2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试卷(天津市和平区有答案)

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2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试卷(天津市和平区有答案)

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天津市和平区2018届高三上学期期末考试
英语试题
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £ 19.15.      B. £9.15.       C. £9.18.
答案是B。1. What time is it now?
A. 1:45.
B. 2:00.
C. 2:45.
2. What does the woman tell the man to do?
A. Fetch his camera.
B. Make a phone call.
C. Take pictures with her phone.
3. Who will begin the lecture now?
A. Dr. White.
B. Prof. Jackson.
C Dr. Smith.
4. What does the man often watch now?
A. Musicals.
B. Films.
C. Football games.
5. What will the man probably do?
A. Drive the woman downtown.
B. Buy the woman a dress.
C. Find a lift for the woman.
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
听下面3段材料。每段材料后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位罝。听每段材料前,你将有时间阅读每个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段材料读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6至第8小题。
6. What day is it today?
A. Friday.      B. Wednesday.      C. Monday.
7. How much will the man pay for the seats he chooses?
A. £ 60.       B. £ 50.       C. £ 40.
8. How will the man probably pay?
A. In cash.
B. By check.
C. By credit card.
听下面一段对话,回答第9至第11小题。
9. How many nights will the woman stay at the hotel?
A. Two.       B. Three.       C. Four.
10. When did the woman reserve the room?
A. On the 11th.
B. On the 12th.
C. On the 13th.
11. What does the woman request to be sent to her room?
A. Breakfast.
B. A newspaper.
C. A guest book.
听下面一段对话,回答第12至第15小题。
12. What holiday is coming?
A. Summer holiday.
B. Winter holiday.
C. National Day.
13. What are people advised to do to keep their suitcases safe while travelling?
A. Take big suitcases.
B. Use safety locks,
C. Use plain suitcases.
14. What can people do for their children when travelling with them?
A. Buy a big bag for them.
B. Keep them away from sweets.
C. Let them pack a few toys themselves.
15. What does the speaker recommend sending to people at home?
A. Letters.      B. Photographs.     C. Postcards.
第一卷  选择题(共95分)
第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
例:We feel        our duty to make our country a better place.
A. it      B. this     C. that     D. one
答案是A。
1. — I’ll take the new truck,
— And leave me to drive the old one?      .
A. Don’t mention it         B. Forget it
C. I’m sorry          D. Bad luck
2. The experts1 suggestion is that cats should always have        to fresh and clean water.
A. connection    B. choice     C. assessment    D. access
3. She’s added a few characters and changed some names but        this is a true story.
A. completely    B. necessarily    C. gradually    D. essentially
4. My kids were upset that the gifts they had bought me for Mother’s Day were not deeply       .
A. arranged    B. applied    C approved    D. appreciated
5. The food is not very good, but we shall just have to        it.
A. pay attention to         B. hold on to
C. put up with          D. keep up with
6. The middle-aged woman refused to tolerate        a thief and said she didn’t steal anything in the supermarket.
A. being called   B. called     C. calling     D. to call
7. Up till now, more than 120 world-famous enterprises        companies in this city.
A. have established         B. established
C. will establish         D. have been established
8. In the story, Robinson Crusoe spends a hard time on the lonely island,        by eating small animals and fruits.
A. survives    B. survived    C. to survive    D. surviving
9.        things had been tough at times when he was in school, he graduated from college with the highest honor.
A. If      B. While     C. Because    D. As
10. --- I borrowed 10 dollars from Cathy, but she insisted that I borrowed 15 dollars from her.
--- I        you the money. Why didn’t you ask me?
A. must lend          B. could have lent
C. would lend          D. should have lent
11. What we need is a more environmentally friendly transport system.       , more buses and bikes, and fewer private cars.
A. As a whole          B. As a result
C. In other words         D. In a word
12. I love this book so much that I can’t stop reading it. Seldom in my life        such a powerful book.
A, I have read          B. I had read
C. have I read          D. had 1 read
13.---Oliver,       , but would you mind giving me a lift home?
---I’d be glad to be of some help to you.
A. I hate to ask you this
B. you are really a nice guy
C. I’m not familiar with you
D. I know you’re in a bad mood
14. This printer is of good quality. If it        break down within the first year, we would repair it at our expense,
A. would     B. could     C should     D. might
15. She was likely to tell the whole truth, in cases        other people would have kept silence.
A. where     B. that     C. who     D. which
第二节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
Sometimes the people who get you through are strangers, who make a   16  — in your day or your life.
In my 20s I moved to Manhattan to pursue my acting career. In the first few months I felt very   17  . I wasn’t sure I was going to   18  . One miserable winter morning on the bus, I asked a woman near me what time it was. She looked closely at my face and said   19  , “It’s 9, baby.” It was as if she had   20   my soul and saw my self-doubt and   21  . And when she smiled at me, it was   22   the city itself was opening its arms. I stayed for four years.
