2018届高考英语二轮复习语法填空提升练(十四)定语从句(含答案)

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2018届高考英语二轮复习语法填空提升练(十四)定语从句(含答案)

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语法填空提升练(十四) 定语从句
[考点巩固练]
1.(2017·浙江宁波联考)The envelope was filled with hundreds of dollars of gift cards      could meet my urgent needs!I was in shock and surprise.
2.(2017·江西红色七校一联)There,lying in the muddy river bed was a little dog about two months old,     front legs were tightly tied with ropes.
3.Below are some ideas      can help you out.
4.(2017·山东青岛一模)On looking at the spot      the bird had risen,I saw two eggs.
5.(2017·山东烟台质检)The heart-warming story bega n in September last year      a woman asked the primary school in her neighborhood to accept her six-year-old son.
6.(2017·山东青岛质检)Some of the teachers at the college asked Dr.Naismith to invent a game     can be played indoors.
7.The boy was away from home for a  week,     worried his parents very much.
8.(2017·浙江温州返校联考)Those motorcycles,     a huge umbrella is fixed,are a huge threat to people  walking in the street.
9.(2017·陕西渭南一模)I’m sorry not to have replied to your letter earlier,for      ,I must say,I apologize.
10.(2017·湖南怀化一模)Almost every teenager will experience a period in their life      they aren’t content with their parents.
[语篇强化练]
A
(2017·广东梅州三模)
It seemed like another ordinary day.My family and I had decided to spend the day on the beach.I sat in the sun 1.       (watch) the children playing.I was just going to have a swim 2.      I noticed a strange object in the sea.To my horror (恐惧),I realised the “object” was a child drowning (溺水).Without 3. (hesitate),I jumped into the water and grabbed the child.With my free arm I 4.     (swim) back to the shore.The child,5.      was a boy of about five,was like a dead weight but I felt powered by a superhuman strength.
I laid the unconscious boy 6.      (gentle) on the ground and gave him first aid,which brought him back to life immediately.A large crowd gathered and someone told me an ambulance was on its way.By the time the ambulance arrived,7.      my great relief,the boy was sitting up and talking.
The boy’s parents were 8.       (delight) with his quick recovery.They telephoned me later to thank me.I rec ommend all 9.       (student) in school learn how to swim.I’d also like to remind everyone to take care near the sea,rivers or swimming po ols.You can drown much 10.           (easily) than you think!
〚导学号44994098〛
B
(2017·广东深圳一模)
Visiting Xi’an was once my dream.It became a reality when I was admitted to a training course in China along with two other 1.     (lady).Finally,the day arrived 2.      I landed at Xianyang International Airport in early August.As soon as I landed,I 3.     (feel)a change in the atmosphere.I saw people standing in queues 4.       ( wait)for their turn at the immigration desk.Afterwards,we were transported to the office in the International Exhibition Centre.China had invited participants 5.      twenty-three developing countries to  share digital television broadcasting techniques with them.
In my 20 days in Xi’an,I got the opportunity to observe Chinese culture closely,6.      thus it left an unforgettable mark on me.Now,Xi’an is like my second home.Since I came back to Pakistan,I have been missing Xi’an 7.      (bad).
My 20-day stay in Xi’an was 8.      great experience.It was a learning opportunity,and also a chance to 9.        (broad)my understanding of diversity.I learned that despite differences of colors,heights,races and religions,all human beings 10.            (tie) by the bond of humanity,and that the future of nations is global with development and peace.
〚导学号44994099〛


