need to persuade your colleague, switch chairs with your listener and ask yourself what his or her strength is. Sure, you take into account what's important to them.
38 Try to fit someone you work with into the different thinking categories—Individual thinking or Group thinking. To quickly identify if someone thinks better individually or in a group, I ask one simple question: Did you prefer studying by yourself or in a group in high school? You’ll find out most people will answer within a blink of an eye.
Then how to communicate better after identifying individual or group thinking? 39 Individual thinkers need some time by themselves to digest a new idea. Therefore, try sending them suggestions by e-mail or introduce a new idea and then giving them some time to think about it. Group thinkers will react much better when talking about a new idea. 40 When group thinkers ask to talk about something, they’re actually asking you to brainstorm with them to help find a solution using conversation.
A. Choose your presentation strategy.
B. You can find out which category you belong to.
C. It is a challenge to convince people around you.
D. So give them opportunities to voice their thoughts.
E. But how about understanding how they actually think?
F. Most people are more productive when working alone.
G. These strengths determine how we think and make decisions.
I had a quick thirty-minute stopover in Detroit before heading home to Toronto. After 41 up the passage, I realized that my gate was on the opposite end of the airport. Luckily, I got there with five minutes to 42 and stood waiting to be called.
I was tired and had an emergency 43 scheduled after I was home. But then came the 44 , It seems we have overbooked the flight. Would anyone volunteer to stay for the 45 departure?” There were 100-plus people and not a 46 person responded.
The next flight was in four hours. I 47 and saw businessmen needing to get home for work, moms to see their kids, kids to see their friends, and more 48 , I saw people that needed to be helped. Even though I 49 to be home just as much as anyone, something inside me said that I should volunteer and offer some 50 to this group of strangers. The gate attendant had said that the flight couldn’t board 51 someone volunteered.
I picked up my bag, 52 the desk and said to the gate attendant, “I volunteer!” A 53 smile spread over her face.
As she was 54 my ticket, I got my meeting rescheduled. All the 55 boarding their flight, I was happy that I had been able to 56 .
When boarding the plane, I was surprised to discover that I was 57 to be seated in first class. How 58 I was for everything that had happened. I gave with the intention to serve others, with no thought of 59 , and that kindness was 60 to me with an upgrade to first class!
41. A. setting B. wandering C. driving D. rushing
42. A. take B. spare C. last D. waste
43. A. meeting B. call C. treatment D. case
44. A. apology B. commercial C. announcement D. reply
45. A. later B. direct C. earlier D. first
46. A. normal B. single C. particular D. nice
47. A. set off B. ran out C. stood by D. looked around
48. A. seriously B. willingly C. importantly D. accurately
49. A. agreed B. demanded C. wanted D. refused
50. A. kindness B. money C. sympathy D. comfort
51. A. once B. because C. although D. until
52. A. left B. approached C. cleared D. tapped
53. A. ready B. forced C. relieved D. shy
54. A. checking B. holding C. booking D. processing
55. A. kids B. passengers C. volunteers D. parents
56. A. help B. speak C. rest D. leave
57. A. permitted B. required C. arranged D. advised
58. A. anxious B. grateful C. responsible D. suitable
59. A. praise B. loss C. fame D. reward
60. A. returned B. delivered C. introduced D. shown
The 17th-century philosopher-statesman Francis Bacon declared that nothing had changed the world more deeply than three great 61 (invention): gunpowder, printing and the compass. 62 what Bacon didn’t know was that all the three had already been invented and successfully employed by Chinese people.
And 63 was not until over 300 years later that one young man in Cambridge gave these people the credit they 64 (true) deserved. The man is Joseph Needham, or Dr. Li Yuese, which is a household name among the well-educated in China. In 1943, he 65 (send) by the British government to help save China’s universities from the occupying Japanese forces. Then Needham began his lifelong research, 66 ended up creating the greatest work—Science and Civilization in China. The twenty-four-volume masterpiece on China is known as a most important book 67 (tell) the west what Chinese have contributed to the world.
Needham is considered the first bridge builder 68 China and the rest of the world in a book 69 (title) Bomb, Book & Compass—Joseph Needham and the Great Secrets of China. It was written by Simon, who tried his best 70 (bring) the human side of the great man to the world, and let the world know better what Needham was as a human being.
注意： 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
One day, I happened to watch a program about traditional villages on TV. Out of interesting, I made a trip to a nearby village with my parents. The moment I was arrived, I thought I entered a dream world. We were warmly welcomed or treated to the local cuisine. Groups of villager sang and danced happy to the folk music which was played with wooden drums and pipes. We watched our performances in admiration. While we were chatting with elderly, they expressed their great concern about passing on the songs in future generations. The precious experience has teach me the importance of preserve traditional culture.
活动内容： 1. 游览长城、参观丝绸之路展；
2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 文 章
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w.5 Y k J.cOM