More recently, I   23   our house had some problems and called in a guy to handle one of them. He said small-animal traps were   24   and he happened to have one he’d like to just give us. I   25  , wanting to pay for it. Finally he said, “You just don’t know how to accept a(n)  26  , do you?” It was   27  . I loved giving presents, but I’d always felt   28   receiving them. Now when someone is uncommonly   29  , I just smile and say thank you.
And then there was the guy I met on my way to see Stephanie, one of my dearest friends, who was dying too young. I was worried about our visit. It became clear that though she’d been fighting against it, the cancer was going to   30  . I wanted to be there for her, but I worried my   31   would get in the way. I was lost in   32   when the guy said something about the   33  . Yes, it was a great day, I   34  . “It’s a great day every day,” he said. The man wasn’t smiling. He was   35  , and he was right. Every day is a great day.
16. A. mistake    B. choice     C. promise    D. difference
17. A. excited    B. curious    C. lonely     D. angry
18. A. stay    B. work     C. start     D. move
19. A. sadly    B. doubtfully    C. coldly     D. gently
20. A. come across   B. looked into    C. searched for   D. taken away
21. A. fear    B. shame     C. guilt     D. surprise
22. A. when    B. as if     C. because    D. in case
23. A. suggested   B. expected    C. realized    D. imagined
24. A. needed    B. found     C. borrowed    D. bought
25. A. tried    B. obeyed    C. failed     D. refused
26. A. gift    B. apology    C. post     D. invitation
27. A. annoying   B. true     C. simple     D. fun
28. A. natural    B. pleased    C. impolite    D. uncomfortable
29. A. honest    B. powerful    C. generous    D. patient
30. A. disappear   B. win     C. change     D. pass
31. A. indifference   B. delight     C. anxiety    D. sorrow
32. A. sight    B. suffering    C. thought    D. memory
33. A. weather    B. visit     C disease     D. journey
34. A. decided    B. agreed     C. hoped     D. challenged
35. A. humorous   B. serious    C. proud     D. strict
第二部分  阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2.5分,满分50分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
DINERS
TONY SOPRANO’S LAST MEAL
Between 1912 and the 1990s, New Jersey State was home to more than 20 diner manufacturers who made probably 95 percent of the diners in the U.S., says Katie Zavoski, who is helping hold a diner exhibit. What makes a diner a diner? (And not, say, a coffee shop?) Traditionally, a diner is built in a factory and then delivered to its own town or city rather than constructed on-site. Zavoski credits New Jersey’s location as the key to its mastery of the form. “It was just the perfect place to manufacture the diners,” she says. “We would ship them wherever we needed to by sea.”
VISIT “Icons of American Culture: History of New Jersey Diners,” running through June 2017 at The Cornelius House / Middlesex County Museum in Piscataway, New Jersey
GOOD FOOD, GOOD TUNES
Suzanne Vega’s 1987 song “Tom’s Diner” is probably best known for its frequently sampled “doo doo doo doo” melody (旋律) rather than its diner-related lyrics. Technically, it’s not even really about a diner — the setting is New York City’s Tom’s Restaurant, which Vega frequented when she was studying at Barnard. Vega used the word “diner” instead because it “sings better that way,” she told The New York Times. November 18 has since been called Tom’s Diner Day, because on that day in 1981, the New York Post’s front page was a story about the death of actor William Holden. In her song Vega sings: “I Open / Up the paper / There’s a story / Of an actor / Who had died / While he was drinking.”
LISTEN “Tom’s Diner” by Suzanne Vega
MEET THE DINER ANTHROPOLOGIST
Richard J.S. Gutman has been called the “Jane Goodall of diners” (he even consulted on Barry Levinson’s 1982 film, Diner). His book, American Diner: Then Now, traces the evolution of the “night lunch wagon,” set up by Walter Scott in 1872, to the early 1920s, when the diner got its name (adapted from “dining car’’), and on through the 1980s. Gutman has his own diner facilities (floor plans, classic white mugs, a cashier booth); 250 of these items arc part of an exhibit in Rhode Island.
READ American Diner: Then & Now (John Hopkins University Press)
VISIT “Diners: Still Cooking in the 21st Century,” currently running at the Culinary Arts Museum at Johnson & Wales University in Providence, Rhode Island
36. In what way is a diner different from a coffee shop?
A. Its location.          B. Its management.
C. From what it is built.        D. Where it is constructed.
37. What do we know about New Jersey?
A. It is a coastal U.S. state.       B. It is building lots of ships.
C. Its diners are constructed on-site.     D. Its diners provide quality service.
38. What do we know about Vega’s 1987 song “Tom’s Diner”?
A. It warns people not to drink.
B. It was inspired by Tom’s Diner Day.
C. Its melody is preferred to its lyrics.
D. Its original title was Tom’s Restaurant.
39. What is American Diner: Then & Now mainly about?
A. Historical facts.         B. Analytical data.
C. Personal experiences.        D. Diners on Rhode Island.
40. Where are those interested in modem diners supposed to go?
