2018届高三英语元月调研试题(黄冈市带答案)

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2018届高三英语元月调研试题(黄冈市带答案)

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湖北省黄冈市2018届元月高三调研考试
英语试题
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面五段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. 19. 15.     B. 9. 18      C. 9. 15.
1. How does the man react to the woman’s apology?
A. Angry.     B. Tolerant.     C. Happy.
2. What are the two speakers talking about?
A. Calling the police.   B. Traffic accident.    C. Saving the wounded people.
3. Where should the table be placed?
A. In the study.    B. In the living room.   C. Near the window in the same room.
4. What does the woman mean?
A. She dislikes going out.  B. She will join them.   C. She will stay with her mum.
5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Boss and assistant.   B. Husband and wife.   C. Teacher and student.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答6、7题。
6. Why is the woman going to Dallas?
A. To see a friend.   B. To write a story.    C. To watch a football match.
7. What do we know about the man from the conversation?
A. He likes traveling by plane.
B. He travels very often as a reporter.
C. He often travels in the country by car.
听第7段材料,回答8、9题。
8. What is the man doing?
A. Talking with the girl.  B. Introducing his friend.  C. Visiting the school.
9. Where is the teachers’ office?
A. Beside the stadium.  B. In front of the library.   C. Behind the teachers’ buildings.
听第8段材料,回答10至12题。
10. What is the woman tired of?
A. Sitting on packing cases. B. Packing up cases.   C. Going shopping.
11. What does the man worry about?
A. They cannot find second-hand chairs.
B. New chairs are very expensive.
C. Old chairs are cheap but shaky.
12. What day is it today?
A. Friday.     B. Saturday.     C. Sunday.
听第9段材料,回答13至16题。
13. Why does the woman call Mr. Johnson?
A. To introduce a job.  B. To set up a laboratory.  C. To invite him to dinner.
14. How did they get to know Johnson?
A. Johnson phoned them.  B. Johnson emailed them.  C. Johnson helped them.
15. What is the Johnson most interested in?
A. The pay.    B. The employer.    C. The work time.
16. What will the man probably do tomorrow?
A. Meet his wife.   B. Go to the college.   C. Go to the center.
听第10段材料,回答17至20题。
17. What’s the most important to learn English well?
A. To be active.    B. To read broadly.    C. To like it.
18. Why did the speaker feel lucky eight years ago?
A. He meet a good teacher. B. He learnt English.   C. He went abroad.
19. How does the speaker study words?
A. To underline them.  B. To copy them repeatedly.  C. To study them in context.
20. Where did the speaker go sometimes after class?
A. The playground.   B. The library.     C. The dormitory.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Some idiomatic phrases in English, often used in both spoken and written language, are very confusing! They don’t even make sense when you first see them. However, using one of these phrases correctly when speaking or writing to an English speaker is very impressive and shows that you are comfortable with the language. Here are some wonderful and interesting British idioms. Use them wisely.
When pigs fly!
This expression is one of my favorites and I use it all the time. It is used primarily when speaking, meaning that something is extremely unlikely or impossible. For example, “I will forgive him when pigs fly!” “When do you think you will get a gym membership, Lucy?” “When pigs fly!”
A penny for your thoughts?
This question is used in a situation where someone appears thoughtful or is very quiet seeming lost in thought. But remember that you don’t actually have to pay them a penny if they do tell you what is going on! For example, “You’ve been a bit quiet this evening, Pete. A penny for your thoughts?”
It’s the bee’s knees
The phrase dates back to the 1920s, and refers to an extraordinary person, thing, idea, and so on. For example, “Try this chocolate. It’s the bee’s knees.”
To feel a bit under the weather
I use this expression in many different situations but most use it to refer to feeling ill, or unwell. You would not use this phrase if you were feeling extremely unwell. It is only for those times when you are feeling a little ill or suffering from something slightly like a cold or a cough. However, this can also be used to refer to feeling emotionally low.
21. What will you say if you think something is special?
A. When pigs fly!       B. A penny for your thoughts?
B. It’s the bee’s knees      D. To feel a bit under the weather.
22. Which of the following sentence can replace “A penny for your thoughts?”
A. What can I do for you?      B. What are you thinking about?
C. How are you feeling?      D. How do you like it?
23. Why does the author write the passage?
A. To introduce some useful idioms.   B. To show how to remember idioms.
C. To tell people the importance of idioms.  D. To arouse the interest in idioms.
B
I look around and can’t recognize where I am. It seems familiar but distant. I see my friends gather by a stage where music is playing and I run over. As I begin running towards them, they become further and further away. I keep calling them, but no one hears me. I start hearing a distant alarm-like sound and I am transported away. I woke up in a daze sitting in my bed.
