2018届高三英语上学期一轮模拟试卷(沂水县第一中学附答案)

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2018届高三英语上学期一轮模拟试卷(沂水县第一中学附答案)

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2018届高三模拟
英语试题
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号,在试题卷上作答无效。
第一部分  听力 (共两节, 满分30分)
回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
   A. £ 19.15.      B. £ 9.15.     C. £ 9.18.
答案:B
1. Who says Leah can watch TV for half an hour now?
  A. Her doctor.    B. Her aunt.    C. Her parents.
2. What is the woman probably doing?
  A. Doing the dishes.   B. Serving customers. C. Picking up some plates.
3. What are the speakers discussing?
  A. Buying fish.    B. Ordering food.  C. Making dinner.
4. How long has the young man been riding the bus?
  A. For three years.   B. For nine years.  C. For twelve years.
5. Where does the conversation take place?
  A. At a public pool.   B. In a classroom.  C. In a gym.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或对白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What does the man think about the CAPP class?
 A. Ridiculous.    B. Necessary.    C. Unfair.
7. What may students get by going to the CAPP class?
 A. Some job offers. B. Methods of getting high grades.  C. Skills of writing a professional résumé.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. How many people live in the woman’s state?
 A. Nearly three million.  B. Less than 500,000.   C. Close to one million.
9. Why doesn’t the woman’s state have a large population?
 A. There are no good jobs there.
 B. The climate is not comfortable there.
 C. There are no natural resources there.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What is the boy’s homework this weekend?
  A. To write a summary.    B. To review three chapters.    C. To prepare a presentation.
11. What does the woman probably teach?
  A. English.      B. Science.     C. History.
12. What does the woman want to learn from the homework?
  A. What her students’ opinions are.
  B. Whether her students understood the reading.
  C. If her students can connect all the different ideas.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What’s the woman’s job?
  A. A receptionist.   B. A saleswoman.    C. A journalist.
14. What is the name of the man?
  A. Charles C. Nelson.    B. Charles T. Nelson.    C. Charles Nelson.
15. What is the date today?
  A. May 19th.      B. May 18th.     C. May 17th.
16. How much will the man pay?
  A. $ 250.      B. $ 225.      C. $ 200.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What is the speaker probably doing?
  A. Delivering a lecture.    B. Giving a training course. C. Advertising on TV.
18. What has the center been doing in the last 2 or 3 years?
  A. Helping 60% to 70% of jobless young people.
  B. Providing young people with jobs after graduation.
  C. Giving many young people a lot of help and advice.
19. What can we know about the center?
  A. It only helps college students. 
  B. It can offer a free hot-line service. 
  C. It offers young people suitable jobs.
20. What is the number of this Jobs Information Service Center?
A. 435-960-0888.  B. 439-560-0888.    C. 439-650-0888.

第二部分:阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)
第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
 阅读下列短文 ,从每题所给的A、B、C和 D的四个选项中 ,选出最佳选项 ,并在题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Leaders shape history and here is a selection of the most remarkable views into these public figures plus first-hand accounts by those with access to them.
Margaret Thatcher by Charles Moore (2013)
Before Moore published the first volume of his biography, there had already been a mountain of books on Thatcher. Moore’s account is different. He shows that far from being fearless, she could often be fearful without cause. The final volume will include her fall from power.
Harold Wilson by Ben Pimlott (1992)
Harold Wilson had become a ghostly figure when this book was published in 1992. The absence heightened a sense of mystery. Who was he? How to explain his seemingly contradictory characteristics? Pimlott solves some of the mysteries; the book is detailed until Wilson’s final phase as prime minister in 1974.
Churchill by Roy Jenkins (2001)
Jenkins writes a politician as well as a historian, analyzing Churchill’s historic moves from the opinions of one who had also spoken in the Commons. Jenkins had resigned from high positions in battles over policy, and as one that changed parties, though not as frequently as Churchill did.
Roy Jenkins by John Campbell (2014)
Campbell calmly narrates the many political and personal dramas, including Jenkins’ intense relationship with Anthony Crosland when they were both students at Oxford. Campbell also addresses Jenkins’ various affairs with women. Like Jenkins’s political heroes, he led many lives. Campbell is sharp in describing each of them.
Diaries, Volumes One to Six by Alastair Campbell (2017)
Love or hate him, Campbell remains the master of the inside story, and not just because of his unusual ideas on the relationship between Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. This is an incredibly detailed book on what it’s like to live inside No. 10: the cruel space of events; and the constant conflict with the media.

