第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节，满分40分)
If you’re on the hunt for something new and interesting to read, you have plenty of places to go. This week, we’re looking at four of the best book recommendation sites, services, or groups, based on your nominations(提名).
GoodReads is more than just a book recommendation site, although it excels at helping you find new books to read based on the ones you enjoy. You can build a virtual “shelf” of books you own or have already read, share your progress with the books you’re currently reading, rate the books you’ve read, leave reviews, and connect with other readers.
While BookBub isn’t strictly a book recommendation service, it does bring you super-low-cost books based on your interests every day. The service is free, and when you sign up, you tell BookBub what kinds of books you like to read. From there, you’ll get an email from BookBub every day with book deals for that day. When we say “deal,” we mean it—many of BookBub’s titles are free entirely, $0.99, or just a couple of bucks.
LibraryThing has been around for a long time and is still a great user-powered book ratings, review, and recommendation site. The service calls itself the world’s largest book club, and that’s a lot like the overall feel. Once you sign up, you’ll be encouraged to start adding books you’ve read and leave reviews for them. Behind its book ratings and reviews though, LibraryThing is a powerful tool to catalog and organize your entire book collection.
If you’re not interested in registering for accounts, adding your own books, or any of that hassle(麻烦), Olmenta can suggest some solid titles to you based on general popularity and the citation of the people behind the site. It’s a simple list of book covers that the service thinks you should read, and a few genres you can click on if you’re looking for something specific, like business, fiction, children’s, theatre, poetry, or nonfiction, among others.
21. Which of the following two book recommendation sites ask you to rate and leave reviews?
A. Goodreads and BookBub B. BookBub and LibraryThing
C. LibraryThing and Olmenta D. Goodreads and LibraryThing
22. Which book recommendation site can help you get super-low-cost books?
A. GoodReads B. BookBub C. LibraryThing D. Olmenta
23. If you turn to Olmenta, you __________________.
A. need to pay more B. need to add your own book
C. don’t need to sign up D. don’t need to look for something specific
“If your dreams don’t scare you, they aren’t big enough.” ---- Lowell Lundstrum
Two years ago, I was a freshman at UC Berkeley. I was only 16 and couldn’t believe I was in college. I told myself that I wanted to one day travel the world, but then it was only a “dream”. Two years later, that dream is coming true. I am 18 years, going into my third year at Berkeley, and in six days I will be making my first international trip to the UK. Crazy! I can’t believe how fast the time has flown. My “young” age has always been a big factor in doing a lot of things but I have managed to overcome the age barrier and I won’t let it stop me from accomplishing my goals in life. You can never be too young to live your life to its fullest.
I’m leaving on July 20th, and will return in January. Most of my time will be spent studying at my exchange university in Manchester, but I plan on visiting all of London, a lot of cities within the UK such as Wales, Oxford, Kent, Cambridge along with as many countries as possible in Europe. Currently on my list is Norway, Sweden, France, Italy and Spain. The list will get longer once I get there, I’m sure! Till then, I’m packing, packing, packing and also saying my goodbyes (one of the hardest things to do). This last week is going to be a very emotional week for me but I will use the love of my family and friends to carry me through. I feel like it hasn’t fully sunk in that I won’t be seeing the people I love every day, or that I will be starting over in a strange land. But somewhere deep inside me, I know that everything is going to be okay. I hope to be sharing my experiences along the way through this journal and hope to keep in touch as much as I can. Ahhhh! Can’t believe it’s almost here!
24. The author will go to UK as a(n) .
A. tourist B. worker C. exchange student D. freshman
25. What’s the influence of the “young” age on the author in doing a lot of things?
A. It has always been a barrier.
B. It has made no difference to the author.
C. It has kept him from accomplishing his goals in life.
D. It has been a big factor helping him doing things better.
26. Which of the following best describe the author’s feelings before leaving for Berkeley?
A. worried and discouraged B. excited and concerned
C. happy and thrilled D. anxious and sad
27. The passage is probably taken from .
A. a speech B. a conversation C. a journal D. a novel
Despite the central role food plays in all of our lives, we let a great deal of it go to waste. About one-third of all food produced in the world goes uneaten each year―a fact that harms our climate, costs the global economy billions of dollars and strains natural resources like water and land. Given the enormous impacts, it’s clear why the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals issued Target 12.3’s call to halve food waste and reduce food losses by 2030.
But with 13 short years to go, is the world doing enough?
According to a new report from Champions 12.3, the progress is promising. Countries or regional blocs that have set specific food loss and waste reduction targets cover an estimated 28 percent of the world’s population. At the same time, nearly 60 percent of the world’s 50 largest food companies have set targets to reduce food loss and waste. More than 10 percent of the 50 largest companies also now have active programs to waste less food.
Meanwhile, initiatives(倡议) have taken off in the European Union, United States, Japan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and in other countries that expand public-private partnerships, government policies and consumer campaigns aimed at reducing food loss and waste.