参考答案

语法填空提升练(十四) 定语从句
[考点巩固练]
1.that/which 考查定语从句,这里是限制性定语从句,先行词是hundreds of dollars of gift cards,指物,在从句中作主语,故填that/which。
2.whose 句意:那里,在泥泞的河床里躺着一只大约两个月大的小狗,它的前腿被绳子紧紧地拴在一起。先行词为a little d og,将先行词代入定语从句后为:The little dog’s front legs w ere tightly tied with ropes.由此可见在定语从 句中front legs缺少定语,故用whose引导。
3.that 考查定语从句。句意:下面是一些能帮助你摆脱困境的方法。因为先行词前有不定代词some修饰,所以此处用that引导限制性定语从句。
4.where 句意:向那只鸟儿飞起来的地方看去,我发现了两枚鸟蛋。先行词为the spot,关系副词在定语从句中作地点状语,故答案为where。
5.when 句意:那个温馨的故事发生在去年的九月,当时,一位女士请求她所在社区的小学接受她6岁的儿子。关系副词在定语从句中作时间状语,故用when引导。
6.that/which 句意:那所大学的一些教师请奈史密斯博士发明一种可以在室内玩的游戏。先行词为a game,关系代词在定语从句中作主语,且指“物”,故用that或which引导。
7.which 句意:这个男孩离家一个星期了,这使他父母很担心。先行词为设空处前的内容,关系代词在定语从句中作主语,故用which引导非限制性定语从句。
8.where 句意:那些摩托车车身上都装了一把大伞,这对于街上的行人是一个巨大的威胁。先行词为those motorcycles,关系副词在定语从句中作地点状语,故用where引导。
9.which 考查定语从句。句意:很抱歉没能早点给你回信,对此我必须道歉。从句中I must say为插入语,可忽略不计。定语从句的先行词为前面的“not to have replied to your letter earlier”这件事,代入定语从句后为:I apologize for it.由 此可见关系代词在定语从 句中作介词for的宾语,故答案为which。
10.when 考查定语从句。句意:几乎每个青少年都会经历一段对父母不满的时期。先行词为a period,将先行词代入从句后为:They aren’t content with their parents in a period。由此可见,关系副词在定语从句中作时间状语,故答案为when。
[语篇强化练]
A
1.watching 考查动词-ing形式作状语。I与watch之间是逻辑上的主谓关系且watch表示的动作与谓语动作同时发生,故用其动词-ing的一般式作伴随状语。
2.when 考查句型。句型sb.is/was going to...when...表示“某人正要做某事,突然……”。
3.hesitation 考查名 词。without hesitation “毫不犹豫”。
4.swam 考查一般过去时。本文描述过去发生的事情,所以用一般过去时。
5.who 考查关系词。设空处引导非限制性定语从句,补充说明先行词child且在从句中作主语,故填who。
6.gently 考查副词。此处应用副词修饰谓语动词laid。
7.to 考查介词。to sb.’s relief“令某人庆幸的是”。
8.delighted 考查形容词作表语。be delighted with...“对……感到高兴”。
9.students 考查名词的数。
10.more easily 考查比较级。根据句中的than可知,此处应用easily的比较级。
B
【语篇导读 】作者是一个巴基斯坦人,到西安旅行了20天,与魅力西安进行了亲密接触,这是让她终生难忘的一段经历。
1.ladies 考查名词。本句中的two说明这里应该使用可数名词的复数形式,作者与另外两个女士一起在中国参加一项训练课程。
2.when 考查定语从句。本句中含有一个定语从句,先行词是day,when引导定语从句并在从句中作时间状语。
3.felt 考查动词的时态。 作者讲述的是过去的事情,所以应该使用一般过去时。
4.waiting 考查非谓语动词。句中standing in queues是后置定语解释people,而作者看到的是这些排队的人正在等着轮到自己。
5.from 考查介词。本句中的twenty-three developing countrie s是本句中的participants的来源,故用from。
6.and 考查连词。正是因为在西安的20天让作者亲密接触了中国文化,而且让自己印象深刻。两句话之间是顺承关系,所以用and连接并列句。
7.badly 考查副词。作者回到巴基斯坦之后,非常怀念在西安的日子,这里用badly表示强烈的心情,badly意为“非常”。
8.a 考查冠词。 作者认为自己在西安停留的20天是一次很棒的经历,experience意为“经历”时是可数名词,这里用a表示次数。
9.broaden 考查动词。 本句中的to是一个不定式符号,所以用broad对应的动词broaden,意为“拓宽”。
10.are tied 考查动词的时态和语态。 本句中虽然使用了learned,但是其后的宾语从句是客观事实,所以用一般现在时的被动语态。

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