“Oh, it was only a dream,” I said to myself. I have always had vivid and intense dreams. It feels like I haven't even slept because I have been living out my dreams during my sleep.
Today, dreaming is being studied even more than ever. Some say that dreams are how your receptors make sense of random thoughts while you sleep. Some say that you can’t dream of a face you have never seen before, so everyone you see in your dreams you have at least laid eyes on at one time or another.
Other people think dreams are ways of expressing stress or internal feelings you may be experiencing. A lot of people say that they have dreams about being chased.
A common interpretation of the “being chased” dream is that you are feeling threatened. Some dream interpretation websites say you should try to reflect on what or who is chasing you to get a better idea of what is making you feel this way.
Another dream that is often experienced is flying. This dream has a much more positive interpretation, which is that you are feeling free or have broken out of a bad situation such as a relationship turned sour or a job you hate.
Unfortunately, you may forget half of your dream within five minutes of waking up and within 10 minutes, you usually forget 90 percent of it.
Dreamologists, people who devote time to the study and interpretation of dreams, suggest if you want to try to remember and study your dreams you should keep a journal beside your bed and write down what you dreamt as soon as you wake up so you can reflect on it later.
24. What does the author think of his dreams?
A. They have influenced his sleep.     B. They reproduce his real life scene.
C. They are just his random thoughts.    D. They are unbelievable and ridiculous.
25. In which situation do dreams of “being chased” probably occur?
A. You are feeling free.       B. You just quit a job you hate.
C. You lack the sense of security.     D. Your friends keep you at a distance.
26. Why should we keep a journal beside our bed?
A. To reflect on our dreams.      B. To avoid forgetting our dreams.
C. To help us sleep well without dreams.    D. To help us get out of the tense dreams.
27. Where is the passage probably taken from?
A. A news report.  B. A fiction book.   C. An ad website.  D. A science newspaper.
C
When we think of a generation gap we usually think of conflicting tastes in music, or pastimes. But now the generation gap is handwriting. After one teacher in Tennessee discovered that she had students who couldn’t read the assignments she was writing on the board, she posted it on the Internet saying handwriting should be taught in schools.
Opponents claim that handwriting has become out of time in our modern world. Typed words have become a primary form of communication. Once a practical skill, handwriting is no longer used by the vast majority of Americans. It is no longer taught in schools, and some claim that the time that it would take to teach it could be put to better use, for instance, by teaching the technical skills.
But even in today’s world there are still plenty of reasons to pick up a pen and apply it to paper. Many American institutions still require original signatures, for instance, signing for a registered letter and buying a house. And original signatures are much more difficult to forge(伪造)than their digital counterparts. There is also strong evidence that writing by hand is good for the mind. It activates a different part of the brain, and improves fine moving skills in young children. People also tend to remember what they write by hand more than what they type, and the process of writing by hand has been shown to stimulate ideas. Not only that, studies have shown that kids who write by hand learn to read and spell earlier than those who don’t. Not to mention, handwriting is pleasing, as is evidenced by the fact that no one has ever typed a love letter. And handwriting remains popular as an art form.
Yes we live in a modern world, but we live in a modern world that is based on fundamental values.
28. What did the teacher find in her class?
A. Her students had a big generation gap with her.
B. Her handwriting was too terrible to understand.
C. Some students could not recognize her handwriting on the blackboard.
D. Some students’ handwriting on the blackboard was too difficult to tell.
29. Why do some people agree to teach handwriting in school?
A. Handwriting is very easy to remember.  B. Handwriting is beneficial to the brain.
C. Handwriting can help one buy a house.  D. Handwriting is an art form out of time.
30. What can we infer from the passage?
A. What people write by hand is not easy to fake.
B. Lovers often write love letters to each other.
C. Handwriting is unnecessary in our modern society.
D. Technical skills are more important than handwriting.
31. What is the authors attitude towards teaching handwriting in school?
A. Opposed.  B. Objective.    C. Unconcerned.  D. Supportive.
D
China officially informed the World Trade Organization on Tuesday that it will ban the import of 24 different types of solid waste by the end of this year as part of a campaign to deal with environmental pollution and protect people’s health.
In response to growing public concerns over the potential environmental and health danger caused by the increasing amounts of solid waste imported into the country for recycling and treatment, China passed a special law in 1995 to control imports of waste materials, such as plastics, slag from steelmaking, unsorted scrap paper and discarded textile materials.
A year later, the country published a list for solid waste imports and began implementing a permit system to control the import volumes and types of waste imported.
However, due to the lack of effective supervision(监管)and the failure of relevant departments to fulfill their duties, solid waste imports have not been effectively controlled.
So far, China is the world’s largest importer of solid waste. According to the Ministry of Environmental Protection, China imported 7.3 million metric tons of plastic waste worth $3.7 billion in 2016, accounting for 56 percent of global imports of solid waste.