But it’s not all roses. Only a few countries, accounting for just 7 percent of the world’s population, currently measure and publicly report on how much food is lost or wasted within their borders.
These latest figures beg the question: Can the world really cut global food loss and waste in half by 2030? The answer is yes―but only if many more governments and companies set ambitious targets, measure this inefficiency and take action to reduce food loss and waste. To my mind, there are three immediate challenges that require a collective approach.
28. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “promising” in paragraph 3?
A. discouraging． B. surprising． C. encouraging． D. limited．
29. According to the report from Champions 12.3, which of the following is true?
A. Nearly 60 % of the largest food companies have set targets to reduce food loss and waste．
B. Over 10% of the 50 largest companies now have active programs to waste less food．
C. Only 28% of the countries have set specific food loss and waste reduction targets．
D. More than 7 % of the countries currently measure and report on how much food is wasted．
30. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. The world is doing enough in reducing waste．
B. A new report from Champions 12.3 was released．
C. One-third of all food produced in the world goes uneaten each year．
D. The world can cut global food loss and waste in half by 2030 with more efforts．
31. What might be discussed after the last paragraph?
A. The immediate measures a single country can take to reduce waste．
B. The possibility of cutting food loss and waste．
C. The way to solve the problem of food loss and waste．
D. Three demanding tasks that need settling together．
Our bodies have many clocks that control sleep, health and performance. If we do things at the wrong times, there can be dangerous consequences. This year’s Nobel Prize was awarded to the three scientists who discovered the key genes in circadian (24-hour) body clocks. Their discovery enabled other scientists to discover the thousands of circadian times that control our health, our genes and even when we should have treatments: it can make the difference between life and death.
Major heart surgery is common, but concerned about dangers. The most significant is the importance and duration of interrupting and restarting the body’s oxygenated blood supply. On Friday a study was published on the complications arising from morning and afternoon heart surgery. The time of surgery made a significant difference: 54 (out of 298) patients who had surgery in the morning experienced complications (18% of all patients) compared to 28 (of 298) patients who had surgery in the afternoon (9%). Heart surgery appears to be safer in the afternoon.
The heart has a pretty strong circadian timing system, as is well-known to those in elite sports. According to sports experts, 17:00 (5pm) is the time of greatest cardiovascular (心脏血管的) efficiency and muscle strength. The heart’s circadian strength in the late afternoon may help explain better heart surgery outcomes at that time of day.
Living to our circadian times boosts health; when we do not live to these times we have increased health risks. Greater disease risks arising from circadian disruption have been identified in the brain, pancreas (胰脏) and stress systems. Metabolic (新陈代谢的) studies have found disruption in sleep, liver, gut (内脏) and metabolic systems. These are only some of the consequences of not living to our body’s circadian clocks.
The links between mental health problems and our circadian clocks are perhaps the strongest of all. Depression is closely associated with awful sleep disorders. Indeed, changes in our circadian patterns are often the first symptom in many other mental illnesses.
32. What is the benefit of the discovery of the key genes in circadian body clocks?
A. To discover when we should have treatments．
B. To find some cures for some deadly diseases．
C. To help the dying people．
D. To discover what controls our health and our genes．
33. The author uses major heart surgery as an example to illustrate ____________.
A. heart surgery is not a big deal
B. it doesn’t matter when to have a heart surgery
C. it is definitely not safe to have a heart surgery in the morning
D. the circadian timing system means a lot to heart surgery
34. Which of the following is NOT the outcome of not living to circadian times?
A. depression． B. greater disease chances in the brain．
C. disruption in liver ． D. fewer disease risks in stress systems．
35. Which of the following may be the best title of the passage?
A. When we can have a heart surgery．
B. How the circadian timing system controls our body．
C. Why we must listen to the ticking of our body clock．
D. What mental health problems we can meet．
How to Make the Right Career Choice
Since finding a job in your career of choice will always be easier said than done, you’ll need to employ a flexible strategy with multiple avenues involved. Here goes:
Map out your desired career plan.
36 Where do you want to work? What kind of work do you want to do? Is it available in your current town? If you have to move, how soon do you want to do so? And how much money do you need to make the move? Figure out what you want to do and make sure all the decisions you make from now on service that goal.
If you have to take a job that you’re overqualified for, maximize the potential at that job.
38 work as many hours as you can so you can save money to move on later, glean any and all skills you can that will translate to your desired career, and always seek new responsibilities. Push yourself to the top of whatever you do and you’ll develop a solid work ethic, leadership skills, and gain positive referrals for the next job.
Use a recruiter. Seek internships. Leave no stone unturned.
39 . Seek out a recruiter to help you. Be very open to internships if they match your desired career. And leave no stone unturned. Would starting a blog or freelance writing help you gain authority in your field? Do it. How about volunteer work? Hosting a meetup?