21. Which of the following leaders has the largest number of books written about them? 
  A. Harold Wilson.                B. Churchill.   
  C. Margaret Thatcher.               D. Tony Blair.
22. Which writer was once a politician?
  A. Ben Pimlott.                B. Charles Moore. 
  C. John Campbell.               D. Roy Jenkins.
23. What’s purpose of the author’s writing the passage?
  A. To introduce some histories on selections.    B. To recommend some books on leaders.
  C. To tell some mysteries about historians.      D. To think highly of some famous leaders.
B
LAS VEGAS — It was different in the light of day.
There was no ‘pop, pop, pop’ of gunfire, no screams. Just a quiet lot of cars abandoned by those, like Kassidy Owen, who escaped with their lives.
“It’s strange to hear the silence,” Owen said, “because all I remember was the noise.”
The 22-year-old was one of dozens of concertgoers who returned to the scene of the Route 91 Harvest festival on Wednesday morning to fetch the vehicles they left behind as they fled from a gunman raining down bullets from high above in the tower of the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino across the street.
Survivors of the deadly mass shooting in Las Vegas on Sunday needed their cars to move on with their lives — to get back to work, to school, home. It was the first time they were returning to a scene that would forever change them, when joy and celebration and music turned into killing and horror.
Before they could move forward, they had to go back to the place where they thought they were going to die.
Owen had run to her car to hide and had tried to drive away, but she couldn’t. People were running, bodies dropped to the ground, and cars bottlenecked in the parking lot. During a brief pause after more than 10 minutes of gunfire, she worried the lights of her SUV made everyone inside a shining target.
“They’re shooting again!” her best friend’s brother screamed. “‘Turn off the car!’”
That’s when she got out and fled.
“I just remember shutting the door and running,” Owen said.
Now, nearly three days later, she was back, sitting in the driver’s seat of her SUV. Her eyes were swollen and red. This was a long way from over.
“You just keep hearing the gunshots in your head,” Owen said.
24. Why did Kassidy Owen return to the scene of terror?
   A. To get back her car for daily life.
   B. To show sympathy to the victims.
   C. To search for her missing friends.
   D. To look into the cause of the shooting.

25. Where was the gunman when the mass shooting happened?
   A. Behind a car. B. In the parking lot.  C. On the stage.  D. In a tall building.
26. Why did Owen keep hearing the gunshots in her head?
   A. Because she had escaped being caught.
   B. Because she wanted to find the gunman.
   C. Because she couldn’t rid herself of those terrible scenes.
   D. Because she had saved others’ lives by turning off the car. 
27. Where is the text probably taken from?
 A. A story book. B. A newspaper.   C. A guide book.      D. A research report.

C
Cities are likely to be affected by overheating, thanks to something called the urban heat island effect. Cities tend to be short of trees, which provide shade, and they are covered with black pavement, which absorbs heat from the sun. Think of how it feels to wear a dark shirt versus a white shirt on a sunny day. A black shirt absorbs light, heating you up. But a white shirt reflects light, keeping you cool.
The average temperature in a city of a million or more people can be more than 5 degrees F hotter than surrounding areas. That extra 5 degrees can turn a hot day from uncomfortable to deadly. As temperatures rise, cities will be an especially dangerous place to be during a heat wave. To protect public health, city officials are going to make the city cooler.
As part of that effort, Los Angeles is coating its roads in CoolSeal, a gray paint that keeps streets and parking lots 10 degrees cooler than black asphalt(沥青). It will help Angelinos save money during the summer, when air conditioning sends power bills soaring. And it will save lives by lowering temperatures and improving air quality. Hot weather worsens air pollution by turning car exhaust into smog, which can make life miserable for people with asthma(哮喘)and other breathing problems.
Of course, LA will have to do more than paint over a few streets to cool off the city. Angelinos will also need to plant more trees and apply white paint to rooftops — at least those not already covered in solar panels. While LA is a pioneer of reflective streets, other cities, like New York, are already experimenting with reflective roofs or, like Melbourne, lowering the temperature by planting trees. LA is hardly alone in its effort to stay cool.
“This is an urgent challenge, and it’s much bigger than one person,” said Mayor Garcetti in a recent statement. “Climate change is a fact of life that people in Los Angeles and cities around the world live with every day.”  
28. Which of the following contributes to the urban heat island effect?
   A. Planting more trees in the streets.
   B. Covering the streets with white paint.
   C. Applying reflective paint to rooftops.
   D. Furnishing every house with air conditioners.

29. What should the city officials emphasize during hot summer?
   A. How to make the city cooler.
   B. Where to wear a white shirt.
   C. Why to coat the roads with black paint.
   D. When to cut off the electricity supply.
30. What benefit can people gain from the use of CoolSeal?
   A. Increasing the indoor activities.
   B. Promoting the sale of air conditioners.
   C. Making life easier and more comfortable.
   D. Reducing the number of cold days.
31. What’s the main idea of the passage?
   A. L.A. adopted many approaches to fight against the heat.
   B. L.A. calls on people to fight against global warming.
   C. More and more countries begin to plant trees in the streets.
   D. L.A. is painting its streets white to keep the city cool.