Correct recycling of solid waste materials is an important part of the global economy, and moderate imports of scrap plastic, scrap paper and scrap rubber products, such as vehicle tires, can to some extent, make up for China's shortage of various raw materials.
However, the lack of supervision has resulted in the country’s severe soil and environmental worsening.
Given that China’s continuing efforts to push for industrial transformation and upgrading have resulted in a noticeable decline in the demand for the materials recycled from solid waste imports. It is right for the country to restrict such imports for the sake of the environment and public health, and to better adapt to the changed industrial structure.
32. Why will China ban the import of some waste materials?
A. The amount of imported solid waste is increasing.
B. The demand for imported solid waste is in decline.
C. Some solid waste has damaged the environment and public health.
D. People are more concerned about the environment and health now.
33. Which phrase has the same meaning as the underlined word?
A. Carrying out.  B. Putting off.   C. Calling off.   D. Fighting against.
34. What is the problem when China deals with the imported waste?
A. Some imported waste is difficult to control.
B. The environment can’t afford the imported waste.
C. Some departments haven’t shouldered their duties.
D. Some useful materials are also among the solid waste.
35. What can we learn from the passage?
A. China will not rely on importing solid waste any more.
B. Solid waste plays an important part in the global economy.
C. People are against importing solid waste from developed countries.
D. Some imported waste can release the urgent need for raw materials.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
While everyone overthinks situations once in a while, some people are troubled by thinking all the time. Overthinkers rethink conversations they had yesterday, second-guess every decision they make, and imagine disastrous outcomes-all day. Their minds are like a movie where they imagine their car going off the road or they replay distressing events over and over again.    36  
Keep the focus on problem-solving
Keeping the focus on your problems isn’t helpful-but looking for solutions is. If it’s something you have some control over, consider how you can prevent the problem or challenge yourself to identify five potential solutions.
If it’s something you have no control over-like a natural disaster—think about the strategies you can use to cope with it.    37  
Schedule time for reflection
Worrying about your problems for long periods of time isn’t productive, but brief reflection can be helpful. Thinking about how you could do things differently or recognizing potential traps to your plan, could help you perform better in the future.
Add 15 minutes of “thinking time” into your daily schedule. During that time let yourself worry, or think about whatever you want.    38  
Learning mindfulness skills
It’s impossible to rehash(反复推敲)yesterday or worry about tomorrow when you’re living in the present. Mindfulness will help you become more aware of the here and now.
   39    There are classes, books, apps, courses, and videos available to help you learn mindfulness skills.
   40  
Do this in your brain by changing your activity. Exercise, engage yourself in a conversation on a completely different subject, or work on a project that draws away your attention. Doing something different will put an end to the negative thoughts.
A. Change the channel.
B. Change your attitude.
C. Focus on the things you can control, like your attitude and effort.
D. Just like any other skill, mindfulness takes practice, but over time, it can decrease overthinking.
E. Overthinking can become such a habit that you don't even recognize when you’re doing it.
F. There are four tips that can help you stop overthinking.
G. When your time is up, move onto something else.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The room in the workhouse where the boys were fed was a large stone hall, and at one end the master and two women served the food. This    41    a bowl of thin soup three times a day, with a piece of bread on Sundays. The boys ate    42    and were always hungry. The bowls never needed    43   . The boys polished them with their spoons until they    44   . After three months of this slow starvation, one of the boys told the others that so hungry was he    45    one night he might eat the    46    sleeping next to him. He had a wild    47    eye, and the other boys    48    him. After a long    49   , they decided that one of them should ask for more food after supper that evening, and Oliver was    50   .
The evening arrived; the soup was served, and the bowls were    51    again in a few seconds. Oliver went up to the master, with his bowl in his hand. He felt very    52   , but also    53    with hunger.
“Please, sir, I want some more.”
The master was a fat, healthy man, but he turned very pale. He looked at the little boy in front of him with    54   . Nobody else spoke.
“What?” he asked at last, in a    55    voice.
“Please, sir,” replied Oliver, “I want some more.”
The master    56    him with the serving spoon, then seized Oliver’s arms and    57    for the beadle(执事). The beadle came quickly, heard the terrible news, and immediately ran to tell the board.
“He asked for me?” Mr Limbkins, the fattest board member, asked in    58   . “Is this really true?”
   59   , Oliver was led away to be locked up, and a(n)    60    of five pounds was offered to anybody who would take him away and use him for work.
