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j.Co M 真题研练79
(2013•新课标全国Ⅱ，A)Doctors are known to be terrible pilots.They don't listen because they already know it all.I was lucky：I became a pilot in 1970，almost ten years before I graduated from medical school.I didn't realize then，but becoming a pilot makes me a better surgeon.I loved flying.As I flew bigger，faster planes，and in worse weather，I learned about crew resource management(机组资源管理)，or CRM，a new idea to make flying safer.It means that crew members should listen and speak up for a good result，regardless of positions.
I first read about CRM in 1980.Not long after that，an attending doctor and I were flying in bad weather.The controller had us turn too late to get our landing ready.The attending doctor was flying；I was safety pilot.He was so busy because of the bad turn，he had forgotten to put the landing gear(起落架)down.He was a better pilot—and my boss—so it felt unusual to speak up.But I had to：Our lives were in danger.I put aside my uneasiness and said，“We need to put the landing gear down now！”That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM，and I've used it in the operating room ever since.
CRM requires that the pilot/surgeon encourage others to speak up.It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite，the doctor doesn't overreact，which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again.So when I'm in the operating room，I ask for ideas and help from others.Sometimes they're not willing to speak up.But I hope that if I continue to encourage them，someday someone will keep me from “landing_gear_up”．
1．What does the author say about doctors in general?
A．They like flying by themselves.
B．They are unwilling to take advice.
C．They pretend to be good pilots.
D．They are quick learners of CRM.
答案 B [推理判断题
2．The author deepened his understanding of the power of CRM when ________.
A．he saved the plane by speaking up
B．he was in charge of a flying task
C．his boss landed the plane too late
D．his boss operated on a patient
答案 A [推理判断题
3．In the last paragraph “landing gear up” probably means ________.
A．following flying requirements
B．overreacting to different opinions
C．listening to what fellow doctors say
D．making a mistake that may cost lives
答案 D [词义猜测题。根据第二段可知，飞机在着陆时，要放下起落架(put the landing gear down)，否则就会出事故。由此可知，此处的landing gear up指起落架收起，表示无法正常着陆，这样就会出事故。故选D。]
4．Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A．CRM：A New Way to Make Flying Safe
B．Flying Makes Me a Better Doctor
C．The Making of a Good Pilot
D．A PilotTurned Doctor
答案 B [主旨大意题。作者在第二段中讲述了他在一起飞行事件中的经历和从中得到的教训，即不论职位高低，在必要的时候要勇于发表自己的观点。作者将这一经验应用到手术室中，在手术室中咨询他人的意见并鼓励他人发表意见，从而使他成为一个更好的医生，故选B项。]
4．speak up 大声讲，畅所欲言，清楚地表明看法
5．regardless of 不管，不顾
6．in danger 在危险中
7．put aside 撇开，储备
Doctors are __1__ (know) to be terrible pilots.They don't listen __2__ they already know it all.I was lucky：I became a pilot in 1970，almost ten years before I graduated __3__ medical school.I didn't realize then，but __4__ (become) a pilot makes me a better surgeon.I loved flying.As I flew bigger，faster planes，and in __5__ (bad) weather，I learned about crew resource management，a new idea __6__ (make) flying safer.
答案 1.known 2.because 3.from 4.becoming 5．worse 6.to make
I first read about CRM onin 1980.Not long after that，aan attending doctor and I were flying in bad weather.The controller had us to turn too late to get our landing ready.The attending doctor iswas flying；I was safety pilot.He was suchso busy，because of the bad turn，that he had forgotten to put the landing gear down.
It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite，the doctor doesn't overreact，which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again.
分析：这是一个主从复合句，when opinions are from the opposite为时间状语从句，which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again为非限制性定语从句。
Sometimes they're not willing to speak up.
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