A. Tom’s Restaurant.        B. John Hopkins University.
C. Johnson & Wales University.      D. Middlesex County Museum.
B
Many years ago, my mother read from the book Blueberries for Sal by Robert McCloskey to me. I remember as if it were yesterday, hearing her voice at my side on a cold wintry night. My mother’s voice changed my world.
Long before I could read on my own, she shared with me the strength and beauty of McCloskey’s language a story of a little girl and her mother out in nature, co-existing with a mother bear and her own baby. The power of the story, of language and of my mother all came together. And it happened many times after that, over and over. The read aloud made me a reader.
Years later, I was reading aloud a picture book to a small child in a classroom. His life, so far, had not been easy. His childhood was troubled by poverty and loneliness. In that moment, in the joy of the read aloud, he had an idea that started something big.
What he said was this: “Mrs. Allyn, let’s make sure everyone knows how good this feels. Let’s have a holiday for the read aloud•” Therefore, my organization, LitWorld, created a grassroots movement World Read Aloud Day in 2010 to honor this young boy’s wish for everyone to be able to have a read aloud every day.
Since the day he shared that good idea with us, World Read Aloud Day has become a worldwide event reaching over one million people in more than 65 countries around the world. This year we are over 600 cities strong, a number that is growing every day.
Children who grow up as readers become engaged citizens of the global world, and every child deserves the right to read. When I say that reading aloud will change the world, I know it sounds simple. But one of the many great things about giving kids access to the power of stories and sharing them together is that it is simple. It is also cheap and easily done. And the impact is huge.
41. How did the author’s parent change her life?
A. By reading aloud to her.       B. By listening to her reading.
C. By buying many books for her.      D. By encouraging her to read aloud.
42. According to Paragraph 3, the author was probably the little boy’s       .
A. mother          B. teacher
C. best friend          D. favorite writer
43. What does the small child’s idea in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A. To start a holiday.        B. To reduce poverty.
C. To found LitWorld.        D. To overcome loneliness.
44. What can we know about World Read Aloud Day from Paragraph 5?
A. Its origin.          B. Its future.
C. Its purpose.          D. Its development.
45. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. Sticking to reading isn’t easy.
B. Reading gives a high rate of return.
C. Reading aloud isn’t actually simple.
D. Kids should try to change the world.
C
An expression used by Americans for about 100 years is “to pass the buck”. It means refusing to take responsibility, letting others decide and act for you.
President Gerald Ford dramatized the phrase after taking Richard Nixon’s place in the White House. Ford announced in a special television broadcast that he had decided to pardon Nixon for any crimes he may have committed as President. Ford said such a decision had to be made by him alone, and that he could not let others do it for him. “The buck stops here,” said Ford.
He remembered how another President, Harry S. Truman, made that expression famous more than 25 years ago. Truman had a sign on his desk which said: “The buck stops here.” The message was clear: if the President of the United States could not act and make the final decision on important national matters, who else could? A president who refused to take the responsibility and “passed the buck” to someone else would soon find himself in serious trouble.
Where did the expression come from? It seems to have come from the card game of poker where the players, one after the other, mix and pass out the cards. In the game, a buck is a counter or marker formerly passed from one poker player to another to indicate an obligation, especially one’s turn to deal.
The phrase seems to have come to life in the gambling houses of the West. There, a silver dollar was put in front of a player to show that he would be the next dealer to pass out the cards. A dollar, silver or paper, was therefore called a “buck”.
Forceful leaders, of course, make decisions, and take risks and responsibility. The risks can be great. Every choice at times may lead to disaster. Therefore, it is easier to pass the responsibility and let others take the risks. Nobody, however, likes a man who passes the buck. He is soon found out and given an unpleasant name — buck-passer.
46. What can we infer from Paragraph 2?
A. Nixon was very brave.       B. Nixon was very tolerant.
C. Ford made a big mistake.       D. Ford made a hard decision.
47. Which word can best describe President Harry S. Truman according to Paragraph 3?
A. Patient.    B. Intelligent.    C. Responsible.   D. Humorous.
48. What should the poker player behind a buck do?
A. Mark cards.          B. Count cards.
C. Purchase cards.         D. Distribute cards.
49. What is Paragraph 5 mainly about?
A. How to pass a buck.        B. The functions of a dollar.
C. Why a buck means a dollar.      D. A popular form of gambling.
50. What is people’s attitude towards a buck-passer?
A. They dislike him.        B. They admire him.
C. They feel sorry for him.       D. They appreciate his work.