D
Even for a certified teacher with a degree and teaching certificate from Florida, a certain embarrassment exists. The two words “English teacher” don’t clearly show who I am.
Let me explain: When I go back to the US, I meet all my old friends. Some are stressed, exhausted and generally unhappy. They are stuck in jobs they don’t love that they do only to pay the bills. Even the ones making good money don’t even have the time to spend it and enjoy themselves. If I were in the US and I was working as a teacher, accountant, lawyer or so on, then that would be my job more or less for the next 30 to 40 years. I might have other talents, but I would be limited in being able to explore them.
In China the system is fluid for everyone: Chinese and expats(侨民). I know many friends, both Chinese and expats, who changed careers because they wanted something new and it didn’t require going back to university four more years. All it required was motivation and a calculated risk. One of the best things about living in China for me is that I can explore different career choices and actually find one that I truly love. Let’s face it people change over the years: Your likes, your abilities and even the things that make you happy are constantly changing. Why shouldn’t your jobs and the opportunities also change with you?
When people ask me if I love my job, my answer is ‘YES.’ In China I have had many jobs: actor, model, salesman and teacher at various stages during my seven years here. And no one told me “You can’t do that.” There was no self-limiting. In China, if you have the motivation to work hard and the drive to succeed then opportunities present themselves around every corner.


32. Why the term “English teacher” couldn’t explain the author’s role in China clearly?
   A. Because he has taken many different jobs in China.
   B. Because he has no choice but to be an English teacher.
   C. Because the purpose of his teaching is to make good money.
   D. Because there’re too many jobs for him to choose from.
33. Why are some of the author’s old friends generally unhappy?
   A. Because they have no chance to work in China as teachers.
   B. Because it’s even harder for them to earn money in the US now.
   C. Because they have no ability to explore their other talents.
   D. Because they can’t get away from the work they don’t enjoy.
34. What does the underlined word “fluid” in Paragraph 3 mean?
   A. Strict.  B. Fixed.  C. Changeable.  D. Exciting. 
35. What does the author think of China?
   A. A country without motivations.      B. A land of opportunity.
   C. A nation full of foreigners.          D. A place short of jobs.
第二节   (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
I still remember my first time going to the Chinese company’s canteen. When I stepped onto the elevator, each one was full of people.     36      However, there was no sign of fire and people were laughing and talking. I followed the flow of the crowd to the doors of the canteen. It occurred to me that in China everyone takes lunch at the same time.     37      The cafeteria followed this schedule, only being open a few hours per day.
When I stood in the doorway, I realized I had to act fast or I would be left behind.     38      Everyone lines up and takes a tray but instead of silverware, there are chopsticks and soup spoons.
As I was pushed along the line, I saw dishes I didn’t recognize and as people cut in line and picked up dishes left and right.     39      I ended up going with a pork and cucumber dish and a tofu salad.
I have been at my company for over a year and a half.     40     I have learned what dishes I like, mostly by trial and error, and a lot of the workers know me and say hello.
I am still getting used to eating lunch at “lunch time”, but I think the schedule definitely helps keep me on track during the day. I wish there was something like this at offices in my hometown.
A. I thought I had missed a fire drill.  
B. There was no emergency, it was just lunchtime.
C. I noticed things at lunchtime were a bit different.
D. I felt that I needed to make some quick decisions.
E. The canteen reminded me of my school lunch room.
F. And now I am glad to say I am more confident in the canteen.
G. I was not very familiar with the local food or restaurants in China.
第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 (共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
When I first came to Rochester from Austin, Texas — a place where fall is practically non-existent — I was excited for a real northern fall. But, I wasn’t   41   it to feel like Christmas in October.
Regardless of this   42  , and the adjustment period that I’m not entirely sure I’m   43  , I am thankful to be somewhere that has a   44   fall. By “real” I   45   a distinctive season, a(n)   46   in the weather and a visual changing of the world around me. The leaves   47   colors, it rains more often, the air is almost always   48   and dry, and a light breeze   49   me to walk a bit faster to get inside. Yes, it is more difficult to be   50   outside in a Rochester fall — where it isn’t just “less hot” but   51  , fairly cold. But, I would argue that time spent outside in this season could be more   52   than in the summer. 
Everyone   53   that fall is about change — I won’t argue against that. Things do   54   in the fall — the weather is   55   becoming worse and worse, the dying leaves become warmly colored, and   56   you know it, we’ll be back to having only eight hours of sunlight a day. 
This oncoming change is why I think it is so important to   57   fall. Fall is not just about the   58   of change, but also appreciating what will soon be   59  . Go   60   this fall. Enjoy the leaves not because they are turning beautiful deep shades of orange and red, but because there will soon be no leaves in those branches at all. 
41. A. interested in  B. exposed to  C. ashamed of   D. prepared for  
42. A. accident  B. possibility  C. shock    D. motivation
43. A. beyond   B. against   C. for    D. after
44. A. rare   B. real   C. hard    D. strange
45. A. take in   B. pick up  C. call back   D. refer to 
46. A. shift   B. conclusion  C. improvement  D. experience
47. A. spoil   B. keep   C. turn    D. avoid 
48. A. cold   B. warm   C. hot    D. cozy 
49. A. prevents  B. expects  C. urges    D. suspects
50. A. grateful   B. creative  C. considerate   D. comfortable
51. A. luckily   B. actually  C. helpfully   D. instantly
52. A. terrible   B. casual   C. unpleasant   D. valuable
53. A. questions  B. emphasizes  C. recalls    D. analyzes
54. A. relax   B. change   C. harvest   D. rest 
55. A. steadily   B. hardly   C. helpfully   D. narrowly
56. A. if    B. since   C. as    D. before
57. A. control   B. describe  C. appreciate   D. hide
58. A. process   B. disadvantages C. fear     D. result  
59. A. disappointing B. puzzling  C. gone    D. broken 
60. A. inside   B. forward  C. backward   D. outside 
第二节  语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
China has always been famous for being a “State of Etiquettes(礼仪).” According to historical documents, as early as 2,600 years ago, this nation has already established a thorough set    61    dining etiquettes.
A famous 19th century Russian writer, Anton Chekhov, once invited a Chinese man    62   (have) a drink in a bar. Chekhov said, “Before drinking from his cup, he held    63    with his hands and presented to me and the bar owner and bar tenders,    64    (say) ‘qing (please).’ This is the custom of China. They are not like us to finish it in one drink,    65    prefer to drink by taking a small amount at a time. With every sip (一小口), he    66    (eat) some food. Afterwards he handed me some Chinese    67    (coin) to show gratitude. This is a rather interestingly polite nationality…” This was the most valuable opinion of a Chinese person
  68    was given by a foreigner two centuries ago. Chinese traditional dinner procedures used to be long and dealt    69    (serious) with; the    70    (important) the occasion, the more complex the procedures were.

