2018届高考英语总复习真题研练79(附答案和解释)

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2018届高考英语总复习真题研练79(附答案和解释)

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来源 莲山课
件 w w w.5 Y K
j.Co M 真题研练79
 
Task 1:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
(2013•新课标全国Ⅱ,A)Doctors are known to be terrible pilots.They don't listen because they already know it all.I was lucky:I became a pilot in 1970,almost ten years before I graduated from medical school.I didn't realize then,but becoming a pilot makes me a better surgeon.I loved flying.As I flew bigger,faster planes,and in worse weather,I learned about crew resource management(机组资源管理),or CRM,a new idea to make flying safer.It means that crew members should listen and speak up for a good result,regardless of positions.
I first read about CRM in 1980.Not long after that,an attending doctor and I were flying in bad weather.The controller had us turn too late to get our landing ready.The attending doctor was flying;I was safety pilot.He was so busy because of the bad turn,he had forgotten to put the landing gear(起落架)down.He was a better pilot—and my boss—so it felt unusual to speak up.But I had to:Our lives were in danger.I put aside my uneasiness and said,“We need to put the landing gear down now!”That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM,and I've used it in the operating room ever since.
CRM requires that the pilot/surgeon encourage others to speak up.It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite,the doctor doesn't overreact,which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again.So when I'm in the operating room,I ask for ideas and help from others.Sometimes they're not willing to speak up.But I hope that if I continue to encourage them,someday someone will keep me from “landing_gear_up”.
【语篇解读】 作者通过自己做飞行员的经历告诉我们在必要的时候要勇于发表自己的观点,尤其是医生和飞行员,这样才能避免事故。
1.What does the author say about doctors in general?
A.They like flying by themselves.
B.They are unwilling to take advice.
C.They pretend to be good pilots.
D.They are quick learners of CRM.
答案 B [推理判断题。根据文章第一段第一、二句可知,通常,医生不愿意听他人的建议。故选B。]
2.The author deepened his understanding of the power of CRM when ________.
A.he saved the plane by speaking up
B.he was in charge of a flying task
C.his boss landed the plane too late
D.his boss operated on a patient
答案 A [推理判断题。第一段告诉我们作者了解了CRM;在第二段中,作者描述了自己的一次飞行经历,他大胆说出自己的想法,避免了一次飞机失事,通过这件事他对CRM有了更深刻的认识。故选A。]
3.In the last paragraph “landing gear up” probably means ________.
A.following flying requirements
B.overreacting to different opinions
C.listening to what fellow doctors say
D.making a mistake that may cost lives
答案 D [词义猜测题。根据第二段可知,飞机在着陆时,要放下起落架(put the landing gear down),否则就会出事故。由此可知,此处的landing gear up指起落架收起,表示无法正常着陆,这样就会出事故。故选D。]
4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A.CRM:A New Way to Make Flying Safe
B.Flying Makes Me a Better Doctor
C.The Making of a Good Pilot
D.A Pilot­Turned Doctor
答案 B [主旨大意题。作者在第二段中讲述了他在一起飞行事件中的经历和从中得到的教训,即不论职位高低,在必要的时候要勇于发表自己的观点。作者将这一经验应用到手术室中,在手术室中咨询他人的意见并鼓励他人发表意见,从而使他成为一个更好的医生,故选B项。]
Task 2:词汇积累
1.surgeon n.外科医生
2.uneasiness n.担心,不安,局促
3.overreact v.反应过火
4.speak up 大声讲,畅所欲言,清楚地表明看法
5.regardless of 不管,不顾
6.in danger 在危险中
7.put aside 撇开,储备
Task 3:语法填空
Doctors are __1__ (know) to be terrible pilots.They don't listen  __2__  they already know it all.I was lucky:I became a pilot in 1970,almost ten years before I graduated  __3__  medical school.I didn't realize then,but  __4__ (become) a pilot makes me a better surgeon.I loved flying.As I flew bigger,faster planes,and in  __5__ (bad) weather,I learned about crew resource management,a new idea  __6__ (make) flying safer.
答案 1.known 2.because 3.from 4.becoming  5.worse 6.to make
Task 4:短文改错(下面文字有五处错误,请改正)
I first read about CRM onin 1980.Not long after that,aan attending doctor and I were flying in bad weather.The controller had us to turn too late to get our landing ready.The attending doctor iswas flying;I was safety pilot.He was suchso busy,because of the bad turn,that he had forgotten to put the landing gear down.
Task 5:攻克长难句(分析句子结构,尝试翻译成汉语)
It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite,the doctor doesn't overreact,which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again.
分析:这是一个主从复合句,when opinions are from the opposite为时间状语从句,which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again为非限制性定语从句。
译文:这进一步要求当相反的意见出现时,医生不要反应过度,这可能会阻止年轻的医生再次表达自己的意见。
Task 6:经典句式背诵
Sometimes they're not willing to speak up.
有时他们不愿意大声说出来。
 文章
来源 莲山课
件 w w w.5 Y K
j.Co M
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