D
We live in a judgmental world where people are quick to point out, the faults and imperfections of others yet seem unaware of their own. Some misguided souls believe they have a civil duty to help you to be a better person by telling you what a failure you really are first and then offering suggestions as to how you can improve.
So what is the solution to criticism? If you are the one forcing others to feel ashamed of themselves, STOP. Make a conscious decision that rather than focus on the negative aspect of a person’s performance or attitudes, you’ll offer helpful suggestions from the get-to. If I’m painting our living room and making a mess in doing so, I would like my husband to say to me, “This is a tough job. Can I offer a suggestion that might make it easier for you?” rather than having him point out what a sloppy painter I am and then tell me how I should be doing it.
If you are on the receiving end of criticism, the “OK” response is a perfect solution. When someone comments negatively on a task you are doing or a personality issue, a natural response is to defend and attack. However, this approach is rarely effective as it puts both parties on the defensive. Instead, simply reply with “OK”. This brief one-word response acknowledges the other person’s comment without agreeing with it or feeling necessary to engage in a debate about it.
It is important to remain emotionally attached to what the other person is saying, to listen without feeling, to be an objective observer. There is much that one can learn from a negative review. You can ask yourself: Did I make a mistake? Could I have done better? Did I give 100% of myself to the task at hand? If so, how can I improve? As for chronic (习惯性的) criticizers: It is important to set strict boundaries with them. Remove yourself from their presence when necessary.
In any event, one can learn to be “OK” with criticism and not allow it to negatively impact their life or relationship with the other party. Examine it for any potential truths, and then let it go and just be “OK”.
51. What does the underlined word “sloppy” in Paragraph 2 mean?
A. Lazy.     B. Creative.    C. Careless.    D. Energetic.
52. What does the author want to show by using the example of painting?
A. Nobody is perfect.        B. The art of criticizing.
C. The value of suggestions.       D. Her husband cared about her.
53. What is the best way to respond when you are criticized by a person?
A. Just say “OK”.         B. Defend yourself.
C. Ignore the comment.        D. Simply say “Thank you”.
54. You are told to ask yourself some questions in Paragraph 4 so as to       .
A, take criticism objectively       B. learn from others’ mistakes •
C. better present negative reviews      D. have more confidence in yourself
55. How should you treat people who always criticize others according to the author’s advice?
A, Attack them sharply.        B. Talk to them politely.
C. Stay away from them.        D. Be open to their suggestions.
第二卷  非选择题(共35分)
第三部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  阅读表达(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。
Louisiana’s top two youth volunteers of 2016, Stanley Celestine, 17, and Ashini Modi, 12, were honored in the nation’s capital for their outstanding volunteer service during the 21st annual presentation of the Prudential Spirit of Community Awards. Stanley and Ashini---along with 100 other top youth volunteers from across the US — each received $1,000 awards.
Stanley, a junior at Louisiana School for the Agricultural Sciences (LaSAS), is trying to decrease the rate of childhood obesity (肥胖) and improve the general health of all citizens in his community through an action he calls “Healthy Avoyelles.” Three years ago, Stanley formed a nonprofit mentoring (指导) program to help elementary students improve their studies. During that project, Stanley noticed that many young children in the rural, economically poor Avoyelles Parish were obese and had serious health problems often associated with being overweight. So he instituted a back-to-school festival to educate families about the health risks associated with child obesity, the many causes, and how to create a healthier lifestyle. According to Stanley, his health action has affected more than 2,000 children to date.
Ashini, a sixth-grader at Caddo Parish Middle Magnet School, set up a 1,500-book library at a local homeless shelter so that the children there could “explore, imagine and find the beauty of reading.” With the help of her family and friends, Ashini collected children’s books in her community from individual, schools, public libraries, a second-hand shop and a bookstore. They all went into a room called the “Reading Rainforest,” decorated by Ashini and her family. To further encourage kids at the shelter to use the new library, Ashini started a story time. Several times a year, she reads a book to the children and organizes a related craft project.
“By using their time and talents to better their communities, these young people have achieved great things---and become examples to us all,” said John Strangfeld, chairman and CEO of Prudential Financial, Inc. “Congratulations to an exemplary group of honorees.”
56. When did Stanley find out the problem of child obesity? (No more than 10 words)
                                                                                            