41. A. belonged to   B. accounted for  C. consisted of   D. turned to
42. A. everything   B. anything   C. nothing   D. something
43. A. cleaning   B. buying    C. changing   D. washing
44. A. finished    B. shone    C. slept    D. starved
45. A. that    B. until    C. when    D. before
46. A. master    B. boy    C. bowls    D. spoons
47. A. big     B. angry    C. hungry   D. bad
48. A. believed   B. hated    C. feared    D. trusted
49. A. quarrel    B. bargain   C. argument   D. discussion
50. A. chosen    B. determined   C. elected    D. recognized
51. A. available   B. empty    C. full    D. broken
52. A. frightened   B. shy    C. brave    D. worried
53. A. pleased    B. hopeful   C. exhausted   D. desperate
54. A. amusement   B. amazement   C. intension   D. appreciation
55. A. calm    B. clear    C. faint    D. cautions
56. A. treated    B. greeted   C. hit    D. warned
57. A. sent    B. shouted   C. asked    D. begged
58. A. curiosity   B. frustration   C. sadness   D. horror
59. A. Therefore   B. However   C. Besides   D. Eventually
60. A. punishment   B. reward    C. award    D. praise
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
A group of classmates got together to visit their old teacher. These classmates all had good jobs and made lots of money. They talked    61    (happy). The teacher asked them the difficulty they had    62    (achieve) their dreams. Then their talk soon turned to complaining about the stress in work and life. The teacher went to    63    kitchen and came back with a large pot of coffee and many cups-china ones, plastic ones and glass ones. Some are plain looking, some are expensive and some are lovely. The teacher told them to help    64    (they)to the coffee.
When all the students had a cup of coffee in hand, the teacher said, “Can you notice that all of you took nice-looking expensive cups, leaving    65    the plain and cheap ones? You want only the best for yourselves,    66    is the source of your problems.”
“What all of you really wanted was coffee, not the cup,    67    you went for the best cups and then began looking at each other’s cups.”
“Now think about this: life is the coffee, and the jobs, money and position in society    68    (be) the cups. They are just    69    (tool) to hold, and do not change the life. Sometimes, by caring only about the cups, we fail    70    (enjoy) the coffee. So don’t let the cups drive you, and enjoy the coffee instead.”
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:  1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Nowadays in China, either in the morning nor after dinner ,people, especial elderly women, will gather in squares to dance to popular music. More and more young people are also participating the square dance now.
There are many reasons for their popularity. First of all, China has made a great progress in the social and economic development in the past decades, and people had more time and energy to enjoy their lives. Besides, do the square dance is a good way for people to get fit.
However, dancers play loud music and occupy lots of public places, where makes many people annoying. Maybe square dancers need to make some change.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)假定你是李华,你的家乡黄冈在刚刚举行的大型城市文化旅游节目“魅力中国城”的评选活动中,荣获“十佳魅力城市”。请你给你的英国朋友Mike写封信,宣传你的家乡并邀请他来你的家乡做客。
内容包括:  1. 简要介绍黄冈;
2. 邀请。
参考词汇:魅力中国城Charming Cities in China 十佳top ten
注意:  1. 词数100左右;
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Mike,
I'm Li Hua.                                                                                    
                                                                                            
……
Sincerely yours,
Li Hua

湖北省黄冈市2018届高三上学期期末考试(元月调研)
英语试题答案
第一部分  听力(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
1-20 BBCCB  BCCBA    BAA BC   CCACB
第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
21-23 CBA   24-27 ACBD   28-31 CBAD   32-35 CACD   36-40 FCGDA
第三部分:英语知识运用(共30小题,每小题1.5分,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空
41-60 CADBA   BCADA   BADBC   CBDDB
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61. happily       62. achieving      63. the      64. themselves    65. behind
66. which      67. but      68. are    69. tools       70. to enjoy
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Nowadays in China, either in the morning nor after dinner, people, especial elderly women,
                                  or                  especially
will gather in squares to dance to popular music. More and more young people are also
删除will
participating it now.
          in
 There are many reasons behind their popularity. First of all, China has made a great progress in
                             its
the social and economic development in the past decades, and people had more time and energy to
                                                        have
enjoy their lives. Besides, do the square dance is a good way for people to get fit.
                     doing
 However, dancers play loud music and occupy lots of public places, where makes many
                                                          which
people annoying. Maybe square dancers need to make some change.
      annoyed                                    changes
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
One Possible Version:
Dear Mike,
I’m Li Hua. Huanggang, my hometown, has been awarded as Top Ten Charming Cities in the large-scale culture tourism TV program Charming Cities in China. I would like to introduce her to you.
Huanggang is a beautiful city with a long history during which there once lived many famous people. There are many places of interest worth visiting and the people here are friendly. Walking in the city, you can feel the strong cultural atmosphere. Now, as a popular tourist city, she is developing so fast that she attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every day, of which we are all proud.
Welcome to Huanggang and I would appreciate it if you could pay a visit to my hometown.                                

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