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
          2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
It is essential to take an useful summer vacation after the exam. There are many kinds of activity for us to take part. First, we can visit our relatives and friends or spend a happily time with our family. Second, seeing a film, listening to music or hang out with our friends will also be excited. Third, we should take more exercise to keep healthy. What’s more, we’d better to review what we had learned at school. Finally, it is necessary of us to do some housework, that can help our parents a lot. Above all, I hope all of us can have a pleasant vacation.


第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Steve来信说,他计划收藏一些有代表性的中国传统文化读本,请你推荐两本经典中文启蒙教材。根据下表提供的信息,请你给他写一封回信。
读本 千字文 三字经
收字 250句,994字 574句,1722字
价格 12元 18元
特点 全文为四字句,易诵易记,是中国影响很大的儿童启蒙读物。 内容涵盖广,“熟读《三字经》,可知千古事”。

参考词汇:
 1. children’s primer  启蒙课本
 2. Thousand-Character Classic千字文  The Three-Character Classic  三字经
注意:1. 词数100左右,信的开头和结束语已为你写好(不计入总词数);
2. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,使行文连贯。
Dear Steve,
I’m so pleased to learn that you are collecting some traditional Chinese books.                
                                                                                    
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
Please let me know if you want me to buy these books for you.
Yours sincerely,
                                                                          Li Hua


2018届高三模拟英语试题参考答案
听力
1—10  AACBC  ACCBA  11—20 CBACB BCCBB 
阅读理解
21—40  CDB    ADCB    DACD   ADCB  ABEDF 
完形填空
41—50 DCABD  ACACD   51—60 BDBBA  DCACD
语法填空
61. of   62. to have   63. it   64. saying   65. but   66. ate   67. coins   68. that   69. seriously  70. more important  
短文改错
1. an改为a
2. activity改为activities
3. take part后加in
4. happily改为happy
5. hang改为hanging
6. excited改为exciting
7. 删掉we’d better后的to
8. had改为have
9. of改为for
10. that改为which
书面表达
One possible version:
Dear Steve,
I’m so pleased to learn that you are collecting some traditional Chinese books. I’d like to recommend the following two popular children's primers.
  The first is called Thousand-Character Classic, which has great influence in China and is really a good one for beginners. It has 250 sentences and 994 Chinese words. As each sentence is made up of 4 words, it’s easy to memorize and recite. The other is The Three-Character Classic and it has a collection of 1,722 words. The content of this book covers a wide range of topics. By reading it, you can have a good knowledge of what has happened in the history of China. Of the two, The Three-Character Classic is a little more expensive, costing 18 yuan, while Thousand-Character Classic costs 12 yuan.
  Please let me know if you want me to buy these books.
Yours sincerely,
             Li Hua
 

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