57. What does the underlined word “instituted” in Paragraph 2 probably mean? (1 word)
                                                                                            
58. What is the purpose of the Reading Rainforest? (No more than 10 words)
                                                                                            
59. What did John Strangfeld think of those volunteers? (No more than 10 words)
                                                                                            
60. What can you learn from the text? (No more than 20 words)
                                                                                            
第二节  书面表达(共1小题,满分25分)
61.假设你是高三学生李津,想利用暑假做兼职,但你的父母不同意,为此你感到很苦恼。请你用英语给某英语报社Advice专栏的编辑Miss Kind写一封求助信,内容主要包括:
(1)你和父母所持的不同观点及理由;
(2)请求对方提出建议。
注意:
(1) 词数不少于100;
(2) 可以适当增加细节,使内容充实、行文连贯;
(3) 开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。
Dear Miss Kind,
I am a senior three student.


Yours,
Li Jin
天津市和平区2018届高三上学期期末考试
英语试题答案
第I卷  选择题(共95分)
第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
1-5 BDDDC 6-10 AADBB 11-15 CCACA
第二节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
16-20 DCADB 21-25 ABCAD 26-30 ABDCB 31-35 DCABB
第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2.5分,满分50分)
36-40 DACAC 41-45 ABADB 46-50 DCDCA 51-55 CBAAC
第II卷  非选择题(共35分)
第三部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
56. When he was running a mentoring program.
57. Started. / Organized.
58. To help kids develop a love for books. / To encourage kids to love reading.
59. He thought highly of them. / He thought they achieved great things and became example.
60. We should always be ready to help others and try our best to help those in trouble.
第二节  书面表达(共1小题;满分25分}
61. One reference version:
Dear Miss Kind,
I am a senior three student I am sorry to disturb you, but would you be so kind as to do me a favor?
The summer vacation is coming and I have been planning to find a part-time job. However, my parents do not approve of my plan and think that I should spend more time studying instead of wasting my precious time on a job. I don’t agree with them because I think taking a job will bring me not only some extra pocket money but also practical life skills. I don’t want to quarrel with them, but what should I do about their opposition?
I am looking forward to your early reply.
Yours,
Li Jin
听力答案
1-5 ACBCA 6-10 CABAA 11-15 BACCB

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