The post-collegiate years can be some of the most emotionally and financially challenging years of your life. But if you create a strategy and become mindful of every decision you make, you can make sure the struggle is productive and short. All it takes is one break to put you on the road to professional and financial success.
A. Double down on your current job．
B. You can do so in a few different ways．
C. Do whatever you can and you’ll reach your goal．
D. Maximize the potential for the next job in a few ways．
E. The first thing you have to do is map out your desired career plan．
F. Finally, don’t rely on the internet alone to help you get a career-oriented job．
G. Consider all possible avenues so you can build meaningful experience while you search for a job．
第三部分 语言知识运用 (共两节，满分45分)
China is a land of bicycles. At least it was back in 1992 when I traveled around the country. Back then everyone seemed to be 41 a bicycle. Millions of them, all black. Cars were rare. Yet
42 my arrival in Beijing last year, I've found the 43 is true. There are millions of cars. However, people still use their bicycles to 44 . For many, it's the easiest and 45
way to travel today. Bicycles also come in different 46 —silver, green, red, blue, yellow, whatever you want.
It's 47 watching people biking. They rush quickly through crossroads, and move 48
through traffic．Bicycles allow people the 49 to move about that cars just can't provide.
50 to be part of this aspect of Chinese culture, I decided to buy a bicycle. Great weather
51 my great buy. I immediately jumped up on my bicycle seat and started home. My first ride home was orderly(守秩序的)． 52 , I stayed with a “pack” of bikers while cars on the streets came running 53 out of nowhere at times. I didn't want to get 54 . So I took the ride carefully.
Crossing the streets was the biggest 55 . It was a lot like crossing a major highway back in the United States. The streets here were 56 , so crossing took time, skill and a little bit of luck.
I finally 57 it home. The feeling on the bicycle was amazing. The air hitting my face and going through my hair was 58 . I was sitting on top of the world as I 59 places and people. 60 made me feel alive.
41. A. buying B. taking C. driving D. riding
42. A. before B. after C. on D. since
43. A. opposite B. extreme C. different D. similar
44. A. get around B. hang around C. stick around D. show around
45. A. quickest B. slowest C. cheapest D. dearest
46. A. shapes B. sizes C. colors D. types
47. A. fun B. relief C. surprise D. honor
48. A. carefully B. skillfully C. clumsily D. slowly
49. A. confidence B. time C. speed D. freedom
50. A. Ready B. Eager C. Afraid D. Anxious
51. A. decided B. determined C. accompanied D. supported
52. A. To be honest B. To be safe C. In relief D. In ease
53. A. swiftly B. slowly C. carefully D. immediately
54. A. hurt B. hit C. out D. off
55. A. surprise B. fun C. problem D. danger
56. A. short B. long C. narrow D. wide
57. A. made B. sent C. got D. carried
58. A. terrible B. amusing C. funny D. wonderful
59. A. came across B. passed by C. got close to D. had access to
60. A. Travelling B. Riding C. Biking D. Crossing
It is hard to believe but it is a whole decade 61 Apple launched the first iPhone in 2007. During this time, the company has released many different models of its famous smartphone, and most of them set 62 example for the rest of the industry. On Sept. 13, Apple CEO Tim Cook released the company’s 63 (late) model, the iPhone X.
Of the several new 64 (feature) the iPhone X includes, its wireless charging ability is one of the most talked about. While wireless charging isn’t new 65 some mobile phone users, it’s a feature that many iPhone users have wanted for a long time. Now, instead of searching for the charging cable that’s fallen behind your bed, you can 66 (simple) place your phone onto a wireless charging pad(垫板).
Moreover, the fingerprint sensor 67 (replace) by Face ID. With it, iPhone X owners can unlock their phone and pay for things just by looking at the smartphone rather than having 68
(scan) their fingerprint. Face ID is the future of how we unlock our smartphones and protect our sensitive information.
Despite its new features, the iPhone X’s high price isn’t winning any fans over. With it 69
(go) on sale in China in October, it is now facing competition from many local brands, most of
70 have similar phones sold for much lower prices.
第四部分 写作 (共两节，满分35分)
第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分, 满分10分)
A group of British explorer got lost in a desert. The sun was burning hot and
everyone quickly ran out water. Later, the group’s leader took out the water bottle
and said, “I found a bottle of water in my bag. But until we pass through the desert,
anybody can drink it.” It was passing around the members of the team, as it was
quite heavy. Finally, the explorers made it out of the desert. With tears of joy, they
had opened the bottle, but out poured some sand. Was it a bottle of sand which really
saved them in the desert? The answer is no. Their deeply faith in the hope of survive,
like a seed, had taken root and grown in their hearts. That is what led us out of the
terrible situation in the end.
第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)
假如你是李华，你校下个月将组织学生代表团前往英国的姐妹学校 The Willink School 参观交流。学校现在面向全体学生挑选合适人选，你对此很感兴趣。请写一封申请信，向负责该活动的外籍教师 Mr. John 申请参加。